From David and the Exilarchs to the House of Windsor (No. 67)
(Edition 1.1 20040703-20050509)
In this paper we will review the matter of the Davidic lineages and their place in the British Royal Family. This paper is concerned with the lineage from the biblical Zorobabel or Zerubbabel through the Exilarchs, down to the Houses of Hanover and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and from there into the House of Windsor and the British Monarchs from George III. It will be seen that Her Majesty Elizabeth II, Queen of England and the Commonwealth, is the direct lineal descendant of David the son of Jesse, King of Israel, in the acknowledged royal line.
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From David and the Exilarchs to the House of Windsor
The Exilarchs were of the Davidic Royal Line of Judah and formed the rulers of Judah from Zorobabel or Zerubbabel. Much of the information that forms the basis of the material regarding them here is from a research work by David Hughes at: http://www.angelfire.com/ego/et_deo/davidicdynasty.wps.htm
Davidic Descent of the Royal Houses of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Windsor
Much is made of the fact of the royal descent from the line of David through the Irish lines from Tea or Tamar Tephi (or Telphi), daughter of Zedekiah married to an Irish prince, and their transmission into Scotland and England. However, in addition to those lines, and the one through Odin, there is a third lineage into the British Royal family that is also directly and demonstrably Davidic and came into the UK from the Hanoverian line of kings with George III. It is as follows:
George III King of Britain and America etc. son of;
Augusta married Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, and daughter of:
Frederick II of Saxe-Gotha m. Magdalene Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst, s(on) of;
Frederick I of Saxe-Gotha m. Magdalene-Augusta of Saxe-Weissenfels, son of;
Elizabeth-Sophia m. Ernest I of Saxe-Gotha and Altenburg, d (aughter) of;
John-Philip m. Elizabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, s. of;
Anne-Marie m. Frederick-William I of Saxe-Altenburg, d. of;
Anne m. Philip-Ludwig of Neuberg, d. of;
Marie m. William V of Cleves, Julich and Berg, d. of;
Ferdinand I HRE m. Anne of Bohemia, s. of;
Juana [Joan "the Mad"] m. Philip "the Handsome" of Austria, d. of;
Fernando II/V of Aragon m. Queen Isabella I of Castile s. of;
Juana m. Juan II, king of Aragon, d. of;
Fadrique m. Mariana of Cordova, s. of;
Alfonso m. Juana de Mendoza, s. of
Paloma m. Fadrique (d 1358) brother of Enrique II of Castile, d. of;
Gedaliah, who was the son of and whose line is as follows:
Shlomo Ha-Zeken (d. 1299)
Yosef (d. 1264)
Yahya Ha Nasi or Don Yahya "El Negro" Lord of Aldeia dos Negros, Portugal (d 1222)
Yaish (d. 1196)
Hiyya Al Daudi (d. 1154)
David (curiously a rabbi)
Hazub (Last Prince of the Davidic Dynasty mentioned in the medieval Jewish chronicle, the Seder Olam Zuta)
Pinkhas, Prince (Phinehas or Pinchus)
Magis, Prince (Magis id. with Misas)
Sutra II, Prince (Mar-Zutra)
Saadia (Saíadyah) Prince of Judah
Sutra [I] (Mar-Zutra) "Rav" Prince of Judah son of the 30th Exilarch Mar-Zutra II, Sutra I was the son of his fatherís second wife and took his fatherís name. He was born the day of his fatherís execution. He was carried to Palestine. As an adult he was accepted as Nasi or Prince/Patriarch and founded a new dynasty of the Palestinian Nesiíim ca. 550 CE, thus ending the interregnum period following the deposition of Gamaliel VI in 425 CE.
Mar-Zutra II, the 30th Exilarch reigned 512-520 in succession to Ahija(h) I. He reigned first under the regency of Pahida the brother of his first wife, (508-512), who was deposed by his father Haninai, who then became associated with his son in his reign. The execution of Mar-Zutra II was followed by a vacancy in the office of Exilarchate from 520-550 CE. Mar-Zutra IIís first son was Ahunai (Huna Mar II) who was Exilarch from 550-560 being restored after the interregnum. From his line was descended a new dynasty of Exilarchs through Hofnai, Exilarch 560-581 whose sons were Haninai (Exilarch 581-589) and Bostani (I) who founded the new dynasty.
