Christian Churches of God

No. 218

 

 

Global Warming
and Bible Prophecy

(Edition 6.0 19970916-20060816-20071220-20080318-20090601)

 

A few years ago people used to speak about Global Warming as though it is a long-term or far-off problem. Many thought it would be 100 years before the water rose 60 centimetres (2 feet). Now there is a groundswell of misinformation about Climate Change for political purposes to achieve social manipulation or “engineering”. Since the original paper we have watched the political misinformation and the media complicity in the fraud continue and grow in intensity. Scientists make mistakes because they are not aware of the historical implications and historical facts about which they write and some are just plain contrary to the rules of logic. The Bible has a lot to say about the climatic conditions in the Last Days. What does it say about Global Warming? Is it all that far off, and what do we have to do about it or what can we do about it? The updated edition has been issued to deal with some of the recent fallacies. The sentiments and comments/interviews of the original have been retained to give a sense of development in the argument.

 

 

Christian Churches of God

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(Copyright ã 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009  Wade Cox)

 

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Global Warming and Bible Prophecy

 


On 18 July 1997, Dr John Heap, the Director of the UK based Scott Polar Research Institute, gave an interview with the Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) radio news program. He said, in speaking with the announcer about the history of Antarctic research after the recent ANARE Jubilee Science Conference, that the threat of global warming was like the Sword of Damocles hanging over the head of everyone living below 60 metres (200 feet) above sea level. What did he mean by that statement? How will the waters get that high? When will they get that high? When will it start? These are very important questions and the politicians are saying nothing.

 

The president of the Maldives said that global warming threatens his nation. He was reported in the following news extract from the St Paul Pioneer Express on 25 June 1997:

 

In an urgent plea for help, island nations at the Earth Summit are telling an alarming tale of the here and now: The seas already may be encroaching on their fragile lands. The president of the Maldives said global warming threatens his nation’s very existence while industrial giants engage in “sterile debates” about cost factors. Already low-lying atolls have been abandoned in Micronesia. A UN report on rising temperatures suggests sea levels may climb a disastrous 2 feet worldwide within 100 years.

 

Now this does not make all that much sense does it? The UN report says it may rise some 60 centimetres (2 feet) in 100 years and the islands in Micronesia are being abandoned already. Dr Heap says 60 metres (200 feet). Who is kidding who and why?

 

Since this paper was written in 1997, we have had a major El Nino and a serious rise in temperatures in the Pacific.

 

The rise in world sea levels is already visible. It is visible on the coast of Australia right now.

 

Recently, New Zealand scientists announced they were concerned that the Antarctic ice cap was breaking up and drifting away in 10 hectare (25 acre) blocks.

A recent TV documentary in Australia examined the depletion of the krill and penguin populations in Antarctica. The krill population is down 50% and the penguin population is down 25%. Why is this?

 

Krill breed under the southern ice cap. They live under and from the ice system and breed there. Krill are small crustaceans like shrimp. They form the basis of the food chain in the southern oceans. They are the staple food of the whales. The fish are dependent upon them and the penguins are hence also at risk. If the levels continue to decrease, we will not have to worry about whale quotas; none will survive.

 

Since this time there has been an increase in incidents of the meltdown in the Antarctic cap.

After El Nino the increase in temperatures in the Antarctic resulted in viral infections amongst the sea lion population. Something like 11,000 sea lions died from viral infections from the warming sea. What would that be? Scientists are now saying that there are viruses we have never encountered before, locked in the ice sheafs that are now being released. So we are going to encounter viruses thousands of years old and we will not be able to deal with them.

 

Interview with Jim Titus of the US EPA

In a recent Internet interview with Jim Titus of the US Environmental Protection Agency, I posed some simple questions to him about the possibility of the caps melting and the effects of each cap on the world sea levels. The following is a summary of the questions and answers.

 

(Cox)  If the Greenland cap melted:

 

(a) What is the projected total rise in world sea level?

(b) What is the speed or time-frame under present estimated conditions?

 

(Jim Titus)  If the entire ice sheet melted, [the seas would] probably [rise] about six metres. This is likely to take at least one thousand years. (The EPA report is at http://www.gcrio.org/EPA/sealevel/text.html). The estimates are in Chapter 7. The Greenland section is in Chapter 4. You are looking at, most likely, only a few centimetres in the next century but perhaps as much as 30 cm.

 

[1,000 years ago, Danes settled Greenland, which had much less ice than at present.]

 

(Cox)  If the Antarctic cap melted:

 

(a) What is the effect of the West basin on sea levels?

(b) What is the effect of the entire cap on sea levels?

 

(Jim Titus)  [It would be] 6 metres for the West and about 60 metres for the entire ice sheet. This would take tens [of thousands of years].

 

(Cox)  What is the combined effect on sea levels?

 

(Jim Titus)  Forget East Antarctica. The only plausible scenario for a large rise is West Antarctica combined with a large Greenland warming causing a 4-metre rise in 200 years and about 8 metres in 500 years. That is unlikely but the estimates are contained in Chapter 7 of the EPA report.

 

(Cox)  What is the lack of reflection effect going to do with the temperature system rather than just the greenhouse gas effect?

 

(Jim Titus)  This feedback is included in the models. The main reduction in Albedo is the retreat of sea ice, not the glacier, since much more sunlight hits the sea ice. Note also that melting of the Arctic cap will come sooner, maybe a few centuries, which would cause a radiative asymmetry between northern and southern hemispheres.

 

(Cox)  What is the effect of thermo-nuclear devices being used to melt the caps? It appears that this will make all theories irrelevant. How many nuclear or other weapons will it take to melt:

(a)    the Greenland cap?

 

(b) the Antarctic cap?

 

(Jim Titus)  We don’t know.

 

(Cox)  What is the effect of the glaciers on the total levels?

 

(Jim Titus)  I have already covered this above (see also Chapter 7 of the report).

 

(Cox)  What is the total thermal effect on sea levels of a 10-degree rise in world temperatures?

 

(Jim Titus) A rough rule of thumb is 30 cm per degree after a few centuries.

 

(Cox)  Have you any other comments that might be useful in dealing with this matter in a simple and responsible fashion yet showing the very real dangers involved.

 

(Jim Titus)  Yes. People need to start figuring out how to plan their shoreline management.

 

Otherwise we will end up armouring the shores, especially estuaries, and having no beaches or wetlands. This is long term land use planning, but far cheaper than cutting fossil fuel use. So if we are even thinking of the latter, we should do the former too. The sea will rise. It is too late to stop the whole rise. Yet we develop the coasts as if this was not an eventuality. We need to change land ownership in some coastal areas so that the areas will revert to nature as the sea rises.

 

Jim Titus has produced details in his wetland policy paper and in his paper on how to protect wetlands and beaches without hurting property owners.

 

I then posed another serious question to him about whether he had considered the effect that the mass might have in a polar shift from the effect of mass on the earth’s core.

 

He frankly admitted that other people have, but his studies did not. He said that this is not as big of an issue in the USA. He said that, “studies suggest maybe a 10% variation in the USA.” He said existing sea level rise is already a problem due to land subsidence, etc.

 

The results of these are contained in Chapter 7 of the report. Jim has written on the impacts. Most of the papers are at http://www.erols.com/jtitus.

 

The real answer to the long term planning problem is to find out how much of the world by countries will be flooded by rises of 30 cm (1 foot), 50 cm (1.6 feet), 1 metre (3.3 feet), 2 metres (6.6 feet), 5-6 metres (16-19 feet), and so on. The studies have already been done for the USA. The details are in Jim Titus’ paper Holding Back the Sea.

 

He said that there is no excuse for not developing these estimates for Australia and, indeed, every country.

 

This was a straightforward and hopefully helpful interview to get an idea of the problem if the estimates are correct based on current rates. No provision has been made for the effects of nuclear war and/or terrorist activity or space station laser guided or based weapons systems. Similarly, the likelihood of the East Antarctic melt is considered slight. This may be an error. (Now we are finding that it is a serious error). There is a serious military option in this structure for short term advantage that is not being considered and which is examined in the paper The Last Thirty Years: the Final Struggle (No. 219).

 

The total effect of the cap melt is at least a 66 metres (well over 200 feet) rise in sea levels without superheating.

 

The melt of the East Antarctic cap will reduce reflection and this has not been fully appreciated. War has not been fed into the statistics. Some nations are particularly more vulnerable than others to large-scale sea rise. North-West Europe is a classic example.

 

More particularly there is another matter of destabilisation of the crust and an increase in earthquakes. The increase in earthquake activity has been relatively significant in the last two years. There are more earthquakes in populated areas than previously recorded. That is important.

 

Australian Research

In another interview with Bill De La Mare of the Australian Antarctic Research Division based in Hobart, it became clear that the changes have been in stages. De La Mare has done a detailed study from whale kills extracted from the records of world whaling over the extensive period of the records from last century up until the 1970s. From the records of each whale taken, Bill was able to plot the movement of the Antarctic shelf over that period. The whales feed on krill and are found near the shelf. The records of their positions in whaling provided a record of the changes in the shelf itself over the period of the whaling. He told in the ABC radio interview of 4 September 1997 that the shelf had regressed quite significantly over the period from the mid-1950s until the 1970s. It moved southwards towards the pole by some 300 kilometres (186 miles) and the ice shelf lost was about an area of approximately two-thirds the size of Australia. This reduction stabilised in the 1970s and he says satellite technology has shown no significant changes since the 1970s. The major activity of the period was above ground nuclear testing. This may be coincidental or highly significant.

 

So, we see that, over the last few decades, there has been a significant change in the Antarctic ice, which seems to have stabilised for the period from the 1970s until the present, but recent British reports indicate it is on the march again. The temperature has risen 2.5 degrees since the 1940s. In a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) report of 27 February 1995, Dr Mike Thomson said, after flying over the Larsen Ice Shelf, that he had never seen anything like the dramatic and very recent changes to the Larsen Ice Shelf in 25 years of Antarctic field work. The observations came hard on the heels of the disintegration of the Wordie Ice Shelf on the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. Glaciologist David Vaughan said:

 

There is no doubt that the climate on the Antarctic peninsula has warmed significantly over the last few decades. What we are seeing now are changes only just working through to glaciers and ice sheets. It’s an exciting time for glaciologists (BAS, ibid.).

 

Since these observations were made, the Larsen Ice Shelf was reported as being disintegrated along with the Wordie.

 

This is the cause of the depletion in the krill and the penguin populations. For the first time in recorded history, in the summer of 1995, James Ross Island was circumnavigable. The ice shelf in the Prince Gustav Channel disintegrated. A huge iceberg has been calved from the Larsen Ice Shelf measuring 78 km x 37 km (48 miles x 23 miles). This is about the size of Oxfordshire. The repeated calving of the smaller bergs is under way as the New Zealand scientists are reporting now.

 

The models do not take into account the localised effect of temperature in the Antarctic and clearly that is happening now at an increasing rate. The hole in the ozone layer may be exacerbating this event.

