Christian Churches of God
Catalogue with Synopses (C2)
of Beliefs (No. A1)
The Statement is a summary of the biblical position as held by the Apostles during
the first century. It presents the Bible position in a
clear, coherent form. It is
comprised of seven chapters covering the Godhead, the Plan of Salvation,
Doctrines Concerning Human Responsibility, Doctrine Concerning the Messiah, The
Problem of Evil, The Church and The Kingdom of God. There is an introduction which
deals with the question of the divergence between modern and ancient
Christianity. There is also an Appendix which deals with the development of Trinitarian
This is the legal constitution of the Christian Churches of God
registered in Australia.
Standing Operating Procedures (No. A3)
In order to
comply with the full structure of biblical Law the following Standing Operating
Procedures in accordance with CCG Constitution are to be implemented.
The 37th Year of the 120th Jubilee begins on 1
Abib or 31 March 2014. The Passover season of the First month is the most
important in God's Sacred Calendar.
Observing all the Feasts in the correct manner is essential for a
continuing relationship with God in the Holy Spirit, and for our progression in
the Faith. This schedule outlines the requirements for keeping the full 21 days
of Passover. A New Moon and Holy Day Calendar for 2014/15 is appended.
Study Program (No. B1)
In order to assist in the
development of biblical knowledge, this study program by topics has been
produced. In this way, the program can be developed systematically. The list is
also to form the basis for sermon preparation in the Church. People are
encouraged to attempt simplification of some items or to contribute suggestions
for the improvement of texts.
Bible Study Program for Children
Children’s Bible Studies are grouped into categories to assist in
organising study programs.
This paper is the translation of the condemnation of the Waldensians
and the political arguments used by the Roman clergy to condemn the Waldensian
Barbes after their Inquisition by the English monk Raymond of Daventry on the
way to the Lateran Council.
Alexandria: Stromateis - Book 3 (No. B3)
Book 3 of the Stromateis
of Clement of Alexandria was not translated but left in the Latin in the Ante-Nicene Fathers when it was
published. In the public interest, this translation by John Ferguson published
by the Catholic University of America Press (1991) is reproduced with their
On the Words: Monogenes Theos in Scripture and
Tradition (No. B4)
This extremely important dissertation on the text in John 1:18 has
been suppressed for many years because it does not support mainstream theology.
The preface explains the background to the work and the earlier examination by
Dr. Tregelles. The reworking of the Nicene Creed by the Constantinopolitan
conference of 381 CE is obvious from the discussion.
This work is directed at examining the logical basis of the
Creation, Causation and the Attributes of God and the place of humans and sons
of God in that Creation in harmony with the Scriptural account.
The Socratic Doctrine of the Soul (No.
This work by Professor Burnet is an important step in understanding
the introduction of the Soul doctrine to Greco-Roman philosophy and thence to
Mysticism (No. B7_i)
Here we see the origin, aims and thrust of the Mystical Systems.
Mysticism Volume 1
The Origin of World Religions (No. B7_A)
In this paper we
outline the contents of Mysticism Volume 1.
Mysticism Bibliography (No. B7_B)
In this paper
we list the sources of reference for Mysticism, Volume 1: The Origin of World
Mysticism Chapter 1 Spreading the Babylonian
Mysteries (No. B7_1)
This chapter gives an overview of and introduction to
the relationship of Mysticism to the Mystery and Sun Cults and to the
Babylonian Mysteries as they have influenced world religion.
Mysticism Chapter 2 The Egyptian Gods
and the Exodus (No. B7_2)
The story of the Exodus is of importance in looking at the ancient
systems in Egypt from an independent view and tying them in to modern findings.
Mysticism Chapter 3 The Golden Calf (No.
The Golden Calf is a complete religious system found throughout the
known world. Along with its related systems, it
involved the sacrifice of children and adults. It was tied also the
Triune system, the crescent-moon as the finger of Ashirat and the worship of
the Moon god Sin.
Mysticism Chapter 4 Judeo-Christianity (No. B7_4)
This chapter deals with the original Judeo-Christian system and the
far-reaching effects the Mystery and Sun Cults have had on Judeo-Christianity.
Chapter 5 Islam (No. B7_5)
Islam is a logical extension of Judeo-Christianity and it arose as a
result of the influence of the Mystery Cults on Christianity.
Mysticism Chapter 6 Origins of the Indian Religious Systems (No.
This chapter takes the Indian system from its commencement on the
Indus basin with the movements east from the Assyro-Babylonian system to the
subsequent Aryan conquests and religious developments.
Mysticism Chapter 7 Buddhism (No. B7_7)
This chapter takes the Buddhist system from its rise in India to the
spread of the Theravadin system and the developments of the subsequent Mahayana
and Hinayana systems.
Mysticism Chapter 8 East Asia -
China and Japan (No. B7_8)
The origins of the religious systems of China and Japan, like the
history of their movements, have been obscured. Neither nation’s history is as
old as has been claimed. Their religious systems show derivation from the
ancient Indo-Aryan systems and are readily identifiable.
Mysticism Chapter 9
South-East Asian Systems (No. B7_9)
The text examines the original South-East Asian religions and the
subsequent influences of the Indian, Muslim and later Christian systems.
Mysticism Chapter 10 Summary of Volume 1 The Origin of World Religions (No.
This Chapter deals with the origins of
Mysticism in Babylon and its spread with and through the national
systems leaving a core religious structure of the Mystery Cults in opposition
to the will of God.
The Treatise of Ermengaudus
Ermengardus, or Ermengaudus, was a writer of the 12th or 13th
century. His treatise Against the Waldensians was published in 1614 by
Jacob Gretser of Ingolstadt, with Bernard, Abbot of Fons Calidus, and Ebrard of Bithynia.
Later this trio of anti-Waldensian writers was discredited in Bibliothecae Patrum. The Treatise should be connected in turn with Gretser’s Works.
Creation versus Evolution (No. B9)
In this paper
we will look at the issue of the Creation versus Evolution argument.
Evolution and the Out of Africa
Theory (No. B9A)
claims that modern humans developed in Africa and spread throughout the world
from there 78,000 years ago. The Bible says it happened differently. Both
claims cannot be correct.
Moon and Holy Day Calendar (No. C3)
Service (No. D1)
Death is the cessation of our physical life. Flesh and blood cannot
inherit the Kingdom of God, therefore the
corruptible mortal body must change to put on immortality as God intended for
us. This change necessitates the death of our human fleshly form. Our temporary human existence will be
replaced by a higher form of life. And it is appointed unto man once to die,
but after this the judgment.
Ceremony (No. D2)
Marriage is a holy institution ordained by God
to represent the relationship of mankind to Jesus Christ and the unification of
the nations under the Father. It is not a sacrament of the Church.
Ceremony (No. D3)
We are baptised by the authority of God the Father. We are then
placed, as betrothed, into the body of the Son. This is through the activity
and power of God's Holy Spirit. It is based upon repentance and conversion in
response to the calling.
Speaker's Guidelines (No. E1)
The purpose of
these guidelines is to help speakers avoid some of the pitfalls many public
speakers fall into. It points out some of the logical steps one should take in
order to give a comprehensive and easy to follow message, which is beneficial
to his audience and fulfils God’s instructions to give a clear sound, so people
can learn and be prepared. (1Cor. 14:8)
Revealed Chapter 1 Ancient Monotheism
This paper is released by chapters. It deals with the nature of God.
It shows the history of the development of the doctrines within Christianity
and shows how the system has become quite unlike and estranged from authentic
Song Introduction (No. H1)
The title “El Shaddai” comes from two
Hebrew names of God and translates to "God Almighty". It is a
Christian music song which was originally written by Michael Card and John
Thompson and recorded by Michael Card. From a biblical point of view we found
the theology of the work misleading so we rewrote two verses.
The Law of God (No.
The commanded Reading of the
Law in the Sabbath year at the Feast of Tabernacles,
explaining the structure of Biblical Law and the Prophets, is contained in this
comprehensive series of papers centred on the Two Great Commandments.
Scripturally, they are required reading for any professing Bible student.
Preface and Introduction to the
Law of God (No. L1A)
This text explains the sequence
and method of reading the law of God and explains the continuing obligation to
identify the Sabbath and why it must be read in the Sabbath Years.
Recipes for the Days of Unleavened
Bread (No. R2)
Most of these recipes have been re-copied from a collection of
recipes previously compiled by members of the Worldwide Church of God in
Introduction to the Commentary on
the Koran (No. Q1)
The Koran or Qur’an is an important work that is the Holy Testament
of approximately one billion people. Few understand its original message and
intent. It is correctly a commentary on the Bible by the Unitarian Sabbatarians
in Arabia in the seventh century of the Current Era. This work explains its
theology and its message. The Introduction explains the logical basis behind
the faith and the language used in the Koran.
The Elect as Elohim
This paper deals with the multiplicity of the elohim in the
Godhead and the destiny of the elect to become elohim. The capacity to
become elohim or theoi was the view of the early Church. This
paper is related to papers on The Deity
of Christ and also The God We Worship
and The Holy Spirit series.
God We Worship (No. 2)
Much confusion exists about who or what the God of the Bible is. One
cause is the translation of the many descriptive Hebrew titles/words for or
about God into the single English word God,
with consequent significant loss of detail and information, leading to a wide
variety of fallacious doctrines such as Trinitarianism, Binitarianism,
polytheism, and angel worship. This paper is concerned with identifying the
entity that is the one true God of the Old and New Testaments and who should be
the object of worship of humanity.
Frequently Asked Questions Series 1:
The Nature of God (No. 3)
The frequently asked questions in this series 1 paper relate to
passages of Scripture and a view of the nature of God that are unexplained and
unexplainable within modern mainstream Christianity. They also reflect
erroneous views of some Sacred Names, Messianic Jewish and Chinese True Jesus
Questions and Answers on the
Christian Faith (No. 3b)
Many people will be surprised to find out that what they
believe is not in the Bible and not supported or believed by the historical
church. Answer this quiz and see how close you are to the true faith once
delivered to the saints.
Selecting the Ministry (No.
In today's information age we
can only marvel at the number of groups and churches in the world using the
name of Christ. Even when isolated to those who incorporate the words
"Church of God" in their name, they still number in the hundreds. Do
they all have credibility? How do we select the right ministry to lead us in
Christ? Should we look for a continual line of leaders appointed consecutively
from Christ down through the ages? How can we test them, and find the true
Tattooing is of great antiquity and has specific spiritual meaning. The Bible
forbids it for good reason.
Mark 5:21-43 (No. 6)
This text concerns two miracles that Christ performed and which have
a symbolism for the Church.
Symbolism of Numbers (No. 7)
This paper deals
with the spiritual significance of numbers in the Bible.
Catholicism Frequently Asked
Questions (No. 8)
Frequently asked questions regarding the rituals and traditions in
Catholicism are examined in this paper.
and Responsibility (No. 9)
This paper looks at the responsibility of individual Christians in
the light of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The sacrifice of
Jesus Christ in the crucifixion in place of sinners like Barabbas is examined.
Giving (No. 10)
Learning to give is the basis of the love of God.
to Overcoming Sin (No. 11)
This paper analyses the relationship between sin and the Exodus over
the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Those lessons are developed.
Bread, One Body (No. 12)
Examines the concept of Christ as the Bread of Life and the Bread of
God, commencing from John 6:24-63.
The Body of Christ (No. 12B)
We have a
responsibility to find the Body of Christ and join it and keep the Lord’s
Supper with it and preach the gospel of the kingdom of God in and from it and
then provide baptism through its organised structure.
Sign of Jonah and the History of the
Reconstruction of the Temple (No. 13)
One of the most misunderstood concepts is that of the Sign of Jonah.
This was to be the only sign given the ministry of Messiah. The sign relates to
the reconstruction of the Temple and that of the seventy weeks of years. The
sign extends on to and has relevance for our days. The prophecy is still in
operation and ends in the near future. The understanding of the correct timing
of the reconstruction of the Temple is vital. This paper interrelates the
Gospels and Christ’s mission with the Books of Jonah, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah,
Haggai and others.
Psalm 8 (No.
Psalm 8 is an important text in the prophetic structure and is used
in relation to the Messiah and is critical in understanding the Nature of God,
the Heavenly Host and their relationship to Messiah and mankind generally.
Food Laws (No. 15)
The Food Laws are examined from a scientific point of view and are
validated as being correct and as important or more important today as they
were when they were issued. They are vital to the correct and environmentally
sound operation of the planet.
the Dead Bury Their Dead (No.
This paper explains the meaning behind this rather terse comment in
Luke 9:59-62 of the Messiah during his ministry. The proper application of the
principles behind this text is important for harmonious Christian living.
Development of the Neo‑Platonist
Model (No. 17)
This paper traces the development of the neo-Platonist Trinitarian
system from Greek philosophy into the post-Christian synthesis. It shows the
origin of the Cappadocian system using both ancient philosophy and modern
Catholic theology in admission of the origin of the doctrine.
He Calls Them by Name: A Study of Psalm 23 (No. 18)
This is an explanation of Psalm 23.
Christ's Age at
Baptism and the Duration of his Ministry (No. 19)
The year of Christ’s birth has caused a deal of concern over time.
It seems to have been deliberately hidden. This is probably so we could not
ascertain with absolute certainty the exact year to avoid the celebration of
pagan ritual associated with his birth. There are, however, a number of
important facts that are linked to his birth and time of baptism.
on Joel (No. 021B)
Joel deals with the preparation of the elect particularly from the
Messiah and in the last days. It has important aspects of the sanctification of
the congregation of Israel as the Temple of God and precedes and is complementary
to and preparatory for the writings of Ezekiel. Bullinger places it
with Ezekiel from the fifth year of Jehoiakin’s
captivity but it is undated. Some rabbis place it elsewhere. The canon places
it between Hosea and Amos.
on Obadiah (No. 021D)
This text refers to the fate of Edom in the Last Days and is
actually a reference to the combined group of Edom and Judah in the Last Days
from the dispersion to the Return of the Messiah and the advent at Jerusalem.
on Haggai (No. 021J)
Haggai was ordered by God to prophesy concerning the restoration and
the construction of the Temple. The text complements Zechariah and is dual in
nature. It looks to the millennial system and the conversion of the Gentiles.
on Zechariah (No. 021K)
The Book of
Zechariah is of great significance to the Restoration of Israel under the
Messiah in the Last Days. See also Part II for the future of Israel and Judah
in the Last Days from Zechariah and the NT texts.
