Christian Churches of God
The New Moon Sacrifices
(Edition 1.0 20090216-20090226)
In this lesson we will review the commandment to keep the New Moon, see the historical significance of the New Moon and see symbolic meaning when we add together the number of Holy Days, New Moons and Sabbaths.
The New Moon Sacrifices
1Samuel 20:5 David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon [chodesh], and I should not fail to sit at table with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening. (RSV)
Genesis 8:13-14 In the six hundred and first year, in the first month [chodesh], the first day of the month [chodesh], the waters were dried from off the earth; and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry. In the second month [chodesh], on the twenty-seventh day of the month [chodesh], the earth was dry. (RSV)
1: the moon's phase when it is in conjunction with the sun so that its dark side is toward the earth; also : the thin crescent moon seen shortly after sunset for a few days after the actual occurrence of the new moon phase 2: the first day of each Jewish month marked by a special liturgy
a) the meeting of heavenly bodies in the same longitude or right ascension, b) the situation of two or more heavenly bodies when their longitudes are the same – they appear to be in line with each other. (Macquarie ABC Dictionary, 2003)
Genesis 1:14 And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years (RSV)
Psalm 104:19 Thou hast made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting. (RSV). For the exact dates of the New Moons, Feasts etc. see New Moon and Holy Day Calendar (No. C3)).
Numbers 10:10 On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts, and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; they shall serve you for remembrance before your God: I am the LORD your God." (RSV)
Numbers 28:11-15 "At the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to the LORD: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish; also three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a cereal offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; and two tenths of fine flour for a cereal offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram; and a tenth of fine flour mixed with oil as a cereal offering for every lamb; Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, a third of a hin for a ram, and a fourth of a hin for a lamb; this is the burnt offering of each month throughout the months of the year. for a burnt offering of pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the LORD. Also one male goat for a sin offering to the LORD; it shall be offered besides the continual burnt offering and its drink offering. (RSV)
2Chronicles 2:4 Behold, I am about to build a house for the name of the LORD my God and dedicate it to him for the burning of incense of sweet spices before him, and for the continual offering of the showbread, and for burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths and the new moons and the appointed feasts of the LORD our God, as ordained for ever for Israel. (RSV)
For ages and ages people have kept Eloah’s Laws. Eventually, they chose to rebel and disobey God. The New Moons become part of the restoration as in the times of Ezra and Nehemiah. Each time that one of God’s servants restored Israel to the way of God, it included observing the Sabbaths, New Moons, and Holy Days as God instructed.
Historically, ancient Israel kept the New Moons (Isa. 1:13-14; Ezra 3:5; Neh. 10:33; Ps. 81:3; Hos. 2:11). The New Testament Church also kept the New Moons with the Sabbath and Holy Days (Col. 2:16). The Bible also tells us the New Moons will be kept in the restoration under Messiah as a Sabbath.
Isaiah 66:23 From new moon to new moon, and from sabbath to sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before me, says the LORD. (RSV)
(See also Ezek. 45:17; 46:1.3.6.) For more information see The Statement of Beliefs (A1).
Since we know the New Moons were kept by ancient Israel, and we know that Jesus and the apostles kept the law (including the New Moons), and God tells us that we are going to keep them in the future. It only makes logical sense that God desires for us to keep them too.
What activities were done on the New Moons that were not done on other days? Clearly we have seen the New Moon is a Sabbath. No distinction is made between the New Moon and the weekly Sabbath. Both days are holy and no trading is permitted on either day
Amos 8:5 "When will the new moon be over, that we may sell grain? And the sabbath, that we may offer wheat for sale, that we may make the ephah small and the shekel great, and deal deceitfully with false balances (RSV)
The New Moons are special Sabbaths. Historically, the prophets were consulted on the New Moons.
Ezekiel 46:1 "Thus says the Lord GOD: The gate of the inner court that faces east shall be shut on the six working days; but on the sabbath day it shall be opened and on the day of the new moon it shall be opened. (RSV)
(See also 1Sam. 20:5,18; 1Kgs. 4:23.)
Ezekiel tells us that the sacrifices on the New Moon were greater in number than those of the weekly Sabbath (Ezek. 46:4,6).
Two Special New Moons
There are two extra special New Moons in the lunar year: the first New Moon and the seventh New Moon. The New Moon clearly marks the beginning of each month. The first New Moon of the year (sometime in March or April) begins the New Year in God’s Calendar. This first New Moon is a different date each year because the calendar that the world follows today does not start each month on a New Moon. Sometimes the first new moon is in March and sometimes it is in April. God’s New Year begins near the spring, a time when a regeneration of plants and animals occurs on the planet. So we can see the New Year of 1 January, as most of the world celebrates, has nothing to do with God’s Calendar. For more information see Satan's Days of Worship (No..
The Seventh New Moon is special because it is the Day of Trumpets (Lev. 23:24; Num. 29:1-6). This is one of God’s annual Holy Days and is explained further on in this paper. (See also Trumpets (No. 136); The Shofar and the Silver Trumpets (No. 47) and Trumpets (no. CB85).)
