Christian Churches of God

No. Q014

 

 

 

Commentary on the Koran:

Surah 14 “Ibrahim” or “Abraham”

 

(Edition 1.5 20170730-20170905)

 

Surah 14 derives its name (Ibrihim) from Abraham’s prayer in verses 35-41. It was stated to be uttered from the time when he was establishing his son Ishmael in the valley of Mecca, which was considered incapable of cultivation. 

 

 

 

 

Christian Churches of God

PO Box 369,  WODEN  ACT 2606,  AUSTRALIA

 

E-mail: secretary@ccg.org

 

 

 

(Copyright © 2017 Wade Cox and Alan Brach)

 

This paper may be freely copied and distributed provided it is copied in total with no alterations or deletions. The publisher’s name and address and the copyright notice must be included.  No charge may be levied on recipients of distributed copies.  Brief quotations may be embodied in critical articles and reviews without breaching copyright.

 

This paper is available from the World Wide Web page:
http://www.logon.org and http://www.ccg.org

 

 


 Commentary on the Koran: Surah 14 “Abraham”



Pickthall’s translation with RSV biblical quotes unless otherwise noted.

 

Introduction

Surah 14 derives its name (Ibrihim) from Abraham’s prayer in verses 35-41. It was stated to be uttered from the time when he was establishing his son Ishmael in the valley of Mecca, which was considered incapable of cultivation. Pickthall considers Ishmael to be the ancestor of the Arabs but he was not. He was the ancestor of the Arabicised Arabs, and the sons of Keturah were the progenitors of the Arabs.

 

It is similar to other Meccan Surahs and the subject of verse 46 being the plot of the idolaters, indicates it was perhaps one of the last of the Meccan Surahs before the Hijrah. Verses 28-30 are considered later additions from Al-Madinah.

 

Once again it is listed as Scripture but as a revelation to the Prophet.

 

*****

14.1. Alif. Lam. Ra. (This is) a Scripture which We have revealed unto thee (Muhammad) that thereby thou mayst bring forth mankind from darkness unto light, by the permission of their Lord, unto the path of the Mighty, the Owner of Praise,

 

Acts 26:18 to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'


Colossians 1:13 He has delivered us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son,

 

Psalm 147:5 Great is our Lord, and mighty in power; his understanding is infinite. (ERV)

 

1Chronicles 16:25 For great is the LORD, and highly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods. (ERV)

 

14.2. Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. and woe unto the disbelievers from an awful doom;

 

Psalm 24:1 A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD's and the fullness thereof, the world and those who dwell therein,


Micah 2:1 Woe to those who devise wickedness and work evil on their beds! When the morning dawns, they perform it, because it is in the power of their hand.

 

Isaiah 3:11 Woe to the wicked! It shall be ill with him, for what his hands have dealt out shall be done to him.

 

14.3. Those who love the life of the world more than the Hereafter, and debar (men) from the way of Allah and would have it crooked: such are far astray. 

 

Matthew 23:13 But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the kingdom of heaven in people’s faces. For you neither enter yourselves nor allow those who would enter to go in.

 

Luke 11:52 Woe to you lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not enter yourselves, and you hindered those who were entering.”

 

1Peter 2:11-12 Dear friends, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from sinful desires, which wage war against your soul. 12Live such good lives among the pagans that, though they accuse you of doing wrong, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day he visits us. (NIV)

 

Luke 21:34 But watch yourselves lest your hearts be weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and cares of this life, and that day come upon you suddenly like a trap. (ESV)

 

2Timothy 2:22 But flee youthful lusts, and follow after righteousness, faith, love, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart. (ERV)

 

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth.

 

14.4. And We never sent a messenger save with the language of his folk, that he might make (the message) clear for them. Then Allah sendeth whom He will astray, and guideth whom He will. He is the Mighty, the Wise.

 

Here we see that prophets do not speak in tongues other than the language of the people to whom they are to give their message. Then God will call or reject them according to His Will. God sent messengers to their people in their own language. Cf. Surah 10 verse 47:

And for every nation there is a messenger. And when their messenger cometh (on the Day of Judgment) it will be judged between them fairly, and they will not be wronged. (Pickthall’s translation)

 

John 16:13 When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come.

 

Romans 1:28 And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.

