Christian Churches of God

No. 282C

 

 

Rule of the Kings

Part III:

Solomon and the Key of David

 

(Edition 1.0 20000315-20060717-20070906)

The last phase of the Plan of God as reflected in the rule of the kings of Israel is that of King Solomon. This sequence was to point towards Christ and the establishment of the Church as the Spiritual Temple of God.

 

 

 

Christian Churches of God

PO Box 369,  WODEN  ACT 2606,  AUSTRALIA

 

E-mail: secretary@ccg.org

 

 

 

(Copyright ©  2000, 2006, 2007  Wade Cox)

 

 

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Rule of the Kings Part III: Solomon and the Key of David

 


The Charge to Solomon

As we have seen, God had selected Solomon to be king, just as he selected David to replace Saul. Each of the three rulers were taken for a purpose and their lives were to illustrate the Plan of God in the 6,000 years of the creation from Adam and the closure of Eden leading up to the millennial rest of Jesus Christ.

1Kings 2:1-46 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying, 2 I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; 3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself: 4 That the LORD may continue his word which he spake concerning me, saying, If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said he) a man on the throne of Israel. 5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. 6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace. 7 But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom thy brother. 8 And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. 9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood. 10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. 11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

 

David had seen the problems caused by those who had affected him, such as Joab, and Shimei the Benjamite, and he entrusted Solomon with their punishment in blood. Solomon was entrusted with the kingship and had specific duties. From that time also he was given wisdom in discernment and the first instance we saw was with the sentence on Adonijah.

 

12 Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly. 13 And Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, Comest thou peaceably? And he said, Peaceably. 14 He said moreover, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And she said, Say on. 15 And he said, Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign: howbeit the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother's: for it was his from the LORD. 16 And now I ask one petition of thee, deny me not. And she said unto him, Say on. 17 And he said, Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say thee nay,) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife. 18 And Bathsheba said, Well; I will speak for thee unto the king. 19 Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother; and she sat on his right hand. 20 Then she said, I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay. And the king said unto her, Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay. 21 And she said, Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife. 22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah. 23 Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life. 24 Now therefore, as the LORD liveth, which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and who hath made me an house, as he promised, Adonijah shall be put to death this day. 25 And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died.

 

Solomon had spared the lives of these men conditionally upon their proper conduct and loyalty. Adonijah’s request shows his intent on the throne after he had consolidated the marriage of Abishag the Shunamite, as she was David’s last companion and held in high esteem. It would have provided the link that Adonijah wanted to attempt to seize the throne again.

 

Solomon spared the life of Abiathar, the priest, because he bore the Ark of the Covenant before David. However, he banished him to Anathoth. This was the home of the prophets also.

 

26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted. 27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. 28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. 29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, Go, fall upon him. 30 And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, Thus saith the king, Come forth. And he said, Nay; but I will die here. And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me. 31 And the king said unto him, Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. 32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. 33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD. 34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness. 35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar. 36 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither. 37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that thou shalt surely die: thy blood shall be upon thine own head. 38 And Shimei said unto the king, The saying is good: as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do. And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days. 39 And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away unto Achish son of Maachah king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, Behold, thy servants be in Gath. 40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath. 41 And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again. 42 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, Did I not make thee to swear by the LORD, and protested unto thee, saying, Know for a certain, on the day thou goest out, and walkest abroad any whither, that thou shalt surely die? and thou saidst unto me, The word that I have heard is good. 43 Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that I have charged thee with? 44 The king said moreover to Shimei, Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore the LORD shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head; 45 And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the LORD for ever. 46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell upon him, that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. (KJV)

 

Shimei, the Benjamite, could not be trusted as he had raised a rebellion and was capable of doing it again. The charge was given to him so that when he broke it, as he disregarded the charges of the king previously, he could be killed without blame.

 

Solomon then began the task of establishing trading alliances by marriage with the neighbouring rulers. This practice was to ultimately bring him undone and divide the kingdom under his son. God did not do that in his reign because the Plan of God was to be revealed in it, and it was not to be marred in any way that would reflect on the rule of Christ and the Church, which Solomon’s reign was to symbolise. This entire sequence was to constitute the plan of salvation, known as the Key of David, and must remain complete until the restoration of the Last Days.

 

Solomon married the daughter of Pharaoh before the Temple was constructed. This was no doubt done to secure peace with Egypt until he had finished the Temples.

 

The Pharaoh concerned was of the 21st Tanite Dynasty that ruled Egypt from ca. 1070-945 BCE. This Pharaoh would have been Psusennes II Titkheprure (ca. 976-962), and he was succeeded by Siamun Nutekhepere (ca. 962-945). Solomon reigned for forty years to ca. 933 BCE. Thus, his relatives in Egypt were secure over his reign and peace was fairly assured. The Tanite Dynasty was displaced by the 22nd Dynasty (945-730 BCE), which was founded by Sheshonq I. He was descended from former Libyan mercenaries, the Meshwesh. He supported Jeroboam against Rehoboam king of Judah, perhaps because of Rehoboam’s father Solomon’s alliance and marriage to the Tanite princess. He campaigned in Palestine ca. 930 and laid tribute on Judah.

 

In this text in 1Kings 3 we see the wisdom given to Solomon as he had asked, and it was demonstrated in his judgments.

 

1Kings 3:1-28 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about. 2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days. 3 And Solomon loved the LORD, walking in the statutes of David his father: only he sacrificed and burnt incense in high places. 4 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there; for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that altar. 5 In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what I shall give thee. 6 And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. 7 And now, O LORD my God, thou hast made thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child: I know not how to go out or come in. 8 And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. 9 Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? 10 And the speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing. 11 And God said unto him, Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life; neither hast asked riches for thyself, nor hast asked the life of thine enemies; but hast asked for thyself understanding to discern judgment; 12 Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. 13 And I have also given thee that which thou hast not asked, both riches, and honour: so that there shall not be any among the kings like unto thee all thy days. 14 And if thou wilt walk in my ways, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as thy father David did walk, then I will lengthen thy days. 15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, and stood before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and offered up burnt offerings, and offered peace offerings, and made a feast to all his servants. 16 Then came there two women, that were harlots, unto the king, and stood before him. 17 And the one woman said, O my lord, I and this woman dwell in one house; and I was delivered of a child with her in the house. 18 And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house. 19 And this woman's child died in the night; because she overlaid it. 20 And she arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while thine handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom. 21 And when I rose in the morning to give my child suck, behold, it was dead: but when I had considered it in the morning, behold, it was not my son, which I did bear. 22 And the other woman said, Nay; but the living is my son, and the dead is thy son. And this said, No; but the dead is thy son, and the living is my son. Thus they spake before the king. 23 Then said the king, The one saith, This is my son that liveth, and thy son is the dead: and the other saith, Nay; but thy son is the dead, and my son is the living. 24 And the king said, Bring me a sword. And they brought a sword before the king. 25 And the king said, Divide the living child in two, and give half to the one, and half to the other. 26 Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said, O my lord, give her the living child, and in no wise slay it. But the other said, Let it be neither mine nor thine, but divide it. 27 Then the king answered and said, Give her the living child, and in no wise slay it: she is the mother thereof. 28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him, to do judgment. (KJV)

 

It was the capacity to see to the heart of the matter, and see the heart of the person under judgment that made Solomon great. Adonijah’s intent was clear, as was the motivation behind the harlot who would see the child dead. No true mother would do that even one who genuinely thought the child was her own rather than the other woman’s child. The motivation behind a woman who would see a child cut in half just to ensure another woman was not happy is a twisted mindset, and Solomon was able to get at the heart of the matter by a simple test and answer. Many in Israel were disconcerted at this news, as they knew that by his judgment in great matters he would be able to see through any ruse or deceit of theirs.

 

The blessing of Solomon is also recorded in Chronicles.

 

2Chronicles 1:1-17 And Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and the LORD his God [was] with him, and magnified him exceedingly. 2 Then Solomon spake unto all Israel, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to every governor in all Israel, the chief of the fathers.

 

At the outset, Solomon set out to worship God and be loyal and diligent.

2Chronicles 1:3-6 So Solomon, and all the congregation with him, went to the high place that [was] at Gibeon; for there was the tabernacle of the congregation of God, which Moses the servant of the LORD had made in the wilderness.  4 But the ark of God had David brought up from Kirjathjearim to the place which David had prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem. 5 Moreover the brasen altar, that Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, he put before the tabernacle of the LORD: and Solomon and the congregation sought unto it. 6  And Solomon went up thither to the brasen altar before the LORD, which [was] at the tabernacle of the congregation, and offered a thousand burnt offerings upon it.  (KJV)

 

As a result of his loyalty and obedience Solomon was asked by the Elohim (that we know as Jesus Christ) what he wanted.

7 In that night did God appear unto Solomon, and said unto him, Ask what I shall give thee.

 

Solomon here asked for wisdom and as a result received far more.

Chronicles 1:8-17 And Solomon said unto God, Thou hast shewed great mercy unto David my father, and hast made me to reign in his stead. 9 Now, O LORD God, let thy promise unto David my father be established: for thou hast made me king over a people like the dust of the earth in multitude. 10 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this thy people, that is so great? 11 And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee king: 12 Wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings have had that have been before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like. 13 Then Solomon came from his journey to the high place that was at Gibeon to Jerusalem, from before the tabernacle of the congregation, and reigned over Israel. 14 And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, which he placed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem. 15 And the king made silver and gold at Jerusalem as plenteous as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycomore trees that are in the vale for abundance. 16 And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king's merchants received the linen yarn at a price. 17 And they fetched up, and brought forth out of Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so brought they out horses for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, by their means. (KJV)

This text shows that the kings of the Hittites and the kings of Syria were allies with Solomon, and were provided with chariots and horses for their armies to the north of Israel, while Solomon’s alliances and commerce secured the border with Egypt under the 21st (Tanite) Dynasty, as it controlled the Nile Delta and the north of Egypt. The Syrians kept the lands to the Euphrates and ensured peace to the North East. At that time, the Hittite alliance of Hatti and Kalti (Celts) stretched from the north of what is now Lebanon, to the north of Turkey, to the borders of the lands of Meshech and Tubal in the north and eastwards towards the Caspian. They extended to the remains of the former kingdom of Wilusia and the city of Troy, which was destroyed in the last years of Eli’s rule as judge in Israel. They were to become mingled with Israel in alliance from then until after Israel’s captivity in 722 BCE. The Assyrians placed the Ten Tribes to the north between them and the Celts as a buffer to protect themselves. The Israelites in turn mingled and formed part of the horde with the Parthian Celts into Scythia because of these earlier alliances. They subsequently entered Europe in the second century CE.

 

Today they are a group of people with differing languages spread over North-West Europe, distinguished only by their YDNA Haplogroups but totally interbred by matrilineal mtDNA. The Hittite Celts and the Lost Ten Tribes are now both the children of Abraham (see the papers The Genetic Origin of the Nations (No. 265) and War of Hamon-Gog (No. 294)).

 

The Administration of Solomon

1Kings 4:1-34  So king Solomon was king over all Israel. 2 And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest, 3 Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder. 4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests: 5 And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king's friend: 6 And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute. 7 And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.

Thus, the twelve tribes were detailed to supply for the provisions of the household in Jerusalem on the basis of one month per tribe. In like manner, the priesthood and Levites were divided among the tribes on the basis of two divisions per tribe, and these received the tithe also from those tribes and paid the tithe of the tithe to the Temple at Jerusalem, which was under Zadok.

 

Appendices 1 and 2 deal with the Egyptian Dynasties related in the Bible and with the time-frames of the Key of David. Appendices 3 and 4 deal with the significance of the Levitical Priesthood established from and with the Temple, and also with the Mighty Men of Israel, of the thirty and the seven and the administration.

 

These are the names of the twelve officers of the tribal levies.

8 And these are their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim: 9 The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Bethshemesh, and Elonbethhanan: 10 The son of Hesed, in Aruboth; to him pertained Sochoh, and all the land of Hepher: 11 The son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; which had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife: 12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam: 13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars: 14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo had Mahanaim: 15 Ahimaaz was in Naphtali; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife: 16 Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and in Aloth: 17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar: 18 Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin: 19 Geber the son of Uri was in the country of Gilead, in the country of Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only officer which was in the land. 20 Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry. 21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life. 22 And Solomon's provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal, 23 Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl. 24 For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him. 25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. 26 And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen. 27 And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon's table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing. 28 Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries brought they unto the place where the officers were, every man according to his charge. 29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore. 30 And Solomon's wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt. 31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about. 32 And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five. 33 And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes. 34 And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom. (KJV)

 

Solomon thus wrote the Book of Proverbs and the full number thereof was three thousand.

 

Solomon was thus a botanist and an expert in animals, birds and fish. He became expert in the structure and extent of the creation.

 

When he became King, Hiram of Tyre set about establishing his relationship with Solomon as he had with David. This was what David had sought to do with the Ammonites, but they were foolish enough to insult and provoke David. Solomon did not do that to Hiram. Instead he enlisted his aid in the provision of materials for the Temple. So too are the Gentiles enlisted in the construction of the Spiritual Temple, which is the Church of God.

 

1Kings 5:1-18  And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David. 2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, 3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. 4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent. 5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name. 6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians. 7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people. 8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. 9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. 10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire. 11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year. 12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together. 13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men. 14 And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy. 15 And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains; 16 Beside the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work. 17 And the king commanded, and they brought great stones, costly stones, and hewed stones, to lay the foundation of the house. 18 And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them, and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house. (KJV)

 

The just methods of dealing with Hiram were different from the sorts of ways that the more powerful kings acted in those days towards less powerful neighbours. The usual way was to oppress them, but Solomon treated his father’s friend with honour and just terms in all he did, and they both prospered. It is on equal terms and with honour that the Gentiles of all nations enter the Kingdom of God, and are added to the Temple of God. In the same way the Hittites of the north were fused with Israel in later years and spread throughout Europe.

 

(End tape 282C1)

 

The Key of David

There is a specific text regarding the matter of the Key of David. It is mentioned as applying to the Church of the Philadelphians. The promise is made by Christ that he has the Key of David and that he will give it to the Church of the Philadelphians.

