Christian Churches of God
The Ordination of Aaron and His Sons
(Edition 1.0 20060825-20060825)
In this Lesson we will review the study paper Ordination of Aaron and His Sons (No. CB43) and endeavour to help children understand the basic concepts involved in this procedure.
Ordination of Aaron and His Sons
To review the basic concepts related to the ordination of Aaron and his sons.
1. Children will be able to understand who of the people in Israel could be priests.
2. Children will be able to name two things that are symbolised by the priests and their ordination or garments.
3. Children will be able to understand what is required of a priest today.
Open with prayer.
Ask the children what they think the priest and High Priest were consecrated for in Israel.
Lesson on the Ordination of the Aaron and His Sons.
Activities on the Ordination of the Aaron and His Sons.
Close with prayer.
Children’s questions in bold.
1. Read through the paper The Ordination of Aaron and His Sons (No. CB43) unless it is read as a sermonette.
Q1. On what day was the Tabernacle in the Wilderness set up?
A. The First day of the First month (Ex. 40:2, 17).
Q2. The priests had to be consecrated to God. What does the word “consecrated”mean?
A. Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious. The word consecration literally means setting apart.
Q3. Were the priests consecrated at the time?
Q4. When did the consecration occur or happen?
A. On the First day of the First month. It was a seven-day process of consecration (Ex. 40:2, 17; Lev. 9:1-7).
Q5. What was Moses told to bring to the tent of meeting?
A. "Bring Aaron and his sons, their garments, anointing oil, the bull for the sin offering, the two rams and the basket containing bread made without yeast, and gather the entire assembly to the Tent of Meeting (Lev. 8:1-3, NIV).
Q6. What was the first thing the priests had to do prior to being consecrated?
A. They had to wash (Lev. 8:6).
Q7. Were the garments of the priests also consecrated?
Q8. In what order did Moses put the garments on Aaron?
A. He put the tunic on Aaron, tied the sash around him, clothed him with the robe and put the ephod on him. He then placed the breast-piece on him and put the Urim and Thummin in the breast-piece. Then he placed the turban on Aaron’s head and set the gold plate, the sacred diadem, on the front of it as the Lord commanded Moses (Lev. 8:7-9, NIV).
Q9. After Aaron was dressed in the High Priest’s robes what did Moses do?
A. Anointed the Tabernacle with oil (Lev. 8:10).
Q10. How many times did Moses anoint the altar with oil?
A. Seven times (Lev. 8:11).
Q11. Who did Moses anoint next with oil to consecrate him?
A. Aaron (Lev. 8:12).
Q12. What happened next?
A. The sons of Aaron were brought near and dressed in linen garments and turbans (Lev. 8:13).
Q13. What did Moses sacrifice and how was it done?
A. The Priests put their hands on the bull for the sin offering and Moses sacrificed the bull (Lev. 8:14-17).
Q14. What was sacrificed next?
A. The ram of ordination (Lev. 8:18-25).
A. Yes (Lev. 8:15).
Q16. Were Aaron and his sons also sprinkled with the blood?
A. Yes (Lev. 8:30).
Q17. Where was the blood placed on Aaron?
A. His right ear, thumb and great toe (Lev. 8:24).
Q18. Who else do you know of had blood on his ear, thumb and toe?
A. Messiah at his crucifixion.
Q19. Did the priest eat any part of the offering?
A. Yes (Lev. 8:31).
Q20. How many days did the priests and Aaron need to stay in the Tent of Meeting?
A. Seven days (Lev. 8:31).
Q21. After the 7 days were completed was Aaron able to offer sacrifices for the people?
A. Yes (Lev. 9:1-7).
Q22. How was the fire on altar lit?
A. The Lord accepted Aaron’s ministry with the sign of miraculous fire (Lev. 9:23-24). See the notes on 8:14 NIV Study Bible. The first fire that lit the altar was supplied supernaturally by fire from heaven (Lev. 9:24; 1Kgs. 18:38,39; 2Chron. 7:1-3). The offering there was quickly consumed by an energy more like lightning than ordinary flames. This close display of God’s power so startled the people that they fell forward in awe (Lev. 9:22-24). "This is God’s holy fire," Moses told Aaron.
Q23. How many times did the priests offer sacrifices to God in one day?