 

Job 9:4 He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened himself against him, and prospered? (ERV)

 

14.5. We verily sent Moses with Our revelations, saying: Bring thy people forth from darkness unto light. And remind them of the days of Allah. Lo! therein are revelations for each steadfast, thankful (heart). 

 

Again we see that Moses was the source of the Revelation of God. He gave them the Days of God as their calendar as instructed by Christ.

 

Exodus 19:5-6 Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; 6and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation. These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.

 

Leviticus 23:2 Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, These are the appointed feasts of the LORD that you shall proclaim as holy convocations; they are my appointed feasts.

 

Exodus 23:14-17 Three times in the year you shall keep a feast to me. 15You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. As I commanded you, you shall eat unleavened bread for seven days at the appointed time in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. None shall appear before me empty-handed. 16You shall keep the Feast of Harvest, of the firstfruits of your labor, of what you sow in the field. You shall keep the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year, when you gather in from the field the fruit of your labor. 17Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the Lord GOD.

 

Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God at the place that he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Booths. They shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed.

 

Acts 26:18 to open their eyes, so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who are sanctified by faith in me.'

 

Colossians 3:15 And let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body. And be thankful. (ESV)

 

The days of Allah include the Sabbaths, New Moons and all the feast days listed in Leviticus chapter 23. The purpose is to show unto mankind God's master plan of redemption for fallen humanity and the fallen angelic Host.

 

14.6. And (remind them) how Moses said unto his people: Remember Allah's favour unto you when He delivered you from Pharaoh's folk who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, and were slaying your sons and sparing your women; that was a tremendous trial from your Lord.

 

Exodus 18:10 Jethro said, "Blessed be the LORD, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh and has delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.


Acts 7.19 He dealt shrewdly with our race and forced our fathers to expose their infants, so that they would not be kept alive.

 

14.7. And when your Lord proclaimed: If ye give thanks, I will give you more; but if ye are thankless, lo! My punishment is dire.


Matthew 25:29 For to everyone who has will more be given, and he will have an abundance. But from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.

 

Acts 20:35 In all things I have shown you that by working hard in this way we must help the weak and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he himself said, ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’” (ESV)

 

Psalm 136:1 Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever.

 

1Corinthians 4:7 For who sees anything different in you? What do you have that you did not receive? If then you received it, why do you boast as if you did not receive it?  (ESV)

 

14.8. And Moses said: Though ye and all who are in the earth prove thankless, lo! Allah verily is Absolute, Owner of Praise. 

 

Isaiah 40:26 Lift up your eyes on high and see: who created these? He who brings out their host by number, calling them all by name, by the greatness of his might, and because he is strong in power not one is missing.

 

Psalm 106:1 Praise the LORD! Oh give thanks to the LORD, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever!

 

14.9. Hath not the history of those before you reached you: the folk of Noah, and (the tribes of) A'ad and Thamud, and those after them? None save Allah knoweth them. Their messengers came unto them with clear proofs, but they thrust their hands into their mouths, and said: Lo! we disbelieve in that wherewith ye have been sent, and lo! we are in grave doubt concerning that to which ye call us.

 

Here again we see the warnings to the sons of Shem of A’ad and Thamud. People who did not heed the warnings of their messengers to turn from their wicked ways were visited with dire punishment from God. God is directing warnings to them and they do not seem to understand.

 

14.10. Their messengers said: Can there be doubt concerning Allah, the Creator of the heavens and the earth? He calleth you that He may forgive you your sins and reprieve you unto an appointed term. They said: Ye are but mortals like us, who would fain turn us away from what our fathers used to worship. Then bring some clear warrant.

14.11. Their messengers said unto them: We are but mortals like you, but Allah giveth grace unto whom He will of His slaves. It is not ours to bring you a warrant unless by the permission of Allah. In Allah let believers put their trust!

14.12. How should we not put our trust in Allah when He hath shown us our ways? We surely will endure the hurt ye do us. In Allah let the trusting put their trust.

14.13. And those who disbelieved said unto their messengers: Verily we will drive you out from our land, unless ye return to our religion. Then their Lord inspired them, (saying): Verily we shall destroy the wrong-doers.

 

Those who disbelieve the prophets are destroyed.

 

Psalm 146:6 who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, who keeps faith forever; (ESV)


Psalm 31:18 Let the lying lips be mute, which speak insolently against the righteous in pride and contempt.