Gideon's Force and the Last Days (No. 22)
This paper examines the story of Gideon as prophecy. The meaning of
the story is unfolded with some interesting implications for today’s
Are We on the Right Path? (No.
God has given a direction to His Kingdom and it is up to each of us
to stay on the right path if we want to get there. Jesus said: “I am the way,
and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but by me” (Jn 14:6).
Angel of YHVH (No. 24)
This paper develops the identity of the Angel of YHVH or Yahovah in
the Old Testament. The result has some disturbing implications for the
teachings of modern Christianity, including those of Herbert W. Armstrong and
those of Jehovah’s Witnesses.
Mark of the Beast (No.
The subject of the mark of the Beast has been one of ongoing
intrigue and anticipation on the part of those professing the Christian faith.
However, this concept has been one of the most widely misunderstood of all
Bible prophecies. Careful reading of Scriptures and a willingness to let the
Bible interpret itself will lead one to an understanding that is quite
different from mainstream teachings. A thorough understanding of who the Beast
is and what the signs of its mark are may help to bring one a better overall
understanding of many other Bible prophecies and the all-encompassing Plan of
Throne Two Pretenders (No. 26)
The current formation of the European system has some ancient Church
prophecies concerning it. The Beast will have some strange results for many
people over the next three decades. One of them concerns the monarchy of both
the United Kingdom and the other nations of Europe.
The Book of Ruth deals with specific aspects of the laws of
inheritance. It is also the story of an aspect of the lineage of Christ and is
an analogy of the relationship between Christ and the Church. It is not just a
simple story of a girl seeking the love and protection of a husband.
From Heaven (No. 28)
In the Last Days God says through the prophet Ezekiel that He will
light a fire in the Fields of the South and they will burn northwards and
consume everything. Nothing will remain untouched and the system that is set in
train will last forever. This is that system to be taken up by Messiah. This is
the explanation of the Fire from Heaven that God has promised through His
servants the prophets.
of God (No. 29)
This paper was written by a pastoralist who trained sheep and goats
for the highly acclaimed award-winning family film, Babe. He examines the
lessons relating to sheep husbandry with the biblical message from creation.
The roles of the sheep and the shepherd are also examined. The behaviour of
sheep and the expectations of a shepherd are developed. The difference between
the Egyptian and biblical systems and the spiritual implications are shown.
Timeline of the Churches of God (No. 30)
A historical and contemporary view of the persecution of
Sabbath-keepers, commencing from 27 CE.
Sabbath (No. 31)
This paper is an exposition of the Fourth Commandment and the
obligations it imposes on the Christian.
Lord of the Sabbath (No. 31b)
The title Lord of the Sabbath as applied to Christ
is often misconstrued by Christianity to enable their Antinomian structure. Its
true meaning is the absolute reverse.
Swearing By God (No. 32)
Should a Christian swear by the Bible or by anything else? What does
the Bible say about swearing and oath taking?
Musical Instruments in Worship
Some people have doubts regarding
the use of instruments and music in worship. In this paper we will see that
music is in fact a central part of the worship of God.
Spirit of Adoption (No. 34)
This paper deals with the concept of salvation by adoption as a Son
of God. The doctrine of Born Again is examined and the concepts as held from
the original Church are advanced. The Old Testament background is examined and
the process of initiation by the Father is shown. The process requires total
subjection to the Father which requires an act of redemption.
was Abraham called "the Friend of
God"? (No. 35)
This paper examines, in short form, the remarkable relationship that
Abraham had with God.
The Fall of Egypt (No. 36)
The prophecy of the Fall of Egypt is examined in five sections from
Ezekiel chapters 29-32. This little understood prophecy has enormous
implications for the last days and the wars of the end. The five part series
consists of an overview with four sequential developments explaining in detail
the time-frame presented in the overview. The nations mentioned are examined.
Egypt is seen to have experienced a detailed prophetic sequence of activity
which shows that God is going to deal with that country as part of a sequence
in the subjugation of the nations shortly to occur. Understanding of this
prophecy is important to the general framework of the return of Messiah and the
wars of the Host and the end of the times of the Gentiles.
Fall of Egypt Part II: The Wars
of the End (No. 36_2)
The current events in Egypt should be no surprise to a student of
Bible prophecy as the sequence is part of a time scale which goes from the
Assyrians and the Babylonians at the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BCE where
Egypt was defeated and ends from the close of the Time of the Gentiles or
Nations and the beginning of the last thirty years of the end from 1997 to
2027. This paper deals with the key points and the latter phase.
How to Ask a Question
We are commanded to provide an answer to those who want us to
explain the reason for our faith and our hope (1Peter 3:15). Therefore, we
study to show ourselves approved (2Timothy 2:15).
Signs in the Heavens: Part I
Many people assume that the Signs associated with the Coming of the
Messiah and the Biblical Restoration of Israel are all a result of tragedy and
war. Whilst war is associated with them, some of these signs are in fact
specific movements of the planetary bodies delineating the time sequence
according to the Ancient Temple Calendar.
The Heavenly Signs of the Sixth
Seal in Context (No. 38B)
This paper is Part II of the Heavenly Signs and puts them in context
with the prophecies and Warnings of the Last Days pointing to the coming of the
Cross: Its Origin and Significance (No. 39)
This paper deals with the origin of the cross in history and
examines the significance of the cross in pre-Christian worship. The use of the
cross symbol by the Church is examined, as is the development of the form in
religious symbolism. The relationship of the cross to the Second Commandment is
Beatitudes (No. 40)
This paper examines the place of the Beatitudes and their meaning.
The place and accuracy of a health-wealth or prosperity gospel is also
examined. Each of the Beatitudes is examined in order. The place of the Church
in the application of rulership is also discussed.
The Dilemma of Youth (No. 41)
The writer relates his experiences with problem youth and their
rehabilitation. The meaning of the biblical words for the young are examined.
The necessity of service for both young and old is the message that the nation
Blessed are Those Invited
Genesis Chapter 24 is the story of Abraham
finding a wife for his son Isaac through his servant. The story is rich in
symbolism. We will see that a greater purpose is being played out in the story
of finding Isaac a wife. It has a direct co-relation to God seeking brides for
His Son, Jesus Christ.
Devil's Designs (No. 43)
The struggle between the spiritual forces in which the Church finds
itself involved is mentioned. The types of Satanic or common lies that are
advanced to undermine the Faith are examined from a biblical viewpoint.
Warning of the Last Days (No.
God does not destroy a people without first warning them. This
warning is executed through His servants the prophets. The warning of the Last
Days is executed through a process which is itself set in prophecy. This
process is examined.
Sons of Ham: Part I (No. 45A)
This paper is the first in a series that provides an overview of the
settlement after the Flood and the distribution of the Sons of Ham.
Sons of Ham: Part II Cush (No.
This paper deals with the illustrious first son of Ham and the
dispersion of the Cushites throughout the world. The sons of Cush, including
Nimrod, will be studied and the present locations of their descendants revealed
from both genetic sampling and linguistic clues. The eventual conversion of
Cush is shown in Scripture.
Sons of Ham: Part III Mizraim (No. 45C)
Mizraim was a son of Ham that played a very important role in the
history of the world. Our current understanding of his descendants and the
time-frame in which they lived is dependent upon a reconstruction of history
ordered by Ptolemy II and completed by the Egyptian historian Manetho. This
work and the subsequent Appendices will produce a more correct understanding of
Egyptian History and its place in the world.
Sons of Ham: Part IV Phut (No. 45D)
The sons of Phut are the most mysterious
of the sons of Ham and the most misunderstood. The identity and location of his
descendants are given in this paper.
Sons of Ham: Part V Canaan (No.
Canaan is a most important historical character and features
prominently in the Bible. Understanding who his descendants are is important
for an understanding of modern nations and the unfolding of Bible prophecy.
Sons of Japheth: Part I (No.
The location of the sons of Japheth is an important task of
identifying the nations of the world and the blessings given to Japheth by God
Sons of Japheth Part 1A: The
Sons of HN (No. 46A1)
The Sons of HN are a large group of the Sons of Japheth and we will
take this aspect on now from the Sons of Japheth Part 1.
Sons of Japheth Part II: Gomer
This paper deals
with the Sons of Gomer who inherited the Northern areas and settled in Europe
Sons of Japheth: Part III Magog
The descendants of Magog are the
so-called Scythians and the numerous tribes, such as the Goths and part of the Swedes
that grew out of them. From both historical sources and recent genetic
research, we are able to trace the movements of these people and determine
where they are located today. The Magogites were long displaced by other tribes
from the ancient land of Scythia. They also have a strong connection with the
British Isles. A comprehensive history and genealogy of one particular group,
the Irish, is given in the Appendix.
Sons of Japheth: Part V Javan (No. 46E)
The Sons of Javan were given their
inheritance in the islands and coastlands throughout the world. From both
historical sources and recent genetic research, we can see how this has been
remarkably fulfilled over the past few millennia.
Sons of Japheth: Part VI Tubal
Tubal has traditionally been identified
with Russia and the Ukraine as Meshech and Tubal, but it extends far beyond
those areas and into the New World.
Sons of Japheth: Part VIII Tiras (No. 46H)
The break-up and
distribution of Tiras over Europe and elsewhere is of some interest and
contains a few surprises for many students of the History of Nations.
The Shofar and the Silver Trumpets (No.
1Corinthians 14:8 states: “For if the trumpet gives an uncertain
sound, who shall prepare himself for the battle”. This concept is an interesting one with
far-reaching connotations. The trumpet has a long and important history in the
Church. The importance thereof will be examined in this paper. It is our
responsibility to give a clear message to the people so they know what to do.
Doctrines of Demons of the Last
Days (No. 48)
The basic doctrines of demons that are listed by the Bible as being
set to undermine the Faith in the Last Days are examined. Essentially, the
paper deals with the two demonic doctrines concerning marriage and meats.
Seven Days of the Feasts
Keeping the seven days of the Feasts is often not understood, and
even when understood is too often ignored. The Church has to prepare for the
Feast of Passover and Unleavened Bread in diligence as it must prepare for all
three Feasts in diligence. Each individual is responsible for attending and
dedicating himself or herself to God.
The Significance of
the Wedding in Cana of Galilee (No. 50)
In the synopsis of John we have the
only recording of the sign of water being turned into wine at a wedding in Cana
of Galilee. We will see that there is not one, but two covenants being
described in this account. The second is the covenant Abraham and his seed
entered into to follow and obey the One True God.
Questions and the Reasons for
Our Faith (No. 51)
This paper is issued to the Church for the conduct of the Meal at
the Night to Be Much Remembered. At this meal the asking and answering of the
questions of the reasons for our actions and faith are required of us.
and Baptism (No. 52)
This paper deals with the doctrines concerning predestination and
the calling of God. Repentance and conversion are shown to be prerequisite to
baptism and also follow it in the life of the Christian.
Hebrew and Islamic Calendar
Reconciled (No. 53)
The Islamic calendar has been dysfunctional for centuries and in
fact not all that long after the death of the Prophet. Despite attempts to
reform it by administrators, the clergy, following a bizarre interpretation of
the Surah by the Hadith, have frustrated all attempts at reform or restoration.
What is the problem and what is the true answer? Why are Judaism and Islam so
wrong and so divergent? The answer lies in understanding the perversion of the
true Bible Calendar by both religions. The solution is simple.
The Name of God in Islam (No. 54)
Since September 11 2001 there has been an extraordinary amount of
misinformation and childish vilification occurring as a result of the approach
to history and debate in the United States of America, particularly among its
religious systems. The derivation of the name of God is one such example.
FAQs in Islam (No. 55)
These are very important keys in
understanding the Koran. Because the Church and its function is avoided by the
Hadithic commentators, the meaning of the Koran (Qur’an) is trivialised and
misconstrued so that the followers of Islam can make no real sense out of it.
the Feasts (No. 56)
This paper deals with the background to the keeping of the Feasts of
Leviticus 23 that flow on from an understanding of the Fourth Commandment.
FAQ Bible Study Old Testament (No.
Frequently Asked Questions on Old Testament texts are listed herein.
All answers are predicated on the premise that God
exists and that the Bible is the inspired word of God as revealed to His
servants the Prophets.
FAQ Bible Study New Testament
Asked Questions on New Testament texts are listed herein.
FAQ Bible Study General
asked questions on Bible-related matters are listed herein.
FAQ Bible Study Comparative Religions (No. 60)
Questions on Comparative Religions are listed herein.
This work is on the types of anger referred to in the Bible and the
way in which we should react to and use anger in our Christian lives.
Role of the Christian Woman (No. 62)
This paper looks at the role of women in the Plan of God and the
myth that women are relegated to the position of second-class believers. There
is One God, one Faith, one Body, one Church but many (male and female) members.
on Esther (No. 63)
This is a detailed analysis of the Book of Esther. The implications
contained in the Book of Esther have great significance for modern
Christianity. The paper uses the rabbinical commentaries and exposes them to
Christian biblical exposition, which produces some significant results.
Commentary on Esther Part II:
Purim in the Last Days (No. 63B)
Part II takes the Commentary on Esther to the Last Days and examines
the days of Purim in the Last Days with the attempts to wipe out the Hebrew
people and the consequent results.
The Seven Spirits of God (No. 64)
The Seven Spirits of God are the key to
understanding the salvation of the Body of Christ, which comprises the Church.
The Leaven of Pentecost (No. 65)
The leavened loaves of Pentecost were entirely misunderstood by the
Church of God in the last half of the twentieth century. The understanding of
the purpose of de-leavening in order to become sons of God in power from the
Resurrection of the Dead as Christ was lost for some time. The aim of this
paper is to revive that understanding.
From David and the Exilarchs to
the House of Windsor (No. 67)
In this paper we will review the matter of the Davidic lineages and
their place in the British Royal Family. This paper is concerned with the
lineage from the biblical Zorobabel or Zerubbabel through the Exilarchs, down
to the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and from there into the House
of Windsor and the British Monarchs from George III. It will be seen that Her
Majesty Elizabeth II, Queen of England and the Commonwealth, is the direct
lineal descendant of David the son of Jesse, King of Israel, in the
acknowledged royal line.
The False Messiah (No. 67B)
We often come
across some of the propaganda from the Rabbis regarding why Yahoshua
(Jesus/Iesou or Joshua) the Christ did not fulfil the scriptures and hence
could not be the Messiah. It is a good time to deal with this fiction and
expose some of this rabbinical propaganda for the fallacy that it is and where
it is directed.
