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Lesson: Introduction to the Sacrifices and Offerings of Eloah (No. CB119_2)

Christian Churches of God

No. CB119_2

 

 

Lesson:

Introduction to the Sacrifices and Offerings of Eloah

 

(Edition 1.0 20080120-20080120)

 

In this lesson we will review the study paper Introduction to the Sacrifices and Offerings of Eloah (No. CB119), and focus on the basic reason that the sacrificial system was introduced and the key requirements of and reasons for sacrifices.

 

Christian Churches of God

PO Box 369,  WODEN  ACT 2606,  AUSTRALIA

 

E-mail: secretary@ccg.org

 

(Copyright ã 2008 Christian Churches of God, ed. Wade Cox)

 

 

This paper may be freely copied and distributed provided it is copied in total with no alterations or deletions. The publisher’s name and address and the copyright notice must be included.  No charge may be levied on recipients of distributed copies.  Brief quotations may be embodied in critical articles and reviews without breaching copyright.

 

This paper is available from the World Wide Web page:
http://www.logon.org and http://www.ccg.org

 



Lesson:

Introduction to the Sacrifices and Offerings of Eloah


 

Goal: 

To review the basic concepts related to the Sacrifices and Offerings of Eloah and the symbolism that is involved in the text.

 

Objectives:

1.      Who our High Priest is now.

2.      Children will be able to identify why sacrifices were initially introduced.

3.      Children will be able identify what sin is.

4.      Children will be able to identify why the Jubilee system started.

5.      Children will be able to name the four main sacrifices.

 

Resources:

God's Plan of Salvation (No. CB30)

Messiah the Perfect and Complete Sacrifice (No. CB120)

The Sacraments of the Church (No. 150)

Abraham and Isaac: A Faithful Sacrifice (No. CB11)

The Tabernacle in the Wilderness (No. CB42)

 

Relevant Scriptures:

Exodus 22:20

Judges 13:16

2Kings 17:36

Genesis 8:20

Leviticus 22:21

 

Format:

Open with prayer.

Ask the children what they think the sacrifices symbolized?

Review the Questions and Answers.

Activity on the priesthood.

Close with prayer.

 

Lesson:

Read:  Introduction to the Sacrifices and Offerings of Eloah (No. CB119)

 

Questions are in bold.

 

Q1.      Did Eloah know that people and some of the Host would sin and disobey Him?

A.        Eloah knows the end from the beginning. This means that before He started creating God knew that some of His creation would disobey Him and rebel. Even though He would create spirit beings and mankind perfect, some would sin and thus hurt each other, themselves and the planet.

 

Q2.      Did Eloah establish a plan of how to reconcile or bring back sinners to Him and be able to partake in the Plan of Salvation? If so what is the key factor in this reconciliation process?

A.        Eloah did set up a plan before anything was created. Revelation 13:8 speaks of the Lamb slain before the foundation of the world. This is the perfect acceptable sacrifice Eloah offered through His only-begotten son, Joshua the Messiah or Jesus the Christ that reconciled us back to the Father.

 

Q3.      Did Adam and Eve sin from the very start of being created?

A.        No, we know that in the beginning, Adam and Eve were created perfect and lived in peace under God’s Laws. They were taught by Messiah and kept Eloah’s Laws.

 

Q4.      Why and when did the Jubilee system start?

A.        When Adam and Eve broke God’s Law, sin entered into the physical creation and the land was cursed (Gen. 3:14-20). The Jubilee system began, and Adam and Eve were put out of the Garden of Eden.

 

Q5.      Will the land always be cursed?

A.        No, Revelation 22:3 tells us that there will no longer be a curse, and the throne of God and the Lamb shall be in the city, and His bondservants shall serve Him.

 

Q6.      What is sin and its consequences?

A         Sin is the breaking of God’s Law (1Jn. 3:4). We know what sin is by the Law of God (Rom. 3:19). All men have sinned (Rom. 5:12). The consequence (or wages) of sin is death (Rom. 6:23).

 

Q7.      Did Jesus Christ come to earth as a man and live a sinless life; if so why is this important?