Revelation 3:7-8 These things saith the Holy One the True One, the One having the key of David, the [One] opening and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens; I know your works. Behold, I have given a door being opened before you and no one is able to shut it, for you have a little power and have kept my word, and have not denied my name. (KJV)

 

Now it is one thing to claim the name of the Church of the Philadelphians and say you have the Key of David, and quite another thing to behave as a Philadelphian and exercise the Key and explain its power and meaning. This Church actually carries the name of God and is given the open door through the power of God. No one can stop that Church from its work. It proclaims the nature of the Faith and the power of Eloah as the One True God.

 

In Revelation 3:7, we see that God reveals Himself as He that is Holy, He that is true, and He that has the Key of David. Thus, it is the worship of this entity that provides the basis of the Key of David. In Revelation 1:4, we see that it is from God, who was and is and is to come, and from the seven spirits of God which are before His throne, that the revelation is given.

 

From chapter 4 the Revelation then proceeds to declare the holiness of God with some seventeen heavenly utterances from Revelation 4:8,11; 5:9-10,12-14; 7:10,12; 11:15,17-18; 12:10-12; 14:13; 15:3-4; 19:1-8.

 

God’s holiness is proclaimed prior to judgment in Revelation 4:8, and as we see in Psalms 93, 97, 99 and Isaiah 6:3.

 

So what is the Key of David? Why is it important to the work of the Church of the Last Days?

 

There is obviously some aspect of the life of David that contains a key to the function of the Plan of God as it relates to the Church. That key opens the Mysteries of God to the Church in the Last Days, and the Church of the Philadelphians is given that open door to explain it, and to do the works of God through Christ and the Holy Spirit in the Last Days.

 

David was the key figure in the story of the Rule of the Kings. He was born in the reign of Saul and grew up to become the Lord’s Anointed. When he was thirty he assumed the kingship and reigned forty years. He handed over the kingship to Solomon and was thus alive in all three kingships.

 

The major thing he did in his life was to consolidate Israel in peace, and assemble a mighty collection of materials for the construction of the Temple. He planned its construction and wrote the Psalms for its worship. The major aspect of the rule of David was the Temple. Even though he did not build the Temple himself, it is nevertheless his role in that project that forms the key to understanding the Plan of God. In understanding David’s role, and the significance of the kings in that process, we understand the Plan of God to the reign of Jesus Christ and on under the Churches of God.

 

The understanding of the plan and the sequence is given to the people entrusted with it by the One True God, Eloah, in time as He determines to reveal the Mysteries of God to the world. Thus the One True God, Eloah, is the central place of worship in the Church of the Philadelphians. They cannot therefore be Ditheist, or Binitarian, much less Trinitarian.

 

God gives His understanding of the Key of David to his servants the prophets, and we see from the prophets what exactly is entailed in this Key.

 

The prophet Isaiah mentions the Key of David specifically.

 

Isaiah 22:17-25 Behold, the LORD will carry thee away with a mighty captivity, and will surely cover thee. 18He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house.  19 And I will drive thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down. 20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: 21 And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.  22 And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. 23 And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house.  24 And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.  25 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it. (KJV)

 

The Key of David is thus an aspect of prophecy and of understanding the process of the Government of God.

 

The person here is referred to in 2Kings 18:18-26. Thus the Key of David was entrusted to Eliakim, son of Hilkiah, who was head of the household in Hezekiah’s reign when the Assyrians came up against Jerusalem. When they had called to Hezekiah, Eliakim came out with Shebna the scribe and Joah (the son of Asaph) the recorder as heralds. Eliakim rent his clothes when he told Hezekiah of the words of Rab-shakeh the messenger of the king of Assyria, and Hezekiah rent his clothes also and sent him Isaiah, son of Amoz, the prophet.

 

Isaiah uttered the oracle of the Valley of the Vision in chapter 22. In this chapter he refers to Jerusalem and the “Valley of the Vision”, which was the area where the most solemn visions had been seen firstly with Abraham (Gen. 22:2,14; cf. the name Yahovah Yireh; and also that of David in 1Chr. 21:16,28; and the many visions of Isaiah 1:1; 6:1-4; The Septuagint reads Zion). Shebna was stated to be the treasurer and he was to be sent into captivity. He may well have been an alien or heathenised Jew. He was apostate and God said that He would drive him from his station and remove him (Isa. 22:17-19).

 

Thus the overthrow of apostasy was involved in the establishment of Eliakim in the place of the apostate Shebna.

 

Shebna was the one who thought he was the nail in the house of the Lord with the Key of David. However, he was overthrown and removed and the true servant of God established. The prophecy deals with the system that will be established, and the true oracles of God (which will be set up as the Key of David) as were set up originally. Thus the true oracles of God are set in place at the last phase before the Witnesses take their stations (see the paper The Witnesses (No. 135)). The system of the Church that was before it is replaced, and the Gospel is preached once and for all. The system of the Plan of Salvation and the Mysteries of God are delineated for the whole world as a witness, and then the end of this age shall come.

 

This text was to deal with the captivity and then the restoration of the Temple at Jerusalem under a prophet of sound knowledge, who was able to restore the Temple system and to deal with the Mysteries.

 

From this text we see that there were to be two dispersions and two restorations of the Temple system. Thus the Key of David was in understanding when those dispersions and restorations occurred and how they would be carried out. It is also clear that the first Restoration was to be by Judah under an appointed priest. Hezekiah was responsible for one of the restorations but so was Josiah, and then after the dispersion there was Nehemiah and Ezra, as we see here with Hezekiah and Eliakim. The restorations down to Christ are examined in the paper The Seven Great Passovers of the Bible (No.107).

 

There were thus two Temples: one from Solomon to the Babylonian Captivity, and the Second Temple from the construction in the reign of Darius II through Ezra and Nehemiah to the Destruction in 70 CE (see the paper The Sign of Jonah and the History of the Reconstruction of the Temple (No. 13)).

 

The Last Restoration is to be for the Third and final Temple. That phase is to be by the Church in the work of the Last Days. The Philadelphian system explains the process prior to Messiah’s return and then carries it out under the Messiah at His return for the establishment of the Kingdom of God on Earth. There will be two phases of this restoration for both the Spiritual Temple and then the physical restoration of the Physical Temple at Jerusalem, and the establishment of its religious system for the rule of the planet as prophesied by Ezekiel.

 

We will see how the Key of David is the opening of the Mysteries of God as they concern the Temple, and its ultimate construction as a spiritual edifice that is the Church of God in which God dwells in the power of the Holy Spirit.

 

We will now look at the significance of the dates and sequence of the revelation of God.

 

The Temple is Commenced

We see that in the 480th year after the children of Israel came out of Egypt the Temple was commenced. Israel had been in its land for 440 years (or eleven cycles of repentance) and still the Temple had not been started. It was commenced in the year 968/7 BCE in the fourth year of the reign of King Solomon.

 

Israel had been 40 years in the wilderness and then 436 years under the Judges (see the paper Samson and the Judges (No. 73)), and then under Saul and David; and now four years under Solomon.

 

Relevance to the Exodus

The Exodus occurred in the year 1448/7 BCE. If we take the earliest chronology offered that would make the Pharaoh of the Exodus Amenhotep II (1450-1412 BCE). If we take the later chronology of say Oxford then the Pharaoh is Thumoses III. The Karnak Stele erected by Amenhotep II’s son Thutmose IV speaks of the campaign in year 2 of his father’s reign (1448 BCE would be in that year of his reign based on the earlier chronology). There he is recorded as having a victory over the Asiatics, but the record of the booty is pitiful (quiver of arrows, etc.) and it is obviously a disaster for them. It seems he merely brought back a few strays.

 

The Karnak Stele says he captured 18 people and 16 horses. In the ninth Egyptian month of year 2 he captured 2 horses, 1 chariot, a coat of mail, 2 bows and a quiver of arrows and a corselet and an unknown object less important.

 

Then, in the following month, he faced a rebellion on returning to central Egypt among a garrison town of infantry at the behest of its occupants. He quotes this as a victory also, but it is Thutmoses IV that does so after his father’s death. This view would accord with the Exodus account. These accounts are not records of victories.

 

After quelling the rebellion he tried to save face. It appears as though he then attacked Gaza after the Exodus disaster and brought back 550 men, and 240 of their wives, and also some 612 kilograms of gold and 45 tonnes of copper.

 

This is based on the earlier chronology. However, this view is now challenged. It makes no difference whatsoever as to which Pharaoh was at the Exodus as both their reigns could easily have accommodated the Exodus from what is known of them.

 

The name Moses is derived from the family of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. It appears, on the earlier chronology, that Amenhotep II succeeded his father in the 39th year of Moses’ sojourn in Midian. Moses was 79 years of age. Amenhotep’s father was Thutmoses III Mekhepere.

 

Moses’ foster mother was the daughter of Ahmose I Nebpehtyre (ca. 1570-1546) founder of the 18th Dynasty, and thus Moses was named for that fact. Moses was born in 1528 BCE. Depending on the chronology used, it was either in the reign of Amenhotep I Djesekare (early dates ca. 1546-1527) who became Moses’ foster uncle, or in the reign of Amosis I, which seems to be the correct chronology. He would have thus died when Moses was almost two years old. Thutmose I Akheperkare succeeded him and he was succeeded by Thutmose II Akheperence. He was succeeded by Queen Hatshepsut Maakare (see Appendix 1 for analysis). She reigned as co-regent with her young nephew Thutmose III on the death of Thutmose II in 1498. Older documentation from the 1960-1970s held that Thutmose III reigned conjointly with Thutmose II from 1504 to 1498 BCE.  That was based on an unsustainable reign of 35 years for Thutmosis IV (ibid.). The modern chronology states Thutmose III reigned from 1479-1425.

 

It is thus a complete fiction to assert that Moses knew the Pharaoh of the Exodus at all other than by name, until he appeared before him. These facts and sequence can be deduced from the detail given here regarding the Temple, coupling them with the finds of modern archaeology.

 

The Temple was begun in the Second month of Zif or Iyar of the 480th year from the Exodus. The Second month was required for the consecration of the Temple sequence in the First month as required by Law.

 

The Exodus occurred in the 26th year of the 51st  Jubilee. This was the fifth year of the fourth cycle of the Jubilee, the year of Grace when the Law was given at Sinai. 

 

The Temple was commenced in the Sixth year of the first cycle of the 61st Jubilee from the closure of Eden in the Jubilee year of 3974 BCE. The period was exactly 3006 years from Adam’s expulsion and immediately following the Jubilee at the halfway mark in the rule of Satan. This was to mark the turn of the creation in the Plan of God. In a way, this was a divine parody of the worship of the Sun God where after the solstice the sun begins its ascendant in the worship of the Mystery Cults of Satan.

 

Thus the 480 years marked the commencement. It took twenty years to complete the work of the Temple and the King’s house, and the work was completed in the 500th year from the Exodus. It took seven years and seven months to complete the Temple building itself but twenty years overall.  Thus it was exactly ten Jubilees from the removal of Israel as God’s chosen nation from Egypt to the completion of the first physical Temple, and the establishing of Israel as the focal point of worship at Jerusalem.

 

It was the same time-frame for the restoration under Ezra and Nehemiah to the declaration of the Jubilee under Christ, and the establishment of the Church from Jerusalem.

 

The Seventy Weeks of Years of Daniel 9:25ff. went from the construction of the Temple to the destruction and dispersal at the end of the 490 years, and the Jubilee saw the 497 years of the cycle (see the paper The Sign of Jonah and the History of the Reconstruction of the Temple (No. 13)).

 

The 1263.5 days of the Witnesses are added as a section of this period at the end. These are the two golden lampstands that stand before the god of this Earth.

 

From Ezra to Christ and on to the Millennium is 49 Jubilees, ending in 2027.

 

Christ’s ministry, as the son of David, began in 28 CE and the Forty Jubilees given to the world for repentance ends in the 120th Jubilee in 2027. Prior to this period, the Witnesses will deal with the Earth from Jerusalem at the Temple site. They will preach 1260 days and lie dead for three and a half days, after which they will be resurrected. That is the last marker before the Messiah returns in all glory.

 

2028 begins the Fiftieth or Golden Jubilee of Jubilees from the Restoration of the Temple as the second physical Temple at Jerusalem.

 

Thus the Golden Jubilee is the First Jubilee of the millennial system. That period is used to re-establish the physical Temple and the Law of God from Jerusalem. The Earth will almost be destroyed by 2027. The Jubilee from 2028 to 2077 will see the Earth restored to all its glory, with the administration of the camp of the saints at Jerusalem.

 

The return from Babylon under Ezra and Nehemiah for the Reading of the Law, and the restoration at Jerusalem for the Second Temple, marked the commencement to Christ in the same way the Exodus marked the commencement under Moses to the completion of the First Temple at Jerusalem. That period was to see the destruction of the physical Temple and its dispersion.

 

It will be exactly fifty Jubilees from Nehemiah and Ezra’s Restoration to the establishment of the millennial system under Christ and the construction of the millennial Temple. There are forty-nine Jubilees to 2027. The Fiftieth Jubilee is 2028 to 2077. In that Jubilee the construction of the Houses of worship and administration will take place in Jerusalem. The Millennial Temple, or House of Worship of the One True God under the rule of Messiah and the elohim who are the elect, will be finished in that Jubilee.

 

The subjugation and the sanctification of the nations take place over the last 21 years of the 120th Jubilee, that is, from 2006 to Atonement of 2027 (see the paper Sanctification of the Nations (No. 77)).

 

The restoration of the system takes place from that time. Christ will return prior to that time to save the elect. If he did not there would be no flesh saved alive (see also the paper The Last Thirty Years: the Final Struggle (No. 219) and Forty Years for Repentance (No. 290)).

 

The First Temple

David passed the rule to Solomon in the First year of the 61st Jubilee. The preparation began so that the Temple could be built for the Reading of the Law in that Jubilee. It was to take twenty years to complete the House of God and the King’s house and the other houses (see below). The completion of it all was done by the 25th year of the 61st Jubilee.