 

2Chronicles 7:14 if my people who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and heal their land. (ESV)

 

Mark 7:13 Thus you nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things like that." (NIV)

 

James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.” (ESV)

 

Isaiah 26:4 Trust in the LORD forever, for the LORD GOD is an everlasting rock. (ESV)


Matthew 23:34 Therefore I send you prophets and wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and persecute from town to town,


Jeremiah 26:8 And when Jeremiah had finished speaking all that the LORD had commanded him to speak to all the people, then the priests and the prophets and all the people laid hold of him, saying, "You shall die!


Luke 16:31 He said to him, 'If they do not hear Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be convinced if someone should rise from the dead.'"


2Chronicles 36:16
But they kept mocking the messengers of God, despising his words and scoffing at his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD rose against his people, until there was no remedy.

 

Isaiah 1:28 But rebels and sinners shall be broken together, and those who forsake the LORD shall be consumed. (ESV)

 

14.14. And verily We shall make you to dwell in the land after them. This is for him who feareth My Majesty and feareth My threats.

 

Those who fear God and honour His Commandments are allowed to dwell in the land.

 

Psalm 37:28 For the LORD loves justice; he will not forsake his saints. They are preserved forever, but the children of the wicked shall be cut off. 29The righteous shall inherit the land and dwell upon it forever. (ESV)

 

14.15. And they sought help (from their Lord) and every froward potentate was bought to naught;

 

The enemies of the Laws of God are ultimately reduced to ruin.

 

Isaiah 37:18-19 "Truly, O LORD, the kings of Assyria have devastated all the countries and their lands, 19and have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not gods but the work of men's hands, wood and stone. So they have destroyed them. (NASB)


Jeremiah 2:28 But where are your gods that you made for yourself? Let them arise, if they can save you, in your time of trouble; for as many as your cities are your gods, O Judah.

 

Habakkuk 2:19 Woe to him who says to a wooden thing, Awake; to a silent stone, Arise! Can this teach? Behold, it is overlaid with gold and silver, and there is no breath at all in it.

 

14.16. Hell is before him, and he is made to drink a festering water,

14.17. Which he sippeth but can hardly swallow, and death cometh unto him from every side while yet he cannot die, and before him is a harsh doom.

14.18. A similitude of those who disbelieve in their Lord: Their works are as ashes which the wind bloweth hard upon a stormy day. They have no control of aught that they have earned. That is the extreme failure.

 

As we see they are brought to the pit and to await the Resurrection of Judgment.

 

Proverbs 24:20 for the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be put out.

 

Ephesians 4:18 They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart.

 

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

 

Revelation 21:8 But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death."

 

14.19. Hast thou not seen that Allah hath created the heavens and the earth with truth? If He will, He can remove you and bring (in) some new creation;

14.20. And that is no great matter for Allah.

 

The text is clear that it was Eloah as Elohim that created the heavens and the earth and not Messiah who created the aeons or Ages.

 

Daniel 4:35 all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing, and he does according to his will among the host of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand or say to him, "What have you done?"


Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble.

 

Job 34:14-15 "If He should determine to do so, If He should gather to Himself His spirit and His breath, 15All flesh would perish together, And man would return to dust.(NASB)

 

Matthew 3:9-10 And do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children for Abraham. 10Even now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. (ESV)

 

Romans 11:36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.

 

14.21. They all come forth unto their Lord. Then those who were despised say unto those who were scornful: We were unto you a following, can ye then avert from us aught of Allah's doom? They say: Had Allah guided us, we should have guided you. Whether we rage or patiently endure is (now) all one for us; we have no place of refuge. 

 

The elect saints are despised and persecuted until the Messiah comes to save those who eagerly await him.

 

Romans 11:36 as above.

 

Romans 9:22 What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,

 

Luke 6:39 He also told them a parable: “Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? (ESV)

 

Proverbs 11:21 Be assured, an evil person will not go unpunished, but the offspring of the righteous will be delivered. (ESV)

 

Revelation 21:8 But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the detestable, as for murderers, the sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars, their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death."


Psalm 73:17-18 until I went into the sanctuary of God; then I discerned their end. 18Truly you set them in slippery places; you make them fall to ruin.