A. Twice – at 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. "Twice a day live coals should be taken from the altar and carried in a censer to the holy place to be sprinkled with incense at the golden altar" (Ex. 30:1-9). Therefore, it was the priest’s job to make sure the fire did not go out (Lev. 6:9, 12-13).
Q24. What did the fire represent?
A. The fire is a representation of the Holy Spirit that we need to keep burning, or growing in us. Just as fire can be put out, the Holy Spirit too can be grieved (Eph. 4:30) or quenched (1Thes. 5:19), which can result in the Holy Spirit being put out of an individual. It is the priest’s job to teach the people how to obey God’s Laws and by doing so, they keep God’s Holy Spirit.
Q25. What did the animals represent?
A. The unblemished animals used for burnt offerings typified the Messiah who would later come to die for the sins of the people. They also taught the need for a Saviour to come to pay for the sins of the world. The offerings were not to pay for sin. Salvation never came through animal sacrifices. They were given to Israel until the coming of the Saviour (Gal. 3:19), and were to remind the people that one would come to shed his blood for their sins (Heb. 10:3, 4, 18).
Q26. What tribe was Aaron from?
Q27. Is the priesthood still of Levi today?
A. No. This priesthood was the sons of Levi, a tribe of Israel. This tribe itself was subordinate to the older order of Melchisedek. Levi was deemed to have tithed to Melchisedek when he was in the loins of his great-grandfather Abraham. This order of Melchisedek represented the new priesthood of the Church, which was open to all nations, or the Gentiles (meaning people of the nations), through the death of its High Priest, Jesus Christ.
Q28. Are we all to be priests?
A. Y es (Rev. 1:6).
Q29. Are we to offer sacrifices for people?
A. Yes, but now in the form of prayers and fasting and not temple sacrifices at this time.
For the matching activity please see the work sheet. For the sequencing activity please see the work sheet and “Race to the robes of the priest and High Priest”.
Activity: Race to the robes of the priest and High Priest
Supplies needed: Work sheets that include cut-outs of the 2 templates of the body of the person, 2 linen breeches, 2 white robes, the blue robe with the pomegranates on it, ephod, breast-piece, belt, 2 onyx stones, 2 white linen turbans and one golden plate “holy unto Yahovah”, blue ribbons, 2 pieces of tag board, symbolism cards, glue sticks for each team. Have enough supplies cut out and prepared so that each team has the supplies needed to make a High Priest and priest.
Set up: Have the packets of supplies located on a table or blanket on the ground opposite the start location.
Guidelines: Explain to the children that they are working in teams. The first task is to have a relay race of picking up all the necessary supplies to complete the project. When the official says: “on your mark, get set, go”, the first team member runs down and gets one of supplies and tags the second team mate who runs down and gets another piece of the supplies. Once all the supplies are retrieved, the children begin to assemble the priest and High Priest by correctly placing the articles of clothing on the figures. Lastly, the children match the symbolism cards with the correct pieces of clothing, and attach the symbolism card to the board. The children can present the finished tag board posters of the High Priest and priest to the congregation, or it can be displayed in the room.
Close with prayer.
Sequence of the Consecration of the High Priest
Place the following items in the correct order starting with what happened first.
Washing with water_________________________
Going to tent of meeting_________________________
White linen robe_________________________
Bull for sin offering; 2 rams for ordination________________________
Seven days in the tent of meeting___________________________
Blood on Aaron’s right ear, thumb, great toe__________________________
Golden plate with “Holy to Yahovah” _________________________
Anointing oil on Aaron’s head_________________________
Belt or sash_________________________
Urim and Thummin________________________
After 7 days Aaron offers sacrifices for the people_________________________
Appendix B to Lesson (No. CB43_2)
Matching the symbolism of the priestly garments with what they represent
Draw a line from the item to what is symbolised by the item
Loins girded with truth
Law of God
Righteous acts of the saints (Rev. 19:8)
Washing with water
Complete Sabbath cycle
White linen robe
Gospel out to the world, place you stand is holy
Righteousness and truth
Being in subjection to God the Father
Dedicated to God
Golden plate “Holy to Yahovah”
Righteousness shall be the girdle of his lions and faithfulness the girdle of his reins (Isa. 11:5).