 

What also has occurred, is that they have now discovered their models were wrong, because they assumed an even temperature increase. What they have found now is that the temperature increase is much higher at the Poles than it is at the Equator. So with a 2 degree temperature increase at the Equator, you are looking at up to a 12 degree temperature increase at the Poles. That has not been taken into account either, but is now being put into the models.

 

The variations in temperature in the Antarctic appear not to be simply a localised event. In an ABC TV news report on 12 September 1997, we were informed that the new studies indicate that the rising temperatures are going to be some 4 degrees at the equator, 6 degrees at the temperate zones and 12 degrees at the poles within the next 50 years.

 

Thus, the observed changes are part of that disproportionate fluctuation. The poles will melt much faster and increase global warming and ice cap melt much faster than expected.

 

By regressive analysis we see the earth shown as being tilted on a different axis, some 9,000 years ago. It is now acknowledged that the earth’s axis rotates on a 22,000-year cycle.

 

The difference in tilt of the axis with the south away from the sun saw the levels of precipitation increase in Africa. There was thus a higher incidence of fresh water lakes in Africa, Australia and elsewhere. This explains the Piri Reis map of 1513 (compiled from ancient maps in the library at Alexandria before it was burnt by Muslims in the seventh century) showing rivers and lakes in Africa where now there are only depressions and desert (cf. Cyrus Gordon Before Columbus, Turnstone Press Ltd, 1972, pp. 71-73).

 

The incidence of the warming effect on the oceans is also contributing to the El Nino effect of the Eastern Pacific. In an interview on 5 September 1997 with Willem Bouma of the Australian CSIRO Division of Atmospheric Physics, we discussed the El Nino and global warming patterns recently and over time.

 

In normal times, the currents along the Eastern Pacific take nutrient rich upwelling in the cold currents and enable the colder water fish to breed.

 

The El Nino is a warm current that prevents the upwelling of the cold currents and kills fish or forces them northwards or elsewhere. The side effects are unstable weather and droughts in the West Pacific and also in South Africa.

 

Bouma said that the water in the El Nino, which is actually a large surface area of water in the Central and East Pacific, which traditionally warms some 2 to 3 degrees above the norm and introduces this unstable pattern is now 4 to 5 degrees warmer than it was. It is now the hottest recorded in 150 years. The experts say that it may be only because the records do not go back further than that.

 

Bouma said: The last pattern in 1991-1994 was similar to the pattern in 1911-1912. The one in 1982-1983 was severe but the current pattern is more severe than that. The problem is that the matter is so complex that it is difficult to produce a comprehensive model. The El Nino has only recently been quantified.

 

There has been a La Nina since then and higher rainfalls in the West Pacific, but there has been increasing instability in bouts in the East Pacific and elsewhere.

 

Bouma said the atmospheric scientists now know that we have higher levels of methane and carbon dioxide than ever before. He said there are going to be changes over the next 30 years and people talk in terms of 30 cm (1 foot) and 1 degree but the fact is that we do not know what the exponential effect of these changes is going to be. Moreover, the adaptation of societies will cause problems of their own even if the changes are not seen as critical in their particular area.

 

Bouma said that core samples taken by the Russians in Antarctica have been dated back some 160,000 to 200,000 years. The core age is based on fluctuations in the winter and summer snowfall rates. These are also accompanied by levels of volcanic debris in the layers, which can be cross-matched with ocean bed core samples and the rough time-frames established.

 

Bouma said that the ice cap has air bubbles trapped inside. From that, the levels of carbon dioxide and methane and other gases can be measured. Current increases are very different from the past. He said that there have been rapid changes in the past, and the times when changes are taking place produces the most instability and variation in patterns.

 

He was asked if there had been catastrophic periods in the past.

 

Bouma said yes. There had been two significant catastrophic periods dated at some 10,000 years ago and another at some 150,000 years ago. These two dates have significance for the human fossil record, as we will see.

 

Bouma said that there had also been periods in recent history where local changes were caused by catastrophes, which seemed quite disastrous for those involved. He said that, for example, there were massive floods in Holland in 1513. The St Elizabeth flood saw changes in the Rhine delta, which caused large populated land areas of Holland go under water permanently. Whilst these were local, they were catastrophic. He said that St Vincent’s Gulf in South Australia was also sinking at present and any increase in water levels would exacerbate the problems faced there.

 

Bouma also pointed out that Sweden and Norway are still rising from the last ice age and that Papua New Guinea has risen several hundred metres over a relatively short period of time.

 

His greatest concern was that we do not know how the climate will react in the long term as our models are too inaccurate to predict the consequence and we should be very concerned about contributing to any destabilising changes.

 

One of the problems was that people could face “Acts of God” stoically but were concerned about things they themselves induced. Thus, the instability introduced by induced global warming was making people in low-lying areas more concerned.

 

His information was most helpful and we are thus in a position to put together a number of factors before we look at the prophetic picture.

 

We might deduce from all this information that the oceans are warming faster than expected. This may be helped by movements of the currents out of the normal patterns. This is responsible for the destabilised patterns in Asia, Australasia and the Americas.

 

The loss of the ice sheets in recent decades could be due to the increases in carbon dioxide and methane but it also may have been helped by simple atmospheric problems such as above ground nuclear testing in the 1950s-1970s and volcanic activity.

 

We have no real knowledge of the long-term effects of any significant atmospheric disturbance by volcanic eruption.

 

Land use

There is also an obvious and urgent requirement for the structuring of society based on sound long-term planning, and relocation of the major industrial and population resources away from the sea coast. This involves restructuring and an opportunity, this time, to do it right and in accordance with God’s laws as laid down in the Bible. Building nuclear power stations under 100 metres (328 feet) above current sea level, if at all, is simply madness.

 

The wars of the end are going to give us a clean slate and a new start, whether we like it or not. This is against the current trend to centralisation in city-states under the New World Order.

 

Normal fluctuations

The next question we must examine is:
Is it normal for fluctuations in the sea levels to occur? The answer is: Yes, it is normal. From the records on the south coast of New South Wales from last century, and from their maritime berthing systems, we can observe that the sea level was higher last century than it is now. Perhaps it was affected by unknowns, such as current changes and tidal movements. This might be affected also by land rise or fall. It might have been as much as 1 metre (3 feet). Ships used to come in where they cannot now enter. There is also evidence of a number of tidal marks and evidence on the coast of Australia that shows we have had higher and lower sea levels over the past ages. Some few thousand years ago, the coastline was much further out than it now is. A long time ago, it was much higher than it now is. Central Australia was once under water as the fossil evidence discloses. There are sandstone shelves all along the east coast.

 

How do these fluctuations occur? It appears that there have been warmer and colder periods in the earth’s history. Last century may have been a little warmer. Perhaps, we see the evidence in our coastal history in Australia. It is worthwhile noting that big changes occur through the earth’s crust. The last earthquake in Turkey moved that country towards Greece by a significant figure. We now see the Pacific Rim having earthquakes in popular centres. That also adds to the rise and the fall of land masses.

 

Movement of the ice caps

Another explanation is in the movement of the caps themselves. If the core of the earth changes then we can have three things happen. At present the North Pole is totally in water and the South Pole is totally on land. As sea ice has some 10% of its volume out of the water and, on melting, loses that volume and returns to the same sea level, we see no appreciable difference in the water level. However, there are two caps, one on Greenland and the other on Antarctica, which are on land. If they both melted, or even partially melted, the story would be vastly different. This melted ice would add to the world’s sea volume and the levels would rise. Thus, there are a number of alternatives for the world’s coastal systems.

 

If the ice caps are all on or over land systems, then the coastline of the other landmasses is reduced by the volume of water in the ice caps over those land systems. The end result is the reduction in the water volume and a drop in mean sea levels to what they are known to have been some thousands of years ago. This is accepted as fact by Australian scientists (see Lampert The Great Kartan Mystery, ANU, 1981, esp. pp. 166 ff.; cf. the paper The Resurrection of the Dead (No. 143), pp. 4-5).

 

Heiner Josenhans of the Geologic Survey of Canada holds that there was a migration corridor from Asia to the Americas through the area near Queen Charlotte Island. Josenhans holds that America, some 10,000 years ago (by his dating), was a land of ice mountains 2,437 metres (8,000 feet) high and of both land and sea that rose and fell rapidly. We might note that this equates with the period of catastrophic change noted by Willem Bouma above.

 

Heiner Josenhans says about 14,600 years ago the sea dropped to open a narrow seaside corridor partly aided by the weight of the ice on the land. Scientists have found a human skull on Prince of Wales Island, which they date at 9,800 years old. The dating of these systems is subject to debate as to accuracy. The variations in early dates are best illustrated in the tests done by Svante Paabo and Matthias Krings and colleagues of the Zoological Institute at Munich where the original Neanderthal man (found at Neander Valley near Dusseldorf in 1856) was tested for DNA. They were able to extract the DNA. The DNA was compared with that of humans and chimpanzees. The DNA strings of the Neanderthal had variations in 27 positions, as opposed to eight with humans. They were able to demonstrate that the Neanderthals were not of the same family as with humans. The comments were made that the Neanderthal probably died 30,000 years ago but it is possible that the bones could be 100,000 years old (article New DNA testing puts Neanderthal man out of human’s family tree by Chris Mihill, The Canberra Sunday Times, 13 July 1997, p. 7). These people now hold that man came from a common ancestor out of Africa some 200,000 years ago. This dating is as subjective as we see in the dating applied to the Neanderthals.

 

Note also that the humanoids are varied and interspersed by the catastrophic periods identified from conventional scientific dating.

 

We are agreed on the common ancestor element. Professor Stringer holds that about 40,000 years ago it was likely that Neanderthals and Homo Sapiens over-lapped (Mihill, ibid., cf. Cell 1997). However, we are speaking of Cro-magnons and not of the current humans, Homo Sapiens Sapiens, and it is wrong to suggest they are the same species.

 

However, the dating and conditions appear to preclude any short history along 6,000-year lines for the earth systems and the Cro-magnons or Neanderthals. What we do see is that there have been rapid shifts in poles and water levels. Land masses have risen and fallen from ice weight and shifts. That makes the planet a lot more unstable than we would like to imagine. The one true God made the earth and He will bring about its end for His purpose.

 

Proverbs 8:22-26 The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. 23 I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. 24 When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. 25 Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth: 26 While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world. (KJV)

 

God alone, who dwells between the cherubim, created the earth. He brings forth the mountains and the seas. He alone established them and directs their functions. He alone is the one true God.

Isaiah 37:16  O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth. (KJV)

Isaiah 45:18  For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else. (KJV)

Psalm 102:25-27 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end. (KJV)

God changes the earth like a garment.