Hittites in the House of David
There are many surprising and little understood aspects to the size
and extent of the House of David and how it has expanded to cover the nations.
It has extended the Messianic families and incorporated what are basically
Formation of the Christian
Churches of God (No. 68)
Due to increasing interest in the Church, the how and why of the
formation of the Christian Churches of God is explained so that a more informed
approach can be adopted by those people studying us. We also look at the names
allocated to the Church and its common generic name, which is
shown to be the Church of God in the singular and Churches of
God in the plural.
The Acts 15 Conference (No. 69)
paper we will talk about an erroneous view that has been pushed into the Churches
of God from late Protestantism. It is based on the forgery in Acts 15 in the
Textus Receptus that strikes at the Law of God.
Ascents of Moses (No. 70)
Moses was to take Israel out of Egypt and take them before their God
to receive the Law though the hands of the Being that spoke to them from Sinai.
Moses was to ascend the mountain of God six times to speak with the elohim who
later became Jesus Christ. The journey has great significance for the Calendar
and the spiritual journey for all of the faithful.
Angel and Abraham's Sacrifice (No. 71)
The proposed sacrifice of Isaac by Abraham is examined from a point
of view which seeks to explain the role of the Angel of YHVH (Yahovah) in this
activity and explain how this activity does not compromise the omniscience of
God. The role of the Angel in the protection of Abraham is seen also in the
establishment of Isaac.
Conversion and Truth
concept of conversion as a process of turning from error is shown to be a
fundamental teaching of Christ.
and the Judges (No. 73)
The activities and evils of Israel under the Judges were to
eventuate in the raising of Samson as Judge of Israel from the tribe of Dan.
The story is examined from a spiritual point of view, showing the sequences as
they apply to the development of the Holy Spirit in the individual under the
direction of Jesus Christ. This story has some interesting and surprising
lessons for today in our understanding of the activities of Messiah.
The Cult Mentality (No. 74)
examines the cult mentality in people who have been associated with churches
not concerned with the acceptance of, and adherence to, truth. The definition
of a cult is examined as is the modern application of the term. The main impact
of placing anything before the love of the Father is seen as identifying a
group as a cult.
Blessings and the Curses (No. 75)
This paper examines Deuteronomy 28 and its application to the
Binitarianism and Trinitarianism
This paper deals with the logical basis of both Binitarianism and
Trinitarianism. The non-biblical nature of the doctrines and their
establishment is demonstrated. The paper examines a series of logical
inconsistencies developed from Trinitarian exposition which are framed in terms
of questions arising from Trinitarian contradiction of New Testament doctrine
arising from key Scripture.
The assertion of
some Churches of God that the early Church was Binitarian is an unqualified
late twentieth century fabrication.
Ditheism (No. 76B)
This paper will
review WCG publications and will shed light on the errors of Ditheism, which is
a form of pagan polytheism and is currently taught by ministers within the WCG
offshoots even to this day. These ministers are unable to overcome this error
in their understanding of God and Christ’s nature, and their relationship to each
other. The understanding within the congregations of these ministers suffers as
a result of this false doctrine. Some in the offshoots are now trying to cover
up this heresy by asserting that WCG was Binitarian, as it is asserted was the
early church. The assertion is a fabrication on both counts. The writers of
this paper have over 130 years combined experience with the WCG, its offshoots
and the Churches of God.
Christ and the Archangel
Michael (No. 76B2)
The elohim of
Israel in the OT texts was never understood as the One True God. Rather he was
a subordinate elohim who had himself an elohim or God above him which was
Eloah. This being and His God Eloah are
clearly identified in the OT and NT texts and to assert otherwise is a serious
Origins of Radical Unitarianism
and Binitarianism (No. 76C)
Many purporting Christians seek to
explain the nature of God in terms of Radical Unitarianism or Binitarianism not
realising that the doctrines they claim are in fact the doctrines of pagan gods
and have been used to destroy the church set up by Jesus Christ.
Effects of 20th Century Churches
of God Doctrine on the Nature of God (No. 76D)
In this paper we will examine some serious errors in the Churches of God
that entered it in the 20th century with the Ditheism of Herbert
Sanctification of the Nations
The Last Days have a sequence of the reduction of the Nations to a
position where they can be brought in to a relationship with God and the world
prepared for the millennial reign of Jesus Christ. Those last years of the end
are reflected in the period of Sanctification of the Temple and the conduct of
the Feasts of the First and the Seventh months.
How to Determine the Day of the
Next Conjunction, Easily (No. 78)
The modern Islamic and formerly the
ancient Jewish community have attempted to estimate the time when a first
crescent moon can be seen. With the ancient lists of approved witnesses it
proved difficult to predict the day in question and made publishing a lunar
calendar impossible. Even with modern equipment and available quick
computations, regularly knowing the time when a first crescent moon can be seen
has proved to be impossible. The conjunction – the time of the true New Moon –
cannot be seen. However, by obtaining the number of centimetres separating the
Sun and Moon at sunrise and multiplying this number times two, anyone can
easily determine the time and the day of the next conjunction.
Basis of Biblical Leadership (No. 79)
The responsibility of biblical leadership is examined. The Elder is
shown to have some significant responsibilities which cannot be avoided. The
responsibility of each of the members of the Church is also highly significant.
Judgment of the Demons (No. 80)
This paper deals with the period at the end of the millennial reign
of Christ when the demons are judged against the performance of the elect in
the last Millennium. The process of the judgment has some surprising
conclusions regarding the judgment and punishment of the demons from the point
of view of the logical necessities of the nature and attributes of God.
with the Father (No. 81)
This paper examines the modern theological understanding regarding
the Trinity and the Unitarian nature of rational and biblical Theism. The
purposes behind the Trinitarian doctrine of Consubstantiation are examined. The
action of the divine nature is examined, and
the interaction of God with the Host and humanity is shown to be dependent upon
consubstantiation. The creation of the Holy Spirit is discussed, as are the
philosophical conflicts arising from Trinitarian doctrines.
The Shema of Deuteronomy 6:4 is discussed, as
is the way in which God is One.
The Relationship between
Salvation by Grace and the Law (No. 82)
This is the first of a series on the Grace and Law issue. The paper
commences with the biblical position of God as the source of salvation. The
position of the Law in relation to salvation by grace is discussed. The
obligations under the Law are discussed and it is explained why Christians keep
The Koran on the Bible, the Law,
and the Covenant (No. 83)
The Koran has a very definite message concerning the Bible or
Scripture and the Law and the Covenant. The Koran confirms the message of the
Bible and the Law and the Testimony and the Covenant of God. No professing
Muslim can be of the Faith without adherence to Scripture and the Law of God
within the baptism and the body of the Church of God.
Know Ye Not? (No.
The phrase “know ye not” is used 15 times in the New Testament. This
paper examines what it is the writers felt important that should have been
understood by the early Church.
Basis of Christian Living (No.
This paper shows the biblical position to be that the Ten
Commandments are the basis of Christian living. This is then discussed. It
leads into the other works in the Grace-Law series.
and Works (No. 86)
This paper shows the relationship between Faith and Works. It shows
the requirement to repent from dead works. The demonstration of faith is seen
to be held, by the Apostles to be from works.
Psalms from the
Temple Worship (No. 87)
The Temple system used specific Psalms in its daily sacrifice. Here
we reproduce and examine those Psalms.
Original Doctrines of the Christian Faith
The Trinity did
not come into existence until it was defined at the Council of Constantinople
in 381. At Nicea in 325 the Trinity was not formulated. Only the foundation of
the Binitarian structure was laid down here. All the Catholic Church was
Unitarian until the Modal structure entered Rome from the worship of Attis in
the beginning of the third century.
in the Apostolic Church (No. 89)
This paper deals
with the nature of the Colossian and Galatian heresies. It is logically part of
the Grace-Law series and deals with the position on the Law according to Paul. The text goes on to develop
the position in John’s Churches. The Gnostic doctrines are also discussed. The
first-century position on the Messiah of two Advents
is also discussed from the Dead Sea Scrolls’ evidence. Paul’s
position is shown to be misconstrued by modern orthodoxy. This paper leads into
the next paper Distinction in the Law (No. 96) and also to The Works
of the Law Text - or MMT (No. 104).
Cursing the Fig Tree (No. 90)
The cursing of
the fig tree by Jesus Christ has great significance for the ritual of the Church
of God. It falls in the sequence of the Cleansing and Sanctification of the
Temple of God.
Abraham and Sodom (No.
This paper covers the activities which built up to the destruction
of Sodom and Gomorrah. The movements of Abraham are critically examined, as is
the treatment of Sodom and Gomorrah. The lessons for today’s world are evident
from the narrative. The activities of Lot and his family are also significant.
Soul (No. 92)
doctrine is an inherently rebellious proposition that says that man shall not
surely die. In general, the religious systems of the world assert that the soul
is eternal. The biblical position on the soul was altered by syncretism within
the early Church, as we see examined in this paper.
Preparation for the Passover Meal on
the Night of Watching (No. 93)
Passover Meal, when prepared for and correctly observed, will provide an
excellent environment to instruct the children and the unconverted. It is a
good opportunity for all to develop their understanding and their ability to
explain the reasons for their faith.
Our Dwelling Place (No.
This paper deals
with the fall of humanity from the Garden of Eden. The implications for the
Church are examined and the basis of our struggle with Satan is outlined. The
dwelling place of Satan in Revelation 2:12-13 is contrasted with the dwelling
place of the elect. The division of the creation caused by the fallen Host is
shown to be the central problem facing the restoration and the Church. The
original representation of God on the Earth was not through the Gentile Church
but was of and through Scripture.
Millennium and the Rapture (No.
examines the early millennialist position of the Church against the modern
theories of the rapture. The early doctrines are developed from the early
writers. The origins of the rapture doctrine are discussed. The production of
the modern doctrines and also the activities of the Jesuit priests Ribera and
Bellarmine are discussed. The activities of Samuel Maitland in the production
of this false doctrine are also discussed.
in the Law (No. 96)
This paper examines the distinction between the moral and
sacrificial law. The distinction forms part of the basis for the activities in
Genesis. The paper also deals with the broader aspects of the Laws of God. The
specific distinctions made by the Reformers are listed as the Articles of Faith
from the Second Helvetic Convention through the Thirty-nine Articles of the
Church of England of 1571 and of other important Reformation articles up to the
Methodist Articles of Religion of 1784.
The statements are important in their own right.
First and Second Statements of
the Covenant of God (No. 96B)
The myth that God established another separate covenant which did
away with the Law of God is an Antinomian fiction. The truth is much simpler.
The Holy Days of God (No. 97)
This paper deals
with the significance and purpose of the Holy Days. The Feasts as part of the
Plan of Salvation are explained. The Feasts are also shown to be Law. The early
theological argument for the abolition of the Feasts which were kept by the
early Church is shown to be theologically incorrect. The relationship of the
Feasts to the Church and also of the Temple and sacrifice is also discussed.
The Feasts are shown to be central to the Faith and form part of the seal of God.
Passover (No. 98)
This paper deals with the timing and significance of the Passover
and the distinction from the pagan Easter festival. The different phases of the
Passover festival are examined. These are broken into the Lord’s Supper, the
Passover night proper or Night To Be Much Remembered and the Feast of
of the Footwashing (No. 99)
the paper Significance of the Bread and
Wine (No. 100), this deals with the significance of the
elements of the Lord’s Supper, which constitutes the second sacrament of the
Church. The footwashing signifies the laying aside of the life of Messiah.
of the Bread and Wine (No. 100)
This paper denotes the body and blood sacrifice
of Christ and the symbolism of the elements of the Faith.
The Night to be Much Observed (No. 101)
It is written: And this day shall be
unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout
your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
I Thirst (No.
The final words spoken by Christ at his death have prophetic
significance and relate to the entire structure of the sacrificial
laws and the expiation of sin and
reconciliation to God, as foretold in the
Psalms and other testimony.
Lord's Supper (No. 103)
This paper examines the complex
meaning behind the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. The preparation day and the
Passover are explained. The sequence of the foot-washing and the bread and wine
are expounded as they are enacted. The relationship to the Exodus and the
Passover are also explained. The blood of the New Covenant and the entry to the
Holy of Holies of the High Priest who was
Messiah is the forerunner to us all becoming sons of God. The meaning of the
Passover symbolism in relation to other texts is examined. The texts of John 14
and John 17 are explained.
The Lord's Supper
This is a shorter paper that may be
read at the Lord’s Supper. It examines the sequences and meaning of the
foot-washing and the bread and wine. The texts of John 14 and John 17 are
Procedures for the
Lord's Supper (No. 103B)
Provides information for individuals who are unable to attend with a
Works of the Law Text - or MMT (No. 104)
explains what it is that Paul refers to as the Works of the Law in his
epistles. This most misunderstood subject is explained in view of the more
recent archaeological evidence using the Dead Sea Scrolls. The texts translated
by Qimron and Strugnell are examined. It shows that the Works of the Law is a
body of writings extant in the first century, the Miqsat Ma’ase Ha-Torah or MMT,
and which have only recently been recovered. This makes Paul more intelligible
to modern Christians.
and the Gods of Egypt (No. 105)
This paper explains the way in which Moses dealt with Pharaoh. The
tasks and plagues inflicted on Egypt are explained in relation to each of the
gods of Egypt that God was refuting. The plagues can be seen in their original
theological context. Moses’ life is explained
in terms of the general divisions of the Plan of
Salvation which show the
approximate nature of the time-frames. The
Exodus is compared with the structure of the Book of the Dead and a better
understanding of the terminology is obtained. This paper is important to a
proper understanding of the Exodus.
Old and the New Leaven (No. 106a)
The symbolism of
leaven in the New Testament is used in reference to old and new leaven. We are
to remove one sort of leaven and replace it with another. This symbolism has
great spiritual significance for the Christian. The Feast of Unleavened Bread
is understood in this light as replacing the old leaven of malice and wickedness
with the leaven of sincerity and truth. There is also leaven in the offerings
at Pentecost and this also has symbolism for the Church in relation to the
great leaven of the Holy Spirit.
Wave Sheaf Offering (No. 106b)
of the Wave-Sheaf Offering in the context of
Messiah’s Advent and return on the Sunday
after the resurrection the previous evening is explained. The sequence of the
offerings and the concept of the first-fruits are explained. The meaning of the Old Testament
offerings which show what Christ was accomplishing through his ascension and
return that evening is explained.