From the Bible we know that many important events happened on the first day of the first month. The restoration of the earth under Noah, when the waters dried up after the Flood, cleansed the earth from the Nephilim and all the people that were evil.
Genesis 8:13 In the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried from off the earth; and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry. (RSV)
Ezra 7:8-9 And he came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king; for on the first day of the first month he began to go up from Babylonia, and on the first day of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, for the good hand of his God was upon him. For Ezra had set his heart to study the law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach his statutes and ordinances in Israel. (RSV)
When we count the Sabbaths within a month there are typically four weekly Sabbaths. When we add the New Moon we have five days in a typical month that are set apart as holy time. We know that five is the number of grace. (For more information see Symbolism of Numbers (No. 7).) By the grace of God we have been called and God has given His Plan of Salvation to us. It is through the renewing of our relationship with Eloah at the New Moon observance that we more fully understand His Plan and are more able to correctly keep His Laws.
There are many Churches of God today that keep the Sabbaths and annual Holy Days, but neglect to keep the New Moons. They are missing a vital piece of the symbolic meaning tied to the days in which God outlines as special days of sacrifice and worship. At first we may not always understand everything that God tells us to do, yet we need to obey God regardless and He will direct our thoughts (Prov. 16:3).
When we look at the number of Sabbaths, New Moons, and Feasts, interesting things become clear through the numbers. Let us total the number of Sabbaths, New Moons, and Feasts within a given year. This will assist us in seeing all the times Eloah has set apart in each year as holy time for us to draw closer to Him.
Though Wave Sheaf is not a commanded Sabbath Day, it is a day we are commanded to be together to commemorate and remember the Wave Sheaf offering. In 30 CE this was the Sunday morning Joshua the Messiah ascended to his Father’s Throne and was accepted as the first of the first-fruits as the perfect acceptable sacrifice to restore man and Host back to the Father. (For more information on the Wave Sheaf see Wave Sheaf and the Count to Pentecost (No. CB137), Messiah the Perfect and Complete Sacrifice (No. CB120), and Who is Jesus? (No. CB2).)
Since the creation of the world there have been faithful servants of God that have died in faith never receiving the promises (Heb. 11). These individuals and many nameless saints of Eloah make up the 144,000.
Time is drawing near and there is not much longer till Messiah returns to the earth when the Seventh Trumpet sounds. Revelation 7:3-4 tells us that will not happen until the last of the 144,000 have been sealed.
Revelation 7:3-4 "Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God upon their foreheads." And I heard the number of the sealed, a hundred and forty-four thousand sealed, out of every tribe of the sons of Israel (RSV)
Most of the 144,000 have already been martyred. Only a few remain to the Last Days. Although tribulation and difficult times come against the followers of Christ, the Bible tells us that the reward is great. This final harvest of God continues until the wrath of God subdues the earth. There are seven angels released that effect retribution or consequences on those who take the mark of the Beast. The General Multitude then constitutes the remainder that enters the Kingdom of God in the First Resurrection. From Revelation 7:9ff., we learn who make up the Great Multitude and what awaits them.
Revelation 7:14-17 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them. 16 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. 17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
The Beast that is to rule the earth comes from the kings that this Whore has set up (Rev. 17:14). This church has killed many of the elect on religious grounds. It is powerful and exercises authority over a system which itself is blasphemous and against Eloah (Rev. 17:3-6).
The General or Great Multitude is made up of those who make their robes white in the blood of the Lamb (Rev. 7:14). They are baptised through grace in Jesus Christ. Many are in this group through martyrdom from the false religious system. All have been persecuted by it. Both groups keep the Commandments of God and the Testimony of Christ that are the two essential elements for determining the elect (Rev. 12:17; 22:14).
The “Marriage Supper of the Lamb” includes both the 144,000, as the bride (Rev. 7:4-8, 14:1-5), and the Great Multitude as the guests (Rev. 7:9-17; Rev. 19; Mat. 22). Anyone trying to say one group is better than the other is leading us into a self-righteous attitude. Whatever our role or job in the Kingdom is with Eloah, it is better than anything we can imagine. We each have different tasks and responsibilities.
We know that the 144,000 are given the Song of Moses and the Song of the Lamb (Rev. 15:3) For more information on the Song of Moses see The Song of Moses in Exodus 15 (No. 79), The Song of Moses (No. CB98) and The Song of Moses Colouring Book (No. CB98_2).
Revelation 7:1-17 shows how the Twelve judges of the Twelve tribes will function under Messiah within the 144,000. The 144,000 function as the inner wheel of the administration of Eloah. (For more information see The Family of God (No. CB4).)
The New Moons and the Feasts serve as markers for the elect in their relationship with God and are direct extensions of the Fourth Commandment. The Church of God has kept the New Moons with the Feasts and Sabbaths up until the nineteenth century (Col. 2:16).
The significance of the sacrifices in regard to the New Moons relates to the Church and the councils of Israel. Unless the New Moons are kept, it is impossible to understand God’s Calendar or grow in grace and knowledge through the renewing of the Spirit of God.
The grass withers, the flowers fade, but the word of our God stands forever (Isa. 40:8, NASV). Let us be counted worthy to stand with Messiah and the Saints of Eloah by keeping all of the One True God’s Laws and Commands.