A.        Jesus Christ came as the only-born god (Jn. 1:18) to pay the death penalty for all mankind and the fallen Host. Since Jesus was here as a man and led a sinless life, his death paid the price for all of us. His death became the perfect acceptable sacrifice to bring all of us back to the Father (Heb. 7:27, 28; 9:12; 10:10-19; 1Pet. 3:18).

 

Q8.      Why did God set up His sacrificial system?

A.        Since God knew man would sin, He set up a system known as His sacrificial system, to instruct people what to do if they broke God’s Laws.

 

Q9.      Prior to Messiah coming to earth as a man did many people receive God’s Holy Spirit?

A.        No, there were very few people who actually received God’s Holy Spirit and who could worship Him in spirit and truth. We will see that in the first phase of sacrifices everything was physical.

 

Q10.    At what point in history was God’s Holy Spirit poured out freely to mankind? Was the sacrificial system from this point on?

A.        Once Messiah came and offered himself as the perfect acceptable sacrifice to reconcile or restore the fallen Host and mankind back to the Father, God’s Holy Spirit was poured out or freely given from Pentecost 30 CE. At this point in time, the sacrificial system was no longer needed since we were to be offering spiritual sacrifices. We do know from Ezekiel that the sacrifices will be reintroduced in the period of Just Rule.

 

Q11.    What are the 4 major types of offerings in the sacrificial system?

 A.       The four major groups of sacrifices are:

1.      Burnt offering (Lev. 1:3-17)

2.      Meal offering (Lev. 2:1-16)

3.      Peace offering (Lev. 3:1-17)

4.      Sin offering (Lev. 4:1-6:7)

 

Q12.    In Genesis 4, we see both Cain and Abel offering sacrifices; what did they offer and were their offerings accepted? Why or why not?

A.        In Genesis 4:1ff., we find the story of Cain and Abel. Here we see that some sacrifices are acceptable to God and others are not. We also see what the root of bitterness and hatred grows into. When Cain found out Abel’s sacrifice was acceptable and his was not he let his anger grow and he actually murdered his brother Abel. 

 

Q13.    Who should sacrifices be offered to?

A.        Sacrifices are to be offered to God alone (Ex. 22:20; Jdg. 13:16; 2Kgs. 17:36). When sacrifices are offered they are offered to God as an acknowledgement of His Being (2Kgs. 5:17; Jn. 1:16).

 

Q14.    What types of animals are sacrificed? What do these animals have in common?

A.        The sacrifices were always clean animals (Gen 8:20) such as bulls, rams, lambs goats etc.

 

Q15.    Must sacrifices be salted? Must we too be salted?

A.        The grain or meal sacrifice must be salted (Lev 2:13; Ezek. 43:24) and so must we (Mk. 9:49).

 

Q16.    Is the meal or grain offering to contain leaven? If so, when?

A         Meal or grain offerings are to be without leaven (yeast) (Ex. 23:18; 34:25). The Pentecost loaves and the thank offering must contain leaven (yeast) (Lev. 7:13; Amos 4:5).

 

Q17.    Can you use just any clean animal for the offerings?

A.        The offerings are to be perfect (Lev. 22:21); the best of their kind (Mal 1:14).

 

Q18.    What is our attitude to be when giving an offering?

A.        We should be offering it willingly (Lev. 22:19); in righteousness (Mal. 3:3); in love and charity (Mat. 5:23,24); brought in a clean vessel (Isa. 66:20) and with a right heart towards our brothers and sisters (Mat. 5:24).

 

Q19.    Could offerings and sacrifices to God be made at any time on any day?

A.        No, they were to offer the sacrifice in the place appointed of God (Deut. 12:6; Ps. 27:6; Heb. 9:9); without delay (Ex. 22:29,30) at the appointed time; laid before the altar (Mat. 5:23,24) and presented by the priest (Heb. 5:1).

 

Q20.    What type of sacrifice does Eloah want us to offer now?

