The goal of the lesson is teach the 4th
Commandment and its relationship to the Sabbath Years and the Jubilee.
1.To show the children that God ordained
3. To show the children that the Sabbath
commandment is linked with the Sabbatical Years and the Jubilee.
The Sabbath Day (No. CB21)
The Ten Commandments (No. CB17)† †††††††††††
Exodus 20:8: Remember the Sabbath day, to
keep it holy.
- Visual Jubilee Calendar.
- Make a bead Jubilee Calendar by stringing 6 beads of one colour
followed by a 7th bead of blue for 7 times, making a total of
42 of one colour and 7 blue beads, with a large bead making the 50th.†
†††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO-- †
- Elastic beading cord
- 42 coloured beads per child
- 7 blue beads per child
- 1 large bead per child.
- Open with prayer.
- Go through the formal aspect of the Fourth Commandment, having
older children read some of the Scriptures and encouraging as much
participation as possible.
- Go over the visual Jubilee Calendar.
- Make bead Jubilee Calendars.
- Close with prayer
aspect of Lesson:
(Childrenís questions in bold)
Q1. Why do we keep the
Sabbath is holy time. God wants us to keep His Sabbath Day always (Ex.
Q2. What does the ďSabbathĒ
A. It means
a time to rest. It also means seventh. This could include the weekly
seventh day as a Sabbath, but it also includes all the Holy Days, New Moons and
the Sabbath Year.
Q3. What do we do on the
A. Rest from
our work (Deut. 5:14), study Godís word, pray to Him and think about all the things
He is doing for us. It is a day of rest from doing the ordinary things that we
might do on the other six days.
Q4. Which Commandment does
Sabbath-keeping fall under?
Q5. When are we supposed to
A. We are to
work for six days a week. We are not to be still or lazy. Whatever we find to
do we should do with all of our might (Eccl. 9:10). We should learn to work
hard and always do our best no matter what the job. We should also be willing
to help people who need help. This can be for people we know or for people we
donít know. It is always good to be nice to others, but we should never talk to
strangers or go with people we donít know before asking our parents if it is
all right (3Jn. 1:5-7).
Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatever your hand finds to
do, do it with your might; for there is no work or thought or knowledge or
wisdom in Sheol, to which you are going.
3John 1:5-7 Beloved, it is a loyal thing you
do when you render any service to the brethren, especially to strangers, who
have testified to your love before the church. You will do well to send them on
their journey as befits God's service. For they have set out for his sake and
have accepted nothing from the heathen.
Q6. What is the preparation
day, and when is it?
A. The day
before the Sabbath is the day we should prepare for the Sabbath (Ex. 16:5). We
call this the preparation day.
Exodus 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on
the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be
twice as much as they gather daily.
The sixth day of our week is Friday. On
that day we should buy all our food and clean our houses and prepare our
clothes. We should take care of all our chores and as much preparation of our
food as possible (Ex. 16:23). This is especially so women and men can rest and
learn about God on the Sabbath too and not have to spend that time cooking,
cleaning and doing their regular work. Men also have to prepare for the Sabbath
by completing their normal work prior to Sabbath and helping their wives and
the children to be ready for Sabbath.
Exodus16:23 he said to them, "This is
what the LORD has commanded: 'Tomorrow is a day of solemn rest, a holy Sabbath
to the LORD; bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that
is left over lay by to be kept till the morning.'" (RSV)
Q7. Was the Sabbath changed
people say that the Sabbath was changed to Sunday, or that we do not have to
keep the Sabbath at all. However, God does not change (Mal. 3:6) and neither
does His Sabbath Day.
Malachi 3:6 Descendants of Jacob, I am the
LORD All-Powerful, and I never change. That's why you haven't been wiped out, 7even
though you have ignored and disobeyed my laws ever since the time of your
ancestors. But if you return to me, I will return to you. (CEV)
Jesus said that the Law would not pass away
until all is accomplished (Mat. 5:17-18). So, until all the things in
the Bible are done we must keep Godís Law, and keeping the Sabbath is one of
Matthew 5:17-18 Don't suppose that I came to
do away with the Law and the Prophets. I did not come to do away with them, but
to give them their full meaning. 18Heaven and earth may disappear.