 

The Temple was commenced in the Fourth year of Solomon’s reign, the year 968 BCE.

 

The entire construction and outfitting of the House of God and the associated buildings was completed in the Seventh month called Ethanim, or Tishri, and the Feast was held for 14 days.

 

As we see below, the actual construction of the building itself took seven years and seven months and was completed in the Eighth month of the Eleventh year of Solomon’s reign. The completion was thus not in time for the Feast of Tabernacles in that year. Thus there is another significance to this period. The Temple was commenced after the Passover, in the Second month of the Fourth year of Solomon   and completed in the Eighth month of Bul, or Heshavan (October/November in the 487th year from the Exodus, being the year 961 BCE).

 

These time sequences also form a part of the Key of David. The time-frames mentioned separately are also of significance to the period of the Last Days from the return of the Messiah and the establishment of the Spiritual Temple, and the final completion of the physical structure of the Temple in Jerusalem.

 

By the 28th year of the Jubilee the Law was read in the House of God in Jerusalem. The entire period of construction covered 21 years of the Sanctification for the Temple. By the Sabbath year it was ready. The 29th year commenced another 21 years of the period leading up to the Jubilee, and thus the nation was sanctified over that period also. It was then to be three thousand years until the establishment of the millennial reign of Jesus Christ at the 120th Jubilee of the creation from the closure of Eden, which is due in 2027 CE.   

 

The next 60 Jubilees were to mark the construction of the physical system and its passing into the spiritual system of the Church and the government of God. It is clear that God works to the Jubilee system and uses periods of Jubilees in blocks of 10, 20 and 40.

 

From the OT texts it is clear that a Messiah had to arise in the Jubilee of 27 CE and his ministry had to commence in 28 CE. He had to die to save sinners. It is equally clear that he had to make Atonement and he had to return as the King Messiah. That time-frame had to cover the six thousand years of the creation of God and end with the 120th Jubilee in 2027.

 

From that time the period of Messianic Rule would commence from 2028 to 3027, being the Sabbath rest of the Messiah. After that period comes the Judgment following the Second or General Resurrection of the Dead. 

 

The texts read:

1Kings 6:1-38 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD. 2 And the house which king Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits. 3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house. 4  And for the house he made windows of narrow lights. 5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: 6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. 7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building. 8 The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third. 9 So he built the house, and finished it; and covered the house with beams and boards of cedar. 10 And then he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house with timber of cedar.

 

The stones of the Temple were made ready elsewhere and brought to the site. In the same way the living stones are made ready away from Jerusalem and brought there for the establishment of the Spiritual Temple at the return of Christ. They are perfect, and required no work on site, being a building fitly framed together.

 

There are thus two phases to the construction: one in the establishment of the Living Stones; the other in the physical system under the Law at Jerusalem.

 

In the construction of the Temple the word of God then was given to Solomon, establishing a covenant with Israel that was conditional to obedience.

 

11 And the word of the LORD came to Solomon, saying, 12 Concerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I perform my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father: 13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel. 14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it. 15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the ceiling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir. 16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle, even for the most holy place. 17 And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long. 18 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen. 19 And the oracle he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD. 20 And the oracle in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar. 21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold. 22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until he had finished all the house: also the whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold. 23 And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubits high. 24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits. 25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubims were of one measure and one size. 26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub. 27 And he set the cherubims within the inner house: and they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing of the one touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house. 28 And he overlaid the cherubims with gold. 29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without. 30 And the floor of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without. 31 And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree: the lintel and side posts were a fifth part of the wall. 32 The two doors also were of olive tree; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubims, and upon the palm trees. 33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts of olive tree, a fourth part of the wall. 34 And the two doors were of fir tree: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding. 35 And he carved thereon cherubims and palm trees and open flowers: and covered them with gold fitted upon the carved work. 36 And he built the inner court with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams. 37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: 38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it. (KJV)

 

This is the first sequence of the Key of David and it relates to the primary structure, which is the House of God made of Living Stones; and that sequence relates to the return of the Messiah and its completion for the Nations.

 

Solomon’s House

Solomon’s house took thirteen years to build, then he built the house of the Forest of Lebanon also. The Temple was the major effort and it all took twenty years. He also set Pharaoh’s daughter up in her own house.

 

The sequence, as we see, is seven years and seven months for the House of God and then thirteen years for the House of the King, the Porch of Judgment, and the House of the Forest of Lebanon.

 

1Kings 7:1-51 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house. 2 He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof was an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars. 3 And it was covered with cedar above upon the beams, that lay on forty five pillars, fifteen in a row. 4 And there were windows in three rows, and light was against light in three ranks. 5 And all the doors and posts were square, with the windows: and light was against light in three ranks. 6 And he made a porch of pillars; the length thereof was fifty cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits: and the porch was before them: and the other pillars and the thick beam were before them. 7 Then he made a porch for the throne where he might judge, even the porch of judgment: and it was covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other. 8 And his house where he dwelt had another court within the porch, which was of the like work. Solomon made also an house for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had taken to wife, like unto this porch. 9 All these were of costly stones, according to the measures of hewed stones, sawed with saws, within and without, even from the foundation unto the coping, and so on the outside toward the great court. 10 And the foundation was of costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits. 11 And above were costly stones, after the measures of hewed stones, and cedars. 12 And the great court round about was with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the inner court of the house of the LORD, and for the porch of the house.

 

Hiram assisted in the construction. Hiram king of Tyre was half-Israelite. His father was of Tyre and his mother was a widow of the tribe of Napthali. So too are the allied nations of Israel today as we see in the texts mentioned herein.

13 And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. 14 He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work. 15 For he cast two pillars of brass, of eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits did compass either of them about. 16 And he made two chapiters of molten brass, to set upon the tops of the pillars: the height of the one chapiter was five cubits, and the height of the other chapiter was five cubits: 17 And nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; seven for the one chapiter, and seven for the other chapiter. 18 And he made the pillars, and two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the chapiters that were upon the top, with pomegranates: and so did he for the other chapiter. 19 And the chapiters that were upon the top of the pillars were of lily work in the porch, four cubits. 20 And the chapiters upon the two pillars had pomegranates also above, over against the belly which was by the network: and the pomegranates were two hundred in rows round about upon the other chapiter. 21 And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz. 22 And upon the top of the pillars was lily work: so was the work of the pillars finished. 23 And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: it was round all about, and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. 24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast. 25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. 26 And it was an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths. 27 And he made ten bases of brass; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it. 28 And the work of the bases was on this manner: they had borders, and the borders were between the ledges: 29 And on the borders that were between the ledges were lions, oxen, and cherubims: and upon the ledges there was a base above: and beneath the lions and oxen were certain additions made of thin work. 30 And every base had four brasen wheels, and plates of brass: and the four corners thereof had undersetters: under the laver were undersetters molten, at the side of every addition. 31 And the mouth of it within the chapiter and above was a cubit: but the mouth thereof was round after the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it were gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round. 32 And under the borders were four wheels; and the axletrees of the wheels were joined to the base: and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit. 33 And the work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes, and their spokes, were all molten. 34 And there were four undersetters to the four corners of one base: and the undersetters were of the very base itself. 35 And in the top of the base was there a round compass of half a cubit high: and on the top of the base the ledges thereof and the borders thereof were of the same. 36 For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved cherubims, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about. 37 After this manner he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure, and one size. 38 Then made he ten lavers of brass: one laver contained forty baths: and every laver was four cubits: and upon every one of the ten bases one laver. 39 And he put five bases on the right side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward over against the south. 40 And Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the basons. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he made king Solomon for the house of the LORD: 41 The two pillars, and the two bowls of the chapiters that were on the top of the two pillars; and the two networks, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; 42 And four hundred pomegranates for the two networks, even two rows of pomegranates for one network, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters that were upon the pillars; 43 And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases; 44 And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea; 45 And the pots, and the shovels, and the basons: and all these vessels, which Hiram made to king Solomon for the house of the LORD, were of bright brass. 46 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarthan. 47 And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because they were exceeding many: neither was the weight of the brass found out. 48 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained unto the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold, whereupon the shewbread was, 49 And the candlesticks of pure gold, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs of gold, 50 And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers of pure gold; and the hinges of gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple. 51 So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the house of the LORD. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated; even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of the LORD. (KJV)

 

The names of the pillars of the Temple are derived from the names of two Israelites. One, Jachin, was a Simeonite, the ancestor of the Jachinites. The second, Boaz, was a member of Judah. The story of Boaz is well known. He became the husband of Ruth and the father of Obed and Jesse and David and thence to the Messiah (see the paper Ruth (No. 27)). His name Boaz (SHD 1162) is from an unused root of uncertain meaning and was only applied to this man, the ancestor of David. With different vowels it may relate to being strengthened.

 

The name of Jachin (Yachin, SHD 3199) means: He will establish, or Yah (or more fully Yaho[vah]) will establish and can be more readily seen as a reference to the meaning of the name in God as being the One who will establish.

 

Although we cannot discount the fact that as Simeon was to be scattered in Israel, he may also have been an ancestor of David, and that David named both pillars for the strong ancestors of his line as examples of the Faith.

 

It is much more likely that the symbolism of the names point to the role of God in the establishment of the Spiritual Temple of God.

 

Whilst the name of Boaz is not as clear in meaning, it also is explained by his redemptive role in the story of Ruth. Thus the two pillars at the entrance to the Temple mean: He strengthens (Bullinger says: in Him is strength) and He establishes. Those meanings point to the central acts of the construction of the final spiritual Temple of God.

 

They also have specific meaning and their measurements are given differently in a number of texts. These are not contradictions, but rather variations on the way they were measured.

 

In 1Kings 7:15-16, the two pillars are stated to measure 18 cubits high for one pillar, and the second pillar was twelve cubits in girth. The capitals were 5 cubits.

 

The totals of pillar and capitals are thus 23 cubits high and 12 cubits in girth

 

We assume that both pillars are symmetrical and it is merely worded as it is to show the measurements of height and girth for the both pillars. Jeremiah 52:21-22 gives exactly the same height for the pillars and capitals. 2Kings 25:17 says the pillars were 18 high, plus 3 cubits for the capitals. This measurement in all probability excluded the leaf decoration, which was lily work as mentioned in the texts (1Kgs. 7:22).

 

The text in 2Chronicles gives the pillars a combined measurement of 35 cubits and 5 for the capitals. So, the pillars are 35 cubits at 17.5 cubits each with a half cubit for the join, and the pedestals were 5 cubits.

 

Commentators rarely examine the intention of the text. The number forty is the number of repentance, and the pillars symbolise the redemption of God and His establishment over the period of repentance allocated to the individual. The pillars represent the development of a man by the intervention of God. The ratios of each pillar are 1 to 6 plus 2/3, which is the dimension of a man in body to head, at almost 1 to 7.

 

The capitals have varying measurements. 1Kings 7:20 says that the pomegranates on the capitals were two hundred in rows round about the chapters. The pillar on the right was Jachin and the one on the left was Boaz. Further down in verse 42 it says they were two hundred in order to show the two hundred were reckoned to each capital (see also 2Chr. 4:13). In 2Chronicles 3:16 they are termed a hundred, meaning, they are a hundred in each row. Jeremiah 52:23 says that the rows to Ruach or to windward (i.e. exposed) are 96.

 

2Chronicles also goes on to say that the porch was 120 cubits, using me’ah (SHD 3967) and 'esriym (SHD 6242). 1Kings 6:2-3 says the Temple was 60 cubits long, twenty cubits wide and thirty cubits high. It also says the porch was 20 cubits long, and according to the breadth of the house, and the breadth on the front of the house (i.e. entering the porch) was 10 cubits. It is silent as to the height of the porch, and people assume that it was the same height as the body of the Temple but the texts say it was four times the height of the body of the Temple. The porch at 120 cubits symbolised the duration of the physical creation in this age measured in Jubilees. That figure was also symbolised in the life of Moses as we saw in the Pentateuch. The life of Moses was divided into three parts of forty years, and was reflected also in the three phases of the Rule of the Kings. The figure “thirty” in the main body depicted the inner government of God, and also the age to be attained before one could become an elder of the congregation of God.

 

The six levels in the entry depicted the first six cycles in the life of man. The seventh level, which was the body of the Temple itself, symbolised the final Sabbath cycle of the Jubilee allocated to mankind. A man had to be twenty years of age to enter adulthood and be eligible for war. One had to be twenty-five years before being enrolled in the Temple service, and thirty years to be an elder of God.

 

A person was allocated one Jubilee as an adult to develop in the Holy Spirit. Moses was allocated two Jubilees. David died at seventy years of age, symbolising the reduction in time to the single Jubilee. He handed over to Solomon before his death, symbolising order in the progression of authority to the Lord’s Anointed.

 

The Holy of Holies was the Naos, which represented the final year of human life and when the person achieved oneness with God. The Naos was to represent the stage of human development when God entered man in the Holy Spirit and elevated him to an elohim. That is why the NT refers to us as being the Naos, “which Naos we are” (1Cor. 3:17).

 

The tables, and the shewbread, and the ten lampstands stood for the development of the Church of God over the period allocated to the Church in its seven stages of development under the seven angels of the seven churches.

 

The other three represented the lampstands that were Messiah and the Two Witnesses (see the paper The Witnesses (No. 135)).

 

The Holy of Holies contained the Ark of the Covenant and the Law of God, where the Law was enshrined in the hearts of men who had become the Temple of God.

 

The molten sea of the Temple was thirty cubits around and ten cubits across and so God revealed the ratio of the diameter to the circumference (1:3) in the dimensions. It was outside of the House of God as was the altar, to symbolise that Christ died outside of the camp as a sacrifice once and for all that we all might be cleansed and redeemed to God.

 

The Temple dimensions pointed to the Plan of Salvation and the redemption of humanity to God. The sequence of its construction complied with that plan and reflected it in every facet of its development. The Key of David is understanding and teaching the Mysteries of God in accordance with the Jubilee structure allocated to it, and being able to prophesy in accordance with sound doctrine, and according to the Law and the Testimony.