A.        The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. (Ps. 51:17)

 

Activity Options: The Introduction to the Sacrifices and offerings of Eloah

 

Pictorial guide to the sacrifices

  • Supplies: copies of the attached graphics for the sacrifices, card stock (magnetic sheets optional), tag board (magnetic board optional).
  • Directions: first determine what the scope of the lesson activity will be. See the Addendum for the Table of the Old Testament and Projected sacrifices for the necessary items you will need to print. Print and cut all the necessary sacrifices and labels that you will use to teach the children. Read the corresponding scripture and have a child put the matching graphic on the tag board/magnetic board.
  •  Review the necessary facts about the sacrifices:
    • Sacrifices to be offered to God Alone (Ex. 22:20; Jdg. 13:16; 2Kgs. 17:36).
    • Sacrifices were always clean animals (Gen. 8:20); add more references for clean or the fruits of the earth or sacrifices (Lev 2:1).
    • Sacrifices must be salted (Lev. 2:13; Ezek. 43:24; Mk. 9:49).
    • Sacrifices must be free of leaven (yeast) (Ex. 23:18; 34:25), excluding the Pentecost loaves and the thank offering which must contain leaven (yeast) (Lev 7:13; Amos 4:5).
    • The offerings: are to be perfect (Lev. 22:21) and the best of their kind (Mal 1:14).
    • Brought in a clean vessel (Isa. 66:20).
    • To the place appointed of God (Deut. 12:6; Ps. 27:6; Heb. 9:9).
    • Without delay (Ex. 22:29,30) at the appointed time.
    • Laid before the altar (Mat 5:23,24). 
    • Presented by the priest (Heb. 5:1).
    • Offered willingly (Lev. 22:19); in righteousness (Mal 3:3); in love and charity (Mat. 5:23,24).
    • The meal offering being most holy (Lev. 2:3).

 

Review the symbolism associated with the components of the sacrifices:

    • Clean animals = Those of a specific type to be offered as servants of God.
    • Lamb = Pointed towards Messiah as the Lamb of God (Rev. 13:8).
    • Bull = Bull of Ephraim/Messiah (relates also to the Cherubim) (Deut. 33:17; cf. Num. 23:22; see also Jer. 31:18).
    • Ram = Also looks forward to the Messiah and the symbols of the Passover and the use of the Shofar.
    • Goat of the sin offering offered with wine, grain and oil = comment on why nothing is offered with the sin offering and who it represents.
    • Oil = the Holy Spirit
    • Fine Flour = Messiah as barley, the Church as wheat. Fine flour is the saints of God beaten fine and perfected before we are made spirit beings  (fn. to Lev. 2:1; fine flour not merely ground but perfect and ready, no unevenness. So with the life of the anti-type “the Man Christ Jesus”. Flour is to the wheat what blood is to the body; and pneuma is to the resurrection.)
    • Incense/Frankincense on the meat/grain offering = the prayers of the saints ascending to the Father  (Rev. 5:8; 8:3,4).
    • Wine (libations) = blood sacrifice by Messiah and the elect that were martyred (Rev. 6:10, 11).
    • Salt = all shall be salted (Mk. 9:49).  Salt of the covenant between us and God looked forward to the law being written on our hearts when the Holy Spirit was freely given; salt of the earth (Mat. 5:13).
    • Fire = type of sufferings and trials by fire to help us achieve a state of perfection (1Pet. 1:7; 4:12; Eph. 6:16; Mark 9:49).

 

Concentration game with the animal sacrifices and Feast days

  • Supplies: graphics of the animal sacrifices.
  • Directions: again decide the scope of the sacrifices and print cards that contain the pictures of the sacrifice and the correct number of matching labels.
  • To play: place all the cards face down on the table; each individual is able to select two cards if they get a match they continue to pick up cards as long as they get matches, should a match not be present it is the next players turn

 

 

          Comparison Tables of Sacrifices in the Old Testament and Ezekiel

 

Type of

Offering

Old Testament

Projected in Ezekiel

Daily

Offerings

Continual Burnt (Num. 28:3-8; Ex. 29:38-41)

One by 9.00 a.m. and one from 3:00 p.m.

2 lambs without defect at least one year old.