Mar-Zutra II was the son of Hava(h) (d. 493) the heiress. His brother was Hizkiah the father of David, father of Mar Zutra III (Exilarch 589), whose execution was followed by another interregnum in the Exilarchate.
Hava(h) married Haninai, son of Maremar, s. of Zutra, s. of Kahana, s. of Nathan, s. of Kahana. This was the second time a title had passed through a female in accordance with Numbers 27:8 and Numbers 36:8 which regulates it. She was the daughter and only child of:
Huna VI (reigned 484-508, being restored after an interim).
Kahana II (reigned 456-465). His brothers were:
Nosson II Exilarch 470 executed 470 and the office was vacated after his execution until 484 when his nephew Huna VI reigned.
Huna V Exilarch 465-470
All were sons of:
Mar-Zutra I (reigned 442-456)
Nathan (d. 413)
Kahana I (reigned 400-415) His brothers were:
Safra (d. 400) (probably grandfather to Moses of Crete a claimant)
Nathan II, Exilarch 370-400 f. of Hachni Exilarch 400, f. of Kahana, f. of Rechemiah, f. of Nathan f. of Julian of Canaan (a claimant).
Abba (r. 350-370)
Mar-Ukba III/II reigned 320-337. His brothers were
Isaac reigned 337-8
Huna III (Huna-Mar I) (reigned 337-350)
Nehemiah I Exilarch 270-313 (succeeded by Mar-Ukba II who reigned for only one day)
The dynasty of Exilarchs from Ahijah in 135 CE to Nehemiah I in 270 CE, which continued on from him to 642 CE, is as follows, working backwards:
Nathan I Exilarch 260-270, His brother was Nosson I, Exilarch 270
Huna II Exilarch 240-259 was the son of Mar Ukba I (Nathan) below:
Interim Exilarchs were:Hanan 260
Mar-Ukba 1 215-240 was the son of Nakhum II below:
Interim Exilarchs were: Yakob I 210-215, father of Hama, f. of Joseph, f. of Rava Gaon" (d. 352), was son of Huna I ?-210 son of Nakhum II below.
Johanan [II] 170-?
Nakhum [II] 145-170; He was brother to Johanan Exilarch and father of Shaphat Exilarch, and son of; Ahija(h) 135-145 Exilarch
This marked the establishment of a new second dynasty of Exilarchs as none of the ancestors of Ahija(h) between the Exilarch Akkub in 220 BCE and he were Exilarchs. The line was:
Yakov (120 CE) son of
Shlomo (90 CE) s. of
Hunya (60 CE) s. of
Nathan (30 CE) s. of
Shalom s. of
Hizkiah s. of
Shechaniah s. of
David (100 BCE) s. of
Shemaiah s. of
Shlomo s. of
David s. of
Akkub Exilarch 200 BCE.
The first dynasty of Exilarchs was interrupted in 13-9 BCE to about 30-33 CE, coincidental with the crucifixion of Christ in 30 CE. There was thus no competing prince of the royal line of Judah on the throne, during the entire life of Christ. That is a most important act of God and proof of the legitimacy of Christ as the lawful prince of Judah and king. Herod and his family were Edomites and descendants of Esau.
The Exilarch Shecaniah III ca. 50-80 CE was of note. He was the 40th Exilarch at the time of the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. The main line of the Exilarchís descendants became extinct ca. 100 CE and the title to the throne devolved upon a secondary line of the Royal House of David. That line we have listed above down to George III. Thus, the Royal Line of Judah in Judah from the Exilarchs was finally moved into Israel proper in the Hanoverians. This marks the third move and unification of the main lines of the royal dynasty through each of the dispersions and royal branches.
The father of Akkub (25th Exilarch 200 CE) was Elioenai 17th Exilarch. His brothers were:
Eliashib, 24th Exilarch (father of the 29th Exilarch)
Hodaviah 23rd Exilarch (father of the 28th Exilarch) son of
Johanan (I) 22nd Exilarch (father of the 27th Exilarch)
Ananai (II) 21st Exilarch ca 200 BCE).