 

Shifts of the Earth’s core

At some stage in the recent past, we have had a shift in the core of the earth and a tilt in the earth’s axis system. The finds in Siberia of the snap-frozen mammoths with sub-tropical grasses still in their mouths indicate this was fairly recent. If by some other chance the tilt placed both poles in the water then, and only one ice cap on land, e.g. Greenland, or Europe, or North America (as seems to be the case from Josenhans, AAP, St Paul Pioneer Express, 4 July 1997, p. 7A), then there would be a rise in the water. This rise would be according to the volume of water in ice on the Antarctic cap. The other case is for it to be the Greenland cap. It may not be a coincidence at all that the level of shift involved in the Josenhans model is also 60 metres (200 feet) (ibid.). He blames it on the ice weight on the coastal range of North America. It may simply be the effects of the North Pole and the northern ice system on North America prior to its last change. These ice ages were not gradual involving aeons, they may have happened over night as in Siberia at the last pole shift.

 

Modern science resists such explanations and turn on their kind who suggest these alternatives. The scholastic persecution of I Velikovsky for his Worlds In Collision and Ages in Chaos is a classic example. The real problem here is that it destroys the notion of steady-state evolutionary theory and introduces the possibility of an interventionist model. Moreover, the scientific or scholastic reputations of the university elite are often model dependent. For example, Egyptologists are more or less dependent upon the time dating of the ancient scribe Manetho for the chronology of the early dynasties. Often their degrees are dependent upon conformity with accepted models.

 

A recent attack was made on the scientist Louis Frank over his Cosmic Snowball theory because it involves shifts in paradigms. It is, however, now admitted that Frank seems right, and the earth is continually bombarded by cosmic snowballs of ice that melt and add water to the earth’s atmosphere. It is estimated that there is enough water to fill the oceans again, out in the solar system between us and Jupiter (see article Robert S Boyd Cosmic Snowballs, St Paul Pioneer Express, 29 May 1997).

 

There is, however, evidence that the caps were not always where they are now and that view seems to come from unexpected sources and not just earth scientists. We know that there was heavy trans-Atlantic commerce millennia ago, and that it went on as late as the dispersal of the Jews after the Bar Kochba revolt as we see from Professor Cyrus Gordon’s work Before Columbus, Turnstone Press Ltd, 1972. In that work, Gordon has published the ancient Piri Reis map produced in 1513 from much more ancient maps taken from the library at Alexandria, before the Muslims burnt the library in the seventh century (see pp. 71-73). The coastline of Antarctica is also included and we have not been able to do this until this century because of the ice cap. Thus, it was either warmer then or the cap was centred elsewhere. Moreover, they had the capacity then to measure longitude and the coasts of America and Africa are shown in their correct longitudinal relationship (ibid.). We could not do this until the seventeenth century.

 

I discussed with other scholars about the ogham scripts, which were the writing systems of the Celts, their incidence and implications for the Anglo-Saxon and Celtic people. Some of the information that became available was that through these trans-Atlantic movements, which have continued on uninterrupted, one of the American Indian tribes is actually descended from the Welsh. They laid out their villages in a similar manner. They had sailed up the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, landed and established a colony in America. We know of their movements from contemporaneous records in Wales. Nothing is said of them because it does not suit the purposes of the European church. They have suppressed the truth for 1,600 years. We were entered into a dark-age through religious ambition.

 

In the same way these ogham scripts are found right through the area of the Indian tribes on the east coast through West Virginia. Some of them are now under water, but they are all there. The Indians are curiously writing in Celtic script, which is perhaps more ancient, because it does not possess a couple of aspects of the later Celtic script. It shows you that there was massive movement by the Celts and the Jews and other people, into the Americas, over the periods of climatic change. It is not a steady state isolated system, as these so-called authorities would have us believe. There is an inability to analyse world history correctly or cohesively.

 

What is the effect of the loss of the Antarctic cap?

On modern estimates, there is enough ice in the West Antarctic basin alone to raise the sea level 5 to 6 metres (16 to 19 feet). This basin is ice on land and some is below sea level but that makes an overall net rise of 5 metres (16 feet). The remainder of the ice will rise a further 60 metres (200 feet) and the effect of both caps is over 66 metres (216 feet) (as per John Heap and Jim Titus above). What the factor of net heat gain will be can only be estimated. This could raise the sea level by a further 30 metres (100 feet) or so. Thus, we are looking at anything up to perhaps 100 metres (328 feet) rise in mean sea level.

 

The caps reflect a large amount of the sun’s heat. With the caps gone, the land will not reflect the same amount of heat and it will be retained in the earth’s atmosphere. Thus, it will get very hot.

 

The rise in mean temperature will see the weather patterns become more and more unstable.

 

Effect of the rising sea levels on the world’s land mass and eco-system

With the partial loss of the Antarctic cap, we will see a 5 metre (16 feet) rise. This will make the low-lying islands disappear, and some regions, such as Holland and the delta areas, will become virtually uninhabitable. They will have to relocate. All low-lying world land areas will inundate. The river systems will back up and they will be tidal far inland. The water collection capacity will be seriously diminished. Drinking water will become restricted. The increase in the heat will make the contaminated areas turn red with algae. The altered algal systems will kill the fish breeding areas and the fish stocks will start to die.

 

This effect will be gradual at first and then accelerate exponentially as the caps melt. This will destabilise the weight of the land systems and increase the stress on the plate systems governing the landmasses. Antarctica has already commenced to rise as the weight reduces. The result will be more earthquake activity.

 

Over the last two years, since this paper was written, we have seen increased earthquake activity in the populated areas. This inundation of the low lying countries will then help fulfil another biblical prophecy, which we have covered in the paper Calling the Peoples to Jerusalem (No. 238). Then the tribe of Zebulun will be able to take up its inheritance and commence the calling of the peoples to Jerusalem. That will be the start of the move back of the tribes.

 

[Scientific Findings Regarding Solar Activity on Climate Change

Since the production of the paper in 1997, a lot of attention has been given to the issue of Global Warming and there is a large body of scientific opinion that has proven almost beyond doubt that Climate Change is solar induced and that it follows regular cycles. These cycles are called by various names. The major cycles are the Warm period cycles that occur every thousand years approximately. The increase earth temperatures by approximately 2 to 2.5 degrees and the commensurate cycles bring in the Cold Periods. The last major one was the Bond cycle that brought in the Dark Ages and dropped the coastlines of the world over seven feet. There is another cycle called the de Vries cycle that occurs every 210 years approximately.

 

Most reputable scientists are aware of these fluctuations and, given the recent findings, the competent ones should be well aware of it.

 

Some scientists are arguing that we are overdue for a Bond cycle event and that the Global Warming seen in the twentieth century will be offset by the de Vries cycle, and perhaps even a Bond cycle event, with a temperature drop of 2.5 degrees.

 

The media simply does not print these inconvenient truths as the moguls that own the media are committed to the introduction of an oppressive regime designed to destroy what is left of the independence of nations for this coming New World Order. The media simply lies by omission. They lie and they know they lie. In Australia, the Rudd Labor government is introducing an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) based on an entirely false premise which will have the effect of destroying what is left of the physical economy of Australia. The problem is that the opposition is not exposing the fraud. The US is being castrated over similar misrepresentation. The UK is already a financial basket case. Its leaders and bankers are behind the collapse; they have simply postponed its funeral.

 

At Monash University on Sunday 24 May 2009, a public symposium was convened by former Pro-Vice Chancellor of Monash University, Emeritus Professor Lance Endersbee. Hard evidence was presented by several important scientists to prove that the incidences of global warming and cooling were solar induced and not the result of human activity on CO2 emissions at all.

 

One of the scientists, David Archibald, who is an expert in solar cycles, is reported as identifying the problem we face. He said: “You haven’t seen any sign of the end of Solar Cycle 23 yet and the cooling over Solar Cycle 24 as a consequence may be as much as 2.8 degrees centigrade. We are due for a de Vries cycle cooling event every two hundred and ten years, and actually even a Bond event because the last one of those was in the Dark Ages. And severe cooling over the next twenty years is now a certainty.”

 

Thus his position is based on the view that because the Solar Cycle 23 is seen as not having ended, then Solar Cycle 24 is claimed to herald the de Vries cooling and perhaps a Bond cycle, which ushered in the Dark Ages.

 

The fact is, however, that the Warming period of the millennial systems will offset the de Vries cycle and postpone any Bond event. The end of the Medieval Warm Period was not as severe as the end of the Roman Warm Period which was the Millennial Cycle before it and which was ended by the cold of the Bond cycle which ushered in the Dark Ages. The de Vries cycle simply limits the rise in temperature and, hence, depending upon where it occurs in the onset, limits the speed of the onset of the Warm periods. The de Vries cycle will not stop the onset of the next Millennial Warm Period although it is considered that it might limit it over the next twenty years.

 

These cycles are known facts. Yet they are ignored by the politicians, on both sides of the houses of parliament, and by the media under direction.

 

The fact is that Carbon emissions are not significant factors in the fluctuations of Climate Change.

 

William Kininmonth, a former head of the Bureau of Meteorology’s National Climate Centre pointed out to the symposium that even if atmospheric carbon dioxide were to hypothetically double this would only provide 0.6 degrees centigrade of a warming effect. Such a figure is of small value when compared to the several degrees of historical natural climate change.  Given the claims of the de Vries cooling, such a change would be offset. If a Bond cycle were to present itself we could not avoid the catastrophe that was the Dark Ages. The next Bond cycle is not due for some five hundred years.

 

Professor Robert Carter attacked the Australian Government’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) proposal. He stated that it would cost average Australian families $3000 per year. For that cost and its attendant economic impact the result would be an insignificant temperature reduction of one ten-thousandth of one degree! It would not be effectively measurable. Professor Carter said, “Not one newspaper in this country will publish those figures. Why not? Because the taxpayers, the second they knew that this was the cost benefit equation, they would completely reject this nonsense.”

 

These important Australian Scientists were calling it for what it is, a scientific fraud.

 

Let us examine both cycles.

 

The de Vries Cycle

The article by Keith Sherwood and Idso Craig drew attention to the proven scientific details of the De Vries Cycle. The article is at http://www.co2science.org/articles/V11/N23/EDIT.php. It is reproduced at the end of this paper in the public interest for translation into multiple languages, as it is an important document.

 

You will note the article identifies by graph the end of the Medieval Warm Period and the cold period known as the Little Ice Age. This was the Millennial cooling period which is in effect another Bond cycle but not to the same extent as that in the Dark Ages. The Little Ice Age ended the Scandinavian farming era in Greenland. We have now found evidence that the Norse Celts that settled Greenland under Eric the Red in 996 CE, at the advent of the Little Ice Age, were absorbed into and became the European admixture of the Greenland Eskimos. The writer actually has a three-step mutation from his R1b YDNA (at 12 DYS) in the families of the European admixture in Greenland.