1/10 of an ephah of fine flour per lamb

¼ hin beaten oil per lamb

¼ strong drink per lamb

 

Continual Burnt (Ezek. 46:13-15)

One at 9.00 a.m. The Evening sacrifice disappears. It symbolised those of the First Resurrection which happens before the Millennial Temple is erected.

1 lamb without defect at least one year old with: grain

1/6 ephah

1/3 hin of oil to moisten the fine flour

There does not appear to be a drink offering.

There does not appear to be a sin offering.

Sabbath

Offerings

Sabbath Sacrifices (Num. 28:9-10)

2 x male lambs

1/10 flour per lamb (total 2/10 of an ephah of flour)

¼ hin beaten oil per lamb (total ½ hin oil)

¼ strong drink per lamb (total ½ hin drink offering)

Continual Burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

Sabbath Sacrifices (Ezek. 46:4-5)

6 x lambs without blemish

Grain as much as the giver is able to give.

And a hin of oil to an ephah.

Ram without blemish

1 ephah

Hin of oil

Again appears to be no drink and no sin offering;

continual burnt, yes

New

Moons

New Moons (Num. 28:11-15)

2 x Bullocks

3/10 flour mingled with oil

½ hin wine

1 x Ram

2/10 flour

1/3 hin wine

7 x Lambs

1/10 ephah per lamb (total 7/10 ephah)

¼ hin oil per lamb (total 1 ¾ hins)

1 x goat offering for sin

Continual Burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

New Moon (Ezek. 46:6-7)

1 x Bullock

1 ephah

1 hin of oil to an ephah

1 x Ram

1 ephah and 1 hin to an ephah

6 x lambs

Does not appear to be a sin offering or drink offering

Continual Burnt

1 x lamb

1/6 ephah

1/3 hin of oil

Does not appear to be a drink offering

 

 

Sanctification of the Temple

In Ezekiel

 

 

The first day

Ezek. 43:19: one bull for a sin offering.

On the second day

Ezek. 43:22: male goat for a sin offering.

Finished cleansing present: a bull, ram, salted then they are a burnt offering for the Lord.

Ezek. 43:25ff.: for seven days a goat for a sin offering, a bull and a ram, to purify it, the altar, so they can consecrate it. And on the Eighth day onward they may offer burnt offerings, peace offerings and I will accept them.

First Day, first month (Ex. 45:18)

1 x bull and cleanse the sanctuary

Seventh Day of the first month (Ezek. 45:20)

 

Feast offerings

 

Passover

(Ex. 12:18; Num. 28:16-25)

2 x Bulls without blemish daily (14 total)

3/10 flour per bull (total 14 x 3/10 flour)

¾ hin oil (total 14 x ¾ hins = 10½)

½ hin drink (total 14 x ½ = 7 hins)

1 x Ram without blemish

2/10 ephah daily  (total 7 x 2/10)

½ hin oil (total 7 x ½ hins = 3½)

1/3 hin drink (total 7 x 1/3 hins)

7 x lambs without blemish daily (= 49 lambs)

1/10th ephah per lamb daily (total 49 x 1/10)

¼ hin oil per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

¼ hin drink per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

 

1 goat offering for sin  

Continual Burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

(Ezek. 45:22-24)

7 x Bullocks daily for the 7 days of the feast  (49 total)

1 ephah for a bullock (7 total)

1 hin for an ephah (7 total)

7 x Rams without blemish (49 total)

1 ephah for a ram (7 total)

1 hin for an ephah (7 total)

Goat daily for a sin offering?  Yes

 

{Simplified Daily

7 x bullocks

7 x Rams

98 ephahs of flour

98 hins wine

1 goat daily for a sin offering}

 

 

Wave Sheaf

Wave Sheaf (Lev. 23:10-15)

Sheaf that priest waves the day after the Sabbath

1 x Male lamb 1 year old without blemish for a burnt offering

2/10 ephah of flour

½ hin oil

¼ hin of wine

After offered can eat new grain

 

Wave Sheaf

The Wave sheaf offering is a cereal offering cut by the priests.

The Prince supplies these offerings as per Ezek. 45:17.

