Christian Churches of God
The Story of Esther and its Meaning
(Edition 2.0 20040102-20070204)
The story of Esther is about a young Jewish girl who marries the king of Persia, although the meaning of the Book of Esther is much more involved than that. The Book of Esther tells the story of the Church of God, Christ, God Almighty and the millennial reign of the Kingdom of God.
The Story of Esther and its Meaning
Each of the characters in the Book of Esther represents someone or something from the Bible concepts. Below is a list of the main characters in the story and the part played by each one.
King Ahasuerus -- God the Father
Seven Chamberlains (or Eunuchs) -- Seven Spirits of the Seven Churches
Seven Wise Men --Those (prophets) who had seen the Angel of Presence (or Face of God)
Queen Vashti -- Physical Israel
Mordecai -- Jesus Christ
Esther -- Spiritual Israel (Church)
Queen Esther’s Seven Maidens -- Seven eras of the Church.
Haman -- Satan
In the first chapter of Esther we learn that King Ahasuerus gave a banquet for the people of the land. Queen Vashti also gave a banquet for the women in the king’s house and not the house of the women. The king sent seven eunuchs who served in the presence of the king to ask Queen Vashti to come to his banquet, but she refused to go. The king talked with his seven wise men about this and they encouraged the king to put Vashti away and find another queen who would be more worthy and loyal.
Here we see God the Father inviting Israel, which was set apart as the best (Vashti means best), to become the elect and be part of His Kingdom. It is through Israel that all the people of the world are to come into God the Father’s Kingdom. Physical Israel refused God’s first invitation and turned their backs on God’s Law.
The seven wise men are the prophets who saw the face of the Angel of Yahovah. These include: Samuel, Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel. They attempted to warn and instruct Israel over the years but Israel went with different pagan gods throughout history.
This concept is conveyed with Vashti’s attempt to dishonour the women by having a banquet in the king’s house. Israel refused God’s invitation and is in rebellion. Israel and Vashti were both judged by the Law. God does not forget His people. There will be another time when God works directly with Israel. Spiritual Israel must be brought into the Church before the rest of the mankind is brought into the Church.
The message went out to all the lands that the king was looking for a new queen. Many women from far and wide were prepared to see the king. The women did not need anything; all things were provided for them. Just as God gives each one of us whatever we need to be a part of His Kingdom and family.
The concept of women coming from all nations to see the king is the same with the Church today. God chooses people from all tribes and families to be part of spiritual Israel (the Church).
Many years before the time of this story the Jews had been taken from Jerusalem and sent somewhere else. This happened when Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, exiled Jeconiah, King of Judah. Therefore, there were Jews living in the lands of King Ahasuerus.
One of the young women taken in to be a possible bride to the king was Esther. Esther’s name in Hebrew was Hadassah, which means myrtle. Esther’s father’s name was Abihail (SHD 32), which means my father is might. Esther’s father and mother died and Mordecai, her uncle, had raised her. Mordecai had provided for and taught Esther everything she needed, just as Christ teaches and provides for the Church.
Mordecai is a descendant of Saul, son of Kish. Saul was told to kill Agag but he did not follow God’s command; he allowed Agag to live. Years later Haman who was also of the family of Agagites/Amalekites was born. Haman hated the Jews and later in the story he plots to have all the Jews killed. The main point to think about here is that we need to listen and follow God’s word and directions. If we do not listen to what God tells us our decisions can have a major impact on our family and other people many years in the future. We see this from Saul’s disobedience.
Esther found favour in the sight of Hegai. He was the person in charge of all the possible brides for King Ahasuerus. Hegai (SHD 1896) means eunuch. He gave Esther seven choice maidens from the king’s palace and placed Esther in the best place in the harem. Esther followed Mordecai’s advice and did not tell anyone what her nationality was. Esther was obedient to Mordecai. In the same way the Church is to listen to and obey all Christ tells the Church to do. The Church is also like Esther and remains hidden from most of the world until the Last Days.