Seven Great Passovers of the
Bible (No. 107)
explains the sequence of the seven great Passovers of the Bible and their
meaning in the build-up to the coming of Messiah in the Incarnation. The
forerunners to the Passover are explained and then the meaning behind the
Passovers in the Exodus, the fall of Jericho, and with Gideon, Hezekiah,
Josiah, Ezra and, finally, the Messiah are discussed. The framework of the
Passovers is explained in relation to the life of a man, the Jubilee system and
the parables in Genesis 2:9, Zechariah 4:3-6 and Luke 3:7-14 are explained. The
years of the tree from Luke 13:6-9 take on a much fuller meaning or
significance from this paper.
The Meaning of Ezekiel's Vision (No. 108)
has been explained as being spacecraft with wheels and wings and other fanciful
objects. The Bible clearly identifies them as Cherubim. What does the vision
mean? What lessons are there to be drawn from the vision? Here we see the
Ezekiel 34 and the Shepherds of
Israel (No. 108B)
Ezekiel was given a most important prophecy dealing with the Shepherds of
Israel. It speaks directly to us today.
The Tongues Question (No. 109)
examines the full meaning of the tongues question and the historical position
of the Church on
the matter over the centuries. The biblical texts are examined for their
context and meaning. The position of the Apostles in relation to the matter is demonstrated.
Theory of the Just War (No. 110)
This paper is an
historical and philosophical analysis of Just War Theory that demonstrates the
development of the process with Augustine of Hippo and through the Orthodox or
Catholic system from the fifth century. The meaning of the papal bull Unam
Sanctam is explained and the implications that holds for war and Just War
Theory as well as for the concept of the Church as an exclusive organised body,
membership of which is essential to salvation. The history of the doctrine up
until modern times is of great importance to Christians who adopt any position
on military service or warfare.
Us to Pray (No. 111)
examines the correct structure of prayer under the direction of Jesus Christ.
The meaning of the terms and the significance for prayer in worship are
explained. Hindrances to prayer are examined and guidelines in prayer are
Praying to Christ or Beings
other than the Father (No. 111b)
In the last half
of the Twentieth Century a badly educated ministry began to teach that it was
permissible sometimes to pray to Christ as well as to the Father who is the
main object of prayer. Although they
never actually did it in the Churches of God until the great apostasy of
1993/4, and only in some churches, the error is starting to permeate many of
the WCG offshoots and needs to be exposed.
The concept of forgiveness is central to the relationship we develop
with God through prayer. This paper examines forgiving others, including our
enemies, in order to achieve forgiveness
from God. The flow of mercy from repentance and the parables in relation to
forgiveness are also examined.
Forgiveness (No. 112B)
This text follows on from the paper Forgiveness
(No. 112) and deals with the reconciliation to the Church and the brethren.
Proverbs 30 (No. 113)
The purpose of this paper is to analyse Proverbs 30 in a
way that stimulates the reader to think deeply about his or her life. It is
written in a way that hopes to make the reader ask pertinent questions.
31 (No. 114)
misunderstood and misapplied text is examined for its spiritual intent. Too
often have women been subjected to this text by an unenlightened theology. The
real meaning behind the texts gives real power to women and greater
responsibility to the Church.
at Sinai (No. 115)
follows on from the papers on the Exodus involving both Moses and the gods of
Egypt (see the paper Moses and the Gods
of Egypt (No. 105)) and also Moses and the Exodus (see the paper The Passover (No. 98)). It deals with
exactly who gave the Law at Sinai and how. The sequence of the move to Sinai is
explained in terms of the meaning of the stops and a better understanding
emerges. The power of the Host as given from God is also examined in relation
to the giving of the Law and the events at Sinai.
Names of God (No. 116)
The names of God
are given and explained. The context in which they are used is important to an
understanding of how God is acting and through whom He speaks.
Dialogue on the Name
and Nature of God (No. 116A)
This is a dialogue between people of various
views on the Name and Nature of God.
Holy Spirit (No. 117)
The Holy Spirit
is explained in detail. The original disputes concerning the operation of the
Spirit and the application in the Testaments are examined. The Spirit is shown
to be a power of God and not a person. The way in which the Spirit operates is
seen to be the enabling factor for the elect to become elohim or theoi as the
early Church contended and as Zechariah 12:8 holds. This paper is central to an
understanding of the Godhead.
The Problem of Evil (No. 118)
deals with the problem of evil, the omniscience of God and the theory of
of the Messiah (No. 119)
significance of the genealogy of the Messiah from Adam is explained in this
paper. The texts in Matthew 1 and Luke 3 are examined and the apparent
contradiction between them and Chronicles is also explained. The correct and
true meaning shows that Messiah was indeed sent to save sinners.
Harvests of God, the New Moon Sacrifices,
and the 144,000 (No. 120)
This paper shows
the complex interrelationship between the Plan of Salvation and the
significance of the sacrificial system. The examination shows that there is a
definite relationship between the numbers involved on a yearly and Jubilee
basis (using both the prophetic year and also the sign of Jonah), and the
composition of the seventy and the 144,000. The New Testament Church’s
adherence to the New Moons, Sabbaths and Holy Days is seen in a more
5:2-3 (No. 121)
The use of this
text by Binitarians is examined and shown to be incorrect. The exposition of
the Dual Power heresy is demonstrated as false. This paper examines the
prophecy of this text in relation to Messiah and his relationship to God.
Distribution of the
Sabbath-keeping Churches (No. 122)
paper traces the Sabbath-keeping Churches from the first century into the
Middle East, Europe and throughout Asia. Covering a span of some two millennia,
it is a comprehensive record not only of the Churches but also of the lengths
to which the Sunday-worshipping system went to wipe them out under persecution.
The Fate of the Twelve Apostles
What happened to
the twelve Apostles? Some died by martyrdom and others died from natural
causes. In this paper we look at where each of them preached and where each met
his end, according to the writings of Hippolytus.
The Death of the Prophets and
Saints (No. 122C)
The death of
the prophets is of significance to Israel and to their fate in the Last Days.
Leaving Babylon (No.
The departure of
Ezra from Babylon on the First Day of the First Month and his arrival at
Jerusalem on the First Day of the Fifth Month is often incorrectly used as an
example that Ezra did not keep the New Moons. When we examine the powerful
Spiritual message behind these dates, it adds immense power to the
understanding of the New Moons and God’s Plan of Salvation as revealed in
Commentary on the UCG Doctrinal
Paper: Should Christians Observe New Moons? (No. 124)
issued by the Doctrinal Committee of the United Church of God, an International
Association (UCG aia) is correctly an appeal to ignorance. It shows an
appalling lack of understanding of Ancient History, Paleoanthropology
and Archaeology at best. At worst, it is wilful ignorance to justify an
incorrect position. It is published here in full with comments in the public
Letter to the Churches of God re
the New Moons and the Hillel Calendar (No. 124B)
recent two centuries the Churches of God ceased keeping the New Moons, and in
the twentieth century they introduced Ditheism and the Hillel calendar and some
later Binitarianism with the result that very few of the Churches of God
worship the right God on the correct days. This is a very serious situation for
the Churches of God in the Last Days.
New Moons (No. 125)
The biblical importance of the restoration of the New Moons and the
basis of the festivals under the Law are examined in this paper. The early
rabbinic practices are examined, as are the texts from which they worked. The
New Testament adherence to the New Moon festivals is a matter of fact.
and Goliath (No. 126)
This paper deals with the story of David and Goliath and develops
the spiritual and prophetic significance of the activities surrounding the conflict.
The underlying theme of the story cross-relates to the Messianic victory over the world systems.
The background to the Philistine occupation of the Holy Land is given. The
establishment of Israel in Canaan is developed and the details of the story of
the removal of the Ark of the Covenant are
also given in the build-up to the battle and the establishment of the
monarchy. The establishment in the line of David is the end result of the
Early Theology of the Godhead
examines the early patristic writings and isolates their view of the Godhead.
It establishes beyond dispute that the early writers were neither Trinitarians
nor Binitarians, and did not believe that Christ existed from the infinite
past. This paper is useful in tracing the gradual distortion of theology into
the Trinitarian structure.
Binitarian and Trinitarian
Misrepresentation of the Early Theology of the Godhead (No. 127B)
and Trinitarian advocates misuse the early writings of the Church to assert
that the Early Church was Binitarian or Trinitarian. Such views are known and
admitted to be incorrect by responsible academics yet these advocates persist
with the fabrication.
Melchisedek (No. 128)
The identification of the entity known as Melchisedek has always
been a problem for many Bible students. This paper looks at the rabbinical
traditions as well as showing the probable identity and reasons behind the
activities of this figure. The significance of the Melchisedek priesthood can
be better understood from this paper.
and Discouragement (No. 130)
are necessary for our development as Christians; however, they often bring
discouragement and despair. To counter this, it is necessary to be able to give
and receive encouragement as a tool of love. Encouragement can help motivate a
person, give a feeling of self-worth, and promote emotional and even physical
well-being, as examined in this paper.
Mysteries of God (No. 131)
of God is examined in the terms of the Mysteries and their stewardship in the
elect. The parables of the talents and the wise and foolish virgins are also
examined. The stages of the revelation of the Mysteries of God are examined and
placed in sequence.
New Moons of Israel (No. 132)
carries on from the first paper in the first paper The New Moons (No. 125),
and deals with the spiritual significance of the New Moons. The keeping of the
New Moons by the Church over the centuries is also examined.
Life (No. 133)
The concept of
eternal life is examined here, with the
assertion of the co-eternality of Messiah with God being examined from the
biblical texts. The concepts of Time and Immortality are examined, as are the
assumptions of the Trinitarian structure. The
philosophical problems that arise are compared with the biblical texts.
the Messiah, the Son of God (No. 134)
This paper deals with the object of worship that
is Eloah. The son who was elohim of Israel and Joshua the Messiah is shown in
the correct biblical context. The use of Joshua in the Bible is also discussed.
(including the Two Witnesses) (No. 135)
This work deals with the identity of the Witnesses and poses the
only source of biblical identification. The two viable alternatives are
discussed as well as the option that involves time travel. This perhaps
overlooked solution is nevertheless an important and exciting possibility.
Various terms are used for the Two Witnesses that stand on the Temple Mount in
Jerusalem in the Last Days. The terms are the Two Witnesses, the Two Lampstands
and the Two Candlesticks. They are also referred to as the Two Olive Trees or
the Two Golden Lampstands that stand before the God of this Earth.
This paper deals
with the two aspects of the Feast of Trumpets, the first being the return of
Messiah. This phase goes on through the development of the Church to the Advent
and millennial reign of Christ and the gathering of Israel. The second aspect
is the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. Here the Gospel accounts are examined in
detail and the sequence surrounding the marriage of Christ to the Church is
discussed. The major factor of the nature of the wedding garment of the elect
is of importance to all Christians.
the Temple (No. 137)
This paper is a
lengthy exposition of the measuring of the Temple of God and the prophecies
involving Israel and the nations over the last phase of thirty years up to the
commencement of the Millennium. The removal of the three classes of leadership,
namely the Priests, Prophets and Princes, is examined. The judgment of the
sheep in relation to the way they treat each other is central to the last phase
of the measurement. The parable of the sheep and goats is perhaps better
understood from this text. The paper interrelates with the understanding of The Witnesses (No. 135) and The Warning of the Last Days (No.
144) together with the wars of the end.
understanding of the Day of Atonement is also critical to an understanding of
the role of Messiah in the process. The purpose of atonement in the Temple
sacrifices is discussed, together with the function of atonement in the Jubilee
Ingathering offering that commences the Feast of Tabernacles is regulated by
ordinance and has a series of requirements which the Christian should know. The
three offering sequences are regulated. This paper covers the Feast of
Ingathering, the Atonement census and tax, full moons, Pentecost, Trumpets, the
judgement of Satan, jobs of the resurrected, and training in the army of God.
Seven Seals (No. 140)
This paper deals
with the seven seals of Revelation and explains their meaning. The development
of the seals over the last two thousand years is examined and the sequence up
to the return of Messiah is given. This process culminates in the seventh seal,
which is in fact the seven trumpets.
Seven Trumpets (No. 141)
trumpets of Revelation lead up to Messiah. The wars of the end are part of this
sequence. The actual sequence is detailed with a flow chart of the seals and
Wars of the Last Days and the
Vials of the Wrath of God (No. 141B)
The Wars of the Last Days will force the intervention of Messiah to
save those who eagerly await him. At the Return of the Messiah the world will
be brought into subjection to Jesus Christ under the Vials of the Wrath of
God. This is how it will occur.
The Fall of Jericho (No. 142)
This paper deals with the prophetic
implications of the fall of Jericho and explains how the sequence of the seven
seals and trumpets with the vials of the wrath of God is prefigured in the
story of Jericho. The significance of the story of Rahab is shown to prefigure
the conversion of the Gentiles and points to Messiah as ruler of the nations.
Resurrection of the Dead (No.
The paper deals with the First and Second Resurrections of the dead.
The purpose of each resurrection is discussed, as is the end result of the
process. The identification of the Nephilim and the denial of the resurrection
to them is examined and explained. This paper also deals with the explanation
of pre-Adamic man and is important for all who would seek to reconcile the
Bible with scientific findings in the 20th century.
Heaven, Hell or the First
Resurrection of the Dead (No. 143A)
The First Resurrection of the Dead is the resurrection of the
Churches of God at the Return of the Messiah.
On no other doctrine was the faith of the true Christian so clearly
The Second Resurrection and the
Great White Throne Judgment (No. 143B)
Resurrection of the Dead and the Great White Throne Judgment is the end of the
physical existence as we know it. This takes the sequence from the end of the millennial
system through the release of Satan and the General Resurrection of the Dead
and the judgment and re-education of all who have ever lived.
The Eternal Kingdom of God (No. 144)
This paper deals
with the final outcome and objective of the Plan of Salvation. The City of God
is explained (see also the paper The City
of God (No. 180)) and the spiritual significance is identified. The
movement of God to this planetary system necessitates the reordering of the
administrative structure of the universe. This is examined.
of Songs (No. 145)
This paper is a
detailed commentary on the Song of Songs using the rabbinical commentaries
themselves to isolate the clear Messianic intent of the Song. This surprising
story is a must for all who would see the possibility of the conversion of
Judah and understand better the nature of the Church and its relationship with
of the Holy Spirit (No. 146)
Further to the
paper The Holy Spirit (No. 117), we
proceed to develop the concepts of the place of the Holy Spirit and its
relationship in the Godhead. From an understanding of that position we might
then be able to more correctly understand, from the biblical narrative, its
purpose and hence its end product in the elect.