 

The Bond Cycle

The evidence for the Bond Cycle is presented in the work The Physical Evidence of Earth’s

Unstoppable 1,500-Year Climate Cycle

by

S. Fred Singer

President, Science and Environmental Policy Project

Adjunct Scholar

National Center for Policy Analysis

and

Dennis T. Avery

Senior Fellow

Hudson Institute

Adapted from their forthcoming book,

Unstoppable Global Warming—Every 1,500 Years

NCPA Policy Report No. 279

September 2005

ISBN #1-56808-149-9

Web site: www.ncpa.org/pub/st/st279

National Center for Policy Analysis

12770 Coit Rd., Suite 800

Dallas, Texas 75251

(972)

 

It is obvious from the title of the article that the cycle is asserted to be 1500 years in each cycle but the evidence does not support the 1500-year proposition. The Bond cycle in the Dark Ages and the Little Ice Age at the end of the Medieval Warm period were two aspects of the same phenomenon.

 

The Little Ice Age began with the reduction of solar activity that commenced in the build up of the cycle at 1400 CE (Wolf). From this time the Greenland farmers began to experience more severe cold. The solar activity decreased and the cold continued increasing in severity until it reached its peak between 1740 and 1780. During this period the River Thames in London was in some years frozen over in winter and fairs were held on the ice.

 

We began to emerge from this cycle with the increase in solar activity from 1850, and the increase has continued increasing until the present day. The solar activity now is greater than it was at the start of the Medieval Warm period.

 

The work on the 1500 year cycles admits that the Romans grew grapes in Britain from the first to the fourth centuries on a large scale and that a thousand years later in the Medieval Warm Period the British people again grew grapes in Southern England, and the vineyards are recorded in the Doomsday Book. The cold period onset was at the end of the Roman Warm Period, as we have undisputed evidence that the marble floors of the Roman villas began to be charred by fires in braziers that became necessary from the end of the fourth century.

 

It can be thus argued that the onset of the so-called Dark Ages was from the end of the fifth century onwards. The onset of the cooling thus began a thousand years apart in the Fifth and Fifteenth centuries and the warming period began in the second/first century BCE, the ninth/tenth century CE and the nineteenth century, That is an approximate thousand year cycle, not a fifteen hundred year cycle.

 

The conflict comes from the assumptions regarding the measurement of the cycles in the Ice sheets. The increased moisture release/rainfall creates more intermittent snow sheets during the fluctuating periods. The assumptions are wrong. The historical and archaeological evidence proves them wrong.

 

The Dark Ages is an imprecise term avoided by Modern Scholars for good reason but most are agreed that the end of Classical Roman Antiquity saw its beginnings. The withdrawal from Britain in the fifth century coincided with this cultural demise, and with the onset of the periods of intense cold in the North, which lasted for some four hundred years and ended with the Medieval Warm Period in the tenth century BCE.

 

We are thus due for another warm period which we shall term the Millennial Warm Period. This period may be somewhat mitigated by the de Vries cycle when it rises, but it will not stop it. There will be no Bond cycle for another four or five hundred years.

 

No matter what is the case the idea that humans caused the climate changes is an absurd suggestion.

 

There will be many factors that will increase the effects on Climate Change this time and some will be man-made causes. Tectonic plate instability induced by weapons will be a major factor. In other words, we will see more man-made earthquakes very soon. (ed. 6)]

 

Effects of increased earthquake activity

In the paper The Food Laws (No. 15) we saw how the heavy metal concentrations were in specific areas around the world. Those areas coincide with the fault systems in which earthquake activity occurs. When the earthquake activity commences, the release of heavy metals will increase algal bloom and the seas will become red with the red tide effect. The effect of the heavy metal concentrations in the algae is to increase the levels of toxicity in fish. In the partially developed biblical catastrophe described in the seven trumpets of Revelation, we see that a third of the fish in the seas die. This follows the increased earthquake activity following on from the final persecution of the last days under the fifth seal (see the papers The Seven Seals (No. 140) and The Seven Trumpets (No. 141)).

 

Revelation 6:9-17  And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: 10 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? 11 And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled. 12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; 13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. 14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. 15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; 16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: 17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand? (KJV)

 

The hurting of the earth takes place after the persecution of the fifth seal – thus, the earth is not hurt until the activities of Revelation 7 take place; namely the sealing of the 144,000 and the selection of the great multitude. Until that time, the earth is not to be hurt.

 

Revelation 7:13-17  And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they? 14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them. 16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. 17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes. (KJV)

 

Thus, we see that the tribulation of the fifth seal is followed by this turbulent activity. The coming of the Messiah is understood as inevitable at this time. Thus, the increased earthquake activity and the heavenly signs not only herald the arrival of Messiah and the redemption of the elect, but they set off the chain reaction that is about to occur in the activity regarding the world’s nations and particularly the coast-lands. This activity is described in Revelation 8 ff.

 

Thus, the earthquakes themselves, in addition to the pollution, release heavy metals into the world’s oceans and increase the activities which result in the death of a third of the fish stocks mentioned in Revelation 8:1-5.

 

Revelation 8:1-5 And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour. 2 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets. 3 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. 4 And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand. 5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake. (KJV)

 

We see from this text that the persecution of the saints and their prayers bring the intervention of God. He sends Messiah at the advent. The fire of the altar is cast upon the earth and this activity causes the thunders and lightning and an earthquake. This is the active phase of what we might call the global warming activities and the wrath of God.

 

The first series of trumpets are sounded and fire and hail is brought down on the earth and then the third part of the earth is burnt up, including the trees and all green grass. In other words, it becomes arid and the heat dries the grasslands and they are burnt.

 

Revelation 8:6-7  And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.

7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up. (KJV)

 

The earthquake activity causes explosions and a major landslip of catastrophic proportions.

 

Revelation 8:8-9  And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; 9 And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed. (KJV)

 

This activity sees a third of the ships destroyed also and so we are looking at not just heavy metals and algal blooms – we are looking also at attendant tsunamis.

 

Tsunamis

Scientists have long known that a massive tsunami struck the east coast of Australia some 100,000 years ago in geological terms according to today’s models. They did not know what caused it. A few years ago they determined that it was actually caused by a landslip in Hawaii 105,000 years ago. There will be other more massive slips than this in the period of the second trumpet. Scientists estimate that the San Andreas Fault has to go within the next ten years. This does not take into account the increasing effects, described above, on fault movement. The San Andreas Fault system has the capacity to create a tsunami that may devastate the east coast of Australia.

 

Tsunamis travel at just below the speed of sound and may be a wall of water some hundreds of feet high. The wave referred to above was between 90 metres (300 feet) and 300 metres (1,000 feet) high travelling just under some 1,126 kilometres per hour (700 miles per hour). The destructive capacity of such a wave is enormous. Each landslip and earthquake will set off its own tsunami activity. Thus, one-third of the world’s shipping will be destroyed.

 

This heating up and increased volcanic activity of the earth will then cause the destruction of the earth’s water systems and the back up and pollution of its fish breeding grounds.

 

This shortage will be increased by the incidence of a comet sent by God to deal with the earth’s wilful disregard for His laws.

 

Revelation 8:10-11 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; 11 And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter. (KJV)

 

This increased activity affects the atmosphere. A greenhouse effect is seen so great that the sun is darkened at dawn and dusk so that the days are shortened.

 

Revelation 8:12-13  And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise. 13 And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound! (KJV)

 

Krakatoa erupted last century with the force of many nuclear weapons, and the sky was discoloured around the world for many months.

 

[This activity plunges the earth into such chaos that what is termed a window of opportunity emerges for the nations poised to destroy our people. These nations are termed Gog and Magog. Who they are has been dealt with in the paper War of Hamon-Gog (No. 294) and the papers on the Genetic Origin of the Nations (No. 265) and the series on the Sons of Japheth Parts I-VIII espec. (No. 46C). More will be written on them and their identification later. These nations participate in what becomes World War III because of the chaos in which the world finds itself. This chaos and warfare open up the opportunity for a number of nations to attack the current European power block. These wars are the wars of the fifth and sixth trumpets of Revelation 9:1-21. (ed. 6)]

 

Revelation 9:1-21  And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. 3 And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. 5 And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. 6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them. 7 And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men. 8 And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions. 9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. 10 And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months. 11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. 12 One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter. 13 And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates. 15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men. 16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them. 17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. 18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths. 19 For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt. 20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: 21 Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts. (KJV)

 

This text shows that a war is involved and that the key to all of this activity and the cessation of this activity is repentance before God. Repentance involves doing God’s will and obeying His laws.

 

This is also contained in the message of Christ in the Olivet Prophecy. The Olivet Prophecy itself builds on Isaiah and the other prophets.

Isaiah 24:19-20  The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. 20 The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again. (KJV)

Isaiah 51:6  Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished. (KJV)

 

The existing heavens will pass away eventually but, while they remain, the law remains with them. That is the key to understanding what God requires of human behaviour.

 

Matthew 5:18 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. (KJV)

Thus Messiah is speaking of the end, as it was to be explained further in Revelation.

 

Matthew 24:3  And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? (KJV)

Matthew 24:14  And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come. (KJV)

 

The final preaching of the gospel occurs first. It is followed by the tribulation, which is the beginning of the end, and then the end comes. These are the fifth and sixth seals we have seen above. Following the heavenly signs, the earth is struck.

 

Matthew 24:29-39  Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: 30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. 32 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh: 33 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. 34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled. 35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away. 36 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. 37 But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, 39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. (KJV)

Compare these verses also with Mark 13:24-37 and Luke 21:26-36.

 

The tribulation of the elect happens before the coming of the Messiah and then the heavenly signs proclaim his coming. The first resurrection then occurs. There is no rapture. There is no easy way out. There is no avoiding the law. Christ will come as conquering king to establish his Father’s law on this planet. The most amazed and confused people will be those who claim to be his disciples yet do not keep the commandments of God and the testimony of Messiah. They will do it the hard way because they did not follow his teachings. That is why God is going to deal with the planet and do it thoroughly. Unless Messiah comes back, there will be no flesh left alive. All of this destruction will be our own doing.

 

Matthew 24:19-28  And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! 20 But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: 21 For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened. 23 Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not. 24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. 25 Behold, I have told you before. 26 Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not. 27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 28 For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together. (KJV)

 

Let us go back and examine this phase of the trumpets and determine how fast it is likely to be.

 

Since this paper was given in 1997 there has been a significant movement in Protestant Christianity allied with Catholic prophecy. Trinitatians as a whole are now producing prophecy, or interpretation of prophecy, which holds that the anti-Christ will establish the law of God on this planet (the law of Moses) and that Judah will be aligned and allied with that Messiah and that they will build a temple at Jerusalem. That is really the anti-Christ and the real Christ will return after that happens. So you get all the biblical prophecies of the conversion of Judah, the establishment of the Messiah at Jerusalem, the restoration of the law and the reconstruction of the Temple. All of that is occurring, but the Trinitarians are now saying that is to be the anti-Christ and the false system and after that the true Christ will come. In that they set up the conditions of these last days to march against Jesus Christ at Jerusalem. The nations that have now set up this conditional prophecy are actually the so-called Trinitarian Christian nations themselves. They will be involved in the march against Jesus Christ.