 

Establishing the Ark in the Temple

Only when the Temple was complete was the Ark of the Covenant brought to the Temple, so that God might be seen as its centre. It was brought up in the month of Tishri, which symbolised the Advent of the Messiah and King and Ruler of the Earth as the new Morning Star.

 

1Kings 8:1-66  Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem, that they might bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion. 2 And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month. 3 And all the elders of Israel came, and the priests took up the ark. 4 And they brought up the ark of the LORD, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and all the holy vessels that were in the tabernacle, even those did the priests and the Levites bring up. 5 And king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel, that were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be told nor numbered for multitude. 6 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, into the oracle of the house, to the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims. 7 For the cherubims spread forth their two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above. 8 And they drew out the staves, that the ends of the staves were seen out in the holy place before the oracle, and they were not seen without: and there they are unto this day. 9 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.

Thus the Tablets were placed in the Ark to symbolise the fact that God would place His Law in the hearts of all people and they would become the central place of his residence as the Naos or the Holy of Holies of the Temple of God. That is why the Ark is to be brought no more, as the Ark is the hearts of the elect of the Churches of God.

 

10 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, 11 So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD. 12 Then spake Solomon, The LORD said that he would dwell in the thick darkness. 13 I have surely built thee an house to dwell in, a settled place for thee to abide in for ever. 14 And the king turned his face about, and blessed all the congregation of Israel: (and all the congregation of Israel stood;) 15 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which spake with his mouth unto David my father, and hath with his hand fulfilled it, saying, 16 Since the day that I brought forth my people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build an house, that my name might be therein; but I chose David to be over my people Israel. 17 And it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 18 And the LORD said unto David my father, Whereas it was in thine heart to build an house unto my name, thou didst well that it was in thine heart. 19 Nevertheless thou shalt not build the house; but thy son that shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house unto my name. 20 And the LORD hath performed his word that he spake, and I am risen up in the room of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised, and have built an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 21 And I have set there a place for the ark, wherein is the covenant of the LORD, which he made with our fathers, when he brought them out of the land of Egypt. 22 And Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven: 23 And he said, LORD God of Israel, there is no God like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and mercy with thy servants that walk before thee with all their heart: 24 Who hast kept with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst him: thou spakest also with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day. 25 Therefore now, LORD God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit on the throne of Israel; so that thy children take heed to their way, that they walk before me as thou hast walked before me. 26 And now, O God of Israel, let thy word, I pray thee, be verified, which thou spakest unto thy servant David my father. 27 But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have builded? 28 Yet have thou respect unto the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O LORD my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the prayer, which thy servant prayeth before thee to day: 29 That thine eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place of which thou hast said, My name shall be there: that thou mayest hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall make toward this place. 30 And hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place: and hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place: and when thou hearest, forgive. 31 If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house: 32 Then hear thou in heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way upon his head; and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness. 33 When thy people Israel be smitten down before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee, and shall turn again to thee, and confess thy name, and pray, and make supplication unto thee in this house: 34 Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest unto their fathers. 35 When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them: 36 Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the good way wherein they should walk, and give rain upon thy land, which thou hast given to thy people for an inheritance. 37 If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blasting, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpiller; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities; whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be; 38 What prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel, which shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread forth his hands toward this house: 39 Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;) 40 That they may fear thee all the days that they live in the land which thou gavest unto our fathers. 41 Moreover concerning a stranger, that is not of thy people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for thy name's sake; 42 (For they shall hear of thy great name, and of thy strong hand, and of thy stretched out arm;) when he shall come and pray toward this house; 43 Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for: that all people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as do thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by thy name. 44 If thy people go out to battle against their enemy, whithersoever thou shalt send them, and shall pray unto the LORD toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house that I have built for thy name: 45 Then hear thou in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause. 46 If they sin against thee, (for there is no man that sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captives unto the land of the enemy, far or near; 47 Yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent, and make supplication unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying, We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness; 48 And so return unto thee with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray unto thee toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name: 49 Then hear thou their prayer and their supplication in heaven thy dwelling place, and maintain their cause, 50 And forgive thy people that have sinned against thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against thee, and give them compassion before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them: 51 For they be thy people, and thine inheritance, which thou broughtest forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron: 52 That thine eyes may be open unto the supplication of thy servant, and unto the supplication of thy people Israel, to hearken unto them in all that they call for unto thee. 53 For thou didst separate them from among all the people of the earth, to be thine inheritance, as thou spakest by the hand of Moses thy servant, when thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord GOD. 54 And it was so, that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication unto the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven. 55 And he stood, and blessed all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice, saying, 56 Blessed be the LORD, that hath given rest unto his people Israel, according to all that he promised: there hath not failed one word of all his good promise, which he promised by the hand of Moses his servant. 57 The LORD our God be with us, as he was with our fathers: let him not leave us, nor forsake us: 58 That he may incline our hearts unto him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments, which he commanded our fathers. 59 And let these my words, wherewith I have made supplication before the LORD, be nigh unto the LORD our God day and night, that he maintain the cause of his servant, and the cause of his people Israel at all times, as the matter shall require: 60 That all the people of the earth may know that the LORD is God, and that there is none else. 61 Let your heart therefore be perfect with the LORD our God, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his commandments, as at this day. 62 And the king, and all Israel with him, offered sacrifice before the LORD. 63 And Solomon offered a sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered unto the LORD, two and twenty thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of the LORD. 64 The same day did the king hallow the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings: because the brasen altar that was before the LORD was too little to receive the burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings. 65 And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days. 66 On the eighth day he sent the people away: and they blessed the king, and went unto their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the LORD had done for David his servant, and for Israel his people. (KJV)

 

(End tape 282C2)

 

The Covenant established with Solomon

The Angel of God, the subordinate God of Israel we know as Christ (Ps. 45:6-7; Heb. 1:8,9), appeared to Solomon and established God’s Covenant with him and the Nation. The Covenant was conditional. They were told they would be punished if they did not keep it.

 

1Kings 9:1-28  And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all Solomon's desire which he was pleased to do, 2 That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon. 3 And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. 4 And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and my judgments: 5 Then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel. 6 But if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them: 7 Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people: 8 And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house? 9 And they shall answer, Because they forsook the LORD their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil. 10 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king's house, 11 (Now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. 12 And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not. 13 And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day. 14 And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold. 15 And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. 16 For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife. 17 And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether, 18 And Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land, 19 And all the cities of store that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion. 20 And all the people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which were not of the children of Israel, 21 Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day. 22 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondmen: but they were men of war, and his servants, and his princes, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots, and his horsemen. 23 These were the chief of the officers that were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work. 24 But Pharaoh's daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo. 25 And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt offerings and peace offerings upon the altar which he built unto the LORD, and he burnt incense upon the altar that was before the LORD. So he finished the house. 26 And king Solomon made a navy of ships in Eziongeber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom. 27 And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon. 28 And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon. (KJV)

 

So also the text on Chronicles deals with the sequence of the Temple and the Covenant established with the Nation.

 

2Chronicles 2:1-18 And Solomon determined to build an house for the name of the LORD, and an house for his kingdom. 2 And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred to oversee them. 3 And Solomon sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, As thou didst deal with David my father, and didst send him cedars to build him an house to dwell therein, even so deal with me. 4 Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel. 5 And the house which I build is great: for great is our God above all gods. 6 But who is able to build him an house, seeing the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain him? who am I then, that I should build him an house, save only to burn sacrifice before him? 7 Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue, and that can skill to grave with the cunning men that are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father did provide. 8 Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of Lebanon: for I know that thy servants can skill to cut timber in Lebanon; and, behold, my servants shall be with thy servants, 9 Even to prepare me timber in abundance: for the house which I am about to build shall be wonderful great. 10 And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil. 11 Then Huram the king of Tyre answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon, Because the LORD hath loved his people, he hath made thee king over them. 12 Huram said moreover, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the king a wise son, endued with prudence and understanding, that might build an house for the LORD, and an house for his kingdom. 13 And now I have sent a cunning man, endued with understanding, of Huram my father's, 14 The son of a woman of the daughters of Dan, and his father was a man of Tyre, skilful to work in gold, and in silver, in brass, in iron, in stone, and in timber, in purple, in blue, and in fine linen, and in crimson; also to grave any manner of graving, and to find out every device which shall be put to him, with thy cunning men, and with the cunning men of my lord David thy father.

 

As Hiram was also half-Israelite, so too was the artificer that he sent. His father was also Hiram and the artificer was his father’s man. That man was from a woman of Dan, and a man of Tyre. The participation of the females of Israel in intermarrying with Gentiles brought the Gentiles into the construction of the Temple. That fact pointed towards the composite nature of Israel in the Last Days and that salvation was of the Gentiles.

 

15 Now therefore the wheat, and the barley, the oil, and the wine, which my lord hath spoken of, let him send unto his servants: 16 And we will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as thou shalt need: and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa; and thou shalt carry it up to Jerusalem. 17 And Solomon numbered all the strangers that were in the land of Israel, after the numbering wherewith David his father had numbered them; and they were found an hundred and fifty thousand and three thousand and six hundred. 18 And he set threescore and ten thousand of them to be bearers of burdens, and fourscore thousand to be hewers in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred overseers to set the people a work. (KJV)

 

There were 153,600 strangers in Israel and they were put to work in the construction as levies. Seventy thousand men were bearers of burdens, 80,000 were hewers in the mountains and 3,600 were overseers. Thus all the Gentiles within Israel were used in the construction. Salvation when extended to the Gentiles is universal.

 

2Chronicles 3:1-17 Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. 2 And he began to build in the second day of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign. 3 Now these are the things wherein Solomon was instructed for the building of the house of God. The length by cubits after the first measure was threescore cubits, and the breadth twenty cubits. 4 And the porch that was in the front of the house, the length of it was according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the height was an hundred and twenty: and he overlaid it within with pure gold. 5 And the greater house he cieled with fir tree, which he overlaid with fine gold, and set thereon palm trees and chains. 6 And he garnished the house with precious stones for beauty: and the gold was gold of Parvaim. 7 He overlaid also the house, the beams, the posts, and the walls thereof, and the doors thereof, with gold; and graved cherubims on the walls. 8 And he made the most holy house, the length whereof was according to the breadth of the house, twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof twenty cubits: and he overlaid it with fine gold, amounting to six hundred talents. 9 And the weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold. And he overlaid the upper chambers with gold. 10 And in the most holy house he made two cherubims of image work, and overlaid them with gold. 11 And the wings of the cherubims were twenty cubits long: one wing of the one cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house: and the other wing was likewise five cubits, reaching to the wing of the other cherub. 12 And one wing of the other cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house: and the other wing was five cubits also, joining to the wing of the other cherub. 13 The wings of these cherubims spread themselves forth twenty cubits: and they stood on their feet, and their faces were inward. 14 And he made the vail of blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and wrought cherubims thereon. 15 Also he made before the house two pillars of thirty and five cubits high, and the chapiter that was on the top of each of them was five cubits. 16 And he made chains, as in the oracle, and put them on the heads of the pillars; and made an hundred pomegranates, and put them on the chains. 17 And he reared up the pillars before the temple, one on the right hand, and the other on the left; and called the name of that on the right hand Jachin, and the name of that on the left Boaz. (KJV)

 

It is through the salvation of God that we enter the Temple of God. The Cherubim protect the throne of God and represent the Cherubim of the Host. The Cherubim of Ezekiel’s Temple demonstrate that the two replacement Cherubim on either side of the palm that is Christ, are replacing the man and lion-headed cherubim of the Fallen Host, namely Satan and the lion-headed Aeon. These elohim are Abraham and Moses, who are the only two mentioned as Elohim in the texts of Genesis and Exodus.

 

Whilst Abraham and Moses are the only two mentioned as Elohim, the transfiguration couples Moses and Elijah (Mat. 17:3). Thus we can assume that there are at least four beings involved in the sequence, namely Enoch, Abraham, Moses and Elijah and perhaps even another two beings yet to be identified.

 

2Chronicles 4:1-22 Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height thereof. 2 Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. 3 And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast. 4 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. 5 And the thickness of it was an handbreadth, and the brim of it like the work of the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies; and it received and held three thousand baths. 6 He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in. 7 And he made ten candlesticks of gold according to their form, and set them in the temple, five on the right hand, and five on the left. 8 He made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the right side, and five on the left. And he made an hundred basons of gold. 9 Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid the doors of them with brass. 10 And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south. 11 And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God; 12 To wit, the two pillars, and the pommels, and the chapiters which were on the top of the two pillars, and the two wreaths to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were on the top of the pillars; 13 And four hundred pomegranates on the two wreaths; two rows of pomegranates on each wreath, to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were upon the pillars. 14 He made also bases, and lavers made he upon the bases; 15 One sea, and twelve oxen under it. 16 The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks, and all their instruments, did Huram his father make to king Solomon for the house of the LORD of bright brass. 17 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah. 18 Thus Solomon made all these vessels in great abundance: for the weight of the brass could not be found out. 19 And Solomon made all the vessels that were for the house of God, the golden altar also, and the tables whereon the shewbread was set; 20 Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, that they should burn after the manner before the oracle, of pure gold; 21 And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, made he of gold, and that perfect gold; 22 And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold: and the entry of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of the house of the temple, were of gold. (KJV)

 

Gold did not tarnish and was a malleable metal. So too the elect are to be pure and refined and malleable or teachable.

 

2Chronicles 5:1 Thus all the work that Solomon made for the house of the LORD was finished: and Solomon brought in [all] the things that David his father had dedicated; and the silver, and the gold, and all the instruments, put he among the treasures of the house of God.

 

There were items dedicated in preparation, and these were then brought into the Temple when it was ready. Thus there were elements used in the construction and there were items set aside for use after the first phase of the construction was completed.

 

2Chronicles 5:2 Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which [is] Zion.

 

When the Temple was ready the Ark of the Covenant was brought to Jerusalem. Thus the Ark symbolised the Holy Spirit within the elect, which takes up residence at Jerusalem after the Messiah has completed the primary phase. Salvation is also of Judah and Jerusalem in that phase, as with all Israel.