 

14.22. And Satan saith, when the matter hath been decided: Lo! Allah promised you a promise of truth; and I promised you, then failed you. And I had no power over you save that I called unto you and ye obeyed me. So blame not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can ye help me, Lo! I disbelieved in that which ye before ascribed to me. Lo! for wrong-doers is a painful doom.

 

John 8:32 and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.

 

John 1:17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.


Romans 6:22 But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves of God, the fruit you get leads to sanctification and its end, eternal life.

 

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him.

 

God provides us with all that is good for us. Satan has deceived the whole world. He and his deceived minions are consigned to the Second Resurrection to face corrective training and education to lead them to repentance, and those that do not repent will face the second death and final destruction.

 

14.23. And those who believed and did good works are made to enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein abiding by permission of their Lord, their greeting therein: Peace!

 

Philippians 2:15 that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and twisted generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world,


1Peter 2:12 Keep your conduct among the Gentiles honorable, so that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day of visitation.

 

Those who live by the law and testimony will inherit the First Garden of Paradise i.e. the First Resurrection and eternal life. Those of the Millennial system who are of the elect saints are translated and not subject to the Second Death. All who repent are saved also.

 

14.24. Seest thou not how Allah coineth a similitude: A goodly saying, as a goodly tree, its root set firm, its branches reaching into heaven,

14.25. Giving its fruit at every season by permission of its Lord? Allah coineth the similitudes for mankind in order that they may reflect.

14.26. And the similitude of a bad saying is as a bad tree, uprooted from upon the earth, possessing no stability.

 

Matthew 7:16-17 You will recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thornbushes, or figs from thistles? 17So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit.

 

James 3:11-12 Does a spring pour forth from the same opening both fresh and salt water? 12Can a fig tree, my brothers, bear olives, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a salt pond yield fresh water. (ESV)

 

Proverbs 20:11 It is by his deeds that a lad distinguishes himself If his conduct is pure and right. (NASB)

 

14.27. Allah confirmeth those who believe by a firm saying in the life of the world and in the Hereafter, and Allah sendeth wrong-doers astray. And Allah doeth what He will.

 

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

 

Matthew 19:29 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for my name's sake, will receive a hundredfold and will inherit eternal life.

 

Romans 2:6-11 He will render to each one according to his works: 7to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 8but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury. 9There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, 10but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek. 11For God shows no partiality.

 

Ephesians 1:11 In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, (ESV)

 

14.28. Hast thou not seen those who gave the grace of Allah in exchange for thanklessness and led their people down to the Abode of Loss,

14.29. (Even to) hell? They are exposed thereto. A hapless end!

14.30. And they set up rivals to Allah that they may mislead (men) from His way. Say: Enjoy life (while ye may) for lo! your journey's end will be the Fire.

 

Those who mislead the people are consigned to the grave and await the Second Resurrection along with the demons.

 

Romans 1:18-23 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. 21For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. 22Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things.

 

2Peter 2:1 But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. (ESV)

 

 Jude 1:4 For certain people have crept in unnoticed who long ago were designated for this condemnation, ungodly people, who pervert the grace of our God into sensuality and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. (ESV)

 

14.31. Tell My bondmen who believe to establish worship and spend of that which We have given them, secretly and publicly, before a day cometh wherein there will be neither traffick nor befriending.

The command to the church and its people is to establish worship and give the details out publicly and in its own systems.

 

Matthew 6:33 But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.

 

Acts 20:35 In all things I have shown you that by working hard in this way we must help the weak and remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he himself said, 'It is more blessed to give than to receive.'"

 

Isaiah 55:6 Seek the LORD while he may be found; call upon him while he is near; (ESV)

 

Amos 8:11 Behold, days are coming," declares the Lord GOD, "When I will send a famine on the land, Not a famine for bread or a thirst for water, But rather for hearing the words of the LORD. (NASB)

 

See also Daniel 6:10.

 

14.32. Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth, and causeth water to descend from the sky, thereby producing fruits as food for you, and maketh the ships to be of service unto you, that they may run upon the sea at His command, and hath made of service unto you the rivers;

14.33. And maketh the sun and the moon, constant in their courses, to be of service unto you, and hath made of service unto you the night and the day.

 

Psalm 24:1-2 A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD's and the fullness thereof, the world and those who dwell therein, 2for he has founded it upon the seas and established it upon the rivers.


Genesis 1:29 And God said, "Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food.


Genesis 9:3 Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. And as I gave you the green plants, I give you everything.