 

Pentecost

Pentecost  (Lev. 23:16-21)

2 x loaves of bread for a wave offering

2/10 flour baked with leaven

7 x lambs 1 year old

1 x bull

2 x rams

Sin offering

Peace offering

2 x lambs

1 male goat for a sin offering

Pentecost (Num 28:26-31)

2 x young bulls

3/10 flour mixed with oil and its drink offering

1 x ram

1/10 ephah flour with its drink

1 x male goat for a sin offering

Continual Burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

 

Pentecost

The prince maintains these offerings even though it is a one Day offering which follows the Sabbath offerings, as per Ezek. 45:17, 46:2-3.

Trumpets

Trumpets (Lev. 23:24-25)

Blowing of the trumpets

Offering by fire

(Num. 29:1-6)

1 x bull

3/10 flour per bull

 ¾ hin oil

½ hin drink

1 x ram

2/10 flour

½ hin oil

1/3 hin wine

7 x Lambs

1/10 ephah per lamb daily (total 49 x 1/10)

¼ hin oil per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

¼ hin drink per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

Continual Burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

 

Trumpets

This day is fulfilled in the arrival of Christ. It is a single day festival and is made from the Princes levy provisions for the single days. They are covered under the instructions in Ezek. 45:17. The sacrifices are the same as previously.

Atonement

Atonement Lev. 23:26-32

Present an offering by fire

Num 29:7-11

1 bull

3/10ths flour per bull

¾ hin oil

½ hin drink

1 ram

2/10 flour

½ hin oil

1/3 hin wine

7 Lambs

1/10 ephah per lamb daily (total 49 x 1/10)

¼ hin oil per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

¼ hin drink per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

 

Continual Burnt

2 lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

Lev. 16 text

 

Atonement

Do not see a projection

 

2 goats of Atonement one sacrificed and one released into the wilderness

 

Tabernacles

Tabernacles (Lev. 23:34-36)

Offering by fire

Num. 29:12-34

Starts with 13, and goes each day of the Feast

13,12,11,10,9,8,7 =70

(70 bulls total for the Feast)

3/10 fine flour per bull (70 x 3/10 ephahs total)

2 rams daily (14 rams total)

2/10 deal fine flour (14 x 2/10 or 2 4/5 ephah)

14 lambs daily (98 lambs total)

1/10 per lamb (98 x 1/10 ephah)

1 male goat for a sin offering

Continual Burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

 

Feast total:

70 bulls

14 rams

98 lambs

7 goats

189 or plus the continual burnt 203

Tabernacles (Ezek. 45:22-25)

7 x bulls daily for the 7 days (49 total)

1 ephah for a bullock (7 ephahs daily 49 ephahs for the Feast)

1 hin for an ephah, 7 hins daily (49 for the Feast)

7 x Rams daily for the Feast (49 for the Feast), therefore increase in 35 rams

1 ephah for a ram 7 ephahs daily (49 ephahs for the Feast)

1 hin for an ephah, 7 hins daily (49 for the Feast)

1 goat for a sin offering (7 total)

 

Simplified Daily

7 x bullocks

7 x Rams

98 ephahs of flour

98 hins wine

1 goat daily for a sin offering}

 

Feast total:

49 bulls

49 rams

7 goats

105 total plus continual burnt 112

 

Last Great

Day

Last Great Day

(Lev. 23:36) present an offering by fire

(Num. 29:35-38)

1 x bull

3/10 flour per bull

¾ hin oil

½ hin drink

1 x ram

2/10 flour

½ hin oil

1/3 hin wine

7 x Lambs

1/10 ephah per lamb daily (total 49 x 1/10)

¼ hin oil per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

¼ hin drink per lamb daily (total 49 x ¼ hins)

1 x male goat for a sin offering

Continual burnt

2 x lambs

1/10 flour per lamb

¼ hin oil per lamb

¼ hin wine per lamb

 

Last Great Day

Single day festival as covered in Lev. 23:36 and Ezek. 45:17.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Hear O Israel Yahovah our God, Yahovah is one. Eloah is Allah', Allah' is Eloah. We will all be Elohim.