 

2Chronicles 5:3-14  Wherefore all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto the king in the feast which was in the seventh month. 4 And all the elders of Israel came; and the Levites took up the ark. 5 And they brought up the ark, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and all the holy vessels that were in the tabernacle, these did the priests and the Levites bring up. 6 Also king Solomon, and all the congregation of Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told nor numbered for multitude. 7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, to the oracle of the house, into the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims: 8 For the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above. 9 And they drew out the staves of the ark, that the ends of the staves were seen from the ark before the oracle; but they were not seen without. And there it is unto this day. 10 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put therein at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt. 11 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place: (for all the priests that were present were sanctified, and did not then wait by course: 12 Also the Levites which were the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:) 13 It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the LORD; and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of musick, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever: that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the LORD; 14 So that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of God. (KJV)

 

The Ark will be brought to mind no more (see the paper The Ark of the Covenant (No. 196)). The representation is that the Holy Spirit, which conveys the Law of God and its understanding, will replace the physical Ark and will convert Judah and Israel in the Last Days, but only after the primary edifice – the Church of God – has been established.

 

2Chronicles 6:1-42 Then said Solomon, The LORD hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness. 2 But I have built an house of habitation for thee, and a place for thy dwelling for ever. 3 And the king turned his face, and blessed the whole congregation of Israel: and all the congregation of Israel stood. 4 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, who hath with his hands fulfilled that which he spake with his mouth to my father David, saying, 5 Since the day that I brought forth my people out of the land of Egypt I chose no city among all the tribes of Israel to build an house in, that my name might be there; neither chose I any man to be a ruler over my people Israel: 6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel. 7 Now it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 8 But the LORD said to David my father, Forasmuch as it was in thine heart to build an house for my name, thou didst well in that it was in thine heart: 9 Notwithstanding thou shalt not build the house; but thy son which shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house for my name. 10 The LORD therefore hath performed his word that he hath spoken: for I am risen up in the room of David my father, and am set on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised, and have built the house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 11 And in it have I put the ark, wherein is the covenant of the LORD, that he made with the children of Israel. 12 And he stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands: 13 For Solomon had made a brasen scaffold, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court: and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven, 14 And said, O LORD God of Israel, there is no God like thee in the heaven, nor in the earth; which keepest covenant, and shewest mercy unto thy servants, that walk before thee with all their hearts: 15 Thou which hast kept with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him; and spakest with thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with thine hand, as it is this day. 16 Now therefore, O LORD God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that which thou hast promised him, saying, There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit upon the throne of Israel; yet so that thy children take heed to their way to walk in my law, as thou hast walked before me. 17 Now then, O LORD God of Israel, let thy word be verified, which thou hast spoken unto thy servant David. 18 But will God in very deed dwell with men on the earth? behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house which I have built! 19 Have respect therefore to the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O LORD my God, to hearken unto the cry and the prayer which thy servant prayeth before thee: 20 That thine eyes may be open upon this house day and night, upon the place whereof thou hast said that thou wouldest put thy name there; to hearken unto the prayer which thy servant prayeth toward this place. 21 Hearken therefore unto the supplications of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, which they shall make toward this place: hear thou from thy dwelling place, even from heaven; and when thou hearest, forgive. 22 If a man sin against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to make him swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house; 23 Then hear thou from heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, by requiting the wicked, by recompensing his way upon his own head; and by justifying the righteous, by giving him according to his righteousness. 24 And if thy people Israel be put to the worse before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee; and shall return and confess thy name, and pray and make supplication before thee in this house; 25 Then hear thou from the heavens, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gavest to them and to their fathers. 26 When the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; yet if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict them; 27 Then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, when thou hast taught them the good way, wherein they should walk; and send rain upon thy land, which thou hast given unto thy people for an inheritance. 28 If there be dearth in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillers; if their enemies besiege them in the cities of their land; whatsoever sore or whatsoever sickness there be: 29 Then what prayer or what supplication soever shall be made of any man, or of all thy people Israel, when every one shall know his own sore and his own grief, and shall spread forth his hands in this house: 30 Then hear thou from heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and render unto every man according unto all his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou only knowest the hearts of the children of men:) 31 That they may fear thee, to walk in thy ways, so long as they live in the land which thou gavest unto our fathers. 32 Moreover concerning the stranger, which is not of thy people Israel, but is come from a far country for thy great name's sake, and thy mighty hand, and thy stretched out arm; if they come and pray in this house; 33 Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for; that all people of the earth may know thy name, and fear thee, as doth thy people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by thy name. 34 If thy people go out to war against their enemies by the way that thou shalt send them, and they pray unto thee toward this city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name; 35 Then hear thou from the heavens their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause. 36 If they sin against thee, (for there is no man which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them over before their enemies, and they carry them away captives unto a land far off or near; 37 Yet if they bethink themselves in the land whither they are carried captive, and turn and pray unto thee in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we have done amiss, and have dealt wickedly; 38 If they return to thee with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, whither they have carried them captives, and pray toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, and toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house which I have built for thy name: 39 Then hear thou from the heavens, even from thy dwelling place, their prayer and their supplications, and maintain their cause, and forgive thy people which have sinned against thee. 40 Now, my God, let, I beseech thee, thine eyes be open, and let thine ears be attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. 41 Now therefore arise, O LORD God, into thy resting place, thou, and the ark of thy strength: let thy priests, O LORD God, be clothed with salvation, and let thy saints rejoice in goodness. 42 O LORD God, turn not away the face of thine anointed: remember the mercies of David thy servant. (KJV)

 

Healing was extended to all in forgiveness of sin. Thus the dedication of the House of God was so that the Gentiles also could be saved, and could turn and ask of God whatever they would and it would be granted to them.

 

After Solomon had prayed, fire came down from Heaven and consumed the burnt offerings as a sign that God had heard and consented to their prayers. The children of Israel were then deeply conscious of what God had done. Thus five hundred years after the Exodus, signs were given again to Israel concerning the presence of the Angel of the Lord with them as the Yahovah of Israel, who was Jesus Christ (Ps. 45:6-7; Heb 1:8-9).

 

2Chronicles 7:1-22 Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house. 2 And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the LORD'S house. 3 And when all the children of Israel saw how the fire came down, and the glory of the LORD upon the house, they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worshipped, and praised the LORD, saying, For he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever. 4 Then the king and all the people offered sacrifices before the LORD. 5 And king Solomon offered a sacrifice of twenty and two thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep: so the king and all the people dedicated the house of God. 6 And the priests waited on their offices: the Levites also with instruments of musick of the LORD, which David the king had made to praise the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever, when David praised by their ministry; and the priests sounded trumpets before them, and all Israel stood. 7 Moreover Solomon hallowed the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the brasen altar which Solomon had made was not able to receive the burnt offerings, and the meat offerings, and the fat. 8 Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt. 9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days. 10 And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people. 11 Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD, and the king's house: and all that came into Solomon's heart to make in the house of the LORD, and in his own house, he prosperously effected.

The Feast of the Seventh month was for fourteen days, being seven days for the dedication of the altar, and seven days of the Feast of Tabernacles. The dedication was from 8 to 14 Tishri, and the seven days of the Feast from 15 to 21 Tishri. The Last Great Day was 22 Tishri, and on 23 Tishri they returned to their homes. The Last Great Day was not counted as the Feast in these calculations. The Last Great Day in the end times signifies the Great White Throne Judgment and is not part of the millennial system. It is the Second Resurrection of the Dead and relates to the judgment of the world. In the Tishri sequence at the end of this age it relates to the Jubilee of 2027. Then the Restoration is completed and the people are returned to their lands in Israel and the rest of the world.

 

This sequence also relates to the end of the age. The twenty-one days referred to combine the sequence to reach the millennial system as outlined in the paper Sanctification of the Nations (No. 77). That sequence is three lots of seven days and the restoration for the new system in Jerusalem. Thus the first seven years of the Sanctification take us to 2012, which is the responsibility of the Church. Its doctrine must be correct and complete and published to all nations by that date. The Key of David is given to the faithful Church in the Last Days, publishing the original doctrines of the Church of God from the First century. That means a Unitarian Monotheist structure with doctrine intact, including the Sacred Calendar with New Moons. That is the Key of David in explaining the sequence of the Last Days in prophecy.

 

In the phase here, in the Temple sequence, the Sanctification of the Altar is in fact the second lot of seven days of Tishri, commencing on the Eighth of Tishri, or 2013 in year-for-a-day terms to the Jubilee of 2027. The final seven days is the subjugation of the nations from Jerusalem under Messiah from 2019 to 2026 (see also the paper The Fall of Jericho (No. 142)). The Jubilee in 2027 completes the process and 2028 is the New Millennial system. By 2028 the physical Millennial Restoration is under way, and the Temple system and the administrative system in Jerusalem is constructed, as are the houses of the King and the Porch of Judgment. From there, judgment will issue to the world.

 

12 And the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice. 13 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people; 14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. 15 Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. 16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. 17 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments; 18 Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel. 19 But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; 20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations. 21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house? 22 And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them. (KJV)

Solomon was cautioned as to what would happen if they engaged in idolatry, yet he himself stumbled on this very injunction.

 

2Chronicles 8:1-18 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the house of the LORD, and his own house, 2 That the cities which Huram had restored to Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there. 3 And Solomon went to Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it. 4 And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath. 5 Also he built Bethhoron the upper, and Bethhoron the nether, fenced cities, with walls, gates, and bars; 6 And Baalath, and all the store cities that Solomon had, and all the chariot cities, and the cities of the horsemen, and all that Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and throughout all the land of his dominion. 7 As for all the people that were left of the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which were not of Israel, 8 But of their children, who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel consumed not, them did Solomon make to pay tribute until this day. 9 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no servants for his work; but they were men of war, and chief of his captains, and captains of his chariots and horsemen. 10 And these were the chief of king Solomon's officers, even two hundred and fifty, that bare rule over the people. 11 And Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David unto the house that he had built for her: for he said, My wife shall not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places are holy, whereunto the ark of the LORD hath come. 12 Then Solomon offered burnt offerings unto the LORD on the altar of the LORD, which he had built before the porch, 13 Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.

 

Solomon established the Laws of God and the Calendar and kept the Sabbaths and New Moons as Holy Days, as he did the Holy Days of the Feasts; these he kept three times in the year, according to the sacred Calendar (see the paper God’s Calendar (No. 156)). That system was meant to be kept right down until the Temple was destroyed in 70 CE. However, it was often not kept, and the Feasts and the Reading of the Law were often not done at all through apostasy and indolence.

 

The system organised by David was instituted and kept down to the porters on the gates, as everything had meaning for the future Temple under Jesus Christ.

 

14 And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded. 15 And they departed not from the commandment of the king unto the priests and Levites concerning any matter, or concerning the treasures. 16 Now all the work of Solomon was prepared unto the day of the foundation of the house of the LORD, and until it was finished. So the house of the LORD was perfected. 17 Then went Solomon to Eziongeber, and to Eloth, at the sea side in the land of Edom. 18 And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants that had knowledge of the sea; and they went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, and took thence four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to king Solomon. (KJV)

 

The Queen of Sheba

Solomon took women from outside of Israel. The selection of the wives of Solomon was to represent the inclusion of Gentiles into the Church, and the idolatry that Israel saw and suffered was to represent the corruption of the Church by these foreign wives who were the Gentile churches. The worst of these was to be the system corrupted from Rome.

 

1Kings 10:1-29 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions. 2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. 3 And Solomon told her all her questions: there was not any thing hid from the king, which he told her not. 4 And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon's wisdom, and the house that he had built, 5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her. 6 And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. 7 Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard. 8 Happy are thy men, happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and that hear thy wisdom. 9 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice. 10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon. 11 And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones. 12 And the king made of the almug trees pillars for the house of the LORD, and for the king's house, harps also and psalteries for singers: there came no such almug trees, nor were seen unto this day. 13 And king Solomon gave unto the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which Solomon gave her of his royal bounty. So she turned and went to her own country, she and her servants. 14 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred threescore and six talents of gold, 15 Beside that he had of the merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the country.

The significance here is that the King of Tyre is often a name applied to Satan. The total weight of gold that came in through trade was six hundred and sixty-six talents of gold, which is the number of the Beast. It represents the iniquity of the system of the Host and the corruption of the system established under the final phase, which represents the Church. It pointed towards the corruption of the Church system by wealth and trade and pointed to the perversion of doctrine over the last phase of the Church in the wilderness. Those who sought wealth were corrupted in the Beast system.

 

16 And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of gold went to one target. 17 And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon. 18 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold. 19 The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne was round behind: and there were stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays. 20 And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps: there was not the like made in any kingdom. 21 And all king Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; none were of silver: it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon. 22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks. 23 So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom. 24 And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. 25 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and armour, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year. 26 And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, whom he bestowed in the cities for chariots, and with the king at Jerusalem. 27 And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycomore trees that are in the vale, for abundance. 28 And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king's merchants received the linen yarn at a price. 29 And a chariot came up and went out of Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did they bring them out by their means. (KJV)

The names mentioned here show that the naval forces of Tarshish, which were centred in Spain, were the naval forces of the Ancient Sea Kings. Solomon aligned with Hiram and they were centred on the coast of Tyre and Sidon. This fact also explains the YDNA K2 groups of the Phoenicians in Lebanon, and also in Malta, and among the modern Jews and Druze (see the papers The Genetic Origin of the Nations (No. 265) and War of Hamon-Gog (No. 294)). We now know that at this time they were trading with South America and were bringing tobacco and cocaine to Egypt. Forensic tests on the mummies in Berlin and Britain confirm that fact.

 

Chronicles also record details of the Queen of Sheba, and the blessings and wisdom of Solomon.