Esther remained in the care of Hegai for 12 months of purification and anointing. Mordecai walked by the palace every day to learn how Esther was doing. This is just like Christ checking on each of us in the Church on a daily basis.
After a woman was chosen to go to see the king she returned to the harem or house of the women. Shaashgaz (SHD 8190), which means thy servant is beautiful, was in the charge of concubines. The concubines remained in the second harem forever. This is just like those of us who come into the Church, never leave the truth and avoid all worship of pagan gods and their holidays. See the paper Satan’s Days of Worship (No. CB23).
Esther went to see the king in the Tenth month. The king loved Esther more than all the other virgins. She found great favour and kindness from the king. King Ahasuerus set a crown upon Esther and made her queen. The king gave a great banquet for all his princes and servants. This represents the First Resurrection.
When the virgins were gathered a second time Mordecai was sitting by the king’s gate. This would be indicating the time close to the Second Resurrection.
Mordecai became aware of a plan by the two doorkeepers to hurt King Ahasuerus. The doorkeepers’ names are Bigthan and Teresh. Mordecai told Queen Esther of the plan and she told the king. The two doorkeepers were hanged on the gallows, and the events were recorded in the Book of Chronicles. This is a representation of when the two Covering Cherubs, the man-headed system (Satan) and the lion-headed system, rebelled. For more information on the rebellion see The Creation of the Family of God (No. CB4).
After all these things happened the king promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite.
Basically, Haman rose to a position of authority over all the princes who were with him. The meaning of his name is interesting. Haman (SHD 2001) means the magnificent. Hammedatha (SHD 4097) means double and Agagite (SHD 92) means will overthrow. Here we see concepts of Satan coming out. Satan was created perfect (Ezek. 28:12), then attempted to overthrow God’s Throne (Isa. 14:14). Haman wanted all to bow down and worship him. Mordecai would not worship Haman or any false god. This is shown in the New Testament where Messiah will not bow down to worship Satan (Mat. 4:8-10).
Haman’s hate for Mordecai and the Jews grew and he made a plan to kill them all. Haman started his plan in the First month and finally attempted to make it final on the 13th day of the 12th month. This is just like Satan trying to kill all of God’s people over the years, who try to worship and obey the One True God. Satan even tried to have Moses and Christ killed when they were born (see Ex. 1:15-16,22; Mat. 3:16). A lot of baby boys died at these times as Satan tried to make sure Moses and Christ could not carry out God’s Plan.
God will not allow anything to happen that interferes with His Plan of making everyone part of His family in the future. Satan may try to discourage or hurt us, but God will only allow things to happen that can help us and make us stronger. Originally Satan’s name was Lucifer, which means light bringer. Once Lucifer rebelled his name was changed to Satan, which means adversary. An adversary is someone who is against us and tries to hurt us or says bad things about us.
In the story of Esther, Haman tells the king there are people in his kingdom who do not keep his laws and need to be destroyed. Just as in the story of Esther, Haman (Satan) went before the king (or God) and tried to say bad things about God’s people. The One True God had given Lucifer (Satan) charge of the Earth for 6,000 years. In the story we see the king saying, “The silver is yours and the people also, to do with them as you please.” As the story progresses we see Haman (Satan) develop a plan to get rid of God’s people. This is also portraying another attempt by Satan to prevent the birth of the Messiah through the line of King David, from the tribe of Judah.
Mordecai learns of the plan, rips his clothes, puts on sackcloth and ashes and cries out loudly. Anciently, this is the way people used to show they were in mourning. When one is wearing sackcloth and ashes he could not come to the Temple of God. Mordecai could not approach the king in this state. This is a representation of Christ laying down his spiritual life, coming to Earth as a man and teaching and showing us how to live by God’s Laws. Jesus Christ willingly laid down his life for mankind and the fallen Host to reconcile us to God the Father. As human beings none of us can approach God the Father (1Cor. 15:50). For more information about Jesus Christ see Who is Jesus? (No. CB2).