Deity of Christ (No. 147)
This most important paper examines the biblical position on the
deity of Christ. The paper examines and discusses the various positions from
Radical Unitarianism to Trinitarian Process Theology. The pre-existence of
Christ is demonstrated from Scripture. The paper On Immortality (No. 165) complements this paper.
Toronto Blessing, Hysteria and
Demon Possession (No. 149)
There is a
recent phenomenon that is sweeping the English-speaking world which has its origins
in the city of Toronto, Canada. It derives its name from that fact, together
with the assertion that it is some form of blessing as a spiritual
manifestation. Hence, it is termed The
Toronto Blessing. It is assumed that this phenomenon is a manifestation of
the Holy Spirit and that those affected by this phenomenon are somehow in
receipt of the Holy Spirit.
Sacraments of the Church (No. 150)
Most churches claim to have power over various aspects of human
life, and that members must have the participation of the church in those
activities for them to be valid. This paper examines the claims of the
Sacraments of Marriage, Last Rites (Extreme Unction), Eucharist (Holy
Communion), Baptism and the Lord’s Supper, and concludes there are only two
authorised by the New Testament.
and the Church (No. 151)
This paper deals
with the Church. It explains how God is dealing with people and how He forms
and uses the Church among the nations of the world.
Covenant of God (No. 152)
A common fallacy
is that God has made completely different covenants in Old Testament times and
in the New Testament era, as if God had made a mistake with ancient Israel and
failed them and is now trying to correct the blunders with a New Covenant. The
truth is that God is reliable and trustworthy and does not make mistakes. He
deals fairly and consistently and the covenants illustrate these qualities. His
Covenant with mankind throughout history is neither fragmented nor capricious.
This paper examines the purpose of the Covenant and its involvement with three
groups important to God: Abraham, Israel at Sinai, and New Testament
First Commandment: The Sin of Satan (No. 153)
The Bible is predicated upon the story of the creation and the
rebellion of the heavenly Host within that process. The chief figure in that
rebellion was one of the sons of God who the Bible refers to by various names –
the most common is Satan. Satan was known by other names which bear light on
his nature and indicate his sin.
The Nephilim are first mentioned in the Bible in Genesis 6:4 as the
offspring of "the sons of God" and "the daughters of men".
This is a general theme found throughout the ancient world and is not confined
to the Bible. This paper examines ancient records, the titans, the raksasa of
the Ramayana, the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Genesis Apocryphon, the Gibbowrim and
Rephaim. Using a variety of reference works, particularly The Companion
Bible, conclusions about the Nephilim are drawn.
Gender of the Holy Spirit (No. 155)
One of the most
controversial topics of Christianity is the Holy Spirit. All agree he/it exists
but there are many ideas of what he/it is. Some use Greek Scriptures, which
they claim refer to the Holy Spirit as “he” and conclude that the Holy Spirit
must be a person. In this paper, these Scriptures are analysed and conclusions
on the gender of the Holy Spirit are drawn.
God's Calendar (No. 156)
The Calendar put in place by God
was set in motion at the creation. It does not depend on man or on any system
of observation to determine. It was in place during the entire Temple period of
Israel and is not the same calendar as observed by Jews today. Christians are
obliged by Law and the Testimony of the Bible to keep this Calendar and no
The Sabbath and the Lunar Cycle
There are some
people trying to assert that the Sabbath is determined from the New Moon and
the Lunar Cycle. The argument is ludicrous and has never occurred.
The Origin and Basis of the
Karaite Division (No. 156C)
this paper we will examine the Origin and Basis of the Karaite heresy and its
attitude to and conflict with Rabbinical Judaism.
Commentary on Isaiah Part IV:
Messianic Prophecy through Isaiah to Hezekiah (No. 157D)
God spoke to Hezekiah through the prophet
Isaiah. Judah did not fully understand that it was concerning the Messiah and
the exact timing of his mission and the formation of the Church of God. Modern
Judaism is completely blind to it.
Frequently Asked Questions: The New Moons (No. 158)
One of the most difficult aspects of the Law of God is that of the
New Moons. Should they be kept? If so, how?
Should they be kept as Sabbaths? If so, what
about our jobs? The world system operates in
such a way as to make it very difficult for the New
Moons to be kept as Sabbaths and
the world’s calendar hides them. There are many questions raised on this issue.
of the Crucifixion and the
Resurrection (No. 159)
Christendom teaches a Friday crucifixion and Sunday resurrection of Jesus of
Nazareth. Historical records show this doctrine was not taught by the Apostles or the early New Testament Church. This paper examines the Scriptures, history,
lunar calendar data, and recent research evidence and lets them provide the
truth of the timing. Evidence is presented that Christ’s ministry was for two-and-a-half years,
not for three-and-a-half years as has sometimes been inferred from some
translations of Daniel 9. A detailed analysis of the events during the six days
before the Passover is provided. This paper includes new work which shows that
the year of the crucifixion was 30 CE rather than 31 CE or 33 CE as many have
Purpose of the Creation and the
Sacrifice of Christ (No. 160)
This paper deals
with a misconception of the nature of Christ. Some believe that, if Christ were
not both God and an eternally existing uncreated being, then his sacrifice
would be inadequate to reconcile mankind to God. The root of this belief is
shown to lie in the inadequacy of Greek philosophy and the misapprehension of
the nature of the Bible system and the purpose of the creation.
common to many religions. Some leaders have made high demands on their
followers, even preaching up to three separate tithes at times. This paper
investigates tithing in the Bible and draws conclusions relevant to Jews and
Christians today. Persons who have paid three tithes are in for some pleasant
Sin of Onan (No.
the Christian churches of various persuasions have identified the sin of Onan
with masturbation and identified this act as the reason for the fact that the
Lord slew Onan. This has become part of secular myth and entered the language
in specific terminology. This paper
points out the error in this belief and exposes a related sin committed by many
of the churches themselves.
and the Koran (No. 163)
and Islam have the same roots in Abraham. The great theologians (e.g. Calvin,
Harnack, Brunner) agree that Rational Theism, Judaism, the Bible, and Islam are
Unitarian. Theoretically, the faiths should be able to agree on the God they
worship, and work towards a unified world family. Why is that not so? This
paper examines similarities and conflicts in history and beliefs. It analyses
the God of the Bible and the Koran, the names of God, historical developments,
concepts and details of a Messiah, beliefs in a Millennium and resurrections.
Many Christians will be surprised with the Mohammed’s teachings in the Koran
about the Christ of the Bible.
Bible (No. 164)
Is the Christian
Bible the inspired word of an all-powerful, loving God as some people claim, or
is it merely a collection of writings of wise men as some others claim? This
paper is a response to an enquiry from a guild of the Roman Catholic Church
which teaches that the Bible is not the sole rule of faith.
Alleged Bible Contradictions
This paper deals with commonly quoted Bible texts alleged to be
contradictory and their explanations. They are often quoted by Atheists who
have no real knowledge of the Bible. The text is to assist members of the
churches of God to answer the claims.
Antinomian Destruction of
Christianity by Misuse of Scripture (No. 164C)
The Christian Faith has been attacked and undermined from its very
beginning. The attacks are based on the Gnostic structures that have attached
themselves like parasites onto both the Pagan and Jewish systems that preceded
it. The two main thrusts of Gnosticism are aimed at the Nature of God and the
Laws of God. The Scriptures here can assist in Bible marking.
Antinomian Attacks on the Law of
God (No. 164D)
It has been
brought to our attention that the doctrine of Antinomian Gnosticism that
entered the Churches of God through the errors of the WCG and the
Binitarian/Trinitarians in that system was far more well-entrenched and extends
into the Antinomian Trinitarians of the US religious system. Very much like the
US political system, these Antinomians talk past each other and anyone speaking
or trying to hold a serious discussion about the Biblical structure and
especially the law of God. It is also important that we understand the function
and origins of the attacks on the Law of God.
Antinomian Denial of Baptism
deny the necessity of the sacrament of baptism and the laying on of hands.
Additions/Mistranslations in the Bible (No. 164F)
It has been said before that
there were several forgeries and mistranslations in certain Bibles. We will
list these for our reference and identify what is the correct translation. We will try to deal with these and at least
examine the implications of the most important errors or forgeries.
Immortality (No. 165)
have grown up with the concept of a Trinitarian Christian Godhead, which was
introduced several centuries after Christ and the Apostles, and have accepted
it without question and without verifying it in the Bible. Paradoxically, the
Bible does not teach the Trinity. The Apostles never even heard the word
“trinity”, and certainly never taught a three-party Godhead. A related concept
of a dual, co-eternal Godhead was introduced and spread by Herbert Armstrong in
the twentieth century. This paper addresses the basis of the Armstrong
Binitarian (or more accurately, ditheist) doctrine and finds it wanting. The
paper promotes the Unitarian teaching of the Bible, namely, that there is only
One True God.
Fallacy of the Third
Resurrection (No. 166)
from the dead is the future hope of Christians who do not believe in the
Immortal Soul doctrine adopted by the Church of Rome from pagan philosophy
centuries after the time of Jesus and the Apostles. However, there is
disagreement over the number and nature of the resurrections, namely, who
participates and how and with what end result. This paper promotes the doctrine
of two resurrections for humans, the first for those called and chosen before
that event, immediately followed by the Millennium paradise, and a second
resurrection at the end of the thousand years. Special treatment is given to
Herbert Armstrong’s doctrine of a third and later resurrection.
Arianism and Semi-Arianism
The purpose of this paper is to delineate as simply as possible the
difference between the Unitarian and Arian positions and also to delineate what
came to be seen as the semi-Arian position.
Pilate said to Jesus Christ, "What is truth?" In this
paper we are concerned with examining just what truth is in relation to the Holy Spirit. What did the Church get
when it received the Holy Spirit?
Numbers 20:1-13 (No. 169)
Numbers 20:1-13 concerns the activities of Moses and Aaron in the
wilderness, the comments made by Jesus Christ as the Angel of the Presence and
their interaction together.
The Role of the Fourth Commandment in the Historical
Sabbath-keeping Churches of God (No. 170)
It is conveniently assumed by the
Sabbath-keeping Churches of the last two centuries that the central theme
and identifying mark of Christianity was the Sabbath and that the Churches throughout history were persecuted for
their adherence to the Sabbath. This position is at best only partly true and
at worst hides the true fundamental aspects of the Faith for which the Church of God was persecuted and
those other aspects which form the signs of the elect. This paper shows that
there are in fact a series of signs identifying the elect
that were used to isolate them and
to extract them from society over the periods of persecution generally referred
to as the Inquisitions.
Commission of the Church (No.
Church has one commission given to it by Jesus Christ, as shown in Matthew 28.
One recent phenomenon that has arisen in the Sabbath-keeping Churches of
God is that a significant number of people – not under persecution but
simply disillusioned at the happenings in organised churches – are
withdrawing from this commission of Christ and going into house churches and
not participating in the work of extending the Gospel to all nations. This is a
dereliction of duty as imposed by Jesus Christ, and is the exact same sin that
Christ condemned as the burying of the talent.
Forming a Church (No. 171B)
Many people wish to be part of a church
yet find they have no church in their area that is biblically based. Some are
part of a church or group that has collapsed doctrinally or are part of a group
from a system that has collapsed doctrinally. They do not know what to do to
re-form away from the aberrant leadership that caused the collapse or which has
become irrelevant or, worse, hysterical in the ministries’ charismatic
representations of the biblical position.
Search for the One True Church
of God (No. 171C)
We are being approached by people from
all nations and walks of life. There is a question that is on the lips of many
people and that is: what is the true faith and what is the correct way of
approaching things to deal with spirituality?
Again (No. 172)
Most people are
aware of the term to be born again in
a Christian sense. Most do not understand the process involved and the meaning
of the term. Christ delivered the teaching on the subject as recorded by John
in John 3:1-21. This paper examines the biblical explanation and exposes
alarming differences with that used by most Christian groups.
Omer Count to Pentecost (No. 173)
In the twentieth
century, the Churches of God went awry in their determination of Pentecost from
the wrongful implementation of the Hillel Calendar and through Judaisers in the
Churches of God. This text explains the errors and the process that was
followed originally. It replaces the paper Pentecost:
Comparing Leviticus 23:11-22 in the Septuagint (No. 173).
Government of God (No. 174)
God’s direction for government is also the most abused of the
biblical concepts. It is determined by men within concepts that are attributed
to Scripture but generally are based on the principles of the Gentile systems
of this world. Most of modern-day Christianity do not understand that there are
multiple sons of God and that Satan was a son of God among them in the Council.
Dispute over the structure of government was the original problem within the
heavenly Host and was the cause of the rebellion involving Satan and a third of
the Host. The structure of God’s government is examined in this paper.
in Relation to the Equinox (No.
In defending the postponement system
under the Hillel calendar, some reactionary ministers of the Churches of God
have resorted to misinterpreting Scripture to justify their arguments. This
paper analyses these claims in light of the irregularity that occurred for
example in 1997.
Pre-Advent Judgment (No. 176)
Dr Samuele Bacchiocchi of Andrews University has recently done some
research into the Holy Days and come to the conclusion that they have to be
kept. This, of course, has always presented a problem for the Seventh-Day
Adventist Church, as the Atonement symbolism and the judgment of the elect have
rested on a premise of Ellen G. White which is flawed. Sam Bacchiocchi is
presented with the problem of making sense out of the Holy Days within his SDA
cosmological view. This is extremely difficult for the reasons outlined in this
paper. Judaism has a similar problem because it does not understand the
Messianic advents and the formation of the Church. Thus their understanding of
the judgment sequence is also flawed.
45 (No. 177)
Here is a
beautiful Psalm which is entitled “A Song of Love”. It
is a prophetic depiction of Jesus Christ as royal bridegroom and his Church as
the royal bride. This Psalm also depicts or describes the relationship of Jesus
Christ and God the Father. Not only has the Father anointed Jesus Christ to a
special position, i.e. to become the royal bridegroom to His people, but also
as elohim proceeding from His authority.
110 (No. 178)
This Psalm is short but very important. The text is one of the 134
texts altered by the Sopherim where Yahoweh or Jehovah was altered to Adonai.