2Chronicles 9:1-31 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. 2 And Solomon told her all her questions: and there was nothing hid from Solomon which he told her not. 3 And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built, 4 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her. 5 And she said to the king, It was a true report which I heard in mine own land of thine acts, and of thy wisdom: 6 Howbeit I believed not their words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the one half of the greatness of thy wisdom was not told me: for thou exceedest the fame that I heard. 7 Happy are thy men, and happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and hear thy wisdom. 8 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee to set thee on his throne, to be king for the LORD thy God: because thy God loved Israel, to establish them for ever, therefore made he thee king over them, to do judgment and justice. 9 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance, and precious stones: neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave king Solomon. 10 And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones. 11 And the king made of the algum trees terraces to the house of the LORD, and to the king's palace, and harps and psalteries for singers: and there were none such seen before in the land of Judah. 12 And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which she had brought unto the king. So she turned, and went away to her own land, she and her servants. 13 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and threescore and six talents of gold; 14 Beside that which chapmen and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon. 15 And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of beaten gold went to one target. 16 And three hundred shields made he of beaten gold: three hundred shekels of gold went to one shield. And the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon. 17 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold. 18 And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays on each side of the sitting place, and two lions standing by the stays: 19 And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps. There was not the like made in any kingdom. 20 And all the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold: none were of silver; it was not any thing accounted of in the days of Solomon. 21 For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks. 22 And king Solomon passed all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom. 23 And all the kings of the earth sought the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom, that God had put in his heart. 24 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, harness, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year. 25 And Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen; whom he bestowed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem. 26 And he reigned over all the kings from the river even unto the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt. 27 And the king made silver in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycomore trees that are in the low plains in abundance. 28 And they brought unto Solomon horses out of Egypt, and out of all lands. 29 Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam the son of Nebat? 30 And Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years. 31 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and he was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead. (KJV)

 

In his old age Solomon turned into an idolater. This was to be so at the end of the age in the Church. Many were corrupted by false doctrine. The symbolism was to reflect the Church in its decadent phase.

1Kings 11:1-43 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; 2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. 3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. 4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. 5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father. 7 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. 8 And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods. 9 And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, 10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. 11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 13  Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen.

 

Because of this idolatry God decided to deal with Solomon through the adjunct lands. Thus peace was removed from him.

14 And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom. 15 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, after he had smitten every male in Edom; 16 (For six months did Joab remain there with all Israel, until he had cut off every male in Edom:) 17 That Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father's servants with him, to go into Egypt; Hadad being yet a little child. 18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran: and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt; which gave him an house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land. 19 And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh's house: and Genubath was in Pharaoh's household among the sons of Pharaoh. 21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, Let me depart, that I may go to mine own country. 22 Then Pharaoh said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country? And he answered, Nothing: howbeit let me go in any wise. 23 And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: 24 And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a band, when David slew them of Zobah: and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus. 25 And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, beside the mischief that Hadad did: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria. 26 And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon's servant, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up his hand against the king. 27 And this was the cause that he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, and repaired the breaches of the city of David his father. 28 And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph. 29 And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: 30 And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces: 31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: 32 (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:) 33 Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father. 34 Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant's sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes: 35 But I will take the kingdom out of his son's hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes. 36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there. 37 And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel. 38 And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in my ways, and do that is right in my sight, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did; that I will be with thee, and build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto thee. 39 And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not for ever. 40 Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon. 41 And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon? 42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead. (KJV)

 

2Chronicles 10:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who [was] in Egypt, whither he had fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard [it], that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.

 

Here we see how Jeroboam left for Egypt and joined Sishak, or Shishonq I, the king of Libyan descent of the 22nd Dynasty who was at war with and had destroyed the 21st Tanite Dynasty, which allied with Solomon through his marriage. This was to prove a great trouble for Judah under Rehoboam when the Egyptians supported Jeroboam on his return and imposed tribute on Judah.

2Chronicles 12:9 So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he took all: he carried away also the shields of gold which Solomon had made.

 

The Egyptians removed the treasures of the House of God put there by Solomon, and it was no longer the glory it once had been.

 

From his writings, Solomon appears to have repented in his old age and restored himself, but he was to be punished. The story was to remain as it was so that the Church would understand what was to happen to it in later years. The last phases of the Churches of God were to be spiritually dead and corrupted by Binitarianism, or Ditheism, and ultimately by Trinitarianism. Some adopted the false calendar of post-Temple rabbinical Judaism. They were poor, pitiable, blind and naked, yet thought they were rich.

 

On the death of Solomon, God then proceeded to allow the kingdom to be torn apart and the northern tribes to be taken away from the kingship in Judah.

2Chronicles 10:1-19 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king.  2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt, whither he fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.  3 And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying.  4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.  5 And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.  6 And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people?  7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good words to them, they will be thy servants for ever.  8 But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before him.  9 And he said unto them, What advice give ye that we may return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us? 10 And the young men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat lighter for us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins. 11 For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day. 13 And the king answered them roughly; and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men,  14 And answered them after the advice of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.  15 So the king hearkened not unto the people: for the cause was of God, that the LORD might perform his word, which he spake by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 16 And when all Israel saw that the king would not hearken unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to your tents, O Israel: and now, David, see to thine own house. So all Israel went to their tents.  17 But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.  18 Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.  19 And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.

 

2Chronicles 13:6 Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, is risen up, and hath rebelled against his lord.

 

2Chronicles 13:7 And there are gathered unto him vain men, the children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them.

 

This act was to make a clear demarcation in the period of the Rule of the Kings and the Plan of God as outlined under the Key of David and those given in the subsequent lineages. Israel was later to be removed by the Assyrians, ca. 722 BCE, so it could be placed elsewhere in its inheritance, as God had promised the blessings to Abraham. 

 

In 120 years, over the reigns of three kings, God had shown what would happen to the world and to the Church of God to be established under the Messiah.

 

Judah and part of Benjamin stayed with the kingship and the North removed itself. However, they only lasted three years before they fell from grace.

2Chronicles 11:17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon.

 

Judah had to stay where it was so that the Messiah would come to his place and destiny, in order to save the world from sin and destruction. There were occasional restorations but often it was sin and destruction (see the paper The Seven Great Passovers of the Bible (No.107)). These restorations were high points following disobedience and captivity.            

 

Appendix 1:The Dynasties of Egypt in the Bible

Appendix 2: The Key of David Outline

Appendix 3: 282D The Mighty Men of Israel

Appendix 4: 282E The Temple Priesthood

 

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Appendix 1: The Dynasties of Egypt in the Bible

 

The Bible records that a change in the rulership of Egypt occurred and a Pharaoh arose that did not know Joseph. This Pharaoh began to oppress the Israelites. The reason that oppression occurred is that the period in which the Israelites prospered was in the reign of the Hyksos, or Shepherd kings, who were an Asiatic and pastoral people that invaded Egypt and ruled it for a few hundred years. The record of Manetho and later scribes employs a technique of comparison of evil aliens and good native heroes, and so the Hyksos are demonised far more than they should have been. The place of Israel in Egypt in the early days is no doubt because of the place of the Hyksos and Israel’s Asiatic and Semitic origin. Their persecution followed the fall of the Hyksos, or they may have even been part of the Hyksos rule. The Hyksos ruled for 104 years and Egypt was split in two. Upper Egypt was ruled by the 17th Dynasty while at the same time the 16th Hyksos Dynasty ruled Lower Egypt. This so-called division might even have originated when Joseph was made viceroy of Egypt and the Israelites moved into Goshen and covered the 15th dynasty. The Bible story is obviously supported by Egyptian history, yet historians deliberately try to mislocate the Bible so as to make it into a myth.

 

The 18th Dynasty originated from the 17th and the founder was the result of a sibling marriage of Seqenenre II and his sister. He in turn married his niece. Ahmose subjugated the Hyksos and assumed total control. The 18th Dynasty is thus not a new Dynasty but the record of a Pharaoh who did not know Joseph, enslaving the Hyksos and removing Semitic administration in Lower Egypt.

 

 

The Pharaohs

 

1785-1650 BC           

13th-15th Dynasty

Second Intermediate Period

 

1650-1554 BC           

16th Dynasty

Hyksos Domination from Lower Egypt

 

1650-1554 BC

17th Dynasty

Kamose Seqenenre II (Upper Egypt) 

 

1554-1305 BC             

18th Dynasty

Ahmose (Amosis I)

Amenhotep I (Amenophis I)

Tuthmosis I
Tuthmosis II
Hatshepsut
Tuthmosis III
Amenhotep II
Tuthmosis IV
Amenhotep III
Amenhotep IV
Semenkare
Tutankhamen
Queen Ankhesenamun
Ay
Horemhab

 

1305-1196 BC           

19th Dynasty

Rameses I

Seti I

Rameses II
Lord Ameni
Merenptah
Seti II
Siptah

 

                                                                                

Overview of the 18th Dynasty

 

Name                           Manetho                Highest Year                           Dates  

 

Ahmose                       Amosis                                                            1550 – 1525

The start date for this Dynasty is held by some to be 1554. The dates by Baine and Malek in the Atlas of Ancient Egypt (Time Life, 1994) say 1550-1307 (see below). The Wikipedia dates are given as follows.

Amenhotep I               Amenophis                                                      1525 - 1494

Thutmosis I                 Tethmosis                                                        1494 - 1482

Thutmosis II                Khebron                                                          1482 - 1479

Thutmosis III              Misphragmuthosis                                           1479 - 1425

Hatshepsut                  Amensis                                                          1473 - 1458

Amenhotep II                                                                                     1425 - 1401

Thutmosis IV              Tuthmosis                                                       1401 - 1391

Amenhotep III                                                                                    1391 - 1353

Amenhotep IV
Akhenaten                                                                                       1353 - 1335

Semenekhkare                                                                                     1335 - 1334

Tutankhamun                                                                                      1334 - 1325

Ay                                                                                                       1325 - 1321

Horemheb                   Armaios                       13                                1321 - 1307

(note Wikipedia says 1540-1307. The Wikipedia dates are thus quite out of sequence to the dates accepted by others).

 

Details of the Pharaohs involved

1785-1650 BC                        13th-15th Dynasty                  Second Intermediate Period

 

1650-1554 BC                        16th Dynasty              Hyksos Domination from Lower Egypt

 

1650-1554 BC                          17th Dynasty             Kamose Seqenenre II (Upper Egypt)

                                    The fourteenth king of the Theban Dynasty, ruling Egypt contemporaneously with the Hyksos 15th and 16th Dynasties, was the son of Tao I and Queen Tetisheri. When Tao received word from Apophis, ruler of the Hyksos, capital in Avaris, that the hippopotami in the sacred pool at Thebes kept him awake with their snoring, Tao regarded it as an insult. The hippopotami were 400 miles from Apophis’ sleeping chambers! Tao declared war but was soon killed. His mummy shows evidence of blows by battle-axes, spears and lances. His ribs, vertebrae and skull were fractured. His heir, Kamose, assumed the throne and the war, and was victorious (cf. http://www.touregypt.net). Kamose was the last of the 17th Dynasty but his son (brother?) Ahmose commenced the 18th Dynasty, which was in effect simply a consolidation of Egypt when the Hyksos were deposed. Thus the enslaving of Israel was coincidental with the fall of the Hyksos. The most logical explanation, when the later propaganda is discarded, is that the administration of Egypt had been established by Joseph and this is the period referred to as the rule of the Hyksos. They are recorded as levying tribute over all Egypt. Such a proposition was rejected because it is assumed they were a separate rule rather than an administration. Later denigration of the Hyksos is now being seen as uninformed propaganda.

 

1554-1305 BC            18th Dynasty                            Ahmose (Amosis I)

1554-1525                   King Amosis asserts his parents were the children of the same mother and father, a classical example of brother and sister marriage. The mother of Amosis was 'Ahhotpe, and she was the wife of Sekenenre' Ta'o II. In all probability, her mother Terisheri was the consort of Ta'o I, whose tomb, like that of Ta'o II, had to be inspected in the reign of Ramesses IX and found intact. Nothing much known about Ta'o I but it is thought that his Prenomen was Senakhtenre'.

 

1528/7 BCE: Moses was born, prior to the death of Ahmosis and was named after him by his sister.  Based on the earlier chronology for the 18th Dynasty he would have been born in the reign of Amenhotep I.

 

1525-1504 BCE                         Amenhotep I (Amenophis I)

 

1525 BCE: The death of Ahmose/Ahmosis I, (some say 1527). The year was the Sabbath year of the final cycle of the 49th Jubilee. It saw an end of the murder of the Israelite children in their persecution. The New Kingdom, or the Empire experienced more than a century and a half of unbroken prosperity. The orders for the extermination of the Israelites were probably motivated by their being seen as part of the hated Hyksos. The orders were given by this king to establish the dynasty.

“The son of Ahmose and Queen Ahmose Nefretiri, Amenhotep I was the second king of the 18th Dynasty. He may have ascended to the throne at a relatively young age, for an elder brother had been designated as heir only about five years earlier.”

It appears that Ahmosis’ eldest son died. We might say that this was a punishment for the death of the Israelite children.

“Amenhotep evidently carried on many of the practices of his father, and his mother certainly played an important part in his reign, acting as God's Wife of Amun. Amenhotep I may have been married to his sister, (Ahmose-) Merytamun, who was a God's Wife of Amun, though there is apparently little documentation to substantiate this relationship. Better known is this king's daughter, Satamun, who is known both from her coffin found in one of the royal mummy caches, and from two statues at central and southern Karnak” (see the article by Jimmy Dunn  http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/amenhotep1.htm)

 

1524 BCE               49th Jubilee

 

1504-1492                                      Tuthmosis I
1492-1479                                      Tuthmosis II

1488 BCE : Moses turns 40 years of age and is exiled to Midian by Tuthmosis II, in his fourth year of rule, after killing the guard

 

1479-1458 BCE                            Hatshepsut (Ma’atkare’) Queen Regent
1473 BCE                                      Hatshepsut crowned herself Pharaoh.

 

Wikipedia gives some confusing comment regarding Hatshepsut.

 

Hatshepsut was the eldest daughter of Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose, the first king and queen of the Thutmosid clan of the 18th Dynasty. Thutmose I and Ahmose are known to have had only one other child, a daughter Akhbetneferu (Neferubity), who died in infancy. Thutmose I also married Mutnofret, possibly a daughter of Ahmose I, and produced several half-brothers to Hatshepsut: Wadjmose, Amenose, Thutmose II, and possibly Ramose, through that union. Both Wadjmose and Amenose were prepared to succeed their father, but neither lived beyond adolescence. In childhood, Hatshepsut is believed to have been favored by the Temple of Karnak over her two brothers—a view promoted by her own propaganda. She apparently had a loving relationship with both parents, and produced a propaganda story in which her father Thutmose I supposedly named her as his direct heir (see below).