 

The speed of the global warming phase

After the final preaching of the gospel, the tribulation or persecution will take place. This is in fact over a protracted period involving two persecutions. One period is 1,260 years; the other is a short period at the end. The 1,260- year period began in 590 CE and ended in 1850 with the end of the Holy Roman Empire. The last Inquisition was from 1823-1846 (see the ex-Jesuit historian Malachi Martin The Decline and Fall of the Roman Church, Secker and Warburg, London, pp. 254 ff). The final persecution has already begun.

 

The last persecution is shorter but more intense. The destruction of sound doctrine will be almost complete. However, when Messiah comes there will be no doubt and he will be visible to all. Messiah will then deal with the earth’s religions and the lawlessness that passes for Christianity. Messiah said that this generation will not pass away before all things are accomplished. A generation is 40 years. Thus, the period involved is less than 40 years.

 

The warming phase has already begun. The earth cannot be hurt until the last few of the 144,000 are sealed. This process was ongoing over 2,000 years. The time-frame of the Messianic age is from the birth of Messiah in 5 BCE for forty Jubilees to the end of the times of the Gentiles. This period ended in the sacred year 1996/97. That was the 2,000th anniversary of the birth of Messiah and the 3,000th anniversary of David’s entry into Jerusalem. It was also seven times or 2,520 years from the invasion of Egypt by Cambyses. This was tied to the earlier period of the establishment of the Babylonian model we saw from the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BCE. The wars of the end began in 1914 with the 2,520 years or seven times from 605 BCE. The major battles commenced on a worldwide basis from 1916 (see the paper The Fall of Egypt (No. 36): the Prophecy of Pharaoh’s Broken Arms). This system of empires (Dan. 2) was to last seven times and that is 2,520 years (7 x 360 -- 360 is a prophetic time of 12 x 30 prophetic days or years). The period of the prophecy covers two arms of forty years, or eighty years in total from 1916-1996/7. The key date is thus 1997 for the beginning of the period of thirty years of the troubles of the last days. At the end time there was to be another period of thirty years from this end of the times of the Gentiles to the restoration under Messiah. This entire process is mirrored in the times of Moses and the wars for the occupation of Israel (see the paper The Fall of Jericho (No. 142)).

 

All of these problems will be experienced between 1997 and 2027. A possible time-frame for the wars of the end and the progressive phases are examined in the papers The Last Thirty Years: the Final Struggle (No. 219) and Outline Timetable of the Age (No. 272).

 

As the warming period commences, we will see pressure on the coastal systems. The Bible shows that this problem is not gradual.

 

Yahovah is sent by Yahovah of Hosts, his God, to protect Jerusalem in the end time period.

 

Zechariah 2:1-9 I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand. 2 Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof. 3 And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him, 4 And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein: 5 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her. 6 Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD. 7 Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon. 8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye. 9 For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me. (KJV)

 

The direction of the trouble is from the land of the north involving the daughter of Babylon. Thus, we are seeing the trouble emanate from a religious system and a political system combined. This is not Iraq.

 

We know in this sequence that the islands are moved by quake activity and by rising water.

 

Revelation 6:14  And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. (KJV)

 

This is violent and sudden activity.

 

Revelation 16:17-21  And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. 18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. 19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great. (KJV)

 

This activity is, as we see from this text, at the end of the vials of the wrath of God. The islands flee away and the mountains are moved. There is a great earthquake such as has not been seen in the history of the world. Thus, the two great quakes are at the early and later parts of the process. The text in Revelation 16:1-16 shows that the period of the vials is used to increase the activities of the planet that involves the waters turning to blood.

 

The fourth vial is one of great heat. The warming thus increases at an exponential rate. The process is described in Revelation 16:1-9.

 

Revelation 16:1-9  And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth. 2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image. 3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea. 4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy. 7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments. 8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. 9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory. (KJV)

 

The earth is punished because it does not keep the laws of God. God directs Messiah to come and deal with the planet. He specifically tasks these seven angels with bowls of His wrath, which is to be poured out on the earth. Modern science will explain this process away in scientific terms and the world will not repent. The texts, here, show that repentance is what is required of the people and they will not obey. Even when the planet is being destroyed before their very eyes, because of their disobedience, they will not repent and turn to God.

 

They blaspheme God instead of repenting. This system set up on this planet is part of demonic rebellion against the Most High God Eloah, who is Yahovah of Hosts. They will not change their ways. Most of the people on the planet are led astray by these people and the demons.

 

See also the paper The Messages of Revelation 14 (No. 270), which is also an explanation of the end period.

 

Revelation 16:10-16  And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, 11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds. 12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared. 13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. 14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. 15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. 16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon. (KJV)

 

Thus, the world is deceived into marching against Messiah at Jerusalem when he comes. These beings blaspheme God and His Messiah and they are brought down to Armageddon through their own evil. This process is obviously very short. It is not millennia or even centuries. It is a matter of years. How many years can be reconstructed from a model of the prophecies of the last days and a knowledge of the plan of God as revealed in His word. The long-term plan is concerned with the sequence set up in the Sign of Jonah.

 

Christ said that there is no sign given his ministry but the Sign of Jonah.

 

Matthew 12:38-42  Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. 39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. 42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. (KJV)

 

The Sign of Jonah is not simply three days and three nights in the belly of the whale or the tomb. The symbolism involved the resurrection, and all that event symbolised. It also involved the ministry of John the Baptist and Messiah as two witnesses against Judah. They preached for slightly less than three years and then Judah was given forty years to repent and did not repent. This was on a year for a day basis compared with Nineveh. Forty years to the month from the death of Messiah, Jerusalem was surrounded by armies. That was on 1 Nisan at the beginning of the sacred year 70 CE. By 1 Nisan the following year 71 CE, Judah was destroyed, Jerusalem was sacked and the Temple was razed so that not one stone stood upon another.

 

The next phase of the Sign of Jonah was extended to the Gentiles. The gospel of the Kingdom of God was preached to the whole world on a Jubilee for a year basis. Thus, the world was given forty Jubilees or 2,000 years to repent and it will not repent (see the paper The Sign of Jonah and the History of the Reconstruction of the Temple (No. 13)). These forty Jubilees was also symbolised by the forty years in the wilderness of the Exodus under Moses. The events in the last days are similar to the events at the end of the Exodus.

 

In a little while, the plagues of the wrath of God will be commenced through His servants the prophets and the world will hate these men and kill them. They will warn the world of the penalty of their evil ways. The world will be given the opportunity to repent and to keep God’s laws but they will not repent.

 

As Moses dealt with Egypt through its gods, so will they deal with the gods of this world with plagues and no rain and famine and fire and thirst. However, man will not repent. The timing of this sequence is examined in the paper The Last Thirty Years: the Final Struggle (No. 219). There is no secret that God does not reveal through His servants beforehand. The elect are the stewards of the mysteries of God. God does not work without revealing His will and His plan through His servants.

 

Romans 1:16-20  For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. 17 For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: (KJV)

 

In the days of the seventh trumpet, the mystery of God will be completed as He revealed it through His servants the prophets. Thus God will reveal the mystery before the events of the seven vials of the wrath of God. All men will know and be without excuse.

 

Revelation 10:7  But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. (KJV)

Amos 3:7-8  Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets. 8 The lion hath roared, who will not fear? the Lord GOD hath spoken, who can but prophesy? (KJV)

 

God wants us all to survive. There is no reason why any of this process need happen. It will happen only through the intransigence of the world. God is slow to destroy the sinful and is long-suffering towards us.

 

2Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. (KJV)

 

The end of this process will see a world subjugated by force if not by consent. The planet will be nearly destroyed.

 

Moses and Aaron were sent to Egypt. Messiah and John the Baptist were sent to Judah. The apostles were sent to the world two by two, and the two witnesses will be sent to the world to condemn it in the last days.

 

Revelation 11:1-3 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. 2 But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. 3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. (KJV)

 

The final phase will see an exponential progression of the destruction of the planet and the obstinate refusal to obey the laws of God. The actions of God through Moses and Aaron are similar to the action in the last days.

 

Psalm 105:26-37  He sent Moses his servant; and Aaron whom he had chosen. 27 They shewed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham. 28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word. 29 He turned their waters into blood, and slew their fish. 30 Their land brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings. 31 He spake, and there came divers sorts of flies, and lice in all their coasts. 32 He gave them hail for rain, and flaming fire in their land. 33 He smote their vines also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts. 34 He spake, and the locusts came, and caterpillers, and that without number, 35 And did eat up all the herbs in their land, and devoured the fruit of their ground. 36 He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength. 37 He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes. (KJV)

 

Not so long ago there was a hailstorm in Sydney where the size of the stones was such as never had been seen before in our lifetime. Billions and billions of dollars of damage was caused. There was massive destruction to houses through hailstones bigger than anything ever seen before in the city of Sydney. One cannot help but speculate that this is the start of a long process against the inequity that we are seeing in our people.

 

God has already declared what He will bring about. He has also declared what is necessary for Messiah and the Host to do to restore the planet. In the early stages, we will lose the coastlands in inundation and destruction from tsunamis. As it accelerates, we will lose vast areas of the deltas and Egypt. Since this paper was first written there were massive tsunamis, which killed many thousands of people in New Guinea. It struck them in the night. We will lose the low-lying food basins such as the coastal plains in Australia. In North America, the Mississippi basin and Florida will be lost and much of the Canadian north and its water with it. The earth will lose the low Chinese plain and the Thai plain. North-West Europe and the UK will be inundated. We will lose Holland, Denmark, Belgium and North West France. The Amazon basin, Bangladesh and large areas of Siberia will be lost. Wars will be fought for land and food production capacity and, most importantly, water. The loss of land is limited only by the upper extent of the water levels. 60 metres (200 feet) is the potential without superheating. It may be higher. The relocation of people on a vast scale is an imminent probability and must be planned for now. We must plan and then decentralise and relocate to higher ground. We must build dams in place to ensure safe drinking water and cover them. But most important of all is the fact that we as a people must repent immediately.

 

The sequence of the process of earthquakes and tsunamis is of increasing importance. The escalation of the incidence and impact of these associated events has reached a new peak. In 2004 in the last week of December two earthquakes were experienced that were very high on the Richter scale, and roughly of the same magnitude. The first was near Macquarie Island in the northern Antarctic area, due south of the Tasman Sea. A few days later the second occurred off the island of Sumatra, near Aceh province. The second one caused massive damage and probably well over 200,000 deaths. The actual figure will never be known until the return of Messiah. Whole communities were simply wiped out by the tsunamis that followed. The reason the first one did little damage was that it was a horizontal quake rather than a vertical one. There were thus no great tsunamis generated. Australia was spared, although they had approximately a thousand people missing overseas in the second quake.

 

There will be many more to come as the plates move again. Much movement will also be caused by the decreases in cap weights as the melt continues. The pacific-rim plates will generate more quake activity and there will be more tsunamis. Australia and the North American continent will suffer seriously as will the North Pacific western rim. The islands and the Americas will not escape. They must plan and relocate now but above all we must repent.