It begins with the identification that it is a Psalm of David. Thus, the verse
is not referring to David but to David’s Lord; hence,
the being is Messiah. He is referred to as Jehovah in Psalm 110:5 and this was
changed to Adonai, as we will see.
The Song of Moses in Exodus 15 (No. 179)
This commentary is on the first of the two songs of Moses in the
Pentateuch. It concerns the deliverance of Israel.
City of God (No. 180)
The Book of Revelation tells of a time when the City of God will be
established. This paper discusses this New Jerusalem, its symbolisms and
The Other Side of Star Wars (No.
The Book of
Revelation foretells of humans fighting Christ at his return as King of Kings.
Why will they do this? The twentieth century saw a growing proliferation of
science fiction stories centring on an invasion of Earth by alien beings with
the earthlings valiantly fighting and eventually overcoming against massive
odds. This paper discusses the Star Wars movie/book as factors in conditioning
people to adopt this stance against their Saviour. Exercises on film themes of
the end days are included.
Were to Cease When? (No. 182)
On the first day
of Pentecost of the New Testament Church, the Apostles "spoke in
tongues". This paper by an editor of The
Bible Advocate discusses what is meant by "tongues" and for how
long this phenomenon was to persist. Advice on how to test for genuine
"speaking in tongues" is included.
and the Bible (No. 183)
in the world espouse vegetarianism as a mode of religious development. Some see
it as a rite of purification. Others see it, on ethical grounds, as cruel to
animals. This paper traces religious vegetarianism from ancient times through
to present Christianity. Abstinence from wine is also treated. It relates to
the paper Wine in the Bible (No. 188).
Oracles of God (No. 184)
follow the rabbinical calendar and its dates for the annual Holy Days of the
Bible because Herbert Armstrong decided the Jews have sole authority for the
determination of these dates. This decision resulted from his inability to find
any basis for the calendar in the Bible and from Paul’s reference in Romans to
the Jews being the keepers of the "oracles of God", which he assumed
included the calendar. This paper examines these "oracles of God".
Socinianism, Arianism and Unitarianism (No. 185)
The term Socinianism has been applied quite
indiscriminately over a large body of anti-Trinitarian doctrine. The Godhead is
the central issue of Socinianism. From both the Catholic and the Unitarian
point of view, they rightly held that God is absolutely simple. They concluded
that distinction of persons is destructive to that simplicity. From this logic,
they denied the Trinity is unsound. The distinction between Trinitarianism and
Unitarianism is that homage to Christ is in view of his relationship to the
Father and of a secondary type, whereas the Trinitarians hold it is of the cult
of the latria, where he is in fact
God as the Father is God.
Christianity and Childrearing
are currently many theories and opinions about childrearing, this paper will
cover the basic biblical tenants of family relationships and childrearing.
God Became a Family (No. 187)
In the empty void before the beginning of time and space, there was
the One. He was singular and alone. He did not come into existence because He
was self-existent and, therefore, immortal. The ancient Hebrews referred to Him
as Eloah and the Chaldeans as Elahh. This word came down to the
Arabs as Allah. This paper examines the extended Being that God is
Role of the Family (No. 187B)
Why did God
create humans to function as a family unit? The Scriptures reveal that a family
structure existed within the spirit realm before the creation of humans.
Scriptures also reveal that responsibilities were given to the spirit-created
sons of God to guide the human family into a loving relationship with the
Father of creation. In the human family, God-ordained responsibilities are
given to the father, mother, children, brother, sister, and grandparents in
order to maintain the family’s physical and spiritual welfare. What are these
responsibilities? This paper will deal with those questions. It is crucial for
society’s survival to understand God’s purpose for the family, and vital to
understand each member’s responsibility within the family structure.
in the Bible (No. 188)
The purpose of
this paper is to complement the paper Vegetarianism and the Bible (No. 183) and
to produce a correct and balanced view of the use of alcoholic beverages within
the laws of God.
Are Not Saved by Good Works (No.
The punch line, You aren't
saved by Sabbath-keeping, although valid, has been used to the point of
unnecessary irritation, and the current use of it is misleading rather than
helpful. One of the current uses of the statement is to drive home the point
that we need to focus on saving souls rather than on doctrinal distinctives.
But the validity of the point and that focus depend on the audiences we
address. Our faith is in the expectation of a system which is symbolised by the
Sabbath as a mark of the obedience of the people of God. Our Master was
obedient unto death, as one of us, even death on a cross.
for the Passover (No. 190)
The Passover is
the most important period in the Church calendar. Preparation to take part in
the Passover is a problem central to every Christian. Many did not prepare to
take the Passover correctly over the years and have paid for the error, or lack
of diligence, with their spiritual lives.
and the Hillel Calendar (No.
This paper deals
with King Jeroboam, first king of the ten tribes of Israel, and the taking of
the kingship from the son of Solomon because of the idolatry of his father
Solomon. It deals with the sins of Jeroboam regarding the feasts and idols. It
deals with the Quartodeciman and later Easter determinations of the ancient
Church and the determination of the month of Nisan under the ancient rules.
This is examined against the early practices of Judah which led to the
formation of the so-called Hillel calendar.
Day of the Lord and the Last Days
The terms Day of the Lord
and the Last Days or the Latter Days are often confused and misstated
in general Christian literature. Here we examine the terms for their biblical
application and see from the various texts that the Day of the Lord is not the
Lord’s Day scenario of Sunday-worshipping Christianity. Instead, it is a
powerful and cataclysmic time-frame which commences with the Advent of Messiah
and spans the entire period of divine intervention in human affairs. We will
also see that the terms Last Days or Latter Days cover the entire
Messianic Age and are specifically covered in prophecy to a definite purpose
to the Godhead (No. 193)
The Godhead has
been deliberately made obscure by traditional Christianity. However, with
careful study of the Bible, we can gain a clear picture. This paper shows as
clearly and simply as possible what the Bible says about the Godhead.
Place of Safety (No. 194)
For many years
the Churches of God in their variant forms and others have taught a doctrine
that the Church would be taken to a place of safety during the persecution and
tribulation of the world over the period of the end times. This was located by
various groups in various places. At one time it was to have been in Canada. At
another time it was to have been in Petra. Some groups locate it at other
places. The concept has a powerful appeal to those who see the world in
physical and not spiritual terms. The purpose of this paper is to explore the
biblical basis for such a doctrine and establish the true place of safety for
the dedicated Christian.
The Calendar and
the Moon: Postponements or Festivals? (No. 195)
With the aid of extensive quotes from authoritative sources and
Scripture, this paper is designed to enable the reader to see the uncertain and
ad hoc derivation of the Judaic postponement system. The postponements were not
fully in place until the eleventh century from the admission of the proponents of
the postponement system themselves.
Distortion of God’s Calendar in
Judah (No. 195B)
calendar of the Jews is not the original calendar used in the Temple period.
The destruction of the God’s Calendar began in the Temple period and was fully
accomplished in 358 CE under Rabbi Hillel II. Many of the Churches of God have
been misled into keeping the false calendar of Judaism and some unprincipled
ministers continue to make false claims about the Temple-period calendar. In
seven years of any 19-year cycle they keep the Feasts in
the wrong month entirely, and when they do keep the correct
years they postpone the Sabbaths to keep their traditions. It thus follows that
God’s Holy Days and Feasts are kept on the wrong days under the Hillel system
most of the time, and almost
forty percent of the time they are kept in the wrong months entirely. There is
no excuse for following that system.
Ark of the Covenant (No. 196)
The Ark of the
Covenant is the central feature of the Holy of Holies within the Tabernacle and
the Temple of God. It is rich in spiritual symbolism and represents the
centrality of the nature and Government of God. It is a physical representation
of a spiritual entity. It had to give way to the greater structure and was
removed and hidden, allegedly by the prophet Jeremiah. Here we examine its
construction, symbolism and the prophecies surrounding its location and
Origin of the Wearing of Earrings
and Jewellery in Ancient Times (No. 197)
This paper is
concerned with tracing the origin of earrings and other apparel within ancient
Israel and associated civilisations. There are many traditions associated with
the use of cosmetics and jewellery generally that deny their legitimate use
within Christianity or see in them a non-scriptural basis. Some of the words
used concerning earrings in the Bible involve mistranslation in the English and
convey an incorrect meaning.
Our Saviour (No. 198)
The identity of
the Saviour is often confused among Christians. The Bible seems to identify
both God and Christ as Saviour. Does this mean they are the same, as the
Trinitarians would have us believe? What is the real explanation?
Sheep and the Prodigal Son (No.
The parables in
Luke 15 have an extended meaning that is not well appreciated. Many apply the
parable of the prodigal son to wayward sinners but most do not understand the
powerful scope and symbolism of these parables. Nor do many understand that
they are interlinked and the central parable, which is itself a key, is found
only in Luke.
Love and the Structure of the Law
paper is concerned with explaining the emanation of the Law from the nature of
God. It deals with the structure of the Law in the Two Great Commandments and
the Ten Commandments which comprise the Two Commandments. The Love of God and
the Love of Neighbour become the basis for all the other substructure of the
Law that subtends from the Two and the Ten. Hence, on the Two Great
Commandments hang all of the Law and the prophets.
Deuteronomy 20 (No.
Today the world
judges by numbers of people and battalions and God is left out of the fight.
This text shows the underlying thinking behind the employment of troops in
battle. The message here is for the Church of today.
The doctrines of
the Nicolaitans are condemned in Revelation 2:6 in the message to the Ephesian
Church, which did not have the doctrines and hated them. The Pergamos Church
was censured because it had those among it that held the doctrines of Balaam
and the doctrines of the Nicolaitans (often spelt Nicolaitanes) which Christ
states he hates. Who are they and what were their doctrines? Does modern
Christianity understand the ramifications of this condemnation by Christ?
Start of the Month and the Day
Understanding when the Month and the Day
commence is important for correctly keeping all of the weekly Sabbaths, the
monthly New Moons and God’s annual Holy Days. The twenty-four hour day starts
at the end of evening nautical twilight (EENT), at dark. This paper is written
to complement the paper God’s Calendar
(No. 156) and should be read with that paper.
The Doctrine of Balaam and Balaam's Prophecy (No. 204)
The doctrine of
Balaam is often linked with the doctrines of the Nicolaitans and both are
condemned by Christ. The link is made from the Greek text of Revelation which
can be construed so as to make the link. The doctrines are thus thought to go
hand in hand. They do coexist to a certain degree but they are in fact quite
distinct doctrines, as we will see. Here we examine how they are derived and
how they coexist with the doctrines of the Nicolaitans.
Colossians 2:16-17 (No. 205)
The text at Colossians
2:16-17 is an important text in determining the attitudes to the Sabbath, New
Moons and Feasts. It has often been misused in trying to prove that the Church
has changed or eliminated God’s Holy Days. This paper examines the background
to the text and looks at some interesting aspects of the Church and its
problems at the time. The writer is a minister of the United Church of God in
the USA. It is reproduced here, with his permission, because of its value to
the subject. The American spelling is retained. The paper has a series of end
notes that identify aspects of the work and which require some expansion or
tie-in to other papers to give a more complete explanation of the problem or
on the UCG Doctrinal Statement on the Calendar (No.
is made because of the many requests for an analysis of the paper sent to this
church. The paper has serious shortcomings which will be evident from the
Blind Man (No. 207)
This is a simple
story about a man that was given a property and could not see the consequences
in the way he dealt with the property entrusted to him outside of the rules laid
down for its care by the owner.
Christian Fundamentalism: A Contradiction
in Terms (No. 208)
Christians assume that the religion they follow is derived from the Apostles
and was taught by Jesus Christ. Yet the world is in a mess and Christianity has
caused and is causing much of the misery and devastation. Their Christian
leaders in fact appear to be part of the problem. What is the true position and
the answer to the problem?
There is often a
conflict in what is seen as a sane and logical approach according to Scripture
and one pursued by people, with what the Bible describes as zeal but not
according to knowledge. Such an approach is described as unbalanced. Some would
even go so far as to describe it as not being according to a sound mind. This
paper tries to give some guidelines on this subject of balance.
Advent of the Messiah: Part I
The Bible says
that no one will know the day or the hour of the return of the Messiah.
However, prophecy has some fairly specific things to say about the matter and
the approximate year can be determined from a full analysis of prophecy. This
paper is aimed at linking together the prophecies and providing the clear
understanding of the Plan of God in the Last Days.
Advent of the Messiah: Part II
The Return of the Messiah or the Second Advent is the most pivotal
event in human history. Most people do not believe that it will occur and most
so-called Christians think that when it happens they will go to heaven and the
ones they hate will all go to hell.
Significance of the Term Son of God
This paper is an
explanation of the term Son of God as
it is used in the Bible and as it was understood by the Jews and the early
Sons of Shem: Part
I (No. 212A)
The birthright was passed to Shem, the youngest son of Noah, as
priest of God in the order of Melchisedek. The descendants of Shem carried the
priesthood down to Abraham and on into the lines of the descendants of Abraham.
Shem produced a number of children and from them sprung a number of important
nations of the world. The sons of Shem intermingled with the sons of Ham and
Japheth, and God’s promises to the world would be fulfilled in that mixing of
Abraham Part II: Lot, Moab, Ammon and Esau (No. 212B)
The blessings conferred on Abraham also extended to the children of
Lot and the sons of Isaac. They will be united under Messiah for the millennial
Descendants of Abraham Part III:
Ishmael (No. 212C)
Abram and Lot
were a tribe, but as yet Abram had no children of his own. They decided not to
wait for Sarai to bear a child so Hagar, her handmaiden, was given to Abraham
and he had Ishmael by Hagar. This paper identifies
many of the descendants of Ishmael.
Descendants of Abraham Part IV:
Sons of Keturah (No. 212D)
The identity of the sons of Keturah is
not well known and is often confused with the sons of Ishmael. The truth is
important to understanding the destiny of the sons of Abraham in prophecy.
Descendants of Abraham Part V:
Judah (No. 212E)
us that a hardening came over the hearts of Judah and that in the Last Days
they will turn and be converted so that Messiah might return to his own people and
his own inheritance.
Descendants of Abraham Part VI:
Israel (No. 212F)
The nation of
Israel was divided into two kingdoms: one of Judah and the other of Israel
deals with the nation of Israel often referred to as the Lost Ten Tribes and
their role in prophecy.