But I promise you that not even a period or comma will ever disappear from the
Law. Everything written in it must happen. (CEV)
No man or church has any authority to
change Godís Law. The Sabbath is a sign of Godís people (Ezek. 20:12).
Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my
sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the
LORD that sanctify them.
So, those people who keep Sunday holy are
not obeying Godís Law. Jesus Christ kept the Sabbath, and the Feasts, and Holy
Days of God; so did the Apostles and the early Church and so should we. Do not
believe people when they say, "the Sabbath was changed to Sunday".
That is not what God says in the Bible.
Q8. When is the Sabbath?
seventh-day is the Sabbath. It is called Saturday in the civil calendar. The
Sabbath is always on the seventh day of the week.
Q9. When does the Sabbath
Sabbath starts when the sun goes completely down on Friday night or when it
gets dark. This is when there is no light left in the sky. The Sabbath ends
when it gets dark on Saturday evening. In the Bible this is how we know when a
day starts and ends (by the going down of the sun). It is not based on the
clock or from midnight to midnight.
The Sabbath also cannot be moved to any
Q10. Name some of the things
we should not do on the Sabbath and why?
1) We should not go out to eat at a
restaurant on the Sabbath. We should not buy anything or sell anything on the
Sabbath (Neh. 10:31).
Nehemiah 10:31 and if the peoples of the land
bring in wares or any grain on the Sabbath Day to sell, we will not buy from
them on the Sabbath or on a holy day; and we will forego the crops of the
seventh year and the exaction of every debt.
2) We should not work on our house or in
our yard on the Sabbath.
Jeremiah 17:22 And do not carry a burden out
of your houses on the Sabbath or do any work, but keep the Sabbath Day holy, as
I commanded your fathers. (RSV)
The Sabbath is special to God. It is the
day He rested after creating everything (Gen. 2:2-3).
And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done, and he
rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 3 So
God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it, because on it God rested from all
his work which he had done in creation. (RSV)
3) Parents and other adults shouldnít go to
work on the Sabbath.††††
Exodus 20:8-11 "Remember the Sabbath day,
to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the
seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work,
you, or your son, or your daughter, your manservant, or your maidservant, or
your cattle, or the sojourner who is within your gates; for in six days the
LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the
seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.†
4) Children donít go to school either. This
is covered under not doing our regular work on the Sabbath. If we go to school
on a Sabbath Day or on a Holy Day we are making our teachers work for us.
5) A few other things we should consider
not doing include not watching or playing competition sports.
Q11. Why should we not want
to do this?
A. Going to
watch sports would mean that others are working for our enjoyment; the same is
true for watching them on TV. Playing organized competition sports also leads
to others working including umpires, coaches, food-stand people and officials,
not including the players. This doesnít mean a child or group of friends canít
play ball in their back yard just for fun.
6) Going to the movies is also something we
shouldnít do because we have to make others work for us in the same as going
out to eat on the Sabbath.
7) Another thing we might think about not
doing is spending the day watching television on the Sabbath. This doesnít mean
we canít watch some special things on the Sabbath; it just means we shouldnít
watch whatever we want all day long instead of doing the things that bring
glory to God on the Sabbath.
58:13-14 If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy pleasure
on my holy day; and call the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD,
honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine
own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: Then shalt thou delight thyself in
the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and
feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath
As much as possible we should keep away
from people, places and things that would distract us from keeping the Sabbath.
We learn to know these things as we grow in knowledge and understanding of
Godís Law. When we are young, we do as our parents direct us.