Upon the death of her father in 1492 BC, she married Thutmose II and assumed the title of Great Royal Wife. Thutmose II ruled for thirteen years, during which it has been traditionally believed that Hatshepsut exerted a strong influence over him.

Thutmose II had one daughter with Hatshepsut, Neferure. Hatshepsut groomed Neferure as crown prince, commissioning official portraits of her wearing the false beard and side lock of youth. Some scholars speculate that this is evidence that Hatshepsut was grooming Neferure for the throne; others that she was merely planning another Hatshepsut. Whatever her intentions were, they came to nothing as Neferure did not live into adulthood.

 

The Wikipedia article then gives the reign of Hatshepsut as being from 1503 BCE to 1482 BCE. However, that seems to be based on early incorrect dates or confuses her marriage to Thutmose II with Thutmose I. It says she died “in early February 1482 BC or 1483 BC”. It then also claims that she had herself crowned pharaoh around 1473 BC, taking the throne name Maatkare.

 

Maatkare Hatshepsut or Hatchepsut (late 16th century BC – c. 1482 BC) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Hatshepsut is generally regarded by modern Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, ruling longer than any female ruler of an indigenous dynasty. She was one of the most prolific builders of ancient Egypt, commissioning hundreds of construction projects throughout both Upper and Lower Egypt and under her reign Egypt's trade networks began to be rebuilt, after their disruption during the Hyksos occupation of Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. She is believed to have ruled from 1503 BC to 1482 BC. Josephus writes that she reigned 21 years and 9 months, while Africanus states her reign lasted 22 years; both of whom were quoting Manetho. Hatshepsut is regarded variously as the earliest known queen regnant in history, as the first known female to take the title King of Upper and Lower Egypt, and the first great woman in recorded history.

 

Lesser sheds more light on the matter as follows. She married Thutmose II about a year before the death of Thutmose I.

“The duration of the reign of Thutmosis II is given by Beckerath (1997) with [as] 12 - 14 years and by Grimm and Schoske (1999) with [as] only 3 years - then he was buried. Up to now no tomb in the Valley of Kings could be assigned to him with certainty but some evidence points to tomb KV42. The fact that KV42 is [a] simple tomb in which a sarcophagi without inscriptions was found indicates that the king died rather surprisingly and neither a suitable tomb nor a sarcophagi of an appropriate high quality was available.

 

Based on the aforementioned calculations about her age at her marriage and about the duration of the reign of Thutmosis II Hatshepsut might have been between 15 (after Grimm and Schoske) and 30 years (after Beckerath) old at the time her husband died.

Since there is some evidence that Thutmosis I still reigned for at least 1 year after her marriage with Thutmosis II Hatshepsut could have been quite 15 years - or only little older - at least if her husband Thutmosis II had reigned only for about 3 years. Therefore, it is quite possible that her mother Ah-mose exercised the regency for some time, before Hatshepsut after the death of Ah-mose - in agreement with the family tradition of the Ahmosids and the Egyptian history (the exercise of the regency for an under-age king is testified since the Old Kingdom) - exercised the regency for the under-age Thutmosis III.” (Dr Karl Lesser http://www.maat-ka-ra.de/english/maat_ka_ra/regentin.htm)

These next of kin marriages resulted in severe inbreeding in the Egyptian aristocracy. The practice was common in those days. The names given to both males and females were variations on the name Mose or Mosis, and the root origin of the name Moses (or Moshe) is obvious.

 

www.touregypt.net summaries the matters as follows.

Hatshepsut, the fifth ruler of the 18th Dynasty, was the daughter of Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. As was common in royal families, she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, who had a son, Thutmose III, by a minor wife. When Thutmose II died in 1479 B.C. his son, Thutmose III, was appointed heir. However, Hatshepsut was appointed regent due to the boy's young age. They ruled jointly until 1473 when she declared herself pharaoh. Dressed in men’s attire, Hatshepsut administered affairs of the nation, with the full support of the high priest of Amun, Hapuseneb and other officials. When she built her magnificent temple at Deir el Bahari in Thebes she made reliefs of her divine birth as the daughter of Amun. Hatshepsut disappeared in 1458 B.C. when Thutmose III, wishing to reclaim the throne, led a revolt. Thutmose had her shrines, statues and reliefs mutilated.

 

This was the general view regarding the mutilations of her reliefs but we now question this view.

 

After her death, many of Hatshepsut's monuments and depictions were subsequently defaced or destroyed, including those in her famous mortuary temple complex at Deir el-Bahri. These have traditionally been interpreted to be evidence of acts of damnatio memoriae (condemning a person by erasing him or her from recorded existence) by Thutmose III. However, recent research by scholars such as that of Charles Nims and Peter Dorman have re-examined these erasures and found that the acts which could be dated occurred after the forty-second year of Thutmose's reign. This casts serious doubt upon the popular theory that Thutmose III ordered their destruction in a fit of vengeful rage shortly after his accession. Rather, it is more widely accepted today that Thutmose III may have simply decided to erase the memory of Hatshepsut's from the historical records because under Egypt's deeply conservative and hierarchical political system, only men were supposed to rule the state while women were expected to remain loyal to their husbands and nourish their households. Indeed, prior to Hatshepsut's reign only two other female Egyptian Pharaohs were known to exist: Nitocris and Sobekneferu. Unlike Hatshepsut however, both these queens enjoyed a very brief reign (Wikipedia).

 

1479-1425                                      Tuthmosis III

“The successor of Thutmosis II was his son, Thutmosis III, who was born by his second wife, Isis. How old Thutmosis III had been at the time his father died and he ascended to the throne (in year 1479 B.C. due to Beckerath, 1997) is not known. However he ruled for about 54 years  - including the regency of Hatshepsut - and his mummy is not that of a very old man. Thus, he was most likely an infant and in each case not older than 10 years. According to an inscription dated to year 42 of his reign he was 6 years old when he was chosen by an oracle of Amun to become king. This inscription surely was an attempt to legitimize his reign since no male heir to the throne came from the marriage of his father with Hatshepsut and from his mother's side he was not of royal descent - however the inscription can be used as a rough reference to his age at his accession” (Lesser ibid).

 

1448/7 BCE:  Within this chronology, the Exodus occurred ten years after the death of Hatshepsut. As regent with her stepson and nephew she was a great builder and developer of Egypt. Her seizure of the throne in 1473 led to her eventual overthrow and disappearance in 1458.

 

Menkheperre Thutmose III (also written as Tuthmosis III or Thothmes III; called Manahpi(r)ya in the Amarna letters) (d. 1425 BC), was the sixth Pharaoh of Egypt in the Eighteenth Dynasty, and is regarded as the greatest of Egypt's pharaohs. He ruled from 1479 BC to 1425 BC, according to the Middle Chronology of Ancient Egypt. Older publications in the 1960's and 1970's have suggested that he ruled Egypt from 1504 BC to 1450 BC but this was based partly on the outdated and unsustainable view of a 35 Year reign for Thutmose IV. However, it is known that Manetho gives Thutmose IV a reign of only 9 Years and 8 Months in his Epitome while this king's Highest dated Year is only his Year 8. Finally, Thutmose IV's monuments are comparatively small and minor compared to those of his son Amenhotep III, who enjoyed a reign of 38 Years. Hence, Egyptologists today ascribe Thutmose IV a reign of only c.10 Years and have dated Thutmose III's accession at 1479 BC instead.

Thutmose was very short, barely five feet (1.5m) tall, a fact not known to later historians until the discovery of his mummy in 1881.

 

1427- 1401                                     Amenhotep II

As usual, different resources provide different time frames for Amenhotep II's reign. The Chronicle of the Pharaohs by Peter A. Clayton gives his reign lasting from 1453 until 1419 BCE, which makes him the Pharaoh of the Exodus. Thus would accord with the Karnak Stele record in relation to the Exodus but it may be totally unrelated. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt provides a reign between 1427 until 1400 BCE. Wikipedia has 1425 and Baines and Malek have 1427-1401. Thus his father Thutmose III was the Pharaoh of the Exodus on these later dates for Thutmoses III.

 

Amenhotep II was the son of Thutmose III and a minor wife, Hatshepsut-Meryetre. Amenhotep was certainly the junior co-regent to his father for 2 Years and 4 Months according to contemporary historical records since his accession date was "IV Akhet day 1" as noted in the Semna stela of Usersatet, the serving King's son(ie: viceroy) of Kush under Amenhotep II, while Tuthmose III is recorded to have died on III Peret day 30 in the Tomb Biography of Amenemheb (c.f. Wikipedia).

 

The fact that he was the son of Pharaoh by a minor wife may well accord with the Bible record that the firstborn son of the pharaoh of the Exodus (Thutmoses III) was killed with the other firstborn of Egypt.

 

1424 BCE: 51st Jubilee

 

Amenhotep II was the son of Thutmose III and a minor wife, Hatshepsut-Meryetre. Amenhotep was certainly the junior co-regent to his father for 2 Years and 4 Months according to contemporary historical records since his accession date was "IV Akhet day 1" as noted in the Semna stela of Usersatet, the serving King's son(ie: viceroy) of Kush under Amenhotep II, while Tuthmose III is recorded to have died on III Peret day 30 in the Tomb Biography of Amenemheb. Peter Der Manuelian in his 1987 book "Studies in the Reign of Amenophis II," gives this translation of the text in Usersatet's stela: "Year 23, IV Akhet [day] 1, the day of the Festival of the king's accession" (p.21). Amenhotep was faced with a major rebellion in Syria by the vassal state of Naharin in his Year 3 almost immediately after the death of his father and dispatched his Army to the Levant to suppress it. The king was well known for his physical prowess and is said to have singlehandedly killed 7 rebel Princes at Takhsy. After capturing Kadesh and thus successfully terminating his first Syrian campaign, the king ordered the bodies of the seven princes to be hung upside down on the prow of his ship--a common punishment for rebel leaders in Pharaonic Egypt. Upon reaching Thebes all but one of the princes were mounted on the city walls. The other was taken to the often rebellious territory of Nubia and hung on the city wall of Napata, as an example of the consequence of rising against Pharaoh and to demoralise any Nubian opponents of Egyptian authority there. Amenhotep II was evidently successful in his endeavour since no mention of any rebellion was recorded in Nubia under his reign--unlike the situation with his successor Thutmose IV. Amenhotep also embarked on his second and third Syrian campaigns in Year 7 and 9 of his reign. Both rebellions were caused by a revolt in the Syrian regions of the Egyptian Empire, which was likely instigated by Egypt's chief Near Eastern rival, Mitanni. The Year 9 battle occurred on the heights of Niy and resulted in Egypt's loss off control over the entire area between the rivers Orontes and Euphrates despite the recorded Egyptian pillaging in Retenu and the capture of 3,600 Apiru prisoners-of-war. After this campaign, no further conflicts developed between Mitanni and Egypt, and an informal peace was maintained between Amenhotep and the king of Mitanni. Thereafter, Amenhotep concentrated on domestic matters but maintained Egypt's imperial control over Canaan and Egypt's overall prosperity.

 

1408 BCE Israel’s entry into the Promised Land and the subjugation of the Canaanites in the 16th year of the 52nd  Jubilee following on from the death of Moses.


1401-1391 BCE                     Tuthmosis IV (Cult of Aten emerges and Egypt copies Israelite   monotheism.)

1391-1353 BCE                      Amenhotep III

1353-1335                               Amenhotep IV “Akhenaten” (Monotheist heresy emerges full blown.)

1335-1334                               Semenkare (Queen Nefertiti?)

1334-1325                               Tutankhamen

?                                              Queen Ankhesenamun


Ankhesenamun- She married Tutankhamun at the age of thirteen. King Tutankhamun was married when he was very young, probably little more than ten years old. The reason for this was that the Egyptian king was expected to have a wife (sometimes more than one) who would have helped him to carry out some of the official religious duties of his office. Tutankhamun married Ankhesenaten, one of the daughters of his father Akhenaten and his stepmother Queen Nefertiti, so she was his half-sister! She was a little older than Tutankhamun himself. Later, Ankhesenaten changed her name to Ankhesenamun, "She lives (ankhes) for (en) the god Amun (amun)". She was originally called Ankhesenpa'aten and she was born in 'Amarna Period probably in the city Akhetaten. During their marriage, she gave birth to two premature children. It’s possible the children died because of close blood relations.

 

1323-1319                                      Ay
1319-1307/5                                   Horemhab

1305-1196 BC      19th Dynasty    Rameses I

1305-1290

“Originally called Paramessu, he was of non-royal birth, born into a noble family from the Nile delta region, perhaps near the former Hyksos capital of Avaris. He was a career soldier, originally the chief of the archers (a position he inherited from his father, Seti), and ultimately general of the armies. He found favor with Horemheb, the last pharaoh of the tumultuous Eighteenth dynasty, who appointed Ramesses as his vizier. He also served as the High Priest of Amun – as such, he would have played an important role in the restoration of the old religion following the Amarna heresy of a generation earlier, under Akhenaten.

Horemheb himself had been a nobleman from outside the immediate royal family, who rose through the ranks of the Egyptian army to serve as royal advisor and, ultimately, Pharaoh. Having no son of his own to continue his own lineage, Horemheb chose Ramesses to be his heir in the final years of his reign presumably because Ramesses I was both an able administrator and had a son and a grandson (the future Ramesses II) to succeed him and avoid any succession difficulties.