Esther sends Hatach to find out why Mordecai is wearing sackcloth. Mordecai gives Esther the information about the plan to kill the Jews and asks her to go to the king to try and help prevent this. Mordecai points out to Queen Esther that many lives depend on what she does.
This is just like today when many people on the planet depend on what the Church does in these Last Days. The people in the world are not happy with us and at times actually try to hurt or kill us. But it is our responsibility to help them understand God’s Plan and obey Him. For more information of God’s Plan for mankind see The Creation of the Family of God (No. CB4) and God's Plan of Salvation (No.
Esther gets word back to Mordecai asking him and all the Jews to fast for three days and then she would attempt to approach the king. In those days if one went to the king without being asked for, one could be put to death. However, death was avoided if the king put out his golden sceptre to the individual.
Esther went to the king on the third day. The king put out his sceptre to the queen indicating she was able to approach him and asked what her request. Esther invited the king and Haman to a special meal (banquet) on the following day. The king and Haman both accepted the invitation. Here we see Esther (the Church) dealing with God’s enemies on demand. Esther prepares two banquets. This represents the First and the Second Resurrections. At the second banquet we are dealing with the judgment of the fallen Host too.
When Haman was leaving the king’s palace he again saw Mordecai. Haman was filled with anger and went to talk with his wife Zeresh. Zeresh (SHD 2238) means gold. Here we again see Satan’s love for power and wealth being his downfall. Haman goes over all the details with his wife and friends including the news of the special invitation to Esther’s banquet. Haman (Satan) is filled with pride, vanity and arrogance. Yet he still complains of not being satisfied with what he has because Mordecai the Jew is alive.
We know as God’s people we are to be happy in whatever state or condition we find ourselves (Heb. 13:5). We also know that once Lucifer was filled with iniquity or wickedness, he was never happy or satisfied with anything. Haman received advice from his wife and friends to build a gallows seventy-five feet high. A gallows is a high tower. It was to be used to hang Mordecai on. Haman decided to follow the advice of his wife and friends and had the tower built.
That night King Ahasuerus could not sleep. He asked for the book of records of Chronicles to be read. The king heard the record of when Mordecai reported the plan of the two doorkeepers to hurt the king. The king asked what reward was given to Mordecai for this and learnt that nothing was done for Mordecai’s help and loyalty (Est. 6:1-3).
Haman was called in to see the king. But before Haman could ask about killing Mordecai the king asked him, “What should be done for the man whom the king desires to honour?” Haman was thinking the king was referring to him, because Haman (Satan) only focused on himself and not others. So Haman’s response was, “Let them bring a royal robe which the king has worn, a horse on which the king has ridden, and the royal crown that is upon the king’s head; and let the robe and horse be handed over to one of the king’s most noble princes and let them array the man whom the king desires to honour, and lead him on horseback through the city square, and proclaim before him, ‘Thus it shall be done to the man whom the king desires to honour’” (Est. 6:4-11).
Haman soon learns the king is referring to Mordecai and not himself. This made Haman very angry but he does what he is instructed to do. Here we should think about how this represents Messiah taking over the role of Day Star of the planet. At a time in the not too distant future Satan will also have to acknowledge that Messiah will replace him as ruler of this world.
At the second banquet the king asked Esther for the third time, “What is your petition Queen Esther? And it shall be granted you. And what is your request? Even to half of the kingdom it shall be done” (Est. 7:1-2). This is a reference to half of the Inner Host rebelling. The fallen Host disobeyed God and lost their positions (jobs) just as the lion and man cherub did.
Then Queen Esther answered, “If I have found favour with you O king, and if it please your majesty, grant me my life – this is my petition. And my people – this is my request. For I and my people have been sold for destruction and slaughter and to perish. But if we had merely been sold as male and female slaves, I would have kept quiet, because no such distress would justify disturbing the king” (Est. 7:3-4).