 

Our scientists are telling us it is happening and anyone with eyes and a brain can see it is happening. Europe is at last aware of having caused much of the problem themselves. Remember the instruction is to destroy those who destroy the earth (Rev. 11:18).

 

All of this misery is brought upon the world because they do not know the way of peace.

 

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December 2005 Update

The Arctic is now speeding up its loss of sea ice at an exponential rate. In a recent report professor Louis Fortier disclosed that the speed with which the Arctic ice was melting was accelerating exponentially.

 

According to Reuter’s reporter David Fogarty quoting Louis Fortier on Monday 5 December 2005.

“Summertime sea-ice cover and thickness are shrinking each year and 2005 marked a turning point, professor Louis Fortier said. ‘Since 1978, we could see a linear decline in sea-ice cover. It has now reduced by about 24 percent in extent and about up to 50 percent in thickness,’ Fortier, who is also director of a number of Arctic research programs, said: ‘Up until 2004, we thought the decline was linear but since 2004 there had been an indication it has begun to accelerate and 2005 was the all-time record minimum. It's astounding,’ he said in Montreal, where the ship was docked a short distance from where representatives from 189 nations are trying to agree on ways to curb global warming.

This year the summertime sea-ice coverage totalled 2.12 million square miles and thickness was down from an average 12.5 feet in the 1970s to about 5.25 feet this year.

He said computer models five years ago predicted the Arctic would be ice-free during summer by 2070, then 2050 and now some studies suggested 2015 to 2017.

‘This means you can have intercontinental shipping but also no ice for walruses or polar bears. It's going to be a seasonally ice-free ocean just like the Baltic Sea.’”

 

When we published this paper in 1997 there were virtually no effective models for Artic sea ice melt. It is a blessing that the Arctic sea ice has no real effect on sea levels due to the fact that ice in water displaces its own volume of water with the trapped air lost resulting in a virtual nil increase in water levels. The time frame of the melt has dropped from predictions of ice-free summers by 2070 five years ago to predictions of ice free by 2015 to 2017. The exponential increases will see that shortened yet again very soon.

 

The real gains in sea levels will be from the Greenland cap, which is also accelerating in its ice loss exponentially. The Antarctic is also losing ice at an exponential rate. Soon we will see much larger moves in sea levels. A metre rise will see the loss of Bangladesh and the displacement of 80 million people. A further 12-inch or 30 centimetre rise will see large numbers begin to be displaced. The Kiribati Island groups will begin to be lost very early in the piece.

 

The days of pretence are long gone.

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We are an holy people. God set us apart to do His will and to be an example to the Nations. At present, we are worse than the Nations and we will be destroyed if we do not repent. Our holocaust will be worse than Judah’s was. Judah also will be brought to repentance by power of the Holy Spirit. Repentance is not just a matter of words but involves action. It requires the entire reorganisation of our worship, our calendar, and our socio-economic system in accordance with the Bible and the laws of God; all of them.

 

Further study has now been done on the calendar system of the United States of America. Its civil calendar is based entirely on the days of human sacrifice in the pagan system. It has nothing whatsoever to do with Christianity or Christ, or even a civil system. It is directly a pagan system of worship, based on the days of human sacrifice. Even some of the historical events have been moved from the dates of their actual occurrence to coincide with a specific day of human sacrifice, under this sequence of the system of paganism.

 

The time-frame is established from the sequence of the prophecies (see the papers The Last Thirty Years: the Final Struggle (No. 219) and Outline Timetable of the Age (No. 272)).

 

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August 2006 Update

 

We might now reflect on the facts and fiction of Global Warming. To put the aspect of Global Warming into perspective it is important to take into consideration two climatic fluctuations called the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) and the Little Ice Age (LIA). The period called the Little Ice Age was in general one degree colder in mean sea temperatures than they are at present, and the Medieval Warm Period was one degree warmer than they are at present but we are fast approaching that situation. Thus it can be argued that we are in the process of a gradual increase in temperatures within what are normal climatic fluctuations observed over the last two millennia.

 

The Medieval Warm Period partially coincides in time with the peak in solar activity named the Medieval Maximum (1100-1250 CE). Thus we might assume that an increase in solar activity will increase temperatures. We are experiencing such increases at present, and we might deduce from that activity what levels we might expect to experience notwithstanding human activity which is argued to exacerbate the temperature rises. The backward sunspot reversing the magnetic direction of the poles has just been sighted on the Sun and that indicates the next cycle has started. Scientists say it will be the most intense in over 50 years.

 

The Little Ice Age occurred 1400-1850 CE and the Medieval Warm Period was from 800-1300 CE. Thus the period between 1300 to 1400 saw a decrease in world temperatures associated with the thermal water circulations in the Atlantic. This was also associated with the El Nino and La Niña situations emanating from South America into the Pacific.

 

The results were that during the MWP in North America a relatively dry situation prevailed with droughts in the Central USA. Also East Africa had a dry period over this time. Europe was warmer and grapes and other warm climate vegetation were grown in Southern Britain. Such activities were also undertaken in Roman times in Britain.

 

There were distinctly cold periods about 1000-1100 CE in Antarctica, thus illustrating the fact that "MWP" is a moveable term. Wikipedia points out that during the "warm" period there were periods of both warmth and cold regionally.

 

During the MWP, prolonged droughts affected many parts of the western US and especially eastern California and the western Great Basin. Alaska experienced three time intervals of comparable warmth. These periods were 1-300 CE, 850-1200 and post 1800.

 

This would seem to accord with the fact of the port activities in the Mediterranean at the time of Christ, and subsequently when the port of Ephesus was a significant sea port. Subsequently, it became a dryland city and was abandoned as the population moved some seven miles south to the new coast at what is now Kusadasi in modern Turkey. The sea level drop was approximately seven feet. Such a drop was also evidenced on the Australian Coast.

 

Corals in the tropical Pacific Ocean indicate that relatively cool, dry conditions may have persisted early in the millennium. These conditions are consistent with La Niña patterns. There is a scarcity of data for Australia for both MWP and LIA conditions. Wikipedia states that evidence from wave built shingle terraces argues for a permanently full Lake Eyre during the Ninth and Tenth centuries, consistent with this La Niña-like configuration.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_Warm_Period

 

The evidence of itself is inadequate to show how lake levels varied from year to year, or what climatic conditions elsewhere in Australia were like. However, observations over the last 200 years indicate that when Lake Eyre is full the conditions to the east of it are consistently wetter that normal. Rain forests have existed in the plains.

 

Adhikari and Kumon (2001) have verified there, the existence of both the MWP and the LIA from sediments in Lake Nakatsuna in central Japan (ibid).

 

From the time frames and the core samples of the Saragossa Sea (see Wikipedia op. cit.) we see the two-degree fluctuations (one degree above and below our present level) and we might thus deduce that the noted variations have resulted in the seven feet, or just over two metre rises in mean sea levels.

 

From recent reports concerning the Greenland Cap we are now faced with a degree of melt that is some three times faster than initially measured from 1997 to 2003. Readers will be aware that this paper was first issued in 1997 before any of this was really evident, and the conventional wisdom of the time showed a much longer time frame for any activity to become obvious. The fact is that the one foot, or 30 cm rise took three and a half years to effect and not the expected millennia.

 

It is quite clear that the two degree rise is not only a normal fluctuation experienced twice before in two thousand years, but that it also consistently occurs at the end and beginning of each millennium, and lasts for between three hundred and four hundred and fifty years. The result is that sea levels rise by at least seven feet each time.

 

There are approximately 28,500,000 cubic kilometres of ice on the world’s caps and glaciers. At present, based on observations of the Greenland cap, which has 10% of the ice, and is melting at the rate of some 240 cubic kilometres a year (three times faster than observed in the period 1997-2003), the annual loss might be 2400 cubic kilometres a year. For the seven feet loss we will need to increase another one-degree mean sea temperature.

 

In the colonisation of Greenland ca 982-996 CE under Eric the Red, it was noted that Greenland was in fact two islands in summer. It was uninhabited when the Danes arrived from Iceland in 982 and they lived there for some 450 years. Eric had to flee with his family and relatives and thralls from Iceland (called Thule) as he killed a man there. The last Paleo-Eskimo culture, the Early Dorset, disappeared in Greenland ca 200 CE, which was towards the end of the Roman Warm Period.

 

The colonists were thought to have been killed by the Eskimos (Inuit) when the temperatures dropped and their lifestyles became untenable. However, recent evidence shows that there is a European admixture to the Greenland Eskimos coming from the Celts, and there is also an Eskimo YDNA Haplogroup Q line in an area of Norway from Eskimos introduced by the Vikings from Greenland.

 

The Dorset culture (named after Cape Dorset where they were found) were taller people but less aggressive. They had spread to, or from North America and the last settlement was found in Hudson Bay. They were found in 1824 on the visit of HMS Griper, which anchored off Cape Pembroke on Coats Island in Hudson Bay. They were called Sadlermiut. They lived on and around Southampton Island. Their contact with westerners was to be their undoing and by 1896 there were only 70 left. In 1902 on a visit to the whaling vessel Active they contracted a disease (probably Typhus) and the community was wiped out in weeks. Their DNA is not known as yet (cf. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorset_%28culture%29)

 

Thus we can see that the fluctuation in mean sea levels at seven feet occurred twice in rising and twice in falling over the last two thousand years. The fluctuations in the earlier periods may have been greater. We have evidence from the Piri Reis map, which was compiled in 1513 by the Turkish navy from far older maps obtained from the library at Alexandria before it was burned, that shows the coast of Antarctica properly mapped and the American and African coasts shown in the correct longitudinal and latitudinal relationships. We could only determine both these relationships from the 1700s as the skill had been lost and was not understood when the map was compiled. The map indicates significant water level fluctuations and significant temperature rise and melt in Antarctica over the earlier “Warm Periods” probably the Roman Warm Period. It also indicated West Africa was significantly wetter as its river systems and lakes are mapped even in the Sahara where none now exists and there were very large lakes in Central and NE Spain. NW France seems to be underwater NE of Brest (see Cyrus Gordon, Before Columbus, Turnstone Press, 1972, pp, 71-73)

 

We can thus also conclude that a two-degree rise in mean sea temperature will result in a seven-foot rise in water levels over the period throughout the world. The last degree of the rise will cause exponential increase in water level rise. For each degree over that rise we can expect a consequent exponential rise in water levels. Temperatures have been increasing since 1850 and we are now over one degree warmer and increasing rapidly and the solar activity is also increasing. A predicted three to five degree rise will see further exponential increases. The Greenland melt has trebled since 2003 and will at least treble again this decade.

 

The end of the LIA in 1850 did not see a rapid temperature rise but rather it became exponential as we approached the middle of the Second century after the end of the cool period. In the 1700s the Thames froze over and the people held markets on it in cold snaps in winter.