Jesusí disciples picked corn on the Sabbath
and people got angry with them because they thought Jesus was breaking the
Sabbath. But Jesus showed us that he was Lord of the Sabbath; not that we do
not have to keep the Sabbath, but rather that it should be kept the way he did
it (Mat. 12:1-12). He taught us that it is all right to pick enough food to eat
on the Sabbath, but not to harvest everything and make hard work of it.
Q12. Are we allowed to take
care of emergencies on the Sabbath?
A. In Luke
14:1-5 it shows that it is important to take care of emergencies on the
Sabbath. We can go to the hospital if we get hurt, or if we are sick, or to
have a baby. We can help the needy. We should always plan ahead if it is
possible, but sometimes accidents happen and people get sick, and we have to
deal with these situations. God understands that and allows us to tend to these
things. This is called "the ox-in-the-ditch" situation. It is
something we did not plan, but nevertheless must be dealt with, even on the
Q13. Are we supposed to be
happy or sad on the Sabbath?
Sabbath is a day to be happy, not a day to be sad. We should rejoice in the
Sabbath and bring joy to the House of God (Isa. 58:13-14). The Sabbath is a
gift that God made for us! We were not made for the Sabbath.
Mark 2:27 And he said unto them, The Sabbath
was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath:
Q14. What are some of the
things we can do on the Sabbath?
A. There are
things we can do on the Sabbath to make it a happy time. It usually means
spending the day with our family and often with other people who keep Godís
Sabbath holy. Most parents organize special treats and activities for their
children to do on the Sabbath. It is all right for children to play on the
Sabbath but that would not include noisy rough play. Some families go to the
park or other outside places so they can enjoy Godís natural creations.
Learning about the One True God and His Laws can be fun too. These are usually
things that we donít do on the other six days, as it is a special time.
Keeping the Sabbath holy also includes
meeting together with like-minded people so that we can fellowship and grow in
the knowledge of Godís ways. This was taught by Jesusí Apostle Paul (Heb.
We should always prepare for the Sabbath.
Young people will rely on their parents to do this for them. We should help
each other and show that we love each other as Jesus Christ loves us. We must
continue to learn about Godís Law as we grow in understanding.
Luke 5:5-14 tells a story about Jesus
showing others that if they followed him then he could change their lives for
the better. Also, with his help, they could help others do the same thing. In
this story, Jesus also heals a man who had a really bad disease. Jesus made
this man whole by healing him and he makes us whole by helping us become closer
to his Father and our God.
The Church of God is small and we must meet
together when we can. It is always good to be with other people who do what we
do, and believe what we believe. There have been many attempts over time to
stop worship on the seventh day. This will happen again. We should not be
afraid. If we obey Godís Law He will look after us.
Q15. How often do we have a
A. Once a
week Ė The Weekly Sabbath.
Once a month- The New Moons.
Annually- The Holy Days / Feasts.
Q16. Are New Moons and the High Days of
the Feasts treated the same as the weekly Sabbath?
A. Yes, they
are all holy time.
Q17. Is there another
Sabbath found in the Bible?
Sabbath Year is a year of rest, just like the Sabbath Day is.
25:2-7 After you enter the land that I am
giving you, it must be allowed to rest one year out of every seven. 3You
may raise grain and grapes for six years, 4but the seventh year you
must let your fields and vineyards rest in honor of me, your LORD. 5This
is to be a time of complete rest for your fields and vineyards, so don't
harvest anything they produce. 6 -7However, you and your slaves and
your hired workers, as well as any domestic or wild animals, may eat whatever
grows on its own. (CEV)
So every seventh year we are to give our
land rest. This means we are not to plant anything as a crop for money. We can
still have a small family garden, but we are not to rely on our crops for money
in this year.
In the Sabbath Year, we are also not
required to tithe like we usually do but we are still supposed to give freewill
offerings. This year is also a year in which we forgive debt, which means that
if someone owes us money we never ask for it back after this year but instead
we let them know that they no longer owe us that money.