Elioenai 17th Exilarch was son of Neariah 15th Exilarch. His brothers were:
Hezekieh I, 18th Exilarch father of Na(k)hun 19th Exilarch; and
Azrikam 20th Exilarch.
Neahriah 15th Exilarch was the son of Shemaiah 13th Exilarch; Shemaiahís five other sons were:
Hattush 14th Exilarch,
Shemida 16th Exilarch
Shemaiah 13th Exilarch was the son of Shecaniah (I) 12th Exilarch. Shemaiah the son of Shecaniah is the one who helped Nehemiah Governor of Judah repair the walls (Neh. 3:29). The chronological difficulties alleged by some Bible scholars are overcome when the correct dating of the reconstruction of the Temple is taken into account. The chronology and details are covered in the paper The Sign of Jonah and the History of the Reconstruction of the Temple (No. 13).
Shecaniah 12th Exilarch was the son of
Obadiah 11th Exilarch s. of
Arnan s. of
Rephaiah 10th Exilarch s. of
Yeshaiah 8th Exilarch, whose brother was Pelatiah (Phaltial).
Hananiah was the son of Zorobabel by his third wife. The brother by the same wife was Meshullam who is numbered 4th in the Exilarch list. His sister in the same parentage is Shelomith, wife of Elnathan, Governor of Judea 510-490 BCE. That marriage produced another Davidic lineage.
Zorobabel was the 23rd generation in male line descent from King David (No. 1). He was the accepted heir. The details of his ancestry and the solution of the two fathers listed for him being Shealtiel and Pediah (1Chron. 3:19) are explained under the Levirate laws and the explanation is in the paper The Genealogy of the Messiah (No. 119).
Zorobabel was the royal Jewish heir and 3rd Exilarch at Babylon ca 545 BCE. He was 8th Governor of Judea ca 537-536 BCE. He was Prince of Judah ca. 515 BCE and was recalled and imprisoned 513 BCE and executed 510 BCE.
He married three wives. The first wife was Amytis a Babylonian Princess, who was called a foreign wife. She bore him Shazrezzar, which is a Babylonian name. He was the ancestor of a major Davidic line.
Zorobabelís second wife was Rhodah who was a Persian princess who later remarried a Persian prince and was also called a foreign wife. She bore him Reza (a Persian Name). He was allegedly the half brother through his mother of Darius, king of Persia. It is this line that is referred to in the ancestry of Mariam if we accept that the line of Zorobabel was in fact through Nathan and the adopted son of Jeconiah, namely Shealtiel who was the actual son of Neri(ah). The Crown Princess Tamar was the means of the change in lineage. This is another incident of a Princess Tamar being used to transfer the kingship. We will examine this further below.
Thirdly, Zorobabel married Esthra, who was a Jewish princess and from whom the line of the current royal family is descended.
The prophecy concerning the throne and the place of Zorobabel in the process is seen to be part of the process of the birthright promises of the last days.
Remember that the father of Zorobabel was Shealtiel/Pediah and the father of Shealtiel was not actually Jeconiah. He was the adopted son of Jeconiah and was his acknowledged heir (Mat. 1:12). He was the son of the wife of King Jehoiakin or Jeconiah by a former husband of Princess Tamar, namely Prince Neri(ah). See also Luke 3:27. Now this fact gives another rise to the issue of from whom the lineage of Zorobabel was actually descended.
We see that the line in Luke was of David through Nathan, and the line in Matthew was of David through Solomon. If this explanation is taken into account, then the line of Jeconiah and the curse placed upon it is overcome in that the lineage through Zorobabel is through Shealtiel. However, the reality is that the father was claimed to be Pedaiah under the Levirate laws, and the progeny goes to the fatherís line. That lineage is in fact in Nathan through Neri or Neriah. It is probably this means that was used to overcome the curse placed on Jeconiahís lineage. Shealtiel appears to be the focal point in the combining of the lines. The lineage certainly sits on the throne of Judah, albeit in exile, and has done so for centuries, and recently over the ten tribes.
The major fact in all this is that we can trace the ancestry in the royal houses of Israel down to Northern Germany and the United Kingdom who are the Northern tribes of Israel. The kingship rests in Israel to this day until the return of the Messiah whose right it is.