Psalm 8:6-8 You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet, 7all sheep and oxen, and also the beasts of the field, 8the birds of the heavens, and the fish of the sea, whatever passes along the paths of the seas.

 

Psalm 104:19-20 He made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting. 20You make darkness, and it is night, when all the beasts of the forest creep about.


Genesis 1:14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years,


Psalm 19:6 Its rising is from the end of the heavens, and its circuit to the end of them, and there is nothing hidden from its heat.

 

14.34. And He giveth you of all ye ask of Him, and if ye would count the bounty of Allah ye cannot reckon it. Lo! man is verily a wrong-doer, an ingrate. 

 

Psalm 145:15-16 The eyes of all look to you, and you give them their food in due season. 16You open your hand; you satisfy the desire of every living thing.

 

Job 41:11 Who has first given to me, that I should repay him? Whatever is under the whole heaven is mine.

 

Ecclesiastes 7:20 Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins.

 

Here the prayer of Abraham commences and it is for all his sons both of Isaac and Jacob and the sons of Keturah and of Ishmael.

 

14.35. And when Abraham said: My Lord! Make safe this territory, and preserve me and my sons from serving idols.

14.36. My Lord! Lo! they have led many of mankind astray. But whoso followeth me, he verily is of me. And whoso disobeyeth me – still Thou art Forgiving, Merciful.

14.37. Our Lord! Lo! I have settled some of my posterity in an uncultivable valley near unto Thy holy House, our Lord! that they may establish proper worship; so incline some hearts of men that they may yearn toward them, and provide Thou them with fruits in order that they may be thankful. 

 

Yet they did not establish proper worship and lapsed into idolatry and so it was also among Moab and Ammon the sons of Lot.

 

Galatians 3:7 Know then that it is those of faith who are the sons of Abraham.


Romans 4:16 That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his descendants--not only to the adherents of the law but also to those who share the faith of Abraham, for he is the father of us all,  (RSV)

 

Romans 8:5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit.


Romans 8:7 For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God's law; indeed, it cannot.

 

Nehemiah 9:17 They refused to obey and were not mindful of the wonders that you performed among them, but they stiffened their neck and appointed a leader to return to their slavery in Egypt. But you are a God ready to forgive, gracious and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and did not forsake them. (ESV)

 

Matthew 24:11 And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray. (ESV)

 

Mark 13:22 For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform signs and wonders, to lead astray, if possible, the elect. (ESV)

 

The natural carnal mind set on the things of the flesh will not obey the Law of God so Abraham's prayer for his children to be preserved and kept from worshiping idols has been answered in his children who live by faith. His physical descendants mostly have not kept the Law as God sent them into captivity for their failure to do so. Most of them worshiped idols and the gods of the nations around them. They failed to keep the agreed covenant between them and God. God kept His side of the bargain and provided for them. Even after the Prophet was sent to them they corrupted the law and lied about the Scriptures, asserting they had been lost.

 

14.38. Our Lord! Lo! Thou knowest that which we hide and that which we proclaim. Nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.

 

Hebrews 4:13 And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account.

 

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.

 

14.39. Praise be to Allah Who hath given me, in my old age, Ishmael and Isaac! Lo! my Lord is indeed the Hearer of Prayer.

 

At this point the prayer is confined to Ishmael and Isaac but the Arabs were primarily the sons of Keturah, although the Qureysh were the sons of Ishmael dwelling at Mecca.

 

Genesis 17:17-19 Then Abraham fell on his face and laughed and said to himself, "Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old? Shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?" 18And Abraham said to God, "Oh that Ishmael might live before you!" 19God said, "No, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his offspring after him.

 

Genesis 21:2 And Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age at the time of which God had spoken to him.

 

14.40. My Lord! Make me to establish proper worship, and some of my posterity (also); our Lord! and accept my prayer.

 

Genesis 26:5 because Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.

 

Genesis 22:18 and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.

 

14.41. Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents and believers on the day when the account is cast.

 

Psalm 130:3-4 If you, O LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand? 4But with you there is forgiveness, that you may be feared.

 

1Timothy 2:3-4 This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior, 4who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. (ESV)

 

14.42. Deem not that Allah is unaware of what the wicked do. He but giveth them a respite till a day when eyes will stare (in terror),

 

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good.

 

2Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.