 

In Roman times, which was during the previous Warm Period ca 1-300 we saw the Thames described as a wide estuary much wider and more navigable than it is today. So also the rivers in England in the MWP are depicted in tapestries and paintings as being much wider and more navigable than today, giving historians the misconception that the depictions were more imaginative. Much is incorrectly blamed on siltation.

 

Roman ruins in Britain had tiled marble floors and there is later evidence of braziers being placed on them and marking the floors. All indications are consistent with the drop in temperature from ca 300 onwards to 800 CE. The Roman buildings were abandoned for unknown reasons. It was probably for the previous LIA between 300 and 800 CE.

 

The warm periods that commenced with the end of one millennium and went for between 300 to 450 years into the next coincided with some natural activities. One period coincided with the Bible flood, and the Bible references to the springs of the deep might also be understood to include the caps that were melted and formed the continuous rain. We have God’s assurance He will not destroy the earth like this again but the potential for a lesser impact should not be discounted as these caps fluctuate. The next period would probably have been at the fall of Troy and the rise of Israel under Saul and David and went down to the fall of Israel to the Assyrians in 722 BCE. 

 

We know for certain that the sea levels were much lower than they are at present and that those levels rose and covered larger areas of coastal peoples. We do not have the exact locations of their civilisations to excavate. These large-scale rises are indicative of the loss of polar caps that were in fact both on the earth’s landmasses. The North Pole appears to have been at one stage over Scandinavia and into Northern Europe. It headed towards Canada and now is heading back to Siberia. The Warm Period that emerged ca 2200 BCE saw a rise in sea levels that covered the earth’s then coastal civilisations. God may simply have caused a movement in the earth’s axis and a rise in mean sea temperatures that caused massive rainfall and permanent removal of the major northern polar cap. In that way He achieved the global flood of the Bible and major sea level rises.  If the North Pole was over a landmass and had similar ice density to Antarctica then we are looking at a potential sea level rise of over 400 feet assuming the larger ice age caps and glaciers and the stabilisation of Antarctica in the East Basin. If the earth’s landmass was flatter as we understand it was then the flood would have been universal. It would also have created the Mediterranean Sea, as we know it. This event is placed over 10,000 years ago instead of 4,200 years ago. Much of that age is now underwater.

 

It follows to reason that as we have increased more than one degree from the end of the previous LIA that the next degree rise will see the exponential lift in sea levels to the seven feet level. This will place the coasts back at Ephesus and inundate the Thames estuary. All coastal areas will be affected. This should occur, based on past models, over the next ten to thirty years. By 2015 a rise of at least two feet could be evident. The faster the rise in temperature and the further it goes beyond another one degree will see further exponential increases.  

 

There will be massive refugee problems as these rises occur. We will also see a number of Bible prophecies occur as a result, regarding some cities being placed under the waves.

 

As we move towards the fulfilment of prophecy we might mention another step in that direction. It has been decided to dam the Tigris. Coupled with the draining of the swamps around the Euphrates we will see the prophecy that men will walk over dry-shod. The Euphrates will be split into seven channels. God will also destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea or gulf with the force of His breath or Spirit (Ruach) (cf. Isa. 11:15).

 

Many cities we know now will be unworkable and cease to exist. Much of these activities will add to the problems we face in planning and development, and the system we now know will cease to exist. We need to plan in accordance with what we know will be the most probable eventuality.

 

Pray that God inspires our leaders and gives them eyes to see and ears to hear and the will to act in the interests of the people and not themselves.

 

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December 2007 Update

 

In 1997, the world scientists did not have a clue as to what was happening to the world cycles. The scientists had swallowed the incoherent rubbish of Evolutionists such that they actually began to believe it as proven fact. They assumed a steady state environment for a hundred thousand years. They ignored world history and the records of the nations. They produced convenient explanations to downgrade or conceal the fact that Global Warming is a repetitive cycle that increases and reduces world sea levels by anything from seven feet or two-plus metres to two hundred feet or sixty metres. In one instance, the increases were some four hundred feet or some one hundred and thirty-two metres. We have the evidence for it, both archaeological and geological, but the scientists don’t study other disciplines and anything that conflicts with evolutionary propaganda is dismissed as a matter of policy. Logic is usually thrown out the window in such conflicts.

 

Studies of the Global Warm Periods would have shown, and do show, a set sequence every thousand years of the increase in world surface temperature, through the increase in solar activity. Over the last two Warm Periods, the increase in world temperatures and world sea levels were consistent at seven feet, or just over two metres. We know this from archaeological evidence and the history of peoples such as the British and the Maoris. In the Medieval Warm Period, we know – from tapestries of the late Anglo-Saxon and early Norman times – that rivers were much wider and the water levels were much higher than they are now. In the Roman Warm Period, which coincided with the rise of Ephesus as a seaport, the levels were seven feet higher than they are now. The River Thames was much wider. Ephesus is now seven miles inland and its dock is seven feet higher than the port at Kusadasi. Historians explained the problem away as siltation, but to explain what happened at Ephesus it also requires tectonic plate uplift. Roman buildings in Britain show a sudden and significant drop in temperatures in the fourth century such that braziers were brought into buildings and marked floors where they had not been used previously, and the cultivation of wine in Britain ceased. The Anglo-Saxons entered Britain after the Romans withdrew, and adapted to the colder climate.

 

When we first interviewed scientists, the estimates were a rise of a foot in sea levels in a thousand years. It actually took less than five years. The benchmark for sea levels in NSW, Australia, is at Fort Denison in Sydney Harbour. That water level is now well over a foot higher, and increasing rapidly. The sandstone fort is going under water and requires an extensive renovation. That was only announced recently. The fort was built during the Napoleonic Wars for the defence of Sydney.

 

The historic evidence indicates that the warming and cooling is fast and exponential. That fact is now being born out by scientific observations, but the science is being misused to allow the control of human behaviour in spite of the known evidence. The scenario is all being set up for UN control in 2009. So also are a number of matters being set up for the European Union. These matters are to be put in train after the next US presidential election. From that time, a number of prophecies will be set in train through the activities of the demons under Satan, using his human devotees.

 

The current speed of the world sea-ice melt is now causing concern to scientists that do not understand the history of the matter. For example, if they studied Maori history, genetics, and linguistics they would realise that about a thousand years ago, coinciding approximately with the rise of the Medieval Warm Period, the Maori/Polynesian people – who are comprised of the Hamitic C2 Haplogroup – and a smaller section of the Indo/Malay O Haplogroup were forced out of South-East Asia into the Pacific by the inundations of an island land mass there. Their traditions record the inundation. Their C2 group does not derive from the Mongol C3 group or the Australian Aboriginal C4 group. They derive from the C basic group, some of whom are still found in the South-East Asian Coast from India to Vietnam. Their language was based on an element of Indo/Malay and contains many basic words found in Malay. So the Polynesians were forced to move from South-East Asia by the last Global Warming in the Medieval Warm Period.

 

So, also, we will see many lowland peoples forced to move in the next few years. It has all happened before.

 

An article published this week raised concerns over the speed in which the Arctic ice sheet is melting in summer. The article titled, “Accelerating Arctic Melt Worries Experts” (AP Posted: 2007-12-11 23:00:56 Filed Under: Science News WASHINGTON (Dec. 11)) said:

“ - An already relentless melting of the Arctic greatly accelerated this summer, a warning sign that some scientists worry could mean global warming has passed an ominous tipping point. One even speculated that summer sea ice would be gone in five years.

 

Greenland's ice sheet melted nearly 19 billion tons more than the previous high mark, and the volume of Arctic sea ice at summer's end was half what it was just four years earlier, according to new NASA satellite data obtained by The Associated Press.”

 

A record 19 billion tons of Greenland’s ice sheet melted this year, some 12% more than the previous high mark, and for the first time since the end of the Medieval Warm Period some six hundred years ago opened the North West Passage to shipping. Last year two scientists surprised everyone by saying that the summer of 2040 could see the end of the sea ice entirely.

 

This week, after reviewing his own new data, NSA climate scientist Jay Zwally said: “At this rate, the Arctic Ocean could be nearly ice-free at the end of summer by 2012, much faster than previous predictions”.

 

Scientists are no longer sure of the rate (if they ever were sure of anything). This is either a blip or an exponential increase in the steady rate of warming and melt. History indicates to us that the move is much faster than these steady state climatologists thought. We know from the ancient maps that the West Antarctic Basin was ice-free less than three thousand years ago (see the Piri Reis Map in 1513 of C.H. Gordon, Before Columbus, Turnstone Press, 1972, pp. 72-73). We also know from the Norse records that in 982-996, when Eric the Red went to colonise Greenland, it was in what was described as two islands in summer and capable of being farmed, as reportedly was “Vinland” in Canada, when his son, Leif Eriksen, got there.

This rate of warming is being blamed on the burning of coal, oil and other fossil fuels that produce carbon dioxide, and other greenhouse gasses that are held to be responsible for man-made Global Warming. That may be an arguable case regarding the effects of man on the climate, but the current Global Warming is part of a normal sequence of warming that is solar induced and occurs every thousand years, and lasts for four or five hundred years. This time we will get the seven-foot rise and, as a result of human activities, it will rise even further. Nothing humans do will stop it rising at least seven feet. It does so each time it warms. Depending on where the polar caps are, the rise or fall can be greater. If the Earth’s magnetic core moves on to Siberia and the Antarctic basin rises, we may find that it actually drops in level. That, however, will force the North-east Asian population south and west.

Greenhouse gasses are not the cause of Global Warming. They are part of an argument put forward within the false paradigm of steady state climatology within the parameters of the Religion of Evolution.

To understand the full effects of Global Warming we need to look to the geological records of continents to see what has happened in the past. For example, in past Warm Periods, Australia has actually increased its inland rainfall and moisture level, both filling Lake Eyre for centuries and forming rain forest at Moree.

What the Bible says is to happen makes Global Warming part of a much more horrific scenario that we will examine in a wider context.

2007 was not supposed to be such a record year, but it was far greater than anyone expected. Of particular concern was the Greenland cap, which has a direct effect on world-sea water levels. For 30 years its pattern of melt has varied to a high followed by a few years of lesser temperatures and melt. 2005 was a record and so 2007 was expected to be less, but it was not and was, in fact, much higher than 2005. Konrad Steffen of the University of Colorado, who collected the data, is concerned that 2008 might be even higher. Some other NASA scientists think it might be back to normal in 2008. However, the previous Warm Periods reached a plateau in a very short time and stayed there for some four centuries.

Surface temperatures in the Arctic Ocean this year were eight degrees above normal.

The Associated Press Report listed the records set by the 2007 Arctic ice melt as follows:
 
”• 552 billion tons of ice melted this summer from the Greenland ice sheet, according to preliminary satellite data to be released by NASA on Wednesday. The melt was 15 percent more than the annual average summer melt, beating 2005s record.

• A record amount of surface ice was lost over Greenland this year, 12 percent more than the previous worst year, 2005, according to data the University of Colorado released Monday. That's nearly quadruple the amount that melted just 15 years ago. It's an amount of water that could cover Washington, D.C., a half-mile deep, researchers calculated.