Deuteronomy 15:1-3 At the end of every seven
years you shall grant a release. And this is the manner of the release: every
creditor shall release what he has lent to his neighbor; he shall not exact it
of his neighbor, his brother, because the LORD's release has been proclaimed.
Of a foreigner you may exact it; but whatever of yours is with your brother
your hand shall release.
During the Sabbath Year we are also
commanded to read Godís Law at the Feast of Tabernacles.
Deuteronomy 31:10-13 And Moses commanded them,
"At the end of every seven years, at the set time of the year of release,
at the feast of booths, when all Israel comes to appear before the LORD your
God at the place which he will choose, you shall read this law before all
Israel in their hearing. Assemble the people, men, women, and little ones, and
the sojourner within your towns, that they may hear and learn to fear the LORD
your God, and be careful to do all the words of this law, and that their
children, who have not known it, may hear and learn to fear the LORD your God,
as long as you live in the land which you are going over the Jordan to
Q18. There is a special Sabbath Year
that only comes around every 50 years. What is it called?
A. It is
called the Jubilee Year.
Leviticus 25:8-17 "And you shall
count seven weeks of years, seven times seven years, so that the time of the
seven weeks of years shall be to you forty-nine years. Then you shall send
abroad the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of
Atonement you shall send abroad the trumpet throughout all your land. And you
shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all
its inhabitants; it shall be a jubilee for you, when each of you shall return
to his property and each of you shall return to his family. A jubilee shall
that fiftieth year be to you; in it you shall neither sow, nor reap what grows
of itself, nor gather the grapes from the undressed vines. For it is a jubilee;
it shall be holy to you; you shall eat what it yields out of the field.
"In this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his property. And if
you sell to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor, you shall not wrong one
another. According to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from
your neighbor, and according to the number of years for crops he shall sell to
you. If the years are many you shall increase the price, and if the years are
few you shall diminish the price, for it is the number of the crops that he is
selling to you. You shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God;
for I am the LORD your God.
So, in the Jubilee Year we rest the land,
and we also give land back to the owners if we have taken it due to debt or if
the family had to sell it because they where poor. We also forgive all debt. In
this year also, slaves were released in those countries where slavery was
permitted. These days we do not have slaves but at times in history that was
the custom. If people could not pay their debts they sold themselves or their
family into slavery. When the Jubilee Year or Ďyear of releaseí came they would
be released from being a slave.
Q19. During the Sabbath Year or the
Jubilee Year should we wonder or worry about where our food or money will come
from since we canít plant large crops?
25:18-22† If you
obey my laws and teachings, you will live safely in the land and enjoy its
abundant crops. 20Don't ever worry about what you will eat during
the seventh year when you are forbidden to plant or harvest. 21I
will see to it that you harvest enough in the sixth year to last for three
years. 22In the eighth year you will live on what you harvested in
the sixth year, but in the ninth year you will eat what you plant and harvest
in the eighth year.
If we have parents who keep the Sabbath Day
and the other Sabbaths of God holy and teach us about the One True God and His
Laws, then we are blessed. Remember, we are sanctified, that is, made holy, by
your parents before we are old enough to be baptized into the Body of Jesus
Christ, which is the Church of God. Every one of us has a responsibility to God
to keep His Sabbath Day holy.
Each child will make a Jubilee bead
calendar. This calendar is almost the same as the ĎCount to Pentecostí
calendar, which counts the seven perfect Sabbaths and the 50 days to Pentecost.
The only difference is now we are counting by years instead of days as we did
on the Pentecost bead count. Now we are counting the years to the Jubilee Year.
On the Count to Pentecost calendar a white bead stood for the day of Pentecost
and on Jubilee bead count a large bead of a different colour symbolizes the
This is an example of what the finished
calendar will look like.
for the older students: †
What year are we in currently, according on
How many more times will the Law be read
before the start of the new Jubilee?
What will start at the new Jubilee?
What Jubilee Year will the new Jubilee be?
Close with prayer.