The reward or punishment will come in due time according to God's timing.

 

14.43. As they come hurrying on in fear, their heads upraised, their gaze returning not to them, and their hearts as air.

14.44. And warn mankind of a day when the doom will come upon them, and those who did wrong will say: Our Lord! Reprieve us for a little while. We will obey Thy call and will follow the messengers. (It will be answered): Did ye not swear before that there would be no end for you?

 

Proverbs 10:24 What the wicked dreads will come upon him, but the desire of the righteous will be granted.

 

Habakkuk 2:3 For still the vision awaits its appointed time; it hastens to the end—it will not lie. If it seems slow, wait for it; it will surely come; it will not delay. (ESV)


Proverbs 1:26-27 I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when terror strikes you, 27when terror strikes you like a storm and your calamity comes like a whirlwind, when distress and anguish come upon you.


Isaiah 66:4 I also will choose harsh treatment for them and bring their fears upon them, because when I called, no one answered, when I spoke, they did not listen; but they did what was evil in my eyes and chose that in which I did not delight.

 

See also Revelation 20:12.

 

14.45. And (have ye not) dwelt in the dwellings of those who wronged themselves (of old) and (hath it not) become plain to you how We dealt with them and made examples for you?

14.46. Verily they have plotted their plot, and their plot is with Allah, though their plot were one whereby the mountains should be moved. 

 

The Israelites were warned not to follow in the ways of the nations that they were commanded to destroy as these nations had done detestable things in the sight of God. They inherited all of the good things left behind when they were destroyed. They knew the fate of the wrong doers before them yet they remembered not the warning given to them.

 

The folk of Noah, the tribes of A'ad and Thamud, the inhabitants of the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, likewise paid with their lives because they did not heed the warnings of the messengers sent to them to turn from their wicked ways.

 

Israel was given explicit instructions before its entry into the Promised Land in the texts at Deuteronomy 6:1-25. Yet they did not learn and often forgot the words of the Lord.

 

Mankind does not learn from history and repeats what transpired before their days.

 

14.47. So think not that Allah will fail to keep His promise to His messengers. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Able to Requite (the wrong).

 

Joshua 21:45 Not one word of all the good promises that the LORD had made to the house of Israel had failed; all came to pass.

 

Isaiah 48:3 The former things I declared of old; they went out from my mouth, and I announced them; then suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.

 

Psalm 145:3 Great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised, and his greatness is unsearchable.

 

2Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.

 

14.48. On the day when the earth will be changed to other than the earth, and the heavens (also will be changed) and they will come forth unto Allah, the One, the Almighty,

14.49. Thou wilt see the guilty on that day linked together in chains,

14.50. Their raiment of pitch, and the Fire covering their faces,

14.51. That Allah may repay each soul what it hath earned. Lo! Allah is swift at reckoning.

14.52. This is a clear message for mankind in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is only One God, and that men of understanding may take heed. 

 

The earth will see the Resurrection and at the end of the Resurrection those who do not repent and obey God under Messiah will simply die and their bodies burned. Then when man is no more and they are all spirit beings we will see God and we will live with Him in the City of God and we will rule the newly created universe.

 

The dead will be brought to mind no more. The demons will also be given repentance and we will go on with the creation.

 

Isaiah 65:17 For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth, and the former things shall not be remembered or come into mind. (ESV)

 

Revelation 21:1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. (ESV)

 

Isaiah 66:22 For as the new heavens and the new earth that I make shall remain before me, says the LORD, so shall your offspring and your name remain.

 

2Peter 3:13 But according to his promise we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.

 

Romans 2:6 He will render to each one according to his works:

 

Ecclesiastes 3:17 I said in my heart, God will judge the righteous and the wicked, for there is a time for every matter and for every work.

 

Also Revelation 20:12.

 

Acts 17:11 Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so.

 

2Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,

 

Isaiah 45:5-6 "I am the LORD, and there is no other; Besides Me there is no God. I will gird you, though you have not known Me; 6That men may know from the rising to the setting of the sun That there is no one besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other, (NASB)

 

Ecclesiastes 12:12-14 My son, beware of anything beyond these. Of making many books there is no end, and much study is a weariness of the flesh. 13the end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man. 14For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil.

 

These are explicit warnings to the sons of Shem and they ignore the text and pervert the Scriptures as does the whole world.

q