Sons of Shem Part VII: Charts
for P212A-212F (No. 212G)
These charts are for use with the 212
Descendants of Abraham Part
VIII: Thirteen Famines of Rebellion (No. 212H)
Thirteen is the
number of rebellion and the mark of Satan in the activities of the descendants
of Abraham as the Seed of the Woman and the Nation of Israel.
Moon and the New Year (No. 213)
God told us to
determine the New Year from Nisan (or Abib) as the beginning of months. Judaism
holds the New Year in Tishri. Both Judaism and the Bible cannot be correct.
What is the New Year? Is it a solemn feast of the Lord? The Bible position on
this important day has been deliberately obscured by later rabbinical Judaism
to justify their traditions over the Bible and the instructions of God. God has
chosen to reveal Himself in this symbolism of the New Moon commencing the New
Year, and shows us from that symbolism His relationship with the Church under
and Atonement (No. 214)
of the goats at Atonement is often confused and the name Azazel is often
mis-constructed or misused. There is a long-standing interpretation of the
symbolism which stems from ancient Israel and is found embodied in the texts of
the varying periods. That symbolism is examined here in its Messianic and
DNA Change Rates: Modern Science
vs. The Bible (No. 215)
works on the premise that mtDNA does not cause mutation of the Human Genome.
This premise has been shown to be false by the Pasteur Institute. The
mathematical models are thus far too extended.
and the Red Heifer (No. 216)
has commenced to speak of the Red Heifer and have artificially inseminated a
beast with an embryo that produced a red heifer. This act was then taken to be
a miracle which, of itself, is held to justify the rebuilding of the Temple.
What is the significance of the Red Heifer and how does it relate to Messiah
and his sacrifice? The answers are surprising.
the Place of the Skull (No. 217)
The location of
the site of the crucifixion is an important story in its own right. Where is it
and what was the significance of the events that transpired there? What do the
names of the places mean?
Warming and Bible Prophecy (No.
A few years ago people used to speak about Global
Warming as though it is a long-term or far-off problem. Many thought
it would be 100 years before the water rose 60 centimetres (2 feet). Now there
is a groundswell of misinformation about Climate Change for political purposes
to achieve social manipulation or “engineering”. Since the original paper we
have watched the political misinformation and the media complicity in the fraud
continue and grow in intensity. Scientists make mistakes because they are not
aware of the historical implications and historical facts about which they
write and some are just plain contrary to the rules of logic. The Bible has a
lot to say about the climatic conditions in the Last Days. What does it
say about Global Warming? Is it all that far off, and what do we have to
do about it or what can we do about it? The updated edition has been issued to
deal with some of the recent fallacies. The sentiments and comments/interviews
of the original have been retained to give a sense of development in the
Global Warming: Historical
Cycles (No. 218B)
Modern Political obsession with carbon emissions is clouding the
real science and history of Global Warming Cycles and is nothing more than a
political scam for the purposes of social engineering. We have had Global
Warming and Ice Age Cycles every thousand years for millennia.
Last Thirty Years: the Final
Struggle (No. 219)
The understanding of the events leading up to the coming of Messiah
has been the most misused and controversial in history. The problem lies in the
failure to deal with all aspects of prophecy. Most constructions have simply
been built on faulty theology and do not take into consideration the exact
words of the many relevant texts. In this work we put together the texts and
the sequence of activities as the Bible says they will unfold. In this way we
will see that there is an identifiable period with a number of serious
requirements that have to be met. The events prophesied to occur by 2001 are
updated and explained here by editor’s notes whilst retaining the original
Etymology of the Name of God (No.
Many people seem
to make an issue of the pronunciation or the use of the name God and also of the name Jesus. The derivation of the name God and the names applied to the beings
in the Old Testament and to Messiah in the New Testament are examined for the
basis and meaning of the names within language, both Hebrew and Greek as well
of Persons (No. 221)
One of the most
common sins in the Churches in the twentieth century is the sin of respect of
persons. Many do not understand it and many do not even know it is sin. What
does the Bible say about it and how do we tell if we are in respect of persons?
Golden Calf (No. 222)
Most people know
of the symbol of the golden calf made by Aaron for Israel when Moses was up on
the mountain. Most, however, do not understand what the calf stood for or what
association it had then with Israel and what significance the calf had for the
religious structure in the Middle East. The calf was not a simple idol of a
calf. It was a symbol of a system of worship that was to penetrate Israel and
destroy the religious system of Judah.
Light Bearer and Morning Star (No. 223)
The term Lucifer is attributed to Satan as a
name. The term has become personalised and has taken on a negative sense.
Similarly, the term Morning Star has
been attributed to Christ in a personalised fashion. When the Bible appears to
refer to Satan as Day Star or Morning Star and to Christ as the Light-bearer,
which is the sense of Lucifer, people
apply the names in this personalised way and come to the wrong conclusion. Some
have even gone to the extent of confusing Christ with Satan.
9:6 (No. 224)
Isaiah 9:6 is
often used in support of Trinitarian or Binitarian/Ditheist theology. This
paper examines its use and understanding in the various translations both
ancient and modern.
Introduction to Christianity (No. 225)
Christ was a
Jew. He kept the Laws of God and obeyed God in every respect. He was without
sin and sin is transgression of the Law. Christ kept the Bible Sabbaths in accordance with the
calendar in use at the time in the Temple at
Jerusalem and among the Samaritans.
of Messiah (No. 226)
God’s Anointed, His Messiah or Christ, had a pre-incarnate
spiritual existence with the other sons, a first
Advent as the Lamb of God to deal with sin, a forthcoming second Advent as both priest and king to save those who wait for him. The different roles
are all part of the plan of the One True God. There has been an ongoing attempt
by Judaism, Islam and mainstream Christianity to disguise the different
sequences of his position in the plan of the Most High.
God's Feasts as they relate to the Creation (No. 227)
presentation takes a look at the appointed Feasts of God and the Sabbaths and
New Moons and their relationship, where applicable, to the “week of creation”
in the Book of Genesis. The paper also examines the interrelationship of the
Feasts and their lead periods.
and the Rich Man (No. 228)
The parable of
Lazarus and the Rich Man has been used by traditional Christianity for a number
of incorrect purposes. It has been used to support the doctrines of the Soul
and also to support the doctrines of Heaven and Hell as abodes of the dead.
What does the parable mean? To whom was it addressed?
of the Creation of God as Alpha
and Omega (No. 229)
The arguments of
modern Christianity regarding Christ have much of their origins in Greek
philosophy and ancient religious practices running contrary to the Bible. Some
of the biblical texts in English have been mistranslated to conceal the intent
and structure of the application of the terms because they run counter to
Trinitarian theology. The application of the terms Arche, Alpha and Omega,
first and last, beginning and end, are explained taking into account the
Use of the Term Hypostasis (No.
Hypostasis is a term
fundamental to Trinitarianism. God is held to be three hypostases in one ousia.
These terms are Greek philosophical terms. They are used in the New Testament
and Septuagint (LXX). What do they mean?
Mill Yard Tract (No. 231)
This tract is an
early English document of the Sabbath Church. It demonstrates beyond dispute
that the original doctrines of the Mill Yard Seventh Day Baptist Church on the
Godhead were Unitarian, as the Mill Yard theologians themselves attest, and
accord with the doctrines of the Christian Churches of God.
The Virgin Mariam
and the Family of Jesus Christ (No. 232)
popular belief, the mother of Jesus Christ was not named Mary. She did not
remain a virgin but bore her husband many
other children, who, along with Christ’s brothers and
nephews, came to play a significant part in the development of the early Church.
What happened to them is a surprising condemnation of the Christian religion.
Elijah? (No. 233)
examines the proposition that has been put by some churches that Herbert W.
Armstrong was Elijah and that his son, Garner Ted Armstrong, or later his
successor, Joseph W. Tkach, typified Elisha.
The 18 Restored Truths of
Herbert W. Armstrong (No. 233B)
examines the 18 Restored Truths claimed by Herbert W. Armstrong. It will be
seen, from their magazine article that on this claim rests the WCG assertion
that he was the promised Elijah.
Valley of Dry Bones (No. 234)
God speaks through the prophet Ezekiel at
chapter 37 referring to the Valley of Dry Bones. This is understood as being
the Resurrection of the Dead. However, which resurrection is it and when does
it occur, and what does it mean in relation to the Restoration of Israel?
The Origins of
Christmas and Easter (No. 235)
been conditioned to accept that Christmas and Easter are essentially part of
the Christian tradition. The facts are that neither is at all Christian and
both have their roots in the Mystery cults, the Saturnalia,
the worship of the Mother-goddess system and the worship of the Sun god. They are
directly contradictory to the Laws of God and His system.
on Christmas and Easter (No. 236)
This article on
the origins of Christmas and Easter was requested to be written after
discussions with the editor of an Australian newspaper. The research paper
entitled The Origins of Christmas and Easter was written as the background paper for this article, which does not contain the detailed and
necessary scholarship that some readers find a
and Deity (No. 237)
This work by A.E. Knoch was completed some time ago and is a
significant contribution to the study of the theology of the Godhead. It deals
with a number of biblical details which demonstrate the Unitarian nature of
God. The relationship of Jesus Christ to God and the structure of the concept
of the deity of Messiah are put in a proper perspective. Knoch’s theological
perspectives are further examined in the audio.
the Peoples to Jerusalem (No.
obligations of the end-time tribes of Zebulun and Issachar contain a very
important commission for them. The identification of these two tribes is also
important in understanding this prophecy.
Is Passover So Late in 1997? (No. 239)
This article was published in the Jewish Bible Quarterly, Volume 25, No.
1, 1997 and is reprinted with permission. The Jewish Bible Association
maintains a website at http://www.jewishbible.org.
Abracadabra: The Meaning of Names
Names are often used as words of
power. In theology, the general use is for purposes of invocation. They are
used to give the person doing a mantra control over the deity summoned and to
force the one or ones called to grant their demands. This use is generally
associated with the occult, the numbers and symbols of Kabbalah, and the
various forms of mysticism, including primitive witchcraft and shamanism. Its
present use remains akin to its use in the early Mystery Religions and Secret
of the Temple of God (No. 241)
Israel was commanded to sanctify the
Temple prior to the Passover. There was a process of sanctification leading up
to the Passover. In some cases, the Passover was actually delayed because this
sanctification was not done correctly. The significance of the process has
serious implications for Christianity.
Death of the Lamb (No. 242)
Many Christians do not fully appreciate what is happening over the
period of the Passover and the timing and significance of the death of the
Messiah as the Lamb of God. This paper will provide a better understanding of
the entire sequence.
Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ (No.
Radical Unitarianism denies the non-physical pre-existence of Jesus
Christ, claiming his existence commenced from his birth though Mariam.
Binitarianism seeks to assert two persons to the Godhead. Ditheism asserts the
existence of two gods from eternity. Some people jump from Binitarianism to
Ditheism not understanding the doctrine of either nor their origins. What is
the Bible position?
22, Judaism, Islam and the Sacrifice
of Isaac (No. 244)
This text looks at the arguments regarding the literal sacrifice of
Isaac advanced by Rabbi E. Ben-Yehuda and also examines them in context with
the Bible and the Qur’an or Koran.
Restoration (No. 245)
The Restoration under King Josiah had a number of
significant features which are of importance to our understanding as Christians
The Doctrine of Original Sin Part I The Garden of Eden (No.
This work is
concerned with the question of the Garden of Eden, the fall of Adam and Eve and
the Doctrine of Original Sin.
Hymns in Christian Worship (No.
The work is a
commentary on the Preface to Joseph Stennett’s Hymns for the Lord’s Supper. It examines the history of the use of
hymns in the English-speaking Sabbath-keeping Churches and the biblical base of
hymn singing not only in the Lord’s Supper but also in its general application.
It shows the insidious infiltration of our early systems of Sabbath-keeping
worship and theology by false doctrine.
Doctrine of Original Sin Part 2
The Generations of Adam (No.
The lines of Adam through Seth and Cain have a significance
for the Plan of Salvation that is not generally understood and expounded. The
two structures have an explicit meaning and a story that explains the Plan of
God and declares it from the beginning.
Challenge: Why do Protestants keep
Sunday? (No. 249)
This is an old Adventist document relating to a series of articles
published by the Roman Catholic Church in the United States in 1893, which
reflects their views on the subject of the Sabbath versus Sunday worship. It
verifies why no Protestant can worship on Sunday as the lawful Sabbath.
the Law with Ezra and Nehemiah (No. 250)
under Ezra and Nehemiah was of great significance. The way it was done and the
time in which it was done was in implementation of biblical Law and the Jubilee
system. This system has equal relevance today.
The Fall of Jerusalem to Babylon
The dating and
significance of the fall of Jerusalem to Babylon has a specific part to play in
prophecy and in the Calendar.
Purification and Circumcision (No. 251)
Purification of women and Circumcision of men have a bearing on the Faith and
are part of the Law of God. This paper examines their relationship to Judaism,
Christianity and Islam with some interesting facts and conclusions.
First Great Commandment (No.
The Law is comprised of two
Commandments. These Two Great Commandments form the basis of the entire Law and the testimony of the prophets
including Jesus Christ, written in what is
understood as the Bible. The First Great Commandment is written as: You shall love the Lord your God with all your
heart, with all your soul and with all your strength and the Second Great
Commandment is like unto it. You shall love your neighbour as your self.
and the First Commandment (No.
element of the First Great Commandment is what we understand as the First
Commandment of the Ten Commandments. This law is developed by an entire body of
legislation which goes to make up the Law of God.
and the Second Commandment (No. 254)
It is written: You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or
any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth
beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to
them and serve them. This paper deals with the Second Commandment in the Old
and New Testaments, its legislation, its social order and crime and punishment
as it pertains to all the people.
and the Third Commandment (No.
It is written: You shall not take the name of your Lord in vain; for
the Lord will not hold him guitless that takes his name in vain. The Third
Commandment involves the entire concept of the power and authority of God in
His system of Law Order. This commandment not only deals with the profane use
of His name in idle speech but also relates to the entire civil and religious
law order and the calendar laid down for its function within that order.
Purporting to act for God under another system is also a breach of this
and the Fourth Commandment (No.
It is written:
Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy as the Lord your God commanded you.
The Fourth Commandment covers the weekly seventh-day Sabbath, the monthly New
Moons, the annual Feasts and Holy Days, the Seven Year Land Sabbaths and the
Second Great Commandment (No.