• The surface area of summer sea ice floating in the Arctic Ocean this summer was nearly 23 percent below the previous record. The dwindling sea ice already has affected wildlife, with 6,000 walruses coming ashore in northwest Alaska in October for the first time in recorded history. Another first: the Northwest Passage was open to navigation.

• Still to be released is NASA data showing the remaining Arctic sea ice to be unusually thin, another record. That makes it more likely to melt in future summers. Combining the shrinking area covered by sea ice with the new thinness of the remaining ice, scientists calculate that the overall volume of ice is half of 2004s total.

• Alaska's frozen permafrost is warming, not quite thawing yet. But temperature measurements 66 feet deep in the frozen soil rose nearly four-tenths of a degree from 2006 to 2007, according to measurements from the University of Alaska. While that may not sound like much, "it's very significant,” said University of Alaska professor Vladimir Romanovsky.” (ibid.)

The fact of the matter is that we are in an accelerating Global Warm Period and it will increase the melt and heat-rise by at least another degree in the next few years.

The current areas of sea ice reflect about 80% of the sun’s heat from the Earth. As it decreases, the Earth heats up even more, and the cycle increases yet again.

The scientists who are saying that they can reverse the trend do not understand the history of the matter and the natural cycles. We are just entering what we will term the Millennial Warm Period. Nothing whatsoever will stop that from happening, even if we turned off every engine on the planet. We will just make it worse.

The result will be wars over land and water and resources. Huge displacement of peoples will occur. The Earth will be faced with chaos and a regime of control will be implemented to enslave humanity. Satan understands the cycles. He knows what is to happen. He will use them to destroy humanity, but he will fail because Messiah will be sent to intervene. That intervention, however, will not save his servants in the short term. Satan and his servants will all be dealt with in the Second Resurrection (see the papers The Judgment of the Demons (No. 80) and The Resurrection of the Dead (No. 143)).

 

March 2008 Update

Thaw of world's glaciers reaches record high:

March 16, 2008
Source: ABC

 

A thaw of the world's glaciers has accelerated to a new record, with some of the biggest losses within Europe – in the Alps, the Pyrenees and the Nordic region – in a worrying sign of climate change, the UN Environment Program (UNEP) said.

 

"Data from close to 30 reference glaciers in nine mountain ranges indicate that between the years 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, the average rate of melting and thinning more than doubled," it said.

 

"The latest figures are part of what appears to be an accelerating trend with no apparent end in sight," World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS) director Wilfried Haeberli said.

 

The estimates, based on measuring the thickness of glacier ice, indicated an average loss of about 1.5 metres in 2006, up from just over half a metre in 2005. UNEP said that the thinning was the fastest since monitoring began.

 

Since 1980, glaciers have thinned by about 11.5 metres in a retreat blamed by the UN Climate Panel mainly on human use of fossil fuels. The thaw could disrupt everything from farming and power generation to winter sports, and could also raise world sea levels.

Climate 'canaries'

UNEP head, Achim Steiner said: "There are many canaries emerging in the climate change coal mine. The glaciers are perhaps among those making the most noise."

 

Of almost 30 reference glaciers only one thickened in 2006 compared to 2005. Some glaciers shrank less in 2006 than in 2005.

 

Mr Steiner said that Governments had agreed to work out by the end of 2009 a new pact to succeed the UN's Kyoto Protocol, which binds developed nations except the United States to curb emissions of greenhouse gases.

 

- Reuters

http://www.bigpond.com/news/world/content/20080316/2190744.asp

 

We are thus bound to the fiction that greenhouse gasses are causing the global warming and not the millennial solar cycle.

 

Update June 2009

What we are now seeing is a counter attack based on the Bond and de Vries cycles. The scientists are misusing the Bond cycle to declare a 1500-year cycle when the millennial system is not properly understood. The cycles are also discussed in the Appendix.

 

Temperature increases have slowed and it is now being claimed that Global Warming is not occurring and what will happen is the drop in temperature associated with the Bond cycle based on the false assumption that it is 1500 years in duration. That premise comes from the ice core samples. What is not appreciated is that the precipitation is affected by every millennial cycle and the rates of accumulation vary between Warm Periods and Ice Ages every 500 years. Evolutionists will simply not shift their paradigms from this steady state nonsense.

 

The measurement of temperature also varies in these periods. The stalling of the Gulf Stream will see temperatures drop in the north Atlantic with problems for Britain, Scandinavia and Europe over the melt phase. Scotland will freeze over this period and become Tundra. Once the melt phase is complete, provided the core remains stable, the temperatures will rise as they did in the Medieval Warm Period.

 

Each Warm Period has a dramatic effect on Global Climate. Each Ice Age has an equally dramatic effect.  The Piri Reis Map shows evidence of another period before the seventh century that saw the West Antarctic basis mapped and ice free. The map was made by the Turkish Admiralty in 1513 from copies allegedly obtained from the Library at Alexandria before the Muslims burned it in the seventh century. The Chinese have similar map records and used the north polar route in summer in the early 1400s. They gave their details of the Atlantic maps to the Europeans in Rome in 1434. They sent a fleet to Rome via Egypt and the old canal into the Nile and then on into the Mediterranean. Much of our Renaissance knowledge comes from that visit.

 

It appears there was a warm period which began just before the fall of Troy in 1054 and which ended in the seventh century BCE. We have absolute proof of visits to the Americas at the time of King David from the British and Berlin Museums. The mummies all have tobacco residue in their hair samples and Berlin mummies all have cocaine residue also.

 

It is also fairly certain there was a portion of the change of cycle was accompanied by the magnetic pole shift from Canada into the Arctic Ocean ca. 24th century BCE. This caused the Siberian climate to change from warm temperate to Arctic within minutes, and caused the mammoths to snap freeze on land and many of the animals, including mammoths, to be washed into the catchments that we find in excavations today and have done for centuries. This was what we refer to as the Global Flood. This probably the event that this raised Australian water levels from below the Continental Shelf to current levels. This was not 16000 years ago as is assumed by ANU scientists in the elimination of the Kartan tool technology but rather only 4300 years ago.




Solar Forcing of Multiple Climatic Parameters
Volume 11, Number 23: 4 June 2008


Eight researchers (8) hailing from China (1), Finland (1), Russia (4) and Switzerland (2) recently published a paper wherein they describe exciting new evidence that makes the case for a causative link, or set of links, between solar forcing and climate change about as iron-clad as it can get.

Working with tree-ring width data obtained from two types of juniper found in Central Asia -- Juniperus turkestanica (related to variations in summer temperature in the Tien Shan Mountains) and Sabina przewalskii (related to variations in precipitation on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau) -- Raspopov et al. (2008) employed band-pass filtering in the 180- to 230-year period range, wavelet transformation (Morlet basis) for the range of periods between 100 and 300 years, as well as spectral analysis, in order to compare the variability in the two tree-ring records with independent Δ14C variations representative of the approximate 210-year de Vries solar cycle over the past millennium. These analyses indicated that the approximate 200-year cyclical variations present in the palaeoclimatic reconstructions were well correlated (R2 = 0.58-0.94) with similar variations in the Δ14C data, which obviously suggests the existence of a solar-climate connection. In addition, they say "the de Vries cycle has been found to occur not only during the last millennia but also in earlier epochs, up to hundreds of millions [of] years ago."

After reviewing additional sets of published palaeoclimatic data from various parts of the world, the eight researchers satisfied themselves that the same periodicity is evident in Europe, North and South America, Asia, Tasmania, Antarctica and the Arctic, as well as "sediments in the seas and oceans," citing 20 independent research papers in support of this statement. This fact thus led them to conclude there is "a pronounced influence of solar activity on global climatic processes" related to "temperature, precipitation and atmospheric and oceanic circulation."

Complicating the matter, however, Raspopov et al. report there can sometimes be "an appreciable delay in the climate response to the solar signal," which can be as long as 150 years; and they note that regional climate responses to the de Vries cycle "can markedly differ in phase," even at distances of only hundreds of kilometers, due to "the nonlinear character of the atmosphere-ocean system response to solar forcing." Nevertheless, the many results they culled from the scientific literature, as well as their own findings, all testify to the validity of their primary conclusion, that throughout the past millennium, and stretching back in time as much as 250 million years, the de Vries cycle has been "one of the most intense solar activity periodicities that affected climatic processes."

As for the more recent historical significance of the de Vries cycle, Raspopov et al. write that "the temporal synchrony between the Maunder, Sporer, and Wolf minima and the expansion of Alpine glaciers (Haeberlie and Holzhauser, 2003) further points to a climate response to the deep solar minima." And in this regard, we would only add that earth's recent recovery from those deep solar minima could well have played a major role in the planet's emergence from the Little Ice Age, and, therefore, could well have accounted for much -- if not even the lion's share -- of 20th-century global warming, as suggested fully twenty years ago by Idso (1988).

This view of the matter is consistent with the view expressed more recently by Feynman (2007), who -- in an intriguing paper entitled "Has solar variability caused climate change that affected human culture?" -- answers this question in the affirmative, while presenting the figure we have reproduced below as supporting evidence for deep solar minima being the cause of the Little Ice Age (which doomed the Norse colonies on Greenland), and for solar maxima being responsible for the great droughts that occurred during the Medieval Warm Period (which triggered the collapse of Classical Mayan civilization in northern Central America).

 

 

Figure 1. Graph of Δ14C (higher values correspond to lower solar activity) vs. year AD. Adapted from Feynman, who attributes the relationship to Stuiver and Braziunas (1988).

Clearly, there is much to recommend the overriding concept that is suggested by the data of these several papers, i.e., that the sun rules the earth when it comes to orchestrating major changes in the planet's climate, the most recent of which changes is the climate alarmists' "unprecedented warming" of the 20th century, which they wrongly attribute to anthropogenic CO2 emissions.

Sherwood, Keith and Craig Idso

References
Feynman, J. 2007. Has solar variability caused climate change that affected human culture? Advances in Space Research 40: 1173-1180.

Haeberli, W. and Holzhauser, H. 2003. Alpine glacier mass changes during the past two millennia. PAGES News 1 (1): 13-15.

Idso, S.B. 1988. Greenhouse warming or Little Ice Age demise: A critical problem for climatology. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 39: 54-56.

Raspopov, O.M., Dergachev, V.A., Esper, J., Kozyreva, O.V., Frank, D., Ogurtsov, M., Kolstrom, T. and Shao, X. 2008. The influence of the de Vries (~200-year) solar cycle on climate variations: Results from the Central Asian Mountains and their global link. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 259: 6-16.

Stuiver, M. and Braziunas, T.F. 1988. The solar component of the atmospheric 14C record. In: Stephenson, F.R. and Wolfendale, F.R. (Eds.), Secular Solar and Geomagnetic Variations in the Last 10,000 Years. Kluwer, Dortecht, The Netherlands, p. 245.

 

 

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