Upon his accession, Ramesses took a prenomen, or royal name, which is written in Egyptian hieroglyphs to the right. When transliterated, the name is mn-pḥty-r‘, which is usually interpreted as Menpehtyre, meaning "Established by the strength of Ra". However, he is better known by his nomen, or personal name. This is transliterated as r‘-ms-sw, and is usually realised as Ramessu or Ramesses, meaning 'Ra bore him'. Already an old man when he was crowned, Ramesses appointed his son, the later pharaoh Seti I, to serve as his co-regent. Seti undertook several military operations during this time– in particular, an attempt to recoup Egypt's lost possessions in Syria. Ramesses appears to have taken charge of domestic matters: most memorably, he completed the second pylon at Karnak Temple, begun under Horemheb (cf. the article in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramses_I)

 

 

1290-1279 BCE                               Seti I

In the film The Ten Commandments, the Pharaoh Seti I was assumed to be the Pharaoh under which Moses was a General of Egypt, and his son Rameses II was portrayed as the Pharaoh of the Exodus.  Seti was already the father of Rameses II when Horemheb appointed him his successor as Pharaoh. He was an able administrator. The Bible texts and dates however make this pharaoh, on the current time frames as accepted, an impossible candidate as Moses was already dead and Israel occupied before this pharaoh ascended the throne. The reason for this idea was because the Egyptologists decided that the making of bricks as major construction materials was prominent in the Ramesside period. The Bible however places the Exodus 480 years before the Temple was started in the Fourth year of Solomon and that makes the date 1448/7 BCE. The Bible says that the Israelites built the city of Rameses and thus it is assumed it was this Rameses’ dynasty that was involved, as they built Pi-Ramesse. However, the name Rameses itself has also been found inscribed on a burial tomb painting from Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who ruled almost a century before Rameses II.

 

1279-1213 BCE                             Rameses II


Lord Ameni
Merenptah

Seti II

Siptah

 


 

The Dynasty of Solomon’s Wife

Twenty-First Dynasty

Name                                                                   Dates

Smendes                                                          1069 BC - 1043

Amenemnisu                                                   1043 BC - 1039

Psusennes I                                                     1039 BC -   990

Amenemopet                                                   992 BC -   983

Osorkon the Elder                                           983 BC -   977

Siamun                                                            977 BC -   958

Psusennes II                                                    958 BC -   943C

After the reign of Ramesses III, there was a long, slow decline of royal power in Egypt


 

The 22nd  Dynasty: The conquerors of Israel and Judah.

 

Twenty-Second Dynasty

The Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt were a series of Meshwesh Libyans kings who ruled from 945 BC or 943 BC until 720 BC. They had settled in Egypt since the Twentieth Dynasty. Manetho states that the dynasty originated at Bubastis, but the kings almost certainly ruled from Tanis, which was their capital and the city where their tombs have been excavated. This dynasty is often considered part of the Third Intermediate Period.

Name                       Comments                                                                                 Dates

Shoshenq I               He is said to be the Biblical Shishaq                                          943 – 922 BC

 

Osorkon I                                                                                                                   922887 BC

 

Shoshenq II             enjoyed an independent reign of around 2 years at

                                 Tanis according to Von Beckerath                                            887885 BC

 

Takelot I                                                                                                                     885872 BC

 

Harsiese A               a separate king at Thebes who ruled during

                                 Osorkon II and Takelot I's reign.                                               880860 BC

 

Osorkon II               helped Israel defeat Shalmaneser III of Assyria

                                 at the Battle of Qarqar in 853 BC.                                            872837 BC

 

Shoshenq III                                                                                                               837798 BC

 

Shoshenq                 not to be confused with Shoshenq VI – the original                 798785 BC

(IV)"quartus"           Shoshenq IV in pre-1993 books and journal articles

                                                                                                                                   

Pami                         buried two Apis Bulls in his reign. Only king whose

                                 deeds were preserved on an Annal document                           785778 BC

 

Shoshenq V                                                                                                                778740 BC

 

Osorkon IV             a separate king who ruled a fragmented Delta                          740 – 720 BC

                                 Region with Tefnakhte of Sais and Iuput II of Leontopolis    

Another king who belongs to this group is Tutkheperre Shoshenq, whose precise position in this dynasty is currently uncertain. The so-called Twenty-third dynasty was an offshoot of this dynasty based in Upper Egypt. All of its kings reigned in Middle and Upper Egypt including the Western Desert Oases where a hieratic donation stela dated to the 13th regnal year of Takelot III has been found.0 (cf Wikipedia).


 

 

Appendix 2: Outline Timetable for the Key of David

 

1974 BCE: 40th Jubilee from the closure of Eden. Abraham is approximately 22 years old. He reached manhood in the Sixth year of the 39th Jubilee.

 

1785-1650 BC            E

13th-15th Dynasty

Second Intermediate Period

 

1650-1554 BC            E

16th Dynasty

Hyksos Domination from Lower Egypt

 

1650-1554 BCE

17th Dynasty

Kamose Seqenenre II (Upper Egypt) 

 

1554-1305 BC            E

1554-1525 BCE

18th Dynasty

(Hyksos overthrown)  

Ahmose (Amosis I)

 

 

 

1528/7 BCE

Moses was born prior to the death of Ahmosis, and was named after him by his sister. 

1525-1504 BCE

Amenhotep I (Amenophis I)

1525 BCE

The death of Ahmose/Ahmosis I (some say 1527). The year was the Sabbath year of the final cycle of the 49th Jubilee. It saw an end of the murder of the Israelites’ children in their persecution. The New Kingdom or the Empire experienced more than a century and a half of unbroken prosperity. The orders for the extermination of the Israelites were probably motivated by their being seen as part of the hated Hyksos. The orders were given by this king to establish the dynasty.

1524 BCE         

 49th Jubilee

1504-1492 BCE

Tuthmosis I

1492-1479 BCE

Tuthmosis II

1488 BCE

Moses turns 40 years of age and is exiled to Midian by Tuthmosis II, in his fourth year of rule, after killing the guard. Symbolically represents end of first age. (Phase one of the Key of David begins.)

1479-1458 BCE

Hatshepsut (Ma’atkare’) Queen Regent

1473 BCE      

Hatshepsut crowned herself Pharaoh.

1479-1425 BCE

Tuthmosis III

1448/7 BCE

Thus, within this chronology, the Exodus occurred ten years after the death of Hatshepsut. As regent with her stepson and nephew she was a great builder and developer of Egypt. Her seizure of the throne in 1473 led to her eventual overthrow and disappearance in 1458.

1427-1401 BCE

Amenhotep II

The fact that he was the son of Pharaoh by a minor wife may well accord with the Bible record that the first-born son of the Pharaoh of the Exodus (Thutmoses III) was killed with the other first-born of Egypt.

1424 BCE

51st Jubilee

1408 BCE

Israel’s entry into the Promised Land and the subjugation of the Canaanites in the 16th year of the 52nd Jubilee following on from the death of Moses.

1401-1391 BCE

Tuthmosis IV (Cult of Aten emerges and Egypt copies Israelite monotheism.)                                   

1391-1353 BCE

Amenhotep III

1353-1335 BC           

Amenhotep IV “Akhenaten”  Monotheist heresy emerges full blown.

1335-1334 BCE

Semenkare (Queen Nefertiti?)

1334-1325 BCE

Tutankhamen

?

Queen Ankhesenamun

1323-1319 BCE

Ay

1319-1307/5 BCE   

Horemhab

1305-1196 BCE

19th Dynasty

1305-1290

Rameses I

1290-1279 BCE

Seti I

1279-1213 BCE

Rameses II

Lord Ameni

Merenptah

Seti II

Siptah

1224 BCE

55th Jubilee

1074 BCE

58th Jubilee

1054 BCE

Fall of Troy and the Western Hittites of Wilusia. Ripathian Celts move to Britain and are joined by elements of the Tuathan De Danaan from Ireland and subjugate Magogites in Britain.

1053/2 BCE

End of the period of the rule of the 12 Judges with Eli and Samuel. Rule of the Kings begins with the reign of Saul.

1024 BCE

59th Jubilee

1012 BCE

Rule of David begins. He reigns seven years at Hebron.

1005 BCE

David enters Jerusalem. Exact halfway point in the creation, 3000 years from Adam. Melchisedek gives way to Levi in Jerusalem for 20 Jubilees or 1000 years until the birth of Christ as High Priest of the order of Melchisedek.

974 BCE

60th Jubilee from the closure of Eden. (Halfway point in the age of Satan.)

972 BCE

David hands over the Solomon. (Phase one Complete)

968/7 BCE

Temple commenced in the Fourth year of Solomon.

948 BCE

 

The Temple and the Houses of the King and the House of the Forest of Lebanon are finished.

932 BCE

Solomon’s reign ends. (Phase two of the Key of David is complete.)

932-924 BCE

Division of the Kingdom due to Solomon’s idolatry; and idolatry enters the Northern tribes.

924 BCE

 

61st Jubilee: 1000 years or 20 Jubilees to the declaration of the Acceptable Year of the Lord by Messiah in 27 CE.

Table 3

 

724 BCE 

 

65th Jubilee: Siege of Samaria is undertaken to remove Israel from its lands from the Sabbath Year, the Jubilee and 723 BCE or Year One of the New Jubilee. 250 years from the Jubilee of David in Jerusalem and the handover to Solomon.

722 BCE

 

722 BCE

Sargon II destroys Samaria after a three-year siege and the death of Shalmaneser V.

Israel was taken captive in three stages: Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh in east Jordan under Pul or Tiglath-Pileser III. Then they were followed into Media by the west Israelite tribes under Sargon II, who had also destroyed the Hittites (Hatti or Kalti) in northern Syria, the Chaldeans in Urartu. Judah followed later. (Phase three of the Key of David.)

605 BCE     

Battle of Carchemish. Nebuchadnezzar defeats Egypt.

598/7 BCE  

 

Jehoiakin’s captivity (2 WeAdar or 14/15 March 597). (Phase four of the Key of David.)

594 BCE     

Ezekiel’s Vision (30th year) (1st Scriptural Witness).

587

Fall of Jerusalem. (Phase five of the Key of David.)

Judah sent into captivity for breaking the land Sabbaths and the calendar. (Phase six)

574 BCE

68th Jubilee Year

539 BCE

Conquest of Babylon by Cyrus and Darius the Mede, son of Astyages (called Xerxes by Daniel).

538/7 BCE

Edict of Cyrus and return of the exiles to Palestine but not to Jerusalem (exact date uncertain).

530-522 BCE

Reign of Cambyses.

525 BCE

Cambyses’ occupation of Egypt (Prophecy of Pharaoh’s Broken Arms complete in its first phase (see paper Prophecy of Pharaoh’s Broken Arms (No. 36); see also Table 5 Outline Table of the Age (No. 272)).

524 BCE

69th Jubilee

522 BCE

Reign of the Magi.

521 BCE

Darius I

516 BCE

Prophecy of the seventy years expires (Jer. 25:8-14; Dan. ch. 9). Jerusalem could not have been inhabited until this date. Scripture cannot be broken.

486 BCE

Xerxes I. Letter written to him no reply recorded (Ezra 4:6).

465

Artaxerxes I (real name Cyrus also called Macrocheir or Longimanus). Stops construction of the Temple and all construction ceases until the reign of Darius the Persian (Ezra 4:7-24).

424 BCE

71st Jubilee

424 BCE

Xerxes II (no biblical record).

423 BCE

Darius II issues decree to commence construction in 422.

Seventy Weeks of Years commences in the first year of the 72nd Jubilee.

418 BCE

Construction of the Temple completed in sixth year of Darius in 3 Adar.

404 BCE

Artaxerxes II

398 BCE

Provisioning decree issued for the return of Ezra (Ezra 7:1-26).

385 BCE

Second decree of Artaxerxes II. Nehemiah is made governor of Judea (385-372). Walls of Jerusalem are reconstructed (Neh. 5:14).

375/4 BCE 

First seven weeks of years of the first anointed one of Daniel 9:25.

374/3 BCE

Jubilee year and the Reading of the Law. (2nd Scriptural Witness)

323/1 BCE

Ezra dies in the same year as Alexander the Great (Seder Olam Rabbah 30). Canon of the Bible closed. (Phase seven of the Key of David is complete.)

27 CE

Messiah announces the 80th Jubilee as the Acceptable Year of the Lord and commences the New Testament Witness as Phase eight of the Key of David.

30 CE

Sacrifice of Christ and receipt of the Holy Spirit. Commences the Forty Jubilees in the Wilderness for the Church.

62/3 CE

End of the 62 weeks of years and the effective change of the tithe system to Mechisedek. Martyrdom of James brother of Christ, first bishop of Jerusalem.

70 CE

End of the Seventy Weeks of Years and the destruction of the Temple.

73CE

Fall of Judea and the Masada.

77 CE

81st Jubilee.

590-1850 CE

1260 years of the Persecution of the Church.

1799

2520 years of “seven times” from Israel’s captivity. All Israel settled into the birthright lands.

1916-1948

Establishment of the Jewish homeland.

1916-1996

End of the prophecy of Pharaoh’s Broken Arms in its second phase. (Phase eight ends 1996.)

1939-1945

Empire of the Beast and the Second Antichrist try to destroy the Church and the nation of Judah in the Holocaust.

1977

119th Jubilee, start of the end. (Phase nine begins.)

1987

Measuring the Temple commences. See the paper Measuring the Temple (No. 137)

1997

End of the Times of the Gentiles and the Last Thirty Years of the Mourning for Moses.

1998-2005

Reading of the Law established as the end two periods of witness.

2006-2012

Sanctification of the Nations commences

(see paper Sanctification of the Nations (No. 77).)

2012

Gospel published in all nations. Third reading of the Law. Commencement of the period of the Dedication of the Altar for the restoration.

2015

Year of the proclamation of the King.

2019-2027

Subjugation of the Nations in the Return of the King.

2027

120th Jubilee (Phase nine ends).

2028

Millennium begins. The physical Temple begins and the administration is constructed and housed (Phase ten of the Key of David.)

2028-2077

Planet is restored and the Laws of God are enforced.

2028-3027

The Millennium as the Sabbath Rest of Jesus Christ is undertaken. The Fourth Temple period is underway.

3015

Satan is released again and the final Wars of the End begin. Jerusalem is attacked. 

3027

140th Jubilee: the Second Resurrection of the Dead. Phase ten reaches completion in the Great White Throne Judgment.

3128

The City of God descends. Beginning of the New Heaven and Earth.