The Second is like unto it: You shall love
your neighbour as yourself. The Ten
Commandments were divided into Two Great
Commandments. This structure is easily identifiable, in that the first
four commandments deal with the love of God and the last six deal with the love
of fellow man.
and the Fifth Commandment (No. 258)
It is written: Honour your father and your
mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God gives
you. The Fifth Commandment is the first commandment with a promise and forms
the basis of the society. It is the first of the sequence of commandments which
form the Second Great Commandment namely: To love one’s neighbour as one’s
and the Sixth Commandment (No.
It is written: You shall not kill.
This paper explains the entire structure of the Law of God
as applied to its Commandment, and as explained by the prophets and the Testaments
in compliance with the reading of the Law in the Sabbath years.
and the Seventh Commandment (No. 260)
It is written:
You shall not commit adultery. This paper explains the entire structure of the
Law of God, as applied to its Commandment as explained by the prophets and the
Testaments in compliance with the reading of the Law in the Sabbath years.
and the Eighth Commandment (No. 261)
It is written: You shall not steal. This paper explains the entire
structure of the Law of God as applied to
its Commandment, and as explained by the prophets and the Testaments in compliance
with the reading of the Law in the Sabbath years.
and the Ninth Commandment (No. 262)
It is written: You shall not bear false witness. This paper explains the
entire structure of the Law of God as applied
to its Commandment, and as explained by the prophets and the Testaments
in compliance with the reading of the Law in the Sabbath years.
Law and the Tenth Commandment (No. 263)
It is written: You shall not covet your
neighbour's house, you shall not covet your neighbour's
wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any
thing that is your neighbour's.
This paper explains the entire structure of the Law of God
as applied to its Commandment, and as
explained by the prophets and the Testaments in compliance with the reading of
the Law in the Sabbath years.
The Dutch Connection of the Pilgrim Fathers (No. 264)
sees the arrival of the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620 in Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts as
the foundation of the United States. They are considered as people from England that sailed to the promised land for a new
future. However, few actually know that the Pilgrim Fathers are tied to Holland
in an everlasting way that cannot be neglected. Their true history sheds a
surprising light on the faith of these founding fathers. It also gives an
insight in the persecution that existed in Protestant England under Queen
The Genetic Origin of the Nations
The Bible gives
a clear and definitive origin of the nations that allegedly does not accord
with what modern Science is asserting. When we examine the scientific record
against the historical evidence and the known movement of tribes, we find that
the Bible and Science can be in accord. The problem lies in the grossly
elongated mathematical models that the evolutionists have constructed based on
Origin of the Christian Church in
Britain (No. 266)
People often ask
when the Church came to Britain and what it believed. The truth is quite
astounding, and the mysteries surrounding some of it are also important aspects
of its history.
Eating Together in Worship (No.
The Laws of God command us to eat together
in worship. How we do that, in both dress and manner, reflects on us as a
church and as ambassadors of the Kingdom of God on this Earth.
The Unitarian/Trinitarian Wars (No. 268)
When Constantine came to power he attempted to unify the Roman
Empire under one system and he sought to do that through Christianity. What he
did not realize was that the Roman faction was not the dominant faction and
that the doctrines of the Church had become confused from those of the original
Church. This confusion led to a series of wars between two factions, both of
which contained doctrinal error. The end result of this doctrinal error and
desire for political domination through religion was continuous war and
persecution for seventeen hundred years. The error and conflict will ultimately
bring the planet to total ruin.
False Prophecy (No.
In this paper we will
deal with the question of false prophecy in the Churches of God over the last
two centuries. Over this last period it has become an epidemic. Each of the
major churches was founded on and developed false prophecy. These false
prophets exploited the credulity of the members who were drawn by a desire to
know the truth. In this way, they affected the course of the Churches of God
and the lives of millions.
Messages of Revelation 14 (No.
The messages of the four angels of Revelation 14 are important to
the lead-up to the coming of the Messiah. They hold great significance for the
message, direction and thrust of the Church in the Last Days.
PAUL: Part I Paul and the Law
This paper is the first of a series of papers in
number parts which deal with the position of Paul and an overview of what he
teaches and the historical framework in which he operated. Paul was the founding father of the modern
church. A dynamic leader, often persecuted and attacked for his teachings, he
led the church through tumultuous times. Without Paul’s teachings and guidance
many would never be able to understand the complexity and wondrous nature of
God and the son/Messiah He sent to us. In this part we deal with Paul and the
Timetable of the Age (No. 272)
The age we live in has a finite time scale, a plan and a specific purpose.
This timetable gives an overview of what has happened over the period of Bible
prophecy leading up to the end of this age. Soon the god of this world will be
removed and the new millennial system will commence under Jesus Christ. This
work helps us to understand what is happening in that process.
Ribbons (No. 273)
As a reminder of the Law of God, the Bible commands that we wear blue ribbons placed on the fringes
or borders of our garments.
The Sabbath in the Qur'an (No. 274)
This paper looks
at the placement of the Sabbath in the texts of the Qur’an or Koran.
Offering (No. 275)
explains the significance of Deuteronomy
16:16: "Three times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD
your God at the place which he will choose: at the feast of unleavened bread,
at the feast of weeks, and at the feast of booths. They shall not appear before
the LORD empty-handed.”
A practice has entered the Church of God in the USA from Mexico. The
practice relates in fact to the ancient pagan systems and has no place in the
Church of God.
The Quartodeciman Disputes (No. 277)
Quartodeciman disputes were seen as pivotal to the determination of the
Christian Faith. They were the second series of innovations to occur in the
Christian Church and perhaps the most
fundamental. After Sunday worship had been introduced from Rome in the middle
of the second century, the Roman system then set about introducing the pagan
Easter system over the Passover. In 664 CE at Whitby in England, they finally
succeeded by force of arms in having the British
or Celtic Church accept Easter.
Offering (No. 278)
The concept of sacrifice and an offering is not understood correctly
in the Churches. For many years the Church of God has not kept Pentecost
correctly and has not really come to an understanding of what is required in
the Feasts and the sacrifices. Man should
live by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God, but that is not
happening correctly in many areas in the Churches of God. This paper looks at
the concept of what a sacrifice is and what the Feasts are.
Epistle of James (No. 279)
Most problems in the Churches of God can be
distilled down to the principles enunciated in this Epistle of James to the
Churches scattered abroad.
the Christ, King, Priest and
Prophet (No. 280)
This article deals with the John 17:3. It has been written by a
Messianic Jew, and shows the relationship between God the Father and Jesus the
Christ as Messiah. Furthermore, it shows that the three Messianic functions of
King, Priest and Prophet are inseparable.
and the Law (No. 281)
The history of Rachel is full of drama and is one of the proofs that
each of the Ten Commandments was fully in force before Sinai. Here we deal with
a number of aspects and parallels in the story that normally escape attention.
This story has major significance for the Church and the concept of God’s love
and intervention in our lives.
Rule of the Kings Part I: Saul
The period of the rule of the kings from Saul, to David and to
Solomon has a specific prophetic symbolism that relates also to the plan of
salvation. There is an important message in the sequence, reigns and actions of
the three kings of Israel, beginning here with Saul.
Rule of the Kings Part II: David
This section deals with the second phase of the kingship lasting for
the second forty-year period, namely the kingship of David.
Rule of the
Kings Part III: Solomon and the Key of David (No. 282C)
The last phase of the Plan of God as reflected in the rule of the
kings of Israel is that of King Solomon. This sequence was to point towards
Christ and the establishment of the Church as the Spiritual Temple of God.
Rule of the Kings Part
IIIB: Man as the Temple of God (No. 282D)
In Part III (A) we saw the Key of David and the place of Solomon in
the Temple of God and its place in the coming of the Messiah. In this section
we see the Spiritual Temple of God in man and its relationship to the DNA
structure of humans and the relationship of the books of the Bible to explain
the plan of Salvation and the Temple of God as the human creation.
The Pillars of Philadelphia (No.
The promise to the smallest and most
faithful of the Churches of God, the Church of the Philadelphians, was that
they would be made Pillars in the Temple of God. This is a much more powerful
promise than it might first appear.
12:17-28 (No. 284)
This text concerns our responsibility under the Law towards getting to God's commanded Feasts.
Juma'ah: Preparing for
the Sabbath (No. 285)
The sixth day of the week now termed Juma’ah in Islam has become a
holy day in its own right to the neglect of the Sabbath. Judaism has only
partly understood it and Trinitarian Christianity ignores it. The Preparation
for the Sabbath and the Sabbath Day are enshrined in biblical law and the
Koran. What does it mean? What are the Fires
on the Sabbath? How are they related to the Day of Congregation or Juma’ah?
of the Year 2000 (No. 286)
The Pope has declared the year 2000 a jubilee year. The pundits say
it is really 2001 anyway. When is the true Millennium and what is the real
significance? Who said it was the year 2000 anyway, apart from a priest who got
the start date wrong?
What do Birthdays really mean? They are based on
the Solar Calendar and have nothing to do with the Bible system of God’s
Calendar. The star-gazers make much of them in relation to the stars and base
so-called horoscopes around them and the position in which the constellations
appear at the time of the birth. Where do Birthday celebrations come from and
what is the philosophy behind their observance?
Last Pope: Examining Nostradamus and Malachy (No. 288)
Nostradamus has made some startling prophecies that have come true.
He has also made some which have been misunderstood and dismissed incorrectly.
The purpose here is to examine and perhaps explain two prophecies he made which
have a religious significance and one of which has come true and one of which
is due to come into play in the near future. Malachy was a Catholic Archbishop
of the twelfth century who wrote an uncanny list of every Pope until the end.
We will examine them both here. According to Malachy there are only two popes
left to go.
A (No. 288a)
A List of Popes
and Antipopes over history compiled and with the prophetic names given by
Malachy bishop of Armagh in 1139.
Marriage is the most important institution in the nation. It is the
basis of the nation and reflects on the physical plane our relationship with
God and Christ on a spiritual plane. It is so fundamental that the salvation of
all humanity is predicated on a correct understanding and implementation of
these relationships among the elect as brides of Christ in the nation of
Forty Years for Repentance (No.
In the period up
until 1972 and then 1975, the Churches of God, especially the Worldwide Church
of God and the Jehovah’s Witnesses, declared that the Messiah would come during
the wars of the end in 1972-1975. Nothing happened in 1975 and the Messiah did
not come. They got it wrong. What was the significance of this time?
The Inquisition in Britain:
Forty Decades for Repentance (No. 290B)
“burning at the stake” in Britain occurred in 1612 and was conducted by the
Church of England. It was not the last execution as they continued on through
the century, but it was the last burning of a martyr for so-called “heresy”
against the Trinitarian Church in Britain.
of the Simple and Erroneous (No.
On 7 Abib we fast for the simple and erroneous. This process is for
those who have not yet come to understand the glory and mysteries of the
Kingdom of God. It is part of the sanctification process of the Temple system
commanded by God.
FAQs on Ezekiel Chapters 36-48
and the Sanctification of the Temple (No. 292)
The text in
Ezekiel 36-48 is a prophecy for future days and covers the millennial system
under Jesus Christ. The entire world will do what Ezekiel says is to be done in
the Millennial system at Christ’s return. The instructions there are
reiterations of the Law of God and, except for the implementation of the
sacrifices, are binding on the Christian Church today in its application of the
Law of God.
Polygamy in the Bible and the
Koran (No. 293)
The Bible has
clear instances of polygamy over the millennia. The purpose here is to
ascertain what it is that God wants from us and why it has been evident over
the centuries both in the Old and New Testaments.
War of Hamon-Gog
In the Last Days
God says through the prophet Ezekiel that he will bring a number of nations
down to the Middle East and destroy them in the valley of Hamon-Gog. A number
of nations descended from Gomer and Meshech and Tubal and Togarmah are named.
Who are these people? Where are they now, and how and when will they be brought
down to Israel to be destroyed?
Leah and Rachel (No. 295)
Leah and Rachel
prefigure Christ in his relationship to physical and spiritual Israel as both
the nation and the Church of God.
Predestination (No. 296)
The Bible says
we are chosen by God and predestined to be called. What does that mean exactly?
When did it happen?
War with Rome and the Fall of the
Temple (No. 298)
Daniel was given a vision of the Seventy Weeks of Years. The events of the last
week of years were a disaster for Judah and the Edomites. The prophecy can only
be understood in relation to the Temple. Christians have generally
mistranslated Daniel 9:25-27 for their own ends. The war with Rome and the
behaviour of Judah over this time resulted in the dispersion of Judah until the
time of the end.
World War III: Part I The Empire
of the Beast (No. 299A)
This paper deals with the beginning
of the period of the last Thirty Years of this age before the commencement of
the Millennium under Christ. It covers the beginning of the War and the
establishment of the system of government described in Revelation as the Beast.
WWIII Part II: The Whore and the
Beast (No. 299B)
Part II continues the organisational
structure of the Last Days into the religious system of the Whore and the
destruction of that system with the coming of the Messiah.
on Daniel Chapter 7 (No. 299C)
7 relates to the last days and the wars before the coming of the Messiah.
2012 and the Antichrist (No.
There is a fuss
being made at present on the significance of the year 2012. This paper is to
explain the sequence of the events and the significance of the year 2012 in
occult understanding and symbolism so that we are not deceived and can
recognise the False Prophet and the Antichrist system when it is brought into
play in the near future.
The Man of Sin and the Apostasy
The coming of
the Man of Sin to the church of the Last Days is of great significance and the
identification is important to the Body of Christ.
Antichrist in Early Church
Theology and the Last Days (No. 299F)
The system and identification of the Antichrist was made by the
Early Church Theologians and was recorded by Irenaeus and followed up by his
assistant Hippolytus. The teaching has been quietly ignored by the mainstream
Christian system except for a basic error of misidentification which seems to
have stemmed from an Anti-Semitic mindset that sought to identify the origin of
Antichrist of the Last Days with the tribe of Dan.
The Golden Jubilee and the Millennium
Jubilee or the Fiftieth Jubilee since the Restoration of the Temple by order of
Darius in 423 and under Ezra and Nehemiah by the Jubilee of 374/3 commences on
1 Abib of the First year of the 121st Jubilee or 2028. The Jubilee
ends in 2077 CE. This Jubilee is the beginning of the Seventh Millennium since
the closure of the Garden of Eden and the end of the formal rule of Satan. By
this date in 2027 Satan’s rule has been cut short and he will be imprisoned,
with the fallen Host, in Tartarus for one thousand years. This period commences
the final phase of the Key of David and the restoration of the Temple and the
administrative system in Jerusalem.