This is a reference to the fact that we are all slaves or bondmen and bondwomen to God and Christ. Esther (the Church) went to God to ask for help because her people were going to be destroyed, which would limit God’s Plan.
Then King Ahasuerus asked Queen Esther, “Who is he? Where is the man who has dared to do such a thing?” And Esther said, “The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman.” Then Haman was afraid before the king and queen. The king got up in a rage, left his wine and went out into the palace garden. But Haman realising that the king had already decided his fate, stayed behind to beg Queen Esther for his life (Est. 7:5-7).
Here we see Haman pleading for intercession by the Church as it is at their request that the Holy Spirit is empowered to act by God in the name of Christ.
Just as the king returned from the palace garden to the banquet hall, Haman was falling on the couch where Esther was reclining. Then said the king, “Will he even molest the queen while she is with me in the house?” As soon as the words left the king’s mouth, they covered Haman's face. Then Harbonah, one of the chamberlains attending the king, said, “A gallows seventy-five feet high, stands by Haman’s house. He had it made for Mordecai, who spoke up to help the king” (vv. 8-9).
Then the king said, “Hang him on it!” So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the king's fury subsided (v. 10).
How people try to hurt God’s prophets and people they are also hurt (2Kgs. 1:10-15; 2:23-24). In the end Satan and the fallen Host will be destroyed as spiritual beings. The fallen Host will be made human and have a chance to repent and live God’s way.
On that day King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman to Esther and she set Mordecai to rule over all Haman’s house and possessions. The king also gave his signet ring, which he got back from Haman, to Mordecai. In the same way the Church will be given rulership of the world and Christ will lead it.
Esther again falls at the king’s feet and pleads for the life of the Jewish people. We as the Church need to be daily pleading for the people of the planet to repent and follow God’s Laws.
The king instructs Mordecai to write a decree in the king’s name and seal it with the king’s signet ring. The king granted the Jews the right to assemble and defend their lives, to destroy and kill the entire army of the people or province that might attack them and to plunder their spoil. The message went out to all people in their own language.
Mordecai left the king’s presence wearing royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold and a purple robe of fine linen Here we see Mordecai (Christ) coming as King of Kings. There was great feasting and a holiday.
On the 13th day of the 12th month the Jews gathered in their towns and those who wanted to hurt the Jews could not stand before them, because the fear and dread of the Jews had come upon them. Even the governors and satraps feared Mordecai. So it is in the Last Days when the planet is in fear and dread of Messiah and his people. People will come and ask how to become a Jew or how to obey God.
Mordecai (Christ) became greater and greater. The Jews killed their enemies. Haman’s ten sons were also hanged. These are the ten kings of the Last Days who receive their power from the Beast. This is a representation of the ten toes of Daniel and ten horns in Revelation.
The Jews killed numerous people who tried to kill them. First 500, then 3,000, and lastly 75,000 were killed. The Jews declared the Fourteenth and Fifteenth days of the Twelfth month as days of feasting and rejoicing since they got rid of their enemies. The Jews did not take their plunder or belongings. This is to show us that nothing of this world’s satanic system will go into the Millennium.
Queen Esther and Mordecai sent out a second letter to the 120 provinces of the kingdom of King Ahasuerus with words of peace and truth. This is the message of the Last Days that the Church and Christ put out as the Gospel of Peace to the World. This represents the communication of the Church of God to the whole world.
In the last chapter of Esther we see Mordecai was second only to King Ahasuerus, and was great among the Jews and in favour with his kinsman. He is the one who sought the good of his people and spoke for the welfare of his whole nation. Here we clearly see Jesus the Christ, as King of Kings, ruling the planet under the One True God’s Laws to ensure the good and welfare of people and the planet.
Esther is a remarkable story of a young Jewish girl but has so much more meaning than most would realise. Let us as the Church work as hard and be as obedient and as faithful as Esther was to get the Gospel out to the entire